Copying an object using multipart upload - Amazon Simple Storage Service

Copying an object using multipart upload

The examples in this section show you how to copy objects greater than 5 GB using the multipart upload API. You can copy objects less than 5 GB in a single operation. For more information, see Copying objects.

To copy an object using the low-level API, do the following:

  • Initiate a multipart upload by calling the AmazonS3Client.initiateMultipartUpload() method.

  • Save the upload ID from the response object that the AmazonS3Client.initiateMultipartUpload() method returns. You provide this upload ID for each part-upload operation.

  • Copy all of the parts. For each part that you need to copy, create a new instance of the CopyPartRequest class. Provide the part information, including the source and destination bucket names, source and destination object keys, upload ID, locations of the first and last bytes of the part, and part number.

  • Save the responses of the AmazonS3Client.copyPart() method calls. Each response includes the ETag value and part number for the uploaded part. You need this information to complete the multipart upload.

  • Call the AmazonS3Client.completeMultipartUpload() method to complete the copy operation.


The following example shows how to use the Amazon S3 low-level Java API to perform a multipart copy. For instructions on creating and testing a working sample, see Testing the Amazon S3 Java Code Examples.

import com.amazonaws.AmazonServiceException; import com.amazonaws.SdkClientException; import com.amazonaws.auth.profile.ProfileCredentialsProvider; import com.amazonaws.regions.Regions; import; import; import*; import; import java.util.ArrayList; import java.util.List; public class LowLevelMultipartCopy { public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException { Regions clientRegion = Regions.DEFAULT_REGION; String sourceBucketName = "*** Source bucket name ***"; String sourceObjectKey = "*** Source object key ***"; String destBucketName = "*** Target bucket name ***"; String destObjectKey = "*** Target object key ***"; try { AmazonS3 s3Client = AmazonS3ClientBuilder.standard() .withCredentials(new ProfileCredentialsProvider()) .withRegion(clientRegion) .build(); // Initiate the multipart upload. InitiateMultipartUploadRequest initRequest = new InitiateMultipartUploadRequest(destBucketName, destObjectKey); InitiateMultipartUploadResult initResult = s3Client.initiateMultipartUpload(initRequest); // Get the object size to track the end of the copy operation. GetObjectMetadataRequest metadataRequest = new GetObjectMetadataRequest(sourceBucketName, sourceObjectKey); ObjectMetadata metadataResult = s3Client.getObjectMetadata(metadataRequest); long objectSize = metadataResult.getContentLength(); // Copy the object using 5 MB parts. long partSize = 5 * 1024 * 1024; long bytePosition = 0; int partNum = 1; List<CopyPartResult> copyResponses = new ArrayList<CopyPartResult>(); while (bytePosition < objectSize) { // The last part might be smaller than partSize, so check to make sure // that lastByte isn't beyond the end of the object. long lastByte = Math.min(bytePosition + partSize - 1, objectSize - 1); // Copy this part. CopyPartRequest copyRequest = new CopyPartRequest() .withSourceBucketName(sourceBucketName) .withSourceKey(sourceObjectKey) .withDestinationBucketName(destBucketName) .withDestinationKey(destObjectKey) .withUploadId(initResult.getUploadId()) .withFirstByte(bytePosition) .withLastByte(lastByte) .withPartNumber(partNum++); copyResponses.add(s3Client.copyPart(copyRequest)); bytePosition += partSize; } // Complete the upload request to concatenate all uploaded parts and make the copied object available. CompleteMultipartUploadRequest completeRequest = new CompleteMultipartUploadRequest( destBucketName, destObjectKey, initResult.getUploadId(), getETags(copyResponses)); s3Client.completeMultipartUpload(completeRequest); System.out.println("Multipart copy complete."); } catch (AmazonServiceException e) { // The call was transmitted successfully, but Amazon S3 couldn't process // it, so it returned an error response. e.printStackTrace(); } catch (SdkClientException e) { // Amazon S3 couldn't be contacted for a response, or the client // couldn't parse the response from Amazon S3. e.printStackTrace(); } } // This is a helper function to construct a list of ETags. private static List<PartETag> getETags(List<CopyPartResult> responses) { List<PartETag> etags = new ArrayList<PartETag>(); for (CopyPartResult response : responses) { etags.add(new PartETag(response.getPartNumber(), response.getETag())); } return etags; } }

The following C# example shows how to use the AWS SDK for .NET to copy an Amazon S3 object that is larger than 5 GB from one source location to another, such as from one bucket to another. To copy objects that are smaller than 5 GB, use the single-operation copy procedure described in Using the AWS SDKs. For more information about Amazon S3 multipart uploads, see Uploading and copying objects using multipart upload.

