Enabling Private endpoint for incoming traffic - AWS App Runner

Enabling Private endpoint for incoming traffic

By default when you create an AWS App Runner service, the service is accessible over the internet. However, you can also make your App Runner service private and only accessible from within an Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC). With your App Runner service private, you have complete control over incoming traffic, adding an additional layer of security. This is helpful in a variety of use cases, including running internal APIs, corporate web applications, or applications that are still in development that require a greater level of privacy and security, or have the need to meet specific compliance requirements. When your App Runner service is private, you can access your service from within an Amazon VPC. An internet gateway, NAT device, or VPN connection isn’t required.

Note

App Runner currently only supports IPv4.

Considerations

  • Before you set up a VPC interface endpoint for App Runner, review Considerations in the AWS PrivateLink Guide.

  • VPC endpoint policies are not supported for App Runner. By default, full access to App Runner is allowed through the VPC interface endpoint. Alternatively, you can associate a security group with the endpoint network interfaces to control traffic to App Runner through the VPC interface endpoint.

  • After you enable a Private endpoint, your service is only accessible from your VPC, and can’t be accessed from the internet.

  • For higher availability, it's recommended that you select at least two subnets across Availability Zone different for the VPC interface endpoint. We don’t recommend using only one subnet.

  • You can use the same VPC interface endpoint to access multiple App Runner services in a VPC.

For information on the terms used in this section, see Terminology.

Permissions

The following is the list of permissions required to enable Private endpoint:

  • ec2:CreateTags

  • ec2:CreateVpcEndpoint

  • ec2:ModifyVpcEndpoint

  • ec2:DeleteVpcEndpoints

  • ec2:DescribeSubnets

  • ec2:DescribeVpcEndpoints

  • ec2:DescribeVpcs

VPC interface endpoint

A VPC interface endpoint is an AWS PrivateLink resource that connects an Amazon VPC to an endpoint service. You can specify which Amazon VPC you would like your App Runner service to be accessible in by passing a VPC interface endpoint. To create a VPC interface endpoint specify the following:

  • The Amazon VPC to enable the connectivity.

  • Add Security groups. By default, a security group is assigned to VPC interface endpoint. You can choose to associate a custom security group to bring further control to incoming network traffic.

  • Add subnets. To ensure higher availability, it is recommended to select at least two subnets for each Availability Zone from which you’ll access the App Runner service. A network interface endpoint is created in each subnet that you enable for the VPC interface endpoint. These are requester-managed network interfaces that serve as the entry point for traffic destined for App Runner. A requester-managed network interface is a network interface that an AWS service creates in your VPC on your behalf.

  • If you are using the API, add the App Runner VPC interface endpoint Servicename. For example,

    com.amazonaws.region.apprunner.requests

You can create a VPC interface endpoint using one of the following AWS services:

Note

You’re charged for each VPC interface endpoint that you use based on AWS PrivateLink Pricing. Therefore, for better cost efficiency, you can use the same VPC interface endpoint to access multiple App Runner services within a VPC. However, for better isolation, consider associating a different VPC interface endpoint for each of your App Runner services.

VPC Ingress Connection

A VPC Ingress Connection is an App Runner resource that specifies an App Runner endpoint for incoming traffic. App Runner assigns the VPC Ingress Connection resource behind the scenes when you choose Private endpoint on the App Runner console for your incoming traffic. Choose this option to only allow traffic from an Amazon VPC to access your App Runner service. The VPC Ingress Connection resource connects your App Runner service to the VPC interface endpoint of the Amazon VPC. You can create a VPC Ingress Connection resource only if you are using the API operations to configure the network settings for incoming traffic. For more information how to create VPC Ingress Connection resource, see CreateVpcIngressConnection in the AWS App Runner API Reference.

Note

One VPC Ingress Connection resource of the App Runner can connect to one VPC interface endpoint of the Amazon VPC. Also, you can only create one VPC Ingress Connection resource for each App Runner service.

Private endpoint

Private endpoint is an App Runner console option that you can choose if you only want to receive incoming traffic from an Amazon VPC. Choosing the Private endpoint option on the App Runner console provides you with the option to connect your service to a VPC by configuring its VPC interface endpoint. Behind the scenes, App Runner assigns a VPC Ingress Connection resource to the VPC interface endpoint that you configure.

Summary

Make your service private by only allowing traffic from an Amazon VPC to access your App Runner service. To achieve this, you create a VPC interface endpoint for the selected Amazon VPC using either App Runner or Amazon VPC. On the App Runner console, you create a VPC interface endpoint when you enable the Private endpoint for the Incoming traffic. App Runner then automatically creates a VPC Ingress Connection resource and connects to the VPC interface endpoint and your App Runner service. This creates a private service connection that ensures that only traffic from the selected VPC can access your App Runner service.