App Mesh troubleshooting best practices - AWS App Mesh

App Mesh troubleshooting best practices

We recommend that you follow the best practices in this topic to troubleshoot issues when using App Mesh.

Enable the Envoy proxy administration interface

The Envoy proxy ships with an administration interface that you can use to discover configuration and statistics and to perform other administrative functions such as connection draining. For more information, see Administration interface in the Envoy documentation.

If you use the managed Envoy image, the administration endpoint is enabled by default on port 9901. Examples provided in App Mesh setup troubleshooting display the example administration endpoint URL as http://my-app.default.svc.cluster.local:9901/.

Note

The administration endpoint should never be exposed to the public internet. Additionally, we recommend monitoring the administration endpoint logs, which are set by the ENVOY_ADMIN_ACCESS_LOG_FILE environment variable to /tmp/envoy_admin_access.log by default.

Enable Envoy DogStatsD integration for metric offload

The Envoy proxy can be configured to offload statistics for OSI Layer 4 and Layer 7 traffic and for internal process health. While this topic shows how to use these statistics without offloading the metrics to sinks like CloudWatch metrics and Prometheus., having these statistics in a centralized location for all of your applications can help you diagnose issues and confirm behavior more quickly. For more information, see Using Amazon CloudWatch Metrics and the Prometheus documentation.

You can configure DogStatsD metrics by setting the parameters defined in DogStatsD variables. For more information about DogStatsD, see the DogStatsD documentation. You can find a demonstration of metric offload to AWS CloudWatch metrics in the App Mesh with Amazon ECS basics walk-through on GitHub.

Enable access logs

We recommend enabling access logs on your Virtual nodes and Virtual gateways to discover details about traffic transiting between your applications. For more information, see Access logging in the Envoy documentation. The logs provide detailed information on OSI Layer 4 and Layer 7 traffic behavior. When you use Envoy’s default format, you can analyze the access logs with CloudWatch Logs Insights using the following parse statement.

parse @message "[*] \"* * *\" * * * * * * * * * * *" as StartTime, Method, Path, Protocol, ResponseCode, ResponseFlags, BytesReceived, BytesSent, DurationMillis, UpstreamServiceTimeMillis, ForwardedFor, UserAgent, RequestId, Authority, UpstreamHost

Enable Envoy debug logging in pre-production environments

We recommend setting the Envoy proxy’s log level to debug in a pre-production environment. Debug logs can help you identify issues before you graduate the associated App Mesh configuration to your production environment.

If you’re using the Envoy image, you can set the log level to debug through the ENVOY_LOG_LEVEL environment variable.

Note

We do not recommend using the debug level in production environments. Setting the level to debug increases the logging and may affect performance and the overall cost of logs offloaded to solutions like CloudWatch Logs.

When you use Envoy’s default format, you can analyze the process logs with CloudWatch Logs Insights using the following parse statement:

parse @message "[*][*][*][*] [*] *" as Time, Thread, Level, Name, Source, Message