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[ aws . ec2 ]

describe-route-tables

Description

Describes one or more of your route tables.

Each subnet in your VPC must be associated with a route table. If a subnet is not explicitly associated with any route table, it is implicitly associated with the main route table. This command does not return the subnet ID for implicit associations.

For more information, see Route Tables in the Amazon Virtual Private Cloud User Guide .

See also: AWS API Documentation

See 'aws help' for descriptions of global parameters.

describe-route-tables is a paginated operation. Multiple API calls may be issued in order to retrieve the entire data set of results. You can disable pagination by providing the --no-paginate argument. When using --output text and the --query argument on a paginated response, the --query argument must extract data from the results of the following query expressions: RouteTables

Synopsis

  describe-route-tables
[--filters <value>]
[--dry-run | --no-dry-run]
[--route-table-ids <value>]
[--cli-input-json <value>]
[--starting-token <value>]
[--page-size <value>]
[--max-items <value>]
[--generate-cli-skeleton <value>]

Options

--filters (list)

One or more filters.

  • association.route-table-association-id - The ID of an association ID for the route table.
  • association.route-table-id - The ID of the route table involved in the association.
  • association.subnet-id - The ID of the subnet involved in the association.
  • association.main - Indicates whether the route table is the main route table for the VPC (true | false ). Route tables that do not have an association ID are not returned in the response.
  • owner-id - The ID of the AWS account that owns the route table.
  • route-table-id - The ID of the route table.
  • route.destination-cidr-block - The IPv4 CIDR range specified in a route in the table.
  • route.destination-ipv6-cidr-block - The IPv6 CIDR range specified in a route in the route table.
  • route.destination-prefix-list-id - The ID (prefix) of the AWS service specified in a route in the table.
  • route.egress-only-internet-gateway-id - The ID of an egress-only Internet gateway specified in a route in the route table.
  • route.gateway-id - The ID of a gateway specified in a route in the table.
  • route.instance-id - The ID of an instance specified in a route in the table.
  • route.nat-gateway-id - The ID of a NAT gateway.
  • route.transit-gateway-id - The ID of a transit gateway.
  • route.origin - Describes how the route was created. CreateRouteTable indicates that the route was automatically created when the route table was created; CreateRoute indicates that the route was manually added to the route table; EnableVgwRoutePropagation indicates that the route was propagated by route propagation.
  • route.state - The state of a route in the route table (active | blackhole ). The blackhole state indicates that the route's target isn't available (for example, the specified gateway isn't attached to the VPC, the specified NAT instance has been terminated, and so on).
  • route.vpc-peering-connection-id - The ID of a VPC peering connection specified in a route in the table.
  • tag :key- The key/value combination of a tag assigned to the resource. Use the tag key in the filter name and the tag value as the filter value. For example, to find all resources that have a tag with the key Owner and the value TeamA , specify tag:Owner for the filter name and TeamA for the filter value.
  • tag-key - The key of a tag assigned to the resource. Use this filter to find all resources assigned a tag with a specific key, regardless of the tag value.
  • transit-gateway-id - The ID of a transit gateway.
  • vpc-id - The ID of the VPC for the route table.

Shorthand Syntax:

Name=string,Values=string,string ...

JSON Syntax:

[
  {
    "Name": "string",
    "Values": ["string", ...]
  }
  ...
]

--dry-run | --no-dry-run (boolean)

Checks whether you have the required permissions for the action, without actually making the request, and provides an error response. If you have the required permissions, the error response is DryRunOperation . Otherwise, it is UnauthorizedOperation .

--route-table-ids (list)

One or more route table IDs.

Default: Describes all your route tables.

Syntax:

"string" "string" ...

--cli-input-json (string) Performs service operation based on the JSON string provided. The JSON string follows the format provided by --generate-cli-skeleton. If other arguments are provided on the command line, the CLI values will override the JSON-provided values. It is not possible to pass arbitrary binary values using a JSON-provided value as the string will be taken literally.

