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[ aws . cloudwatch ]

put-metric-alarm

Description

Creates or updates an alarm and associates it with the specified metric, metric math expression, or anomaly detection model.

Alarms based on anomaly detection models cannot have Auto Scaling actions.

When this operation creates an alarm, the alarm state is immediately set to INSUFFICIENT_DATA . The alarm is then evaluated and its state is set appropriately. Any actions associated with the new state are then executed.

When you update an existing alarm, its state is left unchanged, but the update completely overwrites the previous configuration of the alarm.

If you are an IAM user, you must have Amazon EC2 permissions for some alarm operations:

  • iam:CreateServiceLinkedRole for all alarms with EC2 actions
  • ec2:DescribeInstanceStatus and ec2:DescribeInstances for all alarms on EC2 instance status metrics
  • ec2:StopInstances for alarms with stop actions
  • ec2:TerminateInstances for alarms with terminate actions
  • No specific permissions are needed for alarms with recover actions

If you have read/write permissions for Amazon CloudWatch but not for Amazon EC2, you can still create an alarm, but the stop or terminate actions are not performed. However, if you are later granted the required permissions, the alarm actions that you created earlier are performed.

If you are using an IAM role (for example, an EC2 instance profile), you cannot stop or terminate the instance using alarm actions. However, you can still see the alarm state and perform any other actions such as Amazon SNS notifications or Auto Scaling policies.

If you are using temporary security credentials granted using AWS STS, you cannot stop or terminate an EC2 instance using alarm actions.

The first time you create an alarm in the AWS Management Console, the CLI, or by using the PutMetricAlarm API, CloudWatch creates the necessary service-linked role for you. The service-linked role is called AWSServiceRoleForCloudWatchEvents . For more information, see AWS service-linked role .

See also: AWS API Documentation

See 'aws help' for descriptions of global parameters.

Synopsis

  put-metric-alarm
--alarm-name <value>
[--alarm-description <value>]
[--actions-enabled | --no-actions-enabled]
[--ok-actions <value>]
[--alarm-actions <value>]
[--insufficient-data-actions <value>]
[--metric-name <value>]
[--namespace <value>]
[--statistic <value>]
[--extended-statistic <value>]
[--dimensions <value>]
[--period <value>]
[--unit <value>]
--evaluation-periods <value>
[--datapoints-to-alarm <value>]
[--threshold <value>]
--comparison-operator <value>
[--treat-missing-data <value>]
[--evaluate-low-sample-count-percentile <value>]
[--metrics <value>]
[--tags <value>]
[--threshold-metric-id <value>]
[--cli-input-json <value>]
[--generate-cli-skeleton <value>]

Options

--alarm-name (string)

The name for the alarm. This name must be unique within the Region.

--alarm-description (string)

The description for the alarm.

--actions-enabled | --no-actions-enabled (boolean)

Indicates whether actions should be executed during any changes to the alarm state. The default is TRUE .

--ok-actions (list)

The actions to execute when this alarm transitions to an OK state from any other state. Each action is specified as an Amazon Resource Name (ARN).

Valid Values: arn:aws:automate:*region* :ec2:stop | arn:aws:automate:*region* :ec2:terminate | arn:aws:automate:*region* :ec2:recover | arn:aws:automate:*region* :ec2:reboot | ``arn:aws:sns:region :account-id :sns-topic-name `` | ``arn:aws:autoscaling:region :account-id :scalingPolicy:policy-id :autoScalingGroupName/group-friendly-name :policyName/policy-friendly-name ``

Valid Values (for use with IAM roles): arn:aws:swf:*region* :*account-id* :action/actions/AWS_EC2.InstanceId.Stop/1.0 | arn:aws:swf:*region* :*account-id* :action/actions/AWS_EC2.InstanceId.Terminate/1.0 | arn:aws:swf:*region* :*account-id* :action/actions/AWS_EC2.InstanceId.Reboot/1.0

(string)

Syntax:

"string" "string" ...

--alarm-actions (list)

The actions to execute when this alarm transitions to the ALARM state from any other state. Each action is specified as an Amazon Resource Name (ARN).

