Logging and monitoring in Amazon CloudFront - Amazon CloudFront

Logging and monitoring in Amazon CloudFront

Monitoring is an important part of maintaining the availability and performance of CloudFront and your AWS solutions. You should collect monitoring data from all of the parts of your AWS solution so that you can more easily debug a multi-point failure if one occurs. AWS provides several tools for monitoring your CloudFront resources and activity, and responding to potential incidents:

Amazon CloudWatch alarms

Using CloudWatch alarms, you watch a single metric over a time period that you specify. If the metric exceeds a given threshold, a notification is sent to an Amazon SNS topic or AWS Auto Scaling policy. CloudWatch alarms do not invoke actions when a metric is in a particular state. Rather the state must have changed and been maintained for a specified number of periods. For more information, see Monitoring CloudFront metrics with Amazon CloudWatch.

AWS CloudTrail logs

CloudTrail provides a record of API actions taken by a user, role, or an AWS service in CloudFront. Using the information collected by CloudTrail, you can determine the API request that was made to CloudFront, the IP address from which the request was made, who made the request, when it was made, and additional details. For more information, see Logging Amazon CloudFront API calls using AWS CloudTrail.

CloudFront standard logs and real-time logs

CloudFront logs provide detailed records about requests that are made to a distribution. These logs are useful for many applications. For example, log information can be useful in security and access audits. For more information, see CloudFront and edge function logging.

Edge function logs

Logs generated by edge functions, both CloudFront Functions and Lambda@Edge, are sent directly to Amazon CloudWatch Logs and are not stored anywhere by CloudFront. CloudFront Functions uses an AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) service-linked role to send customer-generated logs directly to CloudWatch Logs in your account.

CloudFront console reports

The CloudFront console includes a variety of reports, including the cache statistics report, the popular objects report, and the top referrers report. Most CloudFront console reports are based on the data in CloudFront access logs, which contain detailed information about every user request that CloudFront receives. However, you don't need to enable access logs to view the reports. For more information, see CloudFront reports in the console.