Monitor Amazon ECS using CloudWatch - Amazon Elastic Container Service

Monitor Amazon ECS using CloudWatch

You can monitor your Amazon ECS resources using Amazon CloudWatch, which collects and processes raw data from Amazon ECS into readable, near real-time metrics. These statistics are recorded for a period of two weeks so that you can access historical information and gain a better perspective on how your clusters or services are performing. Amazon ECS metric data is automatically sent to CloudWatch in 1-minute periods. For more information about CloudWatch, see the Amazon CloudWatch User Guide.

Amazon ECS provides free metrics for clusters and services. For an additional cost, you can turn on Amazon ECS CloudWatch Container Insights for your cluster for per-task metrics, including CPU, memory, and EBS filesystem utilization. For more information about Container Insights, see Monitor Amazon ECS containers using Container Insights.


The following should be considered when using Amazon ECS CloudWatch metrics.

  • Any Amazon ECS service hosted on Fargate has CloudWatch CPU and memory utilization metrics automatically, so you don't need to take any manual steps.

  • For any Amazon ECS task or service hosted on Amazon EC2 instances, the Amazon EC2 instance requires version 1.4.0 or later (Linux) or 1.0.0 or later (Windows) of the container agent for CloudWatch metrics to be generated. However, we recommend using the latest container agent version. For information about checking your agent version and updating to the latest version, see Updating the Amazon ECS container agent.

  • The minimum Docker version for reliable CloudWatch metrics is Docker version 20.10.13 and newer.

  • Your Amazon EC2 instances also require the ecs:StartTelemetrySession permission on the IAM role that you launch your Amazon EC2 instances with. If you created your Amazon ECS container instance IAM role before CloudWatch metrics were available for Amazon ECS, you might need to add this permission. For information about the container instance IAM role and attaching the managed IAM policy for container instances, see Amazon ECS container instance IAM role.

  • You can disable CloudWatch metrics collection on your Amazon EC2 instances by setting ECS_DISABLE_METRICS=true in your Amazon ECS container agent configuration. For more information, see Amazon ECS container agent configuration.

Recommended metrics

Amazon ECS provides free CloudWatch metrics you can use to monitor your resources. The CPU and memory reservation and the CPU, memory, and EBS filesystem utilization across your cluster as a whole, and the CPU, memory, and EBS filesystem utilization on the services in your clusters can be measured using these metrics. For your GPU workloads, you can measure your GPU reservation across your cluster.

The infrastructure your Amazon ECS tasks are hosted on in your clusters determines which metrics are available. For tasks hosted on Fargate infrastructure, Amazon ECS provides CPU, memory, and EBS filesystem utilization metrics are provided to assist in the monitoring of your services. For tasks hosted on EC2 instances, Amazon ECS provides CPU, memory, and GPU reservation metrics and CPU and memory utilization metrics at the cluster and service level. You need to monitor the Amazon EC2 instances that make your underlying infrastructure separately. For more information about monitoring your Amazon EC2 instances, see Monitoring Amazon EC2 in the Amazon EC2 User Guide.

For information about the recommended alarms to use with Amazon ECS, see one of the following in the Amazon CloudWatch Logs User Guide: