Query a DynamoDB table - Amazon DynamoDB

Query a DynamoDB table

You can perform a query on a DynamoDB table using the AWS Management Console, the AWS CLI, or an AWS SDK. For more information on queries, see Query operations in DynamoDB.

Query a DynamoDB table using an AWS SDK

The following code examples show how to query a DynamoDB table using an AWS SDK.

.NET
AWS SDK for .NET
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the AWS Code Examples Repository.

/// <summary> /// Queries the table for movies released in a particular year and /// then displays the information for the movies returned. /// </summary> /// <param name="client">The initialized DynamoDB client object.</param> /// <param name="tableName">The name of the table to query.</param> /// <param name="year">The release year for which we want to /// view movies.</param> /// <returns>The number of movies that match the query.</returns> public static async Task<int> QueryMoviesAsync(AmazonDynamoDBClient client, string tableName, int year) { var movieTable = Table.LoadTable(client, tableName); var filter = new QueryFilter("year", QueryOperator.Equal, year); Console.WriteLine("\nFind movies released in: {year}:"); var config = new QueryOperationConfig() { Limit = 10, // 10 items per page. Select = SelectValues.SpecificAttributes, AttributesToGet = new List<string> { "title", "year", }, ConsistentRead = true, Filter = filter, }; // Value used to track how many movies match the // supplied criteria. var moviesFound = 0; Search search = movieTable.Query(config); do { var movieList = await search.GetNextSetAsync(); moviesFound += movieList.Count; foreach (var movie in movieList) { DisplayDocument(movie); } } while (!search.IsDone); return moviesFound; }
  • For API details, see Query in AWS SDK for .NET API Reference.

Bash
AWS CLI with Bash script
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the AWS Code Examples Repository.

############################################################################# # function dynamodb_query # # This function queries a DynamoDB table. # # Parameters: # -n table_name -- The name of the table. # -k key_condition_expression -- The key condition expression. # -a attribute_names -- Path to JSON file containing the attribute names. # -v attribute_values -- Path to JSON file containing the attribute values. # [-p projection_expression] -- Optional projection expression. # # Returns: # The items as json output. # And: # 0 - If successful. # 1 - If it fails. ########################################################################### function dynamodb_query() { local table_name key_condition_expression attribute_names attribute_values projection_expression response local option OPTARG # Required to use getopts command in a function. # ###################################### # Function usage explanation ####################################### function usage() { echo "function dynamodb_query" echo "Query a DynamoDB table." echo " -n table_name -- The name of the table." echo " -k key_condition_expression -- The key condition expression." echo " -a attribute_names -- Path to JSON file containing the attribute names." echo " -v attribute_values -- Path to JSON file containing the attribute values." echo " [-p projection_expression] -- Optional projection expression." echo "" } while getopts "n:k:a:v:p:h" option; do case "${option}" in n) table_name="${OPTARG}" ;; k) key_condition_expression="${OPTARG}" ;; a) attribute_names="${OPTARG}" ;; v) attribute_values="${OPTARG}" ;; p) projection_expression="${OPTARG}" ;; h) usage return 0 ;; \?) echo "Invalid parameter" usage return 1 ;; esac done export OPTIND=1 if [[ -z "$table_name" ]]; then errecho "ERROR: You must provide a table name with the -n parameter." usage return 1 fi if [[ -z "$key_condition_expression" ]]; then errecho "ERROR: You must provide a key condition expression with the -k parameter." usage return 1 fi if [[ -z "$attribute_names" ]]; then errecho "ERROR: You must provide a attribute names with the -a parameter." usage return 1 fi if [[ -z "$attribute_values" ]]; then errecho "ERROR: You must provide a attribute values with the -v parameter." usage return 1 fi if [[ -z "$projection_expression" ]]; then response=$(aws dynamodb query \ --table-name "$table_name" \ --key-condition-expression "$key_condition_expression" \ --expression-attribute-names file://"$attribute_names" \ --expression-attribute-values file://"$attribute_values") else response=$(aws dynamodb query \ --table-name "$table_name" \ --key-condition-expression "$key_condition_expression" \ --expression-attribute-names file://"$attribute_names" \ --expression-attribute-values file://"$attribute_values" \ --projection-expression "$projection_expression") fi local error_code=${?} if [[ $error_code -ne 0 ]]; then aws_cli_error_log $error_code errecho "ERROR: AWS reports query operation failed.$response" return 1 fi echo "$response" return 0 }

The utility functions used in this example.

############################################################################### # function errecho # # This function outputs everything sent to it to STDERR (standard error output). ############################################################################### function errecho() { printf "%s\n" "$*" 1>&2 } ############################################################################## # function aws_cli_error_log() # # This function is used to log the error messages from the AWS CLI. # # See https://docs.aws.amazon.com/cli/latest/topic/return-codes.html#cli-aws-help-return-codes. # # The function expects the following argument: # $1 - The error code returned by the AWS CLI. # # Returns: # 0: - Success. # ############################################################################## function aws_cli_error_log() { local err_code=$1 errecho "Error code : $err_code" if [ "$err_code" == 1 ]; then errecho " One or more S3 transfers failed." elif [ "$err_code" == 2 ]; then errecho " Command line failed to parse." elif [ "$err_code" == 130 ]; then errecho " Process received SIGINT." elif [ "$err_code" == 252 ]; then errecho " Command syntax invalid." elif [ "$err_code" == 253 ]; then errecho " The system environment or configuration was invalid." elif [ "$err_code" == 254 ]; then errecho " The service returned an error." elif [ "$err_code" == 255 ]; then errecho " 255 is a catch-all error." fi return 0 }
  • For API details, see Query in AWS CLI Command Reference.

C++
SDK for C++
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the AWS Code Examples Repository.

//! Perform a query on an Amazon DynamoDB Table and retrieve items. /*! \sa queryItem() \param tableName: The table name. \param partitionKey: The partition key. \param partitionValue: The value for the partition key. \param projectionExpression: The projections expression, which is ignored if empty. \param clientConfiguration: AWS client configuration. \return bool: Function succeeded. */ /* * The partition key attribute is searched with the specified value. By default, all fields and values * contained in the item are returned. If an optional projection expression is * specified on the command line, only the specified fields and values are * returned. */ bool AwsDoc::DynamoDB::queryItems(const Aws::String &tableName, const Aws::String &partitionKey, const Aws::String &partitionValue, const Aws::String &projectionExpression, const Aws::Client::ClientConfiguration &clientConfiguration) { Aws::DynamoDB::DynamoDBClient dynamoClient(clientConfiguration); Aws::DynamoDB::Model::QueryRequest request; request.SetTableName(tableName); if (!projectionExpression.empty()) { request.SetProjectionExpression(projectionExpression); } // Set query key condition expression. request.SetKeyConditionExpression(partitionKey + "= :valueToMatch"); // Set Expression AttributeValues. Aws::Map<Aws::String, Aws::DynamoDB::Model::AttributeValue> attributeValues; attributeValues.emplace(":valueToMatch", partitionValue); request.SetExpressionAttributeValues(attributeValues); bool result = true; // "exclusiveStartKey" is used for pagination. Aws::Map<Aws::String, Aws::DynamoDB::Model::AttributeValue> exclusiveStartKey; do { if (!exclusiveStartKey.empty()) { request.SetExclusiveStartKey(exclusiveStartKey); exclusiveStartKey.clear(); } // Perform Query operation. const Aws::DynamoDB::Model::QueryOutcome &outcome = dynamoClient.Query(request); if (outcome.IsSuccess()) { // Reference the retrieved items. const Aws::Vector<Aws::Map<Aws::String, Aws::DynamoDB::Model::AttributeValue>> &items = outcome.GetResult().GetItems(); if (!items.empty()) { std::cout << "Number of items retrieved from Query: " << items.size() << std::endl; // Iterate each item and print. for (const auto &item: items) { std::cout << "******************************************************" << std::endl; // Output each retrieved field and its value. for (const auto &i: item) std::cout << i.first << ": " << i.second.GetS() << std::endl; } } else { std::cout << "No item found in table: " << tableName << std::endl; } exclusiveStartKey = outcome.GetResult().GetLastEvaluatedKey(); } else { std::cerr << "Failed to Query items: " << outcome.GetError().GetMessage(); result = false; break; } } while (!exclusiveStartKey.empty()); return result; }
  • For API details, see Query in AWS SDK for C++ API Reference.

CLI
AWS CLI

Example 1: To query a table

The following query example queries items in the MusicCollection table. The table has a hash-and-range primary key (Artist and SongTitle), but this query only specifies the hash key value. It returns song titles by the artist named "No One You Know".

aws dynamodb query \ --table-name MusicCollection \ --projection-expression "SongTitle" \ --key-condition-expression "Artist = :v1" \ --expression-attribute-values file://expression-attributes.json \ --return-consumed-capacity TOTAL

Contents of expression-attributes.json:

{ ":v1": {"S": "No One You Know"} }

Output:

{ "Items": [ { "SongTitle": { "S": "Call Me Today" }, "SongTitle": { "S": "Scared of My Shadow" } } ], "Count": 2, "ScannedCount": 2, "ConsumedCapacity": { "TableName": "MusicCollection", "CapacityUnits": 0.5 } }

For more information, see Working with Queries in DynamoDB in the Amazon DynamoDB Developer Guide.

Example 2: To query a table using strongly consistent reads and traverse the index in descending order

The following example performs the same query as the first example, but returns results in reverse order and uses strongly consistent reads.

aws dynamodb query \ --table-name MusicCollection \ --projection-expression "SongTitle" \ --key-condition-expression "Artist = :v1" \ --expression-attribute-values file://expression-attributes.json \ --consistent-read \ --no-scan-index-forward \ --return-consumed-capacity TOTAL

Contents of expression-attributes.json:

{ ":v1": {"S": "No One You Know"} }

Output:

{ "Items": [ { "SongTitle": { "S": "Scared of My Shadow" } }, { "SongTitle": { "S": "Call Me Today" } } ], "Count": 2, "ScannedCount": 2, "ConsumedCapacity": { "TableName": "MusicCollection", "CapacityUnits": 1.0 } }

For more information, see Working with Queries in DynamoDB in the Amazon DynamoDB Developer Guide.

Example 3: To filter out specific results

The following example queries the MusicCollection but excludes results with specific values in the AlbumTitle attribute. Note that this does not affect the ScannedCount or ConsumedCapacity, because the filter is applied after the items have been read.

aws dynamodb query \ --table-name MusicCollection \ --key-condition-expression "#n1 = :v1" \ --filter-expression "NOT (#n2 IN (:v2, :v3))" \ --expression-attribute-names file://names.json \ --expression-attribute-values file://values.json \ --return-consumed-capacity TOTAL

Contents of values.json:

{ ":v1": {"S": "No One You Know"}, ":v2": {"S": "Blue Sky Blues"}, ":v3": {"S": "Greatest Hits"} }

Contents of names.json:

{ "#n1": "Artist", "#n2": "AlbumTitle" }

Output:

{ "Items": [ { "AlbumTitle": { "S": "Somewhat Famous" }, "Artist": { "S": "No One You Know" }, "SongTitle": { "S": "Call Me Today" } } ], "Count": 1, "ScannedCount": 2, "ConsumedCapacity": { "TableName": "MusicCollection", "CapacityUnits": 0.5 } }

For more information, see Working with Queries in DynamoDB in the Amazon DynamoDB Developer Guide.

Example 4: To retrieve only an item count

The following example retrieves a count of items matching the query, but does not retrieve any of the items themselves.

aws dynamodb query \ --table-name MusicCollection \ --select COUNT \ --key-condition-expression "Artist = :v1" \ --expression-attribute-values file://expression-attributes.json

Contents of expression-attributes.json:

{ ":v1": {"S": "No One You Know"} }

Output:

{ "Count": 2, "ScannedCount": 2, "ConsumedCapacity": null }

For more information, see Working with Queries in DynamoDB in the Amazon DynamoDB Developer Guide.

Example 5: To query an index

The following example queries the local secondary index AlbumTitleIndex. The query returns all attributes from the base table that have been projected into the local secondary index. Note that when querying a local secondary index or global secondary index, you must also provide the name of the base table using the table-name parameter.

aws dynamodb query \ --table-name MusicCollection \ --index-name AlbumTitleIndex \ --key-condition-expression "Artist = :v1" \ --expression-attribute-values file://expression-attributes.json \ --select ALL_PROJECTED_ATTRIBUTES \ --return-consumed-capacity INDEXES

Contents of expression-attributes.json:

{ ":v1": {"S": "No One You Know"} }

Output:

{ "Items": [ { "AlbumTitle": { "S": "Blue Sky Blues" }, "Artist": { "S": "No One You Know" }, "SongTitle": { "S": "Scared of My Shadow" } }, { "AlbumTitle": { "S": "Somewhat Famous" }, "Artist": { "S": "No One You Know" }, "SongTitle": { "S": "Call Me Today" } } ], "Count": 2, "ScannedCount": 2, "ConsumedCapacity": { "TableName": "MusicCollection", "CapacityUnits": 0.5, "Table": { "CapacityUnits": 0.0 }, "LocalSecondaryIndexes": { "AlbumTitleIndex": { "CapacityUnits": 0.5 } } } }

For more information, see Working with Queries in DynamoDB in the Amazon DynamoDB Developer Guide.

  • For API details, see Query in AWS CLI Command Reference.

Go
SDK for Go V2
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the AWS Code Examples Repository.

// TableBasics encapsulates the Amazon DynamoDB service actions used in the examples. // It contains a DynamoDB service client that is used to act on the specified table. type TableBasics struct { DynamoDbClient *dynamodb.Client TableName string } // Query gets all movies in the DynamoDB table that were released in the specified year. // The function uses the `expression` package to build the key condition expression // that is used in the query. func (basics TableBasics) Query(releaseYear int) ([]Movie, error) { var err error var response *dynamodb.QueryOutput var movies []Movie keyEx := expression.Key("year").Equal(expression.Value(releaseYear)) expr, err := expression.NewBuilder().WithKeyCondition(keyEx).Build() if err != nil { log.Printf("Couldn't build expression for query. Here's why: %v\n", err) } else { queryPaginator := dynamodb.NewQueryPaginator(basics.DynamoDbClient, &dynamodb.QueryInput{ TableName: aws.String(basics.TableName), ExpressionAttributeNames: expr.Names(), ExpressionAttributeValues: expr.Values(), KeyConditionExpression: expr.KeyCondition(), }) for queryPaginator.HasMorePages() { response, err = queryPaginator.NextPage(context.TODO()) if err != nil { log.Printf("Couldn't query for movies released in %v. Here's why: %v\n", releaseYear, err) break } else { var moviePage []Movie err = attributevalue.UnmarshalListOfMaps(response.Items, &moviePage) if err != nil { log.Printf("Couldn't unmarshal query response. Here's why: %v\n", err) break } else { movies = append(movies, moviePage...) } } } } return movies, err } // Movie encapsulates data about a movie. Title and Year are the composite primary key // of the movie in Amazon DynamoDB. Title is the sort key, Year is the partition key, // and Info is additional data. type Movie struct { Title string `dynamodbav:"title"` Year int `dynamodbav:"year"` Info map[string]interface{} `dynamodbav:"info"` } // GetKey returns the composite primary key of the movie in a format that can be // sent to DynamoDB. func (movie Movie) GetKey() map[string]types.AttributeValue { title, err := attributevalue.Marshal(movie.Title) if err != nil { panic(err) } year, err := attributevalue.Marshal(movie.Year) if err != nil { panic(err) } return map[string]types.AttributeValue{"title": title, "year": year} } // String returns the title, year, rating, and plot of a movie, formatted for the example. func (movie Movie) String() string { return fmt.Sprintf("%v\n\tReleased: %v\n\tRating: %v\n\tPlot: %v\n", movie.Title, movie.Year, movie.Info["rating"], movie.Info["plot"]) }
  • For API details, see Query in AWS SDK for Go API Reference.

Java
SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the AWS Code Examples Repository.

Queries a table by using DynamoDbClient.

import software.amazon.awssdk.regions.Region; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.dynamodb.DynamoDbClient; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.dynamodb.model.AttributeValue; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.dynamodb.model.DynamoDbException; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.dynamodb.model.QueryRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.dynamodb.model.QueryResponse; import java.util.HashMap; /** * Before running this Java V2 code example, set up your development * environment, including your credentials. * * For more information, see the following documentation topic: * * https://docs.aws.amazon.com/sdk-for-java/latest/developer-guide/get-started.html * * To query items from an Amazon DynamoDB table using the AWS SDK for Java V2, * its better practice to use the * Enhanced Client. See the EnhancedQueryRecords example. */ public class Query { public static void main(String[] args) { final String usage = """ Usage: <tableName> <partitionKeyName> <partitionKeyVal> Where: tableName - The Amazon DynamoDB table to put the item in (for example, Music3). partitionKeyName - The partition key name of the Amazon DynamoDB table (for example, Artist). partitionKeyVal - The value of the partition key that should match (for example, Famous Band). """; if (args.length != 3) { System.out.println(usage); System.exit(1); } String tableName = args[0]; String partitionKeyName = args[1]; String partitionKeyVal = args[2]; // For more information about an alias, see: // https://docs.aws.amazon.com/amazondynamodb/latest/developerguide/Expressions.ExpressionAttributeNames.html String partitionAlias = "#a"; System.out.format("Querying %s", tableName); System.out.println(""); Region region = Region.US_EAST_1; DynamoDbClient ddb = DynamoDbClient.builder() .region(region) .build(); int count = queryTable(ddb, tableName, partitionKeyName, partitionKeyVal, partitionAlias); System.out.println("There were " + count + " record(s) returned"); ddb.close(); } public static int queryTable(DynamoDbClient ddb, String tableName, String partitionKeyName, String partitionKeyVal, String partitionAlias) { // Set up an alias for the partition key name in case it's a reserved word. HashMap<String, String> attrNameAlias = new HashMap<String, String>(); attrNameAlias.put(partitionAlias, partitionKeyName); // Set up mapping of the partition name with the value. HashMap<String, AttributeValue> attrValues = new HashMap<>(); attrValues.put(":" + partitionKeyName, AttributeValue.builder() .s(partitionKeyVal) .build()); QueryRequest queryReq = QueryRequest.builder() .tableName(tableName) .keyConditionExpression(partitionAlias + " = :" + partitionKeyName) .expressionAttributeNames(attrNameAlias) .expressionAttributeValues(attrValues) .build(); try { QueryResponse response = ddb.query(queryReq); return response.count(); } catch (DynamoDbException e) { System.err.println(e.getMessage()); System.exit(1); } return -1; } }

Queries a table by using DynamoDbClient and a secondary index.

import software.amazon.awssdk.regions.Region; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.dynamodb.DynamoDbClient; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.dynamodb.model.AttributeValue; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.dynamodb.model.DynamoDbException; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.dynamodb.model.QueryRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.dynamodb.model.QueryResponse; import java.util.HashMap; import java.util.Map; /** * Before running this Java V2 code example, set up your development * environment, including your credentials. * * For more information, see the following documentation topic: * * https://docs.aws.amazon.com/sdk-for-java/latest/developer-guide/get-started.html * * Create the Movies table by running the Scenario example and loading the Movie * data from the JSON file. Next create a secondary * index for the Movies table that uses only the year column. Name the index * **year-index**. For more information, see: * * https://docs.aws.amazon.com/amazondynamodb/latest/developerguide/GSI.html */ public class QueryItemsUsingIndex { public static void main(String[] args) { String tableName = "Movies"; Region region = Region.US_EAST_1; DynamoDbClient ddb = DynamoDbClient.builder() .region(region) .build(); queryIndex(ddb, tableName); ddb.close(); } public static void queryIndex(DynamoDbClient ddb, String tableName) { try { Map<String, String> expressionAttributesNames = new HashMap<>(); expressionAttributesNames.put("#year", "year"); Map<String, AttributeValue> expressionAttributeValues = new HashMap<>(); expressionAttributeValues.put(":yearValue", AttributeValue.builder().n("2013").build()); QueryRequest request = QueryRequest.builder() .tableName(tableName) .indexName("year-index") .keyConditionExpression("#year = :yearValue") .expressionAttributeNames(expressionAttributesNames) .expressionAttributeValues(expressionAttributeValues) .build(); System.out.println("=== Movie Titles ==="); QueryResponse response = ddb.query(request); response.items() .forEach(movie -> System.out.println(movie.get("title").s())); } catch (DynamoDbException e) { System.err.println(e.getMessage()); System.exit(1); } } }
  • For API details, see Query in AWS SDK for Java 2.x API Reference.

JavaScript
SDK for JavaScript (v3)
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the AWS Code Examples Repository.

This example uses the document client to simplify working with items in DynamoDB. For API details see QueryCommand.

import { DynamoDBClient } from "@aws-sdk/client-dynamodb"; import { QueryCommand, DynamoDBDocumentClient } from "@aws-sdk/lib-dynamodb"; const client = new DynamoDBClient({}); const docClient = DynamoDBDocumentClient.from(client); export const main = async () => { const command = new QueryCommand({ TableName: "CoffeeCrop", KeyConditionExpression: "OriginCountry = :originCountry AND RoastDate > :roastDate", ExpressionAttributeValues: { ":originCountry": "Ethiopia", ":roastDate": "2023-05-01", }, ConsistentRead: true, }); const response = await docClient.send(command); console.log(response); return response; };
SDK for JavaScript (v2)
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the AWS Code Examples Repository.

// Load the AWS SDK for Node.js var AWS = require("aws-sdk"); // Set the region AWS.config.update({ region: "REGION" }); // Create DynamoDB document client var docClient = new AWS.DynamoDB.DocumentClient({ apiVersion: "2012-08-10" }); var params = { ExpressionAttributeValues: { ":s": 2, ":e": 9, ":topic": "PHRASE", }, KeyConditionExpression: "Season = :s and Episode > :e", FilterExpression: "contains (Subtitle, :topic)", TableName: "EPISODES_TABLE", }; docClient.query(params, function (err, data) { if (err) { console.log("Error", err); } else { console.log("Success", data.Items); } });
Kotlin
SDK for Kotlin
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the AWS Code Examples Repository.

suspend fun queryDynTable( tableNameVal: String, partitionKeyName: String, partitionKeyVal: String, partitionAlias: String ): Int { val attrNameAlias = mutableMapOf<String, String>() attrNameAlias[partitionAlias] = partitionKeyName // Set up mapping of the partition name with the value. val attrValues = mutableMapOf<String, AttributeValue>() attrValues[":$partitionKeyName"] = AttributeValue.S(partitionKeyVal) val request = QueryRequest { tableName = tableNameVal keyConditionExpression = "$partitionAlias = :$partitionKeyName" expressionAttributeNames = attrNameAlias this.expressionAttributeValues = attrValues } DynamoDbClient { region = "us-east-1" }.use { ddb -> val response = ddb.query(request) return response.count } }
  • For API details, see Query in AWS SDK for Kotlin API reference.

