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[ aws . ec2 ]

create-capacity-reservation

Description

Creates a new Capacity Reservation with the specified attributes.

Capacity Reservations enable you to reserve capacity for your Amazon EC2 instances in a specific Availability Zone for any duration. This gives you the flexibility to selectively add capacity reservations and still get the Regional RI discounts for that usage. By creating Capacity Reservations, you ensure that you always have access to Amazon EC2 capacity when you need it, for as long as you need it. For more information, see Capacity Reservations in the Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud User Guide .

Your request to create a Capacity Reservation could fail if Amazon EC2 does not have sufficient capacity to fulfill the request. If your request fails due to Amazon EC2 capacity constraints, either try again at a later time, try in a different Availability Zone, or request a smaller capacity reservation. If your application is flexible across instance types and sizes, try to create a Capacity Reservation with different instance attributes.

Your request could also fail if the requested quantity exceeds your On-Demand Instance limit for the selected instance type. If your request fails due to limit constraints, increase your On-Demand Instance limit for the required instance type and try again. For more information about increasing your instance limits, see Amazon EC2 Service Limits in the Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud User Guide .

See also: AWS API Documentation

See 'aws help' for descriptions of global parameters.

Synopsis

  create-capacity-reservation
[--client-token <value>]
--instance-type <value>
--instance-platform <value>
[--availability-zone <value>]
[--availability-zone-id <value>]
[--tenancy <value>]
--instance-count <value>
[--ebs-optimized | --no-ebs-optimized]
[--ephemeral-storage | --no-ephemeral-storage]
[--end-date <value>]
[--end-date-type <value>]
[--instance-match-criteria <value>]
[--tag-specifications <value>]
[--dry-run | --no-dry-run]
[--cli-input-json <value>]
[--generate-cli-skeleton <value>]

Options

--client-token (string)

Unique, case-sensitive identifier that you provide to ensure the idempotency of the request. For more information, see How to Ensure Idempotency .

Constraint: Maximum 64 ASCII characters.

--instance-type (string)

The instance type for which to reserve capacity. For more information, see Instance Types in the Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud User Guide .

--instance-platform (string)

The type of operating system for which to reserve capacity.

Possible values:

  • Linux/UNIX
  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux
  • SUSE Linux
  • Windows
  • Windows with SQL Server
  • Windows with SQL Server Enterprise
  • Windows with SQL Server Standard
  • Windows with SQL Server Web
  • Linux with SQL Server Standard
  • Linux with SQL Server Web
  • Linux with SQL Server Enterprise

--availability-zone (string)

The Availability Zone in which to create the Capacity Reservation.

--availability-zone-id (string)

The ID of the Availability Zone in which to create the Capacity Reservation.

--tenancy (string)

Indicates the tenancy of the Capacity Reservation. A Capacity Reservation can have one of the following tenancy settings:

  • default - The Capacity Reservation is created on hardware that is shared with other AWS accounts.
  • dedicated - The Capacity Reservation is created on single-tenant hardware that is dedicated to a single AWS account.

Possible values:

  • default
  • dedicated

--instance-count (integer)

The number of instances for which to reserve capacity.

--ebs-optimized | --no-ebs-optimized (boolean)

Indicates whether the Capacity Reservation supports EBS-optimized instances. This optimization provides dedicated throughput to Amazon EBS and an optimized configuration stack to provide optimal I/O performance. This optimization isn't available with all instance types. Additional usage charges apply when using an EBS- optimized instance.

--ephemeral-storage | --no-ephemeral-storage (boolean)

Indicates whether the Capacity Reservation supports instances with temporary, block-level storage.

--end-date (timestamp)

The date and time at which the Capacity Reservation expires. When a Capacity Reservation expires, the reserved capacity is released and you can no longer launch instances into it. The Capacity Reservation's state changes to expired when it reaches its end date and time.

You must provide an EndDate value if EndDateType is limited . Omit EndDate if EndDateType is unlimited .

If the EndDateType is limited , the Capacity Reservation is cancelled within an hour from the specified time. For example, if you specify 5/31/2019, 13:30:55, the Capacity Reservation is guaranteed to end between 13:30:55 and 14:30:55 on 5/31/2019.

--end-date-type (string)

Indicates the way in which the Capacity Reservation ends. A Capacity Reservation can have one of the following end types:

  • unlimited - The Capacity Reservation remains active until you explicitly cancel it. Do not provide an EndDate if the EndDateType is unlimited .
  • limited - The Capacity Reservation expires automatically at a specified date and time. You must provide an EndDate value if the EndDateType value is limited .

Possible values:

  • unlimited
  • limited

--instance-match-criteria (string)

Indicates the type of instance launches that the Capacity Reservation accepts. The options include:

  • open - The Capacity Reservation automatically matches all instances that have matching attributes (instance type, platform, and Availability Zone). Instances that have matching attributes run in the Capacity Reservation automatically without specifying any additional parameters.
  • targeted - The Capacity Reservation only accepts instances that have matching attributes (instance type, platform, and Availability Zone), and explicitly target the Capacity Reservation. This ensures that only permitted instances can use the reserved capacity.

Default: open

Possible values:

  • open
  • targeted

--tag-specifications (list)

The tags to apply to the Capacity Reservation during launch.

Shorthand Syntax:

ResourceType=string,Tags=[{Key=string,Value=string},{Key=string,Value=string}] ...

JSON Syntax:

[
  {
    "ResourceType": "client-vpn-endpoint"|"customer-gateway"|"dedicated-host"|"dhcp-options"|"elastic-ip"|"fleet"|"fpga-image"|"host-reservation"|"image"|"instance"|"internet-gateway"|"launch-template"|"natgateway"|"network-acl"|"network-interface"|"reserved-instances"|"route-table"|"security-group"|"snapshot"|"spot-instances-request"|"subnet"|"traffic-mirror-filter"|"traffic-mirror-session"|"traffic-mirror-target"|"transit-gateway"|"transit-gateway-attachment"|"transit-gateway-route-table"|"volume"|"vpc"|"vpc-peering-connection"|"vpn-connection"|"vpn-gateway",
    "Tags": [
      {
        "Key": "string",
        "Value": "string"
      }
      ...
    ]
  }
  ...
]

--dry-run | --no-dry-run (boolean)

Checks whether you have the required permissions for the action, without actually making the request, and provides an error response. If you have the required permissions, the error response is DryRunOperation . Otherwise, it is UnauthorizedOperation .

--cli-input-json (string) Performs service operation based on the JSON string provided. The JSON string follows the format provided by --generate-cli-skeleton. If other arguments are provided on the command line, the CLI values will override the JSON-provided values. It is not possible to pass arbitrary binary values using a JSON-provided value as the string will be taken literally.

--generate-cli-skeleton (string) Prints a JSON skeleton to standard output without sending an API request. If provided with no value or the value input, prints a sample input JSON that can be used as an argument for --cli-input-json. If provided with the value output, it validates the command inputs and returns a sample output JSON for that command.

See 'aws help' for descriptions of global parameters.

Examples

Example 1: To create a Capacity Reservation

The following create-capacity-reservation example creates a capacity reservation in the eu-west-1a Availability Zone, into which you can launch three t2.medium instances running a Linux/Unix operating system. By default, the capacity reservation is created with open instance matching criteria and no support for ephemeral storage, and it remains active until you manually cancel it.

aws ec2 create-capacity-reservation \
    --availability-zone eu-west-1a \
    --instance-type t2.medium \
    --instance-platform Linux/UNIX \
    --instance-count 3

Output:

{
    "CapacityReservation": {
        "CapacityReservationId": "cr-1234abcd56EXAMPLE ",
        "EndDateType": "unlimited",
        "AvailabilityZone": "eu-west-1a",
        "InstanceMatchCriteria": "open",
        "EphemeralStorage": false,
        "CreateDate": "2019-08-16T09:27:35.000Z",
        "AvailableInstanceCount": 3,
        "InstancePlatform": "Linux/UNIX",
        "TotalInstanceCount": 3,
        "State": "active",
        "Tenancy": "default",
        "EbsOptimized": false,
        "InstanceType": "t2.medium"
    }
}

Example 2: To create a Capacity Reservation that automatically ends at a specified date/time

The following create-capacity-reservation example creates a capacity reservation in the eu-west-1a Availability Zone, into which you can launch three m5.large instances running a Linux/Unix operating system. This capacity reservation automatically ends on 08/31/2019 at 23:59:59.

aws ec2 create-capacity-reservation \
    --availability-zone eu-west-1a \
    --instance-type m5.large \
    --instance-platform Linux/UNIX \
    --instance-count 3 \
    --end-date-type limited \
    --end-date 2019-08-31T23:59:59Z

Output:

{
    "CapacityReservation": {
        "CapacityReservationId": "cr-1234abcd56EXAMPLE ",
        "EndDateType": "limited",
        "AvailabilityZone": "eu-west-1a",
        "EndDate": "2019-08-31T23:59:59.000Z",
        "InstanceMatchCriteria": "open",
        "EphemeralStorage": false,
        "CreateDate": "2019-08-16T10:15:53.000Z",
        "AvailableInstanceCount": 3,
        "InstancePlatform": "Linux/UNIX",
        "TotalInstanceCount": 3,
        "State": "active",
        "Tenancy": "default",
        "EbsOptimized": false,
        "InstanceType": "m5.large"
    }
}

Example 3: To create a Capacity Reservation that accepts only targeted instance launches

The following create-capacity-reservation example creates a capacity reservation that accepts only targeted instance launches.

aws ec2 create-capacity-reservation \
    --availability-zone eu-west-1a \
    --instance-type m5.large \
    --instance-platform Linux/UNIX \
    --instance-count 3 \
    --instance-match-criteria targeted

Output:

{
    "CapacityReservation": {
        "CapacityReservationId": "cr-1234abcd56EXAMPLE ",
        "EndDateType": "unlimited",
        "AvailabilityZone": "eu-west-1a",
        "InstanceMatchCriteria": "targeted",
        "EphemeralStorage": false,
        "CreateDate": "2019-08-16T10:21:57.000Z",
        "AvailableInstanceCount": 3,
        "InstancePlatform": "Linux/UNIX",
        "TotalInstanceCount": 3,
        "State": "active",
        "Tenancy": "default",
        "EbsOptimized": false,
        "InstanceType": "m5.large"
    }
}

For more information, see Creating a Capacity Reservation in the Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud User Guide for Linux Instances.

Output

CapacityReservation -> (structure)

Information about the Capacity Reservation.

CapacityReservationId -> (string)

The ID of the Capacity Reservation.

OwnerId -> (string)

The ID of the AWS account that owns the Capacity Reservation.

CapacityReservationArn -> (string)

The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the Capacity Reservation.

AvailabilityZoneId -> (string)

The Availability Zone ID of the Capacity Reservation.

InstanceType -> (string)

The type of instance for which the Capacity Reservation reserves capacity.

InstancePlatform -> (string)

The type of operating system for which the Capacity Reservation reserves capacity.

AvailabilityZone -> (string)

The Availability Zone in which the capacity is reserved.

Tenancy -> (string)

Indicates the tenancy of the Capacity Reservation. A Capacity Reservation can have one of the following tenancy settings:

  • default - The Capacity Reservation is created on hardware that is shared with other AWS accounts.
  • dedicated - The Capacity Reservation is created on single-tenant hardware that is dedicated to a single AWS account.

TotalInstanceCount -> (integer)

The total number of instances for which the Capacity Reservation reserves capacity.

AvailableInstanceCount -> (integer)

The remaining capacity. Indicates the number of instances that can be launched in the Capacity Reservation.

EbsOptimized -> (boolean)

Indicates whether the Capacity Reservation supports EBS-optimized instances. This optimization provides dedicated throughput to Amazon EBS and an optimized configuration stack to provide optimal I/O performance. This optimization isn't available with all instance types. Additional usage charges apply when using an EBS- optimized instance.

EphemeralStorage -> (boolean)

Indicates whether the Capacity Reservation supports instances with temporary, block-level storage.

State -> (string)

The current state of the Capacity Reservation. A Capacity Reservation can be in one of the following states:

  • active - The Capacity Reservation is active and the capacity is available for your use.
  • expired - The Capacity Reservation expired automatically at the date and time specified in your request. The reserved capacity is no longer available for your use.
  • cancelled - The Capacity Reservation was manually cancelled. The reserved capacity is no longer available for your use.
  • pending - The Capacity Reservation request was successful but the capacity provisioning is still pending.
  • failed - The Capacity Reservation request has failed. A request might fail due to invalid request parameters, capacity constraints, or instance limit constraints. Failed requests are retained for 60 minutes.

EndDate -> (timestamp)

The date and time at which the Capacity Reservation expires. When a Capacity Reservation expires, the reserved capacity is released and you can no longer launch instances into it. The Capacity Reservation's state changes to expired when it reaches its end date and time.

EndDateType -> (string)

Indicates the way in which the Capacity Reservation ends. A Capacity Reservation can have one of the following end types:

  • unlimited - The Capacity Reservation remains active until you explicitly cancel it.
  • limited - The Capacity Reservation expires automatically at a specified date and time.

InstanceMatchCriteria -> (string)

Indicates the type of instance launches that the Capacity Reservation accepts. The options include:

  • open - The Capacity Reservation accepts all instances that have matching attributes (instance type, platform, and Availability Zone). Instances that have matching attributes launch into the Capacity Reservation automatically without specifying any additional parameters.
  • targeted - The Capacity Reservation only accepts instances that have matching attributes (instance type, platform, and Availability Zone), and explicitly target the Capacity Reservation. This ensures that only permitted instances can use the reserved capacity.

CreateDate -> (timestamp)

The date and time at which the Capacity Reservation was created.

Tags -> (list)

Any tags assigned to the Capacity Reservation.

(structure)

Describes a tag.

Key -> (string)

The key of the tag.

Constraints: Tag keys are case-sensitive and accept a maximum of 127 Unicode characters. May not begin with aws: .

Value -> (string)

The value of the tag.

Constraints: Tag values are case-sensitive and accept a maximum of 255 Unicode characters.