Performing common scheduling tasks for Oracle DB instances - Amazon Relational Database Service

Performing common scheduling tasks for Oracle DB instances

Some scheduler jobs owned by SYS can interfere with normal database operations. Oracle Support recommends you disable these jobs or modify the schedule. To perform tasks for Oracle Scheduler jobs owned by SYS, use the Amazon RDS package rdsadmin.rdsadmin_dbms_scheduler.

The rdsadmin.rdsadmin_dbms_scheduler procedures are supported for the following Amazon RDS for Oracle DB engine versions:

  • Oracle Database 19c

  • Oracle Database 12c Release 2 (12.2) on 12.2.0.2.ru-2019-07.rur-2019-07.r1 or higher 12.2 versions

  • Oracle Database 12c Release 1 (12.1) on 12.1.0.2.v17 or higher 12.1 versions

Common parameters for Oracle Scheduler procedures

To perform tasks with Oracle Scheduler, use procedures in the Amazon RDS package rdsadmin.rdsadmin_dbms_scheduler. Several parameters are common to the procedures in the package. The package has the following common parameters.

Parameter name Data type Valid values Default Required Description

name

varchar2

'SYS.BSLN_MAINTAIN_STATS_JOB','SYS.CLEANUP_ONLINE_IND_BUILD'

Yes

The name of the job to modify.

Note

Currently, you can only modify SYS.CLEANUP_ONLINE_IND_BUILD and SYS.BSLN_MAINTAIN_STATS_JOB jobs.

attribute

varchar2

'REPEAT_INTERVAL','SCHEDULE_NAME'

Yes

Attribute to modify.

To modify the repeat interval for the job, specify 'REPEAT_INTERVAL'.

To modify the schedule name for the job, specify 'SCHEDULE_NAME'.

value

varchar2

A valid schedule interval or schedule name, depending on attribute used.

Yes

The new value of the attribute.

Modifying DBMS_SCHEDULER jobs

To modify certain components of Oracle Scheduler, use the Oracle procedure dbms_scheduler.set_attribute. For more information, see DBMS_SCHEDULER and SET_ATTRIBUTE procedure in the Oracle documentation.

When working with Amazon RDS DB instances, prepend the schema name SYS to the object name. The following example sets the resource plan attribute for the Monday window object.

BEGIN DBMS_SCHEDULER.SET_ATTRIBUTE( name => 'SYS.MONDAY_WINDOW', attribute => 'RESOURCE_PLAN', value => 'resource_plan_1'); END; /

Modifying AutoTask maintenance windows

Amazon RDS for Oracle instances are created with default settings for maintenance windows. Automated maintenance tasks such as optimizer statistics collection run during these windows. By default, the maintenance windows turn on Oracle Database Resource Manager.

To modify the window, use the DBMS_SCHEDULER package. You might need to modify the maintenance window settings for the following reasons:

  • You want maintenance jobs to run at a different time, with different settings, or not at all. For example, might want to modify the window duration, or change the repeat time and interval.

  • You want to avoid the performance impact of enabling Resource Manager during maintenance. For example, if the default maintenance plan is specified, and if the maintenance window opens while the database is under load, you might see wait events such as resmgr:cpu quantum. This wait event is related to Database Resource Manager. You have the following options:

    • Ensure that maintenance windows are active during off-peak times for your DB instance.

    • Disable the default maintenance plan by setting the resource_plan attribute to an empty string.

    • Set the resource_manager_plan parameter to FORCE: in your parameter group. If your instance uses Enterprise Edition, this setting prevents Database Resource Manager plans from activating.

To modify your maintenance window settings

  1. Connect to your database using an Oracle SQL client.

  2. Query the current configuration for a scheduler window.

    The following example queries the configuration for MONDAY_WINDOW.

    SELECT ENABLED, RESOURCE_PLAN, DURATION, REPEAT_INTERVAL FROM DBA_SCHEDULER_WINDOWS WHERE WINDOW_NAME='MONDAY_WINDOW';

    The following output shows that the window is using the default values.

    ENABLED RESOURCE_PLAN DURATION REPEAT_INTERVAL --------------- ------------------------------ ---------------- ------------------------------ TRUE DEFAULT_MAINTENANCE_PLAN +000 04:00:00 freq=daily;byday=MON;byhour=22 ;byminute=0; bysecond=0
  3. Modify the window using the DBMS_SCHEDULER package.

    The following example sets the resource plan to null so that the Resource Manager won't run during the maintenance window.

    BEGIN -- disable the window to make changes DBMS_SCHEDULER.DISABLE(name=>'"SYS"."MONDAY_WINDOW"',force=>TRUE); -- specify the empty string to use no plan DBMS_SCHEDULER.SET_ATTRIBUTE(name=>'"SYS"."MONDAY_WINDOW"', attribute=>'RESOURCE_PLAN', value=>''); -- re-enable the window DBMS_SCHEDULER.ENABLE(name=>'"SYS"."MONDAY_WINDOW"'); END; /

    The following example sets the maximum duration of the window to 2 hours.

    BEGIN DBMS_SCHEDULER.DISABLE(name=>'"SYS"."MONDAY_WINDOW"',force=>TRUE); DBMS_SCHEDULER.SET_ATTRIBUTE(name=>'"SYS"."MONDAY_WINDOW"', attribute=>'DURATION', value=>'0 2:00:00'); DBMS_SCHEDULER.ENABLE(name=>'"SYS"."MONDAY_WINDOW"'); END; /

    The following example sets the repeat interval to every Monday at 10 AM.