PHP
SDK for PHP
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the AWS Code Examples Repository.

$birthKey = [ 'Key' => [ 'year' => [ 'N' => "$birthYear", ], ], ]; $result = $service->query($tableName, $birthKey); public function query(string $tableName, $key) { $expressionAttributeValues = []; $expressionAttributeNames = []; $keyConditionExpression = ""; $index = 1; foreach ($key as $name => $value) { $keyConditionExpression .= "#" . array_key_first($value) . " = :v$index,"; $expressionAttributeNames["#" . array_key_first($value)] = array_key_first($value); $hold = array_pop($value); $expressionAttributeValues[":v$index"] = [ array_key_first($hold) => array_pop($hold), ]; } $keyConditionExpression = substr($keyConditionExpression, 0, -1); $query = [ 'ExpressionAttributeValues' => $expressionAttributeValues, 'ExpressionAttributeNames' => $expressionAttributeNames, 'KeyConditionExpression' => $keyConditionExpression, 'TableName' => $tableName, ]; return $this->dynamoDbClient->query($query); }
  • For API details, see Query in AWS SDK for PHP API Reference.

Python
SDK for Python (Boto3)
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the AWS Code Examples Repository.

Query items by using a key condition expression.

class Movies: """Encapsulates an Amazon DynamoDB table of movie data.""" def __init__(self, dyn_resource): """ :param dyn_resource: A Boto3 DynamoDB resource. """ self.dyn_resource = dyn_resource # The table variable is set during the scenario in the call to # 'exists' if the table exists. Otherwise, it is set by 'create_table'. self.table = None def query_movies(self, year): """ Queries for movies that were released in the specified year. :param year: The year to query. :return: The list of movies that were released in the specified year. """ try: response = self.table.query(KeyConditionExpression=Key("year").eq(year)) except ClientError as err: logger.error( "Couldn't query for movies released in %s. Here's why: %s: %s", year, err.response["Error"]["Code"], err.response["Error"]["Message"], ) raise else: return response["Items"]

Query items and project them to return a subset of data.

class UpdateQueryWrapper: def __init__(self, table): self.table = table def query_and_project_movies(self, year, title_bounds): """ Query for movies that were released in a specified year and that have titles that start within a range of letters. A projection expression is used to return a subset of data for each movie. :param year: The release year to query. :param title_bounds: The range of starting letters to query. :return: The list of movies. """ try: response = self.table.query( ProjectionExpression="#yr, title, info.genres, info.actors[0]", ExpressionAttributeNames={"#yr": "year"}, KeyConditionExpression=( Key("year").eq(year) & Key("title").between( title_bounds["first"], title_bounds["second"] ) ), ) except ClientError as err: if err.response["Error"]["Code"] == "ValidationException": logger.warning( "There's a validation error. Here's the message: %s: %s", err.response["Error"]["Code"], err.response["Error"]["Message"], ) else: logger.error( "Couldn't query for movies. Here's why: %s: %s", err.response["Error"]["Code"], err.response["Error"]["Message"], ) raise else: return response["Items"]
  • For API details, see Query in AWS SDK for Python (Boto3) API Reference.

