Connecting to your DB instance using IAM authentication and the AWS SDK for Python (Boto3) - Amazon Relational Database Service

Connecting to your DB instance using IAM authentication and the AWS SDK for Python (Boto3)

You can connect to an RDS for MySQL or RDS for PostgreSQL DB instance with the AWS SDK for Python (Boto3) as described following.

The following are prerequisites for connecting to your DB instance using IAM authentication:

In addition, make sure the imported libraries in the sample code exist on your system.

The code examples use profiles for shared credentials. For information about the specifying credentials, see Credentials in the AWS SDK for Python (Boto3) documentation.

The following code examples show how to generate an authentication token, and then use it to connect to a DB instance.

To run this code example, you need the AWS SDK for Python (Boto3), found on the AWS site.

Modify the values of the following variables as needed:

  • ENDPOINT – The endpoint of the DB instance that you want to access

  • PORT – The port number used for connecting to your DB instance

  • USER – The database account that you want to access.

  • REGION – The AWS Region where the DB instance is running

  • DBNAME – The database that you want to access

  • SSLCERTIFICATE – The full path to the SSL certificate for Amazon RDS

    To download a certificate, see Using SSL/TLS to encrypt a connection to a DB instance.

For ssl_ca, specify an SSL certificate. To download an SSL certificate, see Using SSL/TLS to encrypt a connection to a DB instance.

This code connects to a MySQL DB instance.

Before running this code, install Connector/Python by following the instructions in Connector/Python Installation in the MySQL documentation.

import mysql.connector import sys import boto3 import os ENDPOINT="mysqldb.123456789012.us-east-1.rds.amazonaws.com" PORT="3306" USER="jane_doe" REGION="us-east-1" DBNAME="mydb" os.environ['LIBMYSQL_ENABLE_CLEARTEXT_PLUGIN'] = '1' #gets the credentials from .aws/credentials session = boto3.Session(profile_name='default') client = session.client('rds') token = client.generate_db_auth_token(DBHostname=ENDPOINT, Port=PORT, DBUsername=USER, Region=REGION) try: conn = mysql.connector.connect(host=ENDPOINT, user=USER, passwd=token, port=PORT, database=DBNAME, ssl-mode='require', ssl_ca='SSLCERTIFICATE') cur = conn.cursor() cur.execute("""SELECT now()""") query_results = cur.fetchall() print(query_results) except Exception as e: print("Database connection failed due to {}".format(e))

This code connects to a PostgreSQL DB instance.

Before running this code, install psycopg2 by following the instructions in Psycopg documentation.

import psycopg2 import sys import boto3 import os ENDPOINT="postgresmydb.123456789012.us-east-1.rds.amazonaws.com" PORT="5432" USER="jane_doe" REGION="us-east-1" DBNAME="mydb" #gets the credentials from .aws/credentials session = boto3.Session(profile_name='RDSCreds') client = session.client('rds') token = client.generate_db_auth_token(DBHostname=ENDPOINT, Port=PORT, DBUsername=USER, Region=REGION) try: conn = psycopg2.connect(host=ENDPOINT, port=PORT, database=DBNAME, user=USER, password=token, sslmode='require', sslrootcert="SSLCERTIFICATE") cur = conn.cursor() cur.execute("""SELECT now()""") query_results = cur.fetchall() print(query_results) except Exception as e: print("Database connection failed due to {}".format(e))