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[ aws . batch ]

submit-job

Description

Submits an Batch job from a job definition. Parameters that are specified during SubmitJob override parameters defined in the job definition. vCPU and memory requirements that are specified in the ResourceRequirements objects in the job definition are the exception. They can't be overridden this way using the memory and vcpus parameters. Rather, you must specify updates to job definition parameters in a ResourceRequirements object that's included in the containerOverrides parameter.

Warning

Jobs that run on Fargate resources can't be guaranteed to run for more than 14 days. This is because, after 14 days, Fargate resources might become unavailable and job might be terminated.

See also: AWS API Documentation

See 'aws help' for descriptions of global parameters.

Synopsis

  submit-job
--job-name <value>
--job-queue <value>
[--array-properties <value>]
[--depends-on <value>]
--job-definition <value>
[--parameters <value>]
[--container-overrides <value>]
[--node-overrides <value>]
[--retry-strategy <value>]
[--propagate-tags | --no-propagate-tags]
[--timeout <value>]
[--tags <value>]
[--cli-input-json <value>]
[--generate-cli-skeleton <value>]

Options

--job-name (string)

The name of the job. The first character must be alphanumeric, and up to 128 letters (uppercase and lowercase), numbers, hyphens, and underscores are allowed.

--job-queue (string)

The job queue where the job is submitted. You can specify either the name or the Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the queue.

--array-properties (structure)

The array properties for the submitted job, such as the size of the array. The array size can be between 2 and 10,000. If you specify array properties for a job, it becomes an array job. For more information, see Array Jobs in the Batch User Guide .

size -> (integer)

The size of the array job.

Shorthand Syntax:

size=integer

JSON Syntax:

{
  "size": integer
}

--depends-on (list)

A list of dependencies for the job. A job can depend upon a maximum of 20 jobs. You can specify a SEQUENTIAL type dependency without specifying a job ID for array jobs so that each child array job completes sequentially, starting at index 0. You can also specify an N_TO_N type dependency with a job ID for array jobs. In that case, each index child of this job must wait for the corresponding index child of each dependency to complete before it can begin.

(structure)

An object representing an Batch job dependency.

jobId -> (string)

The job ID of the Batch job associated with this dependency.

type -> (string)

The type of the job dependency.

Shorthand Syntax:

jobId=string,type=string ...

JSON Syntax:

[
  {
    "jobId": "string",
    "type": "N_TO_N"|"SEQUENTIAL"
  }
  ...
]

--job-definition (string)

The job definition used by this job. This value can be one of name , name:revision , or the Amazon Resource Name (ARN) for the job definition. If name is specified without a revision then the latest active revision is used.

--parameters (map)

Additional parameters passed to the job that replace parameter substitution placeholders that are set in the job definition. Parameters are specified as a key and value pair mapping. Parameters in a SubmitJob request override any corresponding parameter defaults from the job definition.

key -> (string)

value -> (string)

Shorthand Syntax:

KeyName1=string,KeyName2=string

JSON Syntax:

{"string": "string"
  ...}

--container-overrides (structure)

A list of container overrides in the JSON format that specify the name of a container in the specified job definition and the overrides it should receive. You can override the default command for a container, which is specified in the job definition or the Docker image, with a command override. You can also override existing environment variables on a container or add new environment variables to it with an environment override.

vcpus -> (integer)

This parameter indicates the number of vCPUs reserved for the container.It overrides the vcpus parameter that's set in the job definition, but doesn't override any vCPU requirement specified in the resourceRequirement structure in the job definition. To override vCPU requirements that are specified in the ResourceRequirement structure in the job definition, ResourceRequirement must be specified in the SubmitJob request, with type set to VCPU and value set to the new value.

This parameter maps to CpuShares in the Create a container section of the Docker Remote API and the --cpu-shares option to docker run . Each vCPU is equivalent to 1,024 CPU shares. You must specify at least one vCPU.

Note

This parameter is supported for jobs that run on EC2 resources, but isn't supported for jobs that run on Fargate resources. For Fargate resources, you can only use resourceRequirement . For EC2 resources, you can use either this parameter or resourceRequirement but not both.

memory -> (integer)

This parameter indicates the amount of memory (in MiB) that's reserved for the job. It overrides the memory parameter set in the job definition, but doesn't override any memory requirement specified in the ResourceRequirement structure in the job definition. To override memory requirements that are specified in the ResourceRequirement structure in the job definition, ResourceRequirement must be specified in the SubmitJob request, with type set to MEMORY and value set to the new value.

This parameter is supported for jobs that run on EC2 resources, but isn't supported for jobs that run on Fargate resources. For these resources, use resourceRequirement instead.

command -> (list)

The command to send to the container that overrides the default command from the Docker image or the job definition.

(string)

instanceType -> (string)

The instance type to use for a multi-node parallel job.

Note

This parameter isn't applicable to single-node container jobs or jobs that run on Fargate resources, and shouldn't be provided.

environment -> (list)

The environment variables to send to the container. You can add new environment variables, which are added to the container at launch, or you can override the existing environment variables from the Docker image or the job definition.

Note

Environment variables must not start with AWS_BATCH ; this naming convention is reserved for variables that are set by the Batch service.

(structure)

A key-value pair object.

name -> (string)

The name of the key-value pair. For environment variables, this is the name of the environment variable.

value -> (string)

The value of the key-value pair. For environment variables, this is the value of the environment variable.

resourceRequirements -> (list)

The type and amount of resources to assign to a container. This overrides the settings in the job definition. The supported resources include GPU , MEMORY , and VCPU .

(structure)

The type and amount of a resource to assign to a container. The supported resources include GPU , MEMORY , and VCPU .

value -> (string)

The quantity of the specified resource to reserve for the container. The values vary based on the type specified.

type="GPU"

The number of physical GPUs to reserve for the container. The number of GPUs reserved for all containers in a job shouldn't exceed the number of available GPUs on the compute resource that the job is launched on.

Note

GPUs are not available for jobs that are running on Fargate resources.

type="MEMORY"

The memory hard limit (in MiB) present to the container. This parameter is supported for jobs that are running on EC2 resources. If your container attempts to exceed the memory specified, the container is terminated. This parameter maps to Memory in the Create a container section of the Docker Remote API and the --memory option to docker run . You must specify at least 4 MiB of memory for a job. This is required but can be specified in several places for multi-node parallel (MNP) jobs. It must be specified for each node at least once. This parameter maps to Memory in the Create a container section of the Docker Remote API and the --memory option to docker run .

Note

If you're trying to maximize your resource utilization by providing your jobs as much memory as possible for a particular instance type, see Memory Management in the Batch User Guide .

For jobs that are running on Fargate resources, then value is the hard limit (in MiB), and must match one of the supported values and the VCPU values must be one of the values supported for that memory value.

value = 512

VCPU = 0.25

value = 1024

VCPU = 0.25 or 0.5

value = 2048

VCPU = 0.25, 0.5, or 1

value = 3072

VCPU = 0.5, or 1

value = 4096

VCPU = 0.5, 1, or 2

value = 5120, 6144, or 7168

VCPU = 1 or 2

value = 8192

VCPU = 1, 2, or 4

value = 9216, 10240, 11264, 12288, 13312, 14336, 15360, or 16384

VCPU = 2 or 4

value = 17408, 18432, 19456, 20480, 21504, 22528, 23552, 24576, 25600, 26624, 27648, 28672, 29696, or 30720

VCPU = 4

type="VCPU"

The number of vCPUs reserved for the container. This parameter maps to CpuShares in the Create a container section of the Docker Remote API and the --cpu-shares option to docker run . Each vCPU is equivalent to 1,024 CPU shares. For EC2 resources, you must specify at least one vCPU. This is required but can be specified in several places; it must be specified for each node at least once.

For jobs that are running on Fargate resources, then value must match one of the supported values and the MEMORY values must be one of the values supported for that VCPU value. The supported values are 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, and 4

value = 0.25

MEMORY = 512, 1024, or 2048

value = 0.5

MEMORY = 1024, 2048, 3072, or 4096

value = 1

MEMORY = 2048, 3072, 4096, 5120, 6144, 7168, or 8192

value = 2

MEMORY = 4096, 5120, 6144, 7168, 8192, 9216, 10240, 11264, 12288, 13312, 14336, 15360, or 16384

value = 4

MEMORY = 8192, 9216, 10240, 11264, 12288, 13312, 14336, 15360, 16384, 17408, 18432, 19456, 20480, 21504, 22528, 23552, 24576, 25600, 26624, 27648, 28672, 29696, or 30720

type -> (string)

The type of resource to assign to a container. The supported resources include GPU , MEMORY , and VCPU .

Shorthand Syntax:

vcpus=integer,memory=integer,command=string,string,instanceType=string,environment=[{name=string,value=string},{name=string,value=string}],resourceRequirements=[{value=string,type=string},{value=string,type=string}]

JSON Syntax:

{
  "vcpus": integer,
  "memory": integer,
  "command": ["string", ...],
  "instanceType": "string",
  "environment": [
    {
      "name": "string",
      "value": "string"
    }
    ...
  ],
  "resourceRequirements": [
    {
      "value": "string",
      "type": "GPU"|"VCPU"|"MEMORY"
    }
    ...
  ]
}

--node-overrides (structure)

A list of node overrides in JSON format that specify the node range to target and the container overrides for that node range.

Note

This parameter isn't applicable to jobs that are running on Fargate resources; use containerOverrides instead.

numNodes -> (integer)

The number of nodes to use with a multi-node parallel job. This value overrides the number of nodes that are specified in the job definition. To use this override:

  • There must be at least one node range in your job definition that has an open upper boundary (such as : or n: ).
  • The lower boundary of the node range specified in the job definition must be fewer than the number of nodes specified in the override.
  • The main node index specified in the job definition must be fewer than the number of nodes specified in the override.

nodePropertyOverrides -> (list)

The node property overrides for the job.

(structure)

Object representing any node overrides to a job definition that's used in a SubmitJob API operation.

targetNodes -> (string)

The range of nodes, using node index values, that's used to override. A range of 0:3 indicates nodes with index values of 0 through 3 . If the starting range value is omitted (:n ), then 0 is used to start the range. If the ending range value is omitted (n: ), then the highest possible node index is used to end the range.

containerOverrides -> (structure)

The overrides that should be sent to a node range.

vcpus -> (integer)

This parameter indicates the number of vCPUs reserved for the container.It overrides the vcpus parameter that's set in the job definition, but doesn't override any vCPU requirement specified in the resourceRequirement structure in the job definition. To override vCPU requirements that are specified in the ResourceRequirement structure in the job definition, ResourceRequirement must be specified in the SubmitJob request, with type set to VCPU and value set to the new value.

This parameter maps to CpuShares in the Create a container section of the Docker Remote API and the --cpu-shares option to docker run . Each vCPU is equivalent to 1,024 CPU shares. You must specify at least one vCPU.

Note

This parameter is supported for jobs that run on EC2 resources, but isn't supported for jobs that run on Fargate resources. For Fargate resources, you can only use resourceRequirement . For EC2 resources, you can use either this parameter or resourceRequirement but not both.

memory -> (integer)

This parameter indicates the amount of memory (in MiB) that's reserved for the job. It overrides the memory parameter set in the job definition, but doesn't override any memory requirement specified in the ResourceRequirement structure in the job definition. To override memory requirements that are specified in the ResourceRequirement structure in the job definition, ResourceRequirement must be specified in the SubmitJob request, with type set to MEMORY and value set to the new value.

This parameter is supported for jobs that run on EC2 resources, but isn't supported for jobs that run on Fargate resources. For these resources, use resourceRequirement instead.

command -> (list)

The command to send to the container that overrides the default command from the Docker image or the job definition.

(string)

instanceType -> (string)

The instance type to use for a multi-node parallel job.

Note

This parameter isn't applicable to single-node container jobs or jobs that run on Fargate resources, and shouldn't be provided.

environment -> (list)

The environment variables to send to the container. You can add new environment variables, which are added to the container at launch, or you can override the existing environment variables from the Docker image or the job definition.

Note

Environment variables must not start with AWS_BATCH ; this naming convention is reserved for variables that are set by the Batch service.

(structure)

A key-value pair object.

name -> (string)

The name of the key-value pair. For environment variables, this is the name of the environment variable.

value -> (string)

The value of the key-value pair. For environment variables, this is the value of the environment variable.

resourceRequirements -> (list)

The type and amount of resources to assign to a container. This overrides the settings in the job definition. The supported resources include GPU , MEMORY , and VCPU .

(structure)

The type and amount of a resource to assign to a container. The supported resources include GPU , MEMORY , and VCPU .

value -> (string)

The quantity of the specified resource to reserve for the container. The values vary based on the type specified.

type="GPU"

The number of physical GPUs to reserve for the container. The number of GPUs reserved for all containers in a job shouldn't exceed the number of available GPUs on the compute resource that the job is launched on.

Note

GPUs are not available for jobs that are running on Fargate resources.

type="MEMORY"

The memory hard limit (in MiB) present to the container. This parameter is supported for jobs that are running on EC2 resources. If your container attempts to exceed the memory specified, the container is terminated. This parameter maps to Memory in the Create a container section of the Docker Remote API and the --memory option to docker run . You must specify at least 4 MiB of memory for a job. This is required but can be specified in several places for multi-node parallel (MNP) jobs. It must be specified for each node at least once. This parameter maps to Memory in the Create a container section of the Docker Remote API and the --memory option to docker run .

Note

If you're trying to maximize your resource utilization by providing your jobs as much memory as possible for a particular instance type, see Memory Management in the Batch User Guide .

For jobs that are running on Fargate resources, then value is the hard limit (in MiB), and must match one of the supported values and the VCPU values must be one of the values supported for that memory value.

value = 512

VCPU = 0.25

value = 1024

VCPU = 0.25 or 0.5

value = 2048

VCPU = 0.25, 0.5, or 1

value = 3072

VCPU = 0.5, or 1

value = 4096

VCPU = 0.5, 1, or 2

value = 5120, 6144, or 7168

VCPU = 1 or 2

value = 8192

VCPU = 1, 2, or 4

value = 9216, 10240, 11264, 12288, 13312, 14336, 15360, or 16384

VCPU = 2 or 4

value = 17408, 18432, 19456, 20480, 21504, 22528, 23552, 24576, 25600, 26624, 27648, 28672, 29696, or 30720

VCPU = 4

type="VCPU"

The number of vCPUs reserved for the container. This parameter maps to CpuShares in the Create a container section of the Docker Remote API and the --cpu-shares option to docker run . Each vCPU is equivalent to 1,024 CPU shares. For EC2 resources, you must specify at least one vCPU. This is required but can be specified in several places; it must be specified for each node at least once.

For jobs that are running on Fargate resources, then value must match one of the supported values and the MEMORY values must be one of the values supported for that VCPU value. The supported values are 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, and 4

value = 0.25

MEMORY = 512, 1024, or 2048

value = 0.5

MEMORY = 1024, 2048, 3072, or 4096

value = 1

MEMORY = 2048, 3072, 4096, 5120, 6144, 7168, or 8192

value = 2

MEMORY = 4096, 5120, 6144, 7168, 8192, 9216, 10240, 11264, 12288, 13312, 14336, 15360, or 16384

value = 4

MEMORY = 8192, 9216, 10240, 11264, 12288, 13312, 14336, 15360, 16384, 17408, 18432, 19456, 20480, 21504, 22528, 23552, 24576, 25600, 26624, 27648, 28672, 29696, or 30720

type -> (string)

The type of resource to assign to a container. The supported resources include GPU , MEMORY , and VCPU .

JSON Syntax:

{
  "numNodes": integer,
  "nodePropertyOverrides": [
    {
      "targetNodes": "string",
      "containerOverrides": {
        "vcpus": integer,
        "memory": integer,
        "command": ["string", ...],
        "instanceType": "string",
        "environment": [
          {
            "name": "string",
            "value": "string"
          }
          ...
        ],
        "resourceRequirements": [
          {
            "value": "string",
            "type": "GPU"|"VCPU"|"MEMORY"
          }
          ...
        ]
      }
    }
    ...
  ]
}

--retry-strategy (structure)

The retry strategy to use for failed jobs from this SubmitJob operation. When a retry strategy is specified here, it overrides the retry strategy defined in the job definition.

attempts -> (integer)

The number of times to move a job to the RUNNABLE status. You can specify between 1 and 10 attempts. If the value of attempts is greater than one, the job is retried on failure the same number of attempts as the value.

evaluateOnExit -> (list)

Array of up to 5 objects that specify conditions under which the job should be retried or failed. If this parameter is specified, then the attempts parameter must also be specified.

(structure)

Specifies a set of conditions to be met, and an action to take (RETRY or EXIT ) if all conditions are met.

onStatusReason -> (string)

Contains a glob pattern to match against the StatusReason returned for a job. The pattern can be up to 512 characters in length. It can contain letters, numbers, periods (.), colons (:), and white space (including spaces or tabs). It can optionally end with an asterisk (*) so that only the start of the string needs to be an exact match.

onReason -> (string)

Contains a glob pattern to match against the Reason returned for a job. The pattern can be up to 512 characters in length. It can contain letters, numbers, periods (.), colons (:), and white space (including spaces and tabs). It can optionally end with an asterisk (*) so that only the start of the string needs to be an exact match.

onExitCode -> (string)

Contains a glob pattern to match against the decimal representation of the ExitCode returned for a job. The pattern can be up to 512 characters in length. It can contain only numbers, and can optionally end with an asterisk (*) so that only the start of the string needs to be an exact match.

action -> (string)

Specifies the action to take if all of the specified conditions (onStatusReason , onReason , and onExitCode ) are met. The values aren't case sensitive.

Shorthand Syntax:

attempts=integer,evaluateOnExit=[{onStatusReason=string,onReason=string,onExitCode=string,action=string},{onStatusReason=string,onReason=string,onExitCode=string,action=string}]

JSON Syntax:

{
  "attempts": integer,
  "evaluateOnExit": [
    {
      "onStatusReason": "string",
      "onReason": "string",
      "onExitCode": "string",
      "action": "RETRY"|"EXIT"
    }
    ...
  ]
}

--propagate-tags | --no-propagate-tags (boolean)

Specifies whether to propagate the tags from the job or job definition to the corresponding Amazon ECS task. If no value is specified, the tags aren't propagated. Tags can only be propagated to the tasks during task creation. For tags with the same name, job tags are given priority over job definitions tags. If the total number of combined tags from the job and job definition is over 50, the job is moved to the FAILED state. When specified, this overrides the tag propagation setting in the job definition.

--timeout (structure)

The timeout configuration for this SubmitJob operation. You can specify a timeout duration after which Batch terminates your jobs if they haven't finished. If a job is terminated due to a timeout, it isn't retried. The minimum value for the timeout is 60 seconds. This configuration overrides any timeout configuration specified in the job definition. For array jobs, child jobs have the same timeout configuration as the parent job. For more information, see Job Timeouts in the Amazon Elastic Container Service Developer Guide .

attemptDurationSeconds -> (integer)

The time duration in seconds (measured from the job attempt's startedAt timestamp) after which Batch terminates your jobs if they have not finished. The minimum value for the timeout is 60 seconds.

Shorthand Syntax:

attemptDurationSeconds=integer

JSON Syntax:

{
  "attemptDurationSeconds": integer
}

--tags (map)

The tags that you apply to the job request to help you categorize and organize your resources. Each tag consists of a key and an optional value. For more information, see Tagging Amazon Web Services Resources in Amazon Web Services General Reference .

key -> (string)

value -> (string)

Shorthand Syntax:

KeyName1=string,KeyName2=string

JSON Syntax:

{"string": "string"
  ...}

--cli-input-json (string) Performs service operation based on the JSON string provided. The JSON string follows the format provided by --generate-cli-skeleton. If other arguments are provided on the command line, the CLI values will override the JSON-provided values. It is not possible to pass arbitrary binary values using a JSON-provided value as the string will be taken literally.

--generate-cli-skeleton (string) Prints a JSON skeleton to standard output without sending an API request. If provided with no value or the value input, prints a sample input JSON that can be used as an argument for --cli-input-json. If provided with the value output, it validates the command inputs and returns a sample output JSON for that command.

See 'aws help' for descriptions of global parameters.

Examples

To submit a job

This example submits a simple container job called example to the HighPriority job queue.

Command:

aws batch submit-job --job-name example --job-queue HighPriority  --job-definition sleep60

Output:

{
    "jobName": "example",
    "jobId": "876da822-4198-45f2-a252-6cea32512ea8"
}

Output

jobArn -> (string)

The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) for the job.

jobName -> (string)

The name of the job.

jobId -> (string)

The unique identifier for the job.