Ruby
SDK for Ruby
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the AWS Code Examples Repository.

class DynamoDBBasics attr_reader :dynamo_resource attr_reader :table def initialize(table_name) client = Aws::DynamoDB::Client.new(region: "us-east-1") @dynamo_resource = Aws::DynamoDB::Resource.new(client: client) @table = @dynamo_resource.table(table_name) end # Queries for movies that were released in the specified year. # # @param year [Integer] The year to query. # @return [Array] The list of movies that were released in the specified year. def query_items(year) response = @table.query( key_condition_expression: "#yr = :year", expression_attribute_names: {"#yr" => "year"}, expression_attribute_values: {":year" => year}) rescue Aws::DynamoDB::Errors::ServiceError => e puts("Couldn't query for movies released in #{year}. Here's why:") puts("\t#{e.code}: #{e.message}") raise else response.items end
  • For API details, see Query in AWS SDK for Ruby API Reference.

Rust
SDK for Rust
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the AWS Code Examples Repository.

Find the movies made in the specified year.

pub async fn movies_in_year( client: &Client, table_name: &str, year: u16, ) -> Result<Vec<Movie>, MovieError> { let results = client .query() .table_name(table_name) .key_condition_expression("#yr = :yyyy") .expression_attribute_names("#yr", "year") .expression_attribute_values(":yyyy", AttributeValue::N(year.to_string())) .send() .await?; if let Some(items) = results.items { let movies = items.iter().map(|v| v.into()).collect(); Ok(movies) } else { Ok(vec![]) } }
  • For API details, see Query in AWS SDK for Rust API reference.

SAP ABAP
SDK for SAP ABAP
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the AWS Code Examples Repository.

TRY. " Query movies for a given year . DATA(lt_attributelist) = VALUE /aws1/cl_dynattributevalue=>tt_attributevaluelist( ( NEW /aws1/cl_dynattributevalue( iv_n = |{ iv_year }| ) ) ). DATA(lt_key_conditions) = VALUE /aws1/cl_dyncondition=>tt_keyconditions( ( VALUE /aws1/cl_dyncondition=>ts_keyconditions_maprow( key = 'year' value = NEW /aws1/cl_dyncondition( it_attributevaluelist = lt_attributelist iv_comparisonoperator = |EQ| ) ) ) ). oo_result = lo_dyn->query( iv_tablename = iv_table_name it_keyconditions = lt_key_conditions ). DATA(lt_items) = oo_result->get_items( ). "You can loop over the results to get item attributes. LOOP AT lt_items INTO DATA(lt_item). DATA(lo_title) = lt_item[ key = 'title' ]-value. DATA(lo_year) = lt_item[ key = 'year' ]-value. ENDLOOP. DATA(lv_count) = oo_result->get_count( ). MESSAGE 'Item count is: ' && lv_count TYPE 'I'. CATCH /aws1/cx_dynresourcenotfoundex. MESSAGE 'The table or index does not exist' TYPE 'E'. ENDTRY.
  • For API details, see Query in AWS SDK for SAP ABAP API reference.

Swift
SDK for Swift
Note

This is prerelease documentation for an SDK in preview release. It is subject to change.

Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the AWS Code Examples Repository.

/// Get all the movies released in the specified year. /// /// - Parameter year: The release year of the movies to return. /// /// - Returns: An array of `Movie` objects describing each matching movie. /// func getMovies(fromYear year: Int) async throws -> [Movie] { guard let client = self.ddbClient else { throw MoviesError.UninitializedClient } let input = QueryInput( expressionAttributeNames: [ "#y": "year" ], expressionAttributeValues: [ ":y": .n(String(year)) ], keyConditionExpression: "#y = :y", tableName: self.tableName ) let output = try await client.query(input: input) guard let items = output.items else { throw MoviesError.ItemNotFound } // Convert the found movies into `Movie` objects and return an array // of them. var movieList: [Movie] = [] for item in items { let movie = try Movie(withItem: item) movieList.append(movie) } return movieList }
  • For API details, see Query in AWS SDK for Swift API reference.

For more DynamoDB examples, see Code examples for DynamoDB using AWS SDKs.