    BEGIN DBMS_SCHEDULER.DISABLE(name=>'"SYS"."MONDAY_WINDOW"',force=>TRUE); DBMS_SCHEDULER.SET_ATTRIBUTE(name=>'"SYS"."MONDAY_WINDOW"', attribute=>'REPEAT_INTERVAL', value=>'freq=daily;byday=MON;byhour=10;byminute=0;bysecond=0'); DBMS_SCHEDULER.ENABLE(name=>'"SYS"."MONDAY_WINDOW"'); END; /

Setting the time zone for Oracle Scheduler jobs

To modify the time zone for Oracle Scheduler, you can use the Oracle procedure dbms_scheduler.set_scheduler_attribute. For more information about the dbms_scheduler package, see DBMS_SCHEDULER and SET_SCHEDULER_ATTRIBUTE in the Oracle documentation.

To modify the current time zone setting

  1. Connect to the database using a client such as SQL Developer. For more information, see Connecting to your DB instance using Oracle SQL developer.

  2. Set the default time zone as following, substituting your time zone for time_zone_name.

    BEGIN DBMS_SCHEDULER.SET_SCHEDULER_ATTRIBUTE( attribute => 'default_timezone', value => 'time_zone_name' ); END; /

In the following example, you change the time zone to Asia/Shanghai.

Start by querying the current time zone, as shown following.

SELECT VALUE FROM DBA_SCHEDULER_GLOBAL_ATTRIBUTE WHERE ATTRIBUTE_NAME='DEFAULT_TIMEZONE';

The output shows that the current time zone is ETC/UTC.

VALUE ------- Etc/UTC

Then you set the time zone to Asia/Shanghai.

BEGIN DBMS_SCHEDULER.SET_SCHEDULER_ATTRIBUTE( attribute => 'default_timezone', value => 'Asia/Shanghai' ); END; /

For more information about changing the system time zone, see Oracle time zone.

Disabling SYS-owned Oracle Scheduler jobs

To disable a SYS-owned Oracle Scheduler job, use the rdsadmin.rdsadmin_dbms_scheduler.disable procedure.

This procedure uses the name common parameter for Oracle Scheduler tasks. For more information, see Common parameters for Oracle Scheduler procedures.

The following example disables the SYS.CLEANUP_ONLINE_IND_BUILD Oracle Scheduler job.

BEGIN rdsadmin.rdsadmin_dbms_scheduler.disable('SYS.CLEANUP_ONLINE_IND_BUILD'); END; /

Enabling SYS-owned Oracle Scheduler jobs

To enable a SYS-owned Oracle Scheduler job, use the rdsadmin.rdsadmin_dbms_scheduler.enable procedure.

This procedure uses the name common parameter for Oracle Scheduler tasks. For more information, see Common parameters for Oracle Scheduler procedures.

The following example enables the SYS.CLEANUP_ONLINE_IND_BUILD Oracle Scheduler job.

BEGIN rdsadmin.rdsadmin_dbms_scheduler.enable('SYS.CLEANUP_ONLINE_IND_BUILD'); END; /

Modifying the repeat interval for jobs of CALENDAR type

To modify the repeat interval to modify a SYS-owned Oracle Scheduler job of CALENDAR type, use the rdsadmin.rdsadmin_dbms_scheduler.disable procedure.

This procedure uses the following common parameters for Oracle Scheduler tasks:

  • name

  • attribute

  • value

For more information, see Common parameters for Oracle Scheduler procedures.

The following example modifies the repeat interval of the SYS.CLEANUP_ONLINE_IND_BUILD Oracle Scheduler job.

BEGIN rdsadmin.rdsadmin_dbms_scheduler.set_attribute( name => 'SYS.CLEANUP_ONLINE_IND_BUILD', attribute => 'repeat_interval', value => 'freq=daily;byday=FRI,SAT;byhour=20;byminute=0;bysecond=0'); END; /

Modifying the repeat interval for jobs of NAMED type

Some Oracle Scheduler jobs use a schedule name instead of an interval. For this type of jobs, you must create a new named schedule in the master user schema. Use the standard Oracle sys.dbms_scheduler.create_schedule procedure to do this. Also, use the rdsadmin.rdsadmin_dbms_scheduler.set_attribute procedure to assign the new named schedule to the job.

This procedure uses the following common parameter for Oracle Scheduler tasks:

  • name

  • attribute

  • value

For more information, see Common parameters for Oracle Scheduler procedures.

The following example modifies the repeat interval of the SYS.BSLN_MAINTAIN_STATS_JOB Oracle Scheduler job.

BEGIN DBMS_SCHEDULER.CREATE_SCHEDULE ( schedule_name => 'rds_master_user.new_schedule', start_date => SYSTIMESTAMP, repeat_interval => 'freq=daily;byday=MON,TUE,WED,THU,FRI;byhour=0;byminute=0;bysecond=0', end_date => NULL, comments => 'Repeats daily forever'); END; / BEGIN rdsadmin.rdsadmin_dbms_scheduler.set_attribute ( name => 'SYS.BSLN_MAINTAIN_STATS_JOB', attribute => 'schedule_name', value => 'rds_master_user.new_schedule'); END; /