This example shows how to copy an Amazon S3 object that is larger than 5 GB from one S3 bucket to another using the AWS SDK for .NET multipart upload API. For information about SDK compatibility and instructions for creating and testing a working sample, see Running the Amazon S3 .NET Code Examples.

using Amazon; using Amazon.S3; using Amazon.S3.Model; using System; using System.Collections.Generic; using System.Threading.Tasks; namespace Amazon.DocSamples.S3 { class CopyObjectUsingMPUapiTest { private const string sourceBucket = "*** provide the name of the bucket with source object ***"; private const string targetBucket = "*** provide the name of the bucket to copy the object to ***"; private const string sourceObjectKey = "*** provide the name of object to copy ***"; private const string targetObjectKey = "*** provide the name of the object copy ***"; // Specify your bucket region (an example region is shown). private static readonly RegionEndpoint bucketRegion = RegionEndpoint.USWest2; private static IAmazonS3 s3Client; public static void Main() { s3Client = new AmazonS3Client(bucketRegion); Console.WriteLine("Copying an object"); MPUCopyObjectAsync().Wait(); } private static async Task MPUCopyObjectAsync() { // Create a list to store the upload part responses. List<UploadPartResponse> uploadResponses = new List<UploadPartResponse>(); List<CopyPartResponse> copyResponses = new List<CopyPartResponse>(); // Setup information required to initiate the multipart upload. InitiateMultipartUploadRequest initiateRequest = new InitiateMultipartUploadRequest { BucketName = targetBucket, Key = targetObjectKey }; // Initiate the upload. InitiateMultipartUploadResponse initResponse = await s3Client.InitiateMultipartUploadAsync(initiateRequest); // Save the upload ID. String uploadId = initResponse.UploadId; try { // Get the size of the object. GetObjectMetadataRequest metadataRequest = new GetObjectMetadataRequest { BucketName = sourceBucket, Key = sourceObjectKey }; GetObjectMetadataResponse metadataResponse = await s3Client.GetObjectMetadataAsync(metadataRequest); long objectSize = metadataResponse.ContentLength; // Length in bytes. // Copy the parts. long partSize = 5 * (long)Math.Pow(2, 20); // Part size is 5 MB. long bytePosition = 0; for (int i = 1; bytePosition < objectSize; i++) { CopyPartRequest copyRequest = new CopyPartRequest { DestinationBucket = targetBucket, DestinationKey = targetObjectKey, SourceBucket = sourceBucket, SourceKey = sourceObjectKey, UploadId = uploadId, FirstByte = bytePosition, LastByte = bytePosition + partSize - 1 >= objectSize ? objectSize - 1 : bytePosition + partSize - 1, PartNumber = i }; copyResponses.Add(await s3Client.CopyPartAsync(copyRequest)); bytePosition += partSize; } // Set up to complete the copy. CompleteMultipartUploadRequest completeRequest = new CompleteMultipartUploadRequest { BucketName = targetBucket, Key = targetObjectKey, UploadId = initResponse.UploadId }; completeRequest.AddPartETags(copyResponses); // Complete the copy. CompleteMultipartUploadResponse completeUploadResponse = await s3Client.CompleteMultipartUploadAsync(completeRequest); } catch (AmazonS3Exception e) { Console.WriteLine("Error encountered on server. Message:'{0}' when writing an object", e.Message); } catch (Exception e) { Console.WriteLine("Unknown encountered on server. Message:'{0}' when writing an object", e.Message); } } } }

The following sections in the Amazon Simple Storage Service API Reference describe the REST API for multipart upload. For copying an existing object, use the Upload Part (Copy) API and specify the source object by adding the x-amz-copy-source request header in your request.

You can use these APIs to make your own REST requests, or you can use one the SDKs we provide. For more information about using Multipart Upload with the AWS CLI, see Using the AWS CLI. For more information about the SDKs, see AWS SDK support for multipart upload.