Valid Values: arn:aws:automate:*region* :ec2:stop | arn:aws:automate:*region* :ec2:terminate | arn:aws:automate:*region* :ec2:recover | arn:aws:automate:*region* :ec2:reboot | ``arn:aws:sns:region :account-id :sns-topic-name `` | ``arn:aws:autoscaling:region :account-id :scalingPolicy:policy-id :autoScalingGroupName/group-friendly-name :policyName/policy-friendly-name ``

Valid Values (for use with IAM roles): arn:aws:swf:*region* :*account-id* :action/actions/AWS_EC2.InstanceId.Stop/1.0 | arn:aws:swf:*region* :*account-id* :action/actions/AWS_EC2.InstanceId.Terminate/1.0 | arn:aws:swf:*region* :*account-id* :action/actions/AWS_EC2.InstanceId.Reboot/1.0

(string)

Syntax:

"string" "string" ...

--insufficient-data-actions (list)

The actions to execute when this alarm transitions to the INSUFFICIENT_DATA state from any other state. Each action is specified as an Amazon Resource Name (ARN).

Valid Values: arn:aws:automate:*region* :ec2:stop | arn:aws:automate:*region* :ec2:terminate | arn:aws:automate:*region* :ec2:recover | arn:aws:automate:*region* :ec2:reboot | ``arn:aws:sns:region :account-id :sns-topic-name `` | ``arn:aws:autoscaling:region :account-id :scalingPolicy:policy-id :autoScalingGroupName/group-friendly-name :policyName/policy-friendly-name ``

Valid Values (for use with IAM roles): arn:aws:swf:*region* :*account-id* :action/actions/AWS_EC2.InstanceId.Stop/1.0 | arn:aws:swf:*region* :*account-id* :action/actions/AWS_EC2.InstanceId.Terminate/1.0 | arn:aws:swf:*region* :*account-id* :action/actions/AWS_EC2.InstanceId.Reboot/1.0

(string)

Syntax:

"string" "string" ...

--metric-name (string)

The name for the metric associated with the alarm. For each PutMetricAlarm operation, you must specify either MetricName or a Metrics array.

If you are creating an alarm based on a math expression, you cannot specify this parameter, or any of the Dimensions , Period , Namespace , Statistic , or ExtendedStatistic parameters. Instead, you specify all this information in the Metrics array.

--namespace (string)

The namespace for the metric associated specified in MetricName .

--statistic (string)

The statistic for the metric specified in MetricName , other than percentile. For percentile statistics, use ExtendedStatistic . When you call PutMetricAlarm and specify a MetricName , you must specify either Statistic or ExtendedStatistic, but not both.

Possible values:

  • SampleCount
  • Average
  • Sum
  • Minimum
  • Maximum

--extended-statistic (string)

The percentile statistic for the metric specified in MetricName . Specify a value between p0.0 and p100. When you call PutMetricAlarm and specify a MetricName , you must specify either Statistic or ExtendedStatistic, but not both.

--dimensions (list)

The dimensions for the metric specified in MetricName .

(structure)

A dimension is a name/value pair that is part of the identity of a metric. You can assign up to 10 dimensions to a metric. Because dimensions are part of the unique identifier for a metric, whenever you add a unique name/value pair to one of your metrics, you are creating a new variation of that metric.

Name -> (string)

The name of the dimension. Dimension names cannot contain blank spaces or non-ASCII characters.

Value -> (string)

The value of the dimension.

Shorthand Syntax:

Name=string,Value=string ...

JSON Syntax:

[
  {
    "Name": "string",
    "Value": "string"
  }
  ...
]

--period (integer)

The length, in seconds, used each time the metric specified in MetricName is evaluated. Valid values are 10, 30, and any multiple of 60.

Period is required for alarms based on static thresholds. If you are creating an alarm based on a metric math expression, you specify the period for each metric within the objects in the Metrics array.

Be sure to specify 10 or 30 only for metrics that are stored by a PutMetricData call with a StorageResolution of 1. If you specify a period of 10 or 30 for a metric that does not have sub-minute resolution, the alarm still attempts to gather data at the period rate that you specify. In this case, it does not receive data for the attempts that do not correspond to a one-minute data resolution, and the alarm might often lapse into INSUFFICENT_DATA status. Specifying 10 or 30 also sets this alarm as a high-resolution alarm, which has a higher charge than other alarms. For more information about pricing, see Amazon CloudWatch Pricing .

An alarm's total current evaluation period can be no longer than one day, so Period multiplied by EvaluationPeriods cannot be more than 86,400 seconds.

--unit (string)

The unit of measure for the statistic. For example, the units for the Amazon EC2 NetworkIn metric are Bytes because NetworkIn tracks the number of bytes that an instance receives on all network interfaces. You can also specify a unit when you create a custom metric. Units help provide conceptual meaning to your data. Metric data points that specify a unit of measure, such as Percent, are aggregated separately.

If you don't specify Unit , CloudWatch retrieves all unit types that have been published for the metric and attempts to evaluate the alarm. Usually, metrics are published with only one unit, so the alarm works as intended.

However, if the metric is published with multiple types of units and you don't specify a unit, the alarm's behavior is not defined and it behaves predictably.

We recommend omitting Unit so that you don't inadvertently specify an incorrect unit that is not published for this metric. Doing so causes the alarm to be stuck in the INSUFFICIENT DATA state.

Possible values:

  • Seconds
  • Microseconds
  • Milliseconds
  • Bytes
  • Kilobytes
  • Megabytes
  • Gigabytes
  • Terabytes
  • Bits
  • Kilobits
  • Megabits
  • Gigabits
  • Terabits
  • Percent
  • Count
  • Bytes/Second
  • Kilobytes/Second
  • Megabytes/Second
  • Gigabytes/Second
  • Terabytes/Second
  • Bits/Second
  • Kilobits/Second
  • Megabits/Second
  • Gigabits/Second
  • Terabits/Second
  • Count/Second
  • None

--evaluation-periods (integer)

The number of periods over which data is compared to the specified threshold. If you are setting an alarm that requires that a number of consecutive data points be breaching to trigger the alarm, this value specifies that number. If you are setting an "M out of N" alarm, this value is the N.

An alarm's total current evaluation period can be no longer than one day, so this number multiplied by Period cannot be more than 86,400 seconds.

--datapoints-to-alarm (integer)

The number of data points that must be breaching to trigger the alarm. This is used only if you are setting an "M out of N" alarm. In that case, this value is the M. For more information, see Evaluating an Alarm in the Amazon CloudWatch User Guide .

--threshold (double)

The value against which the specified statistic is compared.

This parameter is required for alarms based on static thresholds, but should not be used for alarms based on anomaly detection models.

--comparison-operator (string)

The arithmetic operation to use when comparing the specified statistic and threshold. The specified statistic value is used as the first operand.

The values LessThanLowerOrGreaterThanUpperThreshold , LessThanLowerThreshold , and GreaterThanUpperThreshold are used only for alarms based on anomaly detection models.

Possible values:

  • GreaterThanOrEqualToThreshold
  • GreaterThanThreshold
  • LessThanThreshold
  • LessThanOrEqualToThreshold
  • LessThanLowerOrGreaterThanUpperThreshold
  • LessThanLowerThreshold
  • GreaterThanUpperThreshold

--treat-missing-data (string)

Sets how this alarm is to handle missing data points. If TreatMissingData is omitted, the default behavior of missing is used. For more information, see Configuring How CloudWatch Alarms Treats Missing Data .

Valid Values: breaching | notBreaching | ignore | missing

--evaluate-low-sample-count-percentile (string)

Used only for alarms based on percentiles. If you specify ignore , the alarm state does not change during periods with too few data points to be statistically significant. If you specify evaluate or omit this parameter, the alarm is always evaluated and possibly changes state no matter how many data points are available. For more information, see Percentile-Based CloudWatch Alarms and Low Data Samples .

Valid Values: evaluate | ignore

--metrics (list)

An array of MetricDataQuery structures that enable you to create an alarm based on the result of a metric math expression. For each PutMetricAlarm operation, you must specify either MetricName or a Metrics array.

Each item in the Metrics array either retrieves a metric or performs a math expression.

One item in the Metrics array is the expression that the alarm watches. You designate this expression by setting ReturnValue to true for this object in the array. For more information, see MetricDataQuery .

If you use the Metrics parameter, you cannot include the MetricName , Dimensions , Period , Namespace , Statistic , or ExtendedStatistic parameters of PutMetricAlarm in the same operation. Instead, you retrieve the metrics you are using in your math expression as part of the Metrics array.

(structure)

This structure is used in both GetMetricData and PutMetricAlarm . The supported use of this structure is different for those two operations.

When used in GetMetricData , it indicates the metric data to return, and whether this call is just retrieving a batch set of data for one metric, or is performing a math expression on metric data. A single GetMetricData call can include up to 500 MetricDataQuery structures.

When used in PutMetricAlarm , it enables you to create an alarm based on a metric math expression. Each MetricDataQuery in the array specifies either a metric to retrieve, or a math expression to be performed on retrieved metrics. A single PutMetricAlarm call can include up to 20 MetricDataQuery structures in the array. The 20 structures can include as many as 10 structures that contain a MetricStat parameter to retrieve a metric, and as many as 10 structures that contain the Expression parameter to perform a math expression. Of those Expression structures, one must have True as the value for ReturnData . The result of this expression is the value the alarm watches.

Any expression used in a PutMetricAlarm operation must return a single time series. For more information, see Metric Math Syntax and Functions in the Amazon CloudWatch User Guide .

Some of the parameters of this structure also have different uses whether you are using this structure in a GetMetricData operation or a PutMetricAlarm operation. These differences are explained in the following parameter list.

Id -> (string)

A short name used to tie this object to the results in the response. This name must be unique within a single call to GetMetricData . If you are performing math expressions on this set of data, this name represents that data and can serve as a variable in the mathematical expression. The valid characters are letters, numbers, and underscore. The first character must be a lowercase letter.

MetricStat -> (structure)

The metric to be returned, along with statistics, period, and units. Use this parameter only if this object is retrieving a metric and not performing a math expression on returned data.

Within one MetricDataQuery object, you must specify either Expression or MetricStat but not both.

Metric -> (structure)

The metric to return, including the metric name, namespace, and dimensions.

Namespace -> (string)

The namespace of the metric.

MetricName -> (string)

The name of the metric. This is a required field.

Dimensions -> (list)

The dimensions for the metric.

(structure)

A dimension is a name/value pair that is part of the identity of a metric. You can assign up to 10 dimensions to a metric. Because dimensions are part of the unique identifier for a metric, whenever you add a unique name/value pair to one of your metrics, you are creating a new variation of that metric.

Name -> (string)

The name of the dimension. Dimension names cannot contain blank spaces or non-ASCII characters.

Value -> (string)

The value of the dimension.

Period -> (integer)

The granularity, in seconds, of the returned data points. For metrics with regular resolution, a period can be as short as one minute (60 seconds) and must be a multiple of 60. For high-resolution metrics that are collected at intervals of less than one minute, the period can be 1, 5, 10, 30, 60, or any multiple of 60. High-resolution metrics are those metrics stored by a PutMetricData call that includes a StorageResolution of 1 second.

If the StartTime parameter specifies a time stamp that is greater than 3 hours ago, you must specify the period as follows or no data points in that time range is returned:

  • Start time between 3 hours and 15 days ago - Use a multiple of 60 seconds (1 minute).
  • Start time between 15 and 63 days ago - Use a multiple of 300 seconds (5 minutes).
  • Start time greater than 63 days ago - Use a multiple of 3600 seconds (1 hour).

Stat -> (string)

The statistic to return. It can include any CloudWatch statistic or extended statistic.

Unit -> (string)

When you are using a Put operation, this defines what unit you want to use when storing the metric.

In a Get operation, if you omit Unit then all data that was collected with any unit is returned, along with the corresponding units that were specified when the data was reported to CloudWatch. If you specify a unit, the operation returns only data that was collected with that unit specified. If you specify a unit that does not match the data collected, the results of the operation are null. CloudWatch does not perform unit conversions.

Expression -> (string)

The math expression to be performed on the returned data, if this object is performing a math expression. This expression can use the Id of the other metrics to refer to those metrics, and can also use the Id of other expressions to use the result of those expressions. For more information about metric math expressions, see Metric Math Syntax and Functions in the Amazon CloudWatch User Guide .

Within each MetricDataQuery object, you must specify either Expression or MetricStat but not both.

Label -> (string)

A human-readable label for this metric or expression. This is especially useful if this is an expression, so that you know what the value represents. If the metric or expression is shown in a CloudWatch dashboard widget, the label is shown. If Label is omitted, CloudWatch generates a default.

ReturnData -> (boolean)

When used in GetMetricData , this option indicates whether to return the timestamps and raw data values of this metric. If you are performing this call just to do math expressions and do not also need the raw data returned, you can specify False . If you omit this, the default of True is used.

When used in PutMetricAlarm , specify True for the one expression result to use as the alarm. For all other metrics and expressions in the same PutMetricAlarm operation, specify ReturnData as False.

Period -> (integer)

The granularity, in seconds, of the returned data points. For metrics with regular resolution, a period can be as short as one minute (60 seconds) and must be a multiple of 60. For high-resolution metrics that are collected at intervals of less than one minute, the period can be 1, 5, 10, 30, 60, or any multiple of 60. High-resolution metrics are those metrics stored by a PutMetricData operation that includes a StorageResolution of 1 second .

JSON Syntax:

[
  {
    "Id": "string",
    "MetricStat": {
      "Metric": {
        "Namespace": "string",
        "MetricName": "string",
        "Dimensions": [
          {
            "Name": "string",
            "Value": "string"
          }
          ...
        ]
      },
      "Period": integer,
      "Stat": "string",
      "Unit": "Seconds"|"Microseconds"|"Milliseconds"|"Bytes"|"Kilobytes"|"Megabytes"|"Gigabytes"|"Terabytes"|"Bits"|"Kilobits"|"Megabits"|"Gigabits"|"Terabits"|"Percent"|"Count"|"Bytes/Second"|"Kilobytes/Second"|"Megabytes/Second"|"Gigabytes/Second"|"Terabytes/Second"|"Bits/Second"|"Kilobits/Second"|"Megabits/Second"|"Gigabits/Second"|"Terabits/Second"|"Count/Second"|"None"
    },
    "Expression": "string",
    "Label": "string",
    "ReturnData": true|false,
    "Period": integer
  }
  ...
]

--tags (list)

A list of key-value pairs to associate with the alarm. You can associate as many as 50 tags with an alarm.

Tags can help you organize and categorize your resources. You can also use them to scope user permissions by granting a user permission to access or change only resources with certain tag values.

(structure)

A key-value pair associated with a CloudWatch resource.

Key -> (string)

A string that you can use to assign a value. The combination of tag keys and values can help you organize and categorize your resources.

Value -> (string)

The value for the specified tag key.

Shorthand Syntax:

Key=string,Value=string ...

JSON Syntax:

[
  {
    "Key": "string",
    "Value": "string"
  }
  ...
]

--threshold-metric-id (string)

If this is an alarm based on an anomaly detection model, make this value match the ID of the ANOMALY_DETECTION_BAND function.

For an example of how to use this parameter, see the Anomaly Detection Model Alarm example on this page.

If your alarm uses this parameter, it cannot have Auto Scaling actions.

--cli-input-json (string) Performs service operation based on the JSON string provided. The JSON string follows the format provided by --generate-cli-skeleton. If other arguments are provided on the command line, the CLI values will override the JSON-provided values. It is not possible to pass arbitrary binary values using a JSON-provided value as the string will be taken literally.

--generate-cli-skeleton (string) Prints a JSON skeleton to standard output without sending an API request. If provided with no value or the value input, prints a sample input JSON that can be used as an argument for --cli-input-json. If provided with the value output, it validates the command inputs and returns a sample output JSON for that command.

See 'aws help' for descriptions of global parameters.

Examples

To send an Amazon Simple Notification Service email message when CPU utilization exceeds 70 percent

The following example uses the put-metric-alarm command to send an Amazon Simple Notification Service email message when CPU utilization exceeds 70 percent:

aws cloudwatch put-metric-alarm --alarm-name cpu-mon --alarm-description "Alarm when CPU exceeds 70 percent" --metric-name CPUUtilization --namespace AWS/EC2 --statistic Average --period 300 --threshold 70 --comparison-operator GreaterThanThreshold  --dimensions "Name=InstanceId,Value=i-12345678" --evaluation-periods 2 --alarm-actions arn:aws:sns:us-east-1:111122223333:MyTopic --unit Percent

This command returns to the prompt if successful. If an alarm with the same name already exists, it will be overwritten by the new alarm.

To specify multiple dimensions

The following example illustrates how to specify multiple dimensions. Each dimension is specified as a Name/Value pair, with a comma between the name and the value. Multiple dimensions are separated by a space:

aws cloudwatch put-metric-alarm --alarm-name "Default_Test_Alarm3" --alarm-description "The default example alarm" --namespace "CW EXAMPLE METRICS" --metric-name Default_Test --statistic Average --period 60 --evaluation-periods 3 --threshold 50 --comparison-operator GreaterThanOrEqualToThreshold --dimensions Name=key1,Value=value1 Name=key2,Value=value2

Output

None