--starting-token (string)

A token to specify where to start paginating. This is the NextToken from a previously truncated response.

For usage examples, see Pagination in the AWS Command Line Interface User Guide .

--page-size (integer)

The size of each page to get in the AWS service call. This does not affect the number of items returned in the command's output. Setting a smaller page size results in more calls to the AWS service, retrieving fewer items in each call. This can help prevent the AWS service calls from timing out.

For usage examples, see Pagination in the AWS Command Line Interface User Guide .

--max-items (integer)

The total number of items to return in the command's output. If the total number of items available is more than the value specified, a NextToken is provided in the command's output. To resume pagination, provide the NextToken value in the starting-token argument of a subsequent command. Do not use the NextToken response element directly outside of the AWS CLI.

For usage examples, see Pagination in the AWS Command Line Interface User Guide .

--generate-cli-skeleton (string) Prints a JSON skeleton to standard output without sending an API request. If provided with no value or the value input, prints a sample input JSON that can be used as an argument for --cli-input-json. If provided with the value output, it validates the command inputs and returns a sample output JSON for that command.

See 'aws help' for descriptions of global parameters.

Examples

To describe your route tables

This example describes your route tables.

Command:

aws ec2 describe-route-tables

Output:

{
    "RouteTables": [
        {
            "Associations": [
                {
                    "RouteTableAssociationId": "rtbassoc-d8ccddba",
                    "Main": true,
                    "RouteTableId": "rtb-1f382e7d"
                }
            ],
            "RouteTableId": "rtb-1f382e7d",
            "VpcId": "vpc-a01106c2",
            "PropagatingVgws": [],
            "Tags": [],
            "Routes": [
                {
                    "GatewayId": "local",
                    "DestinationCidrBlock": "10.0.0.0/16",
                    "State": "active",
                    "Origin": "CreateRouteTable"
                }
            ]
        },
        {
            "Associations": [
                {
                    "SubnetId": "subnet-b61f49f0",
                    "RouteTableAssociationId": "rtbassoc-781d0d1a",
                    "Main": false,
                    "RouteTableId": "rtb-22574640"
                }
            ],
            "RouteTableId": "rtb-22574640",
            "VpcId": "vpc-a01106c2",
            "PropagatingVgws": [
                {
                    "GatewayId": "vgw-f211f09b"
                }
            ],
            "Tags": [],
            "Routes": [
                {
                    "GatewayId": "local",
                    "DestinationCidrBlock": "10.0.0.0/16",
                    "State": "active",
                    "Origin": "CreateRouteTable"
                },
                {
                    "GatewayId": "igw-046d7966",
                    "DestinationCidrBlock": "0.0.0.0/0",
                    "State": "active",
                    "Origin": "CreateRoute"
                }
            ]
        },
        {
          "Associations": [
              {
                  "RouteTableAssociationId": "rtbassoc-91fbacf5",
                  "Main": true,
                  "RouteTableId": "rtb-1a459c7e"
              }
          ],
          "RouteTableId": "rtb-1a459c7e",
          "VpcId": "vpc-31896b55",
          "PropagatingVgws": [],
          "Tags": [],
          "Routes": [
              {
                  "GatewayId": "local",
                  "DestinationCidrBlock": "10.0.0.0/16",
                  "State": "active",
                  "Origin": "CreateRouteTable"
              },
              {
                  "GatewayId": "igw-2fa4e34a",
                  "DestinationCidrBlock": "0.0.0.0/0",
                  "State": "active",
                  "Origin": "CreateRoute"
              },
              {
                  "GatewayId": "local",
                  "Origin": "CreateRouteTable",
                  "State": "active",
                  "DestinationIpv6CidrBlock": "2001:db8:1234:a100::/56"
              },
              {
                  "GatewayId": "igw-2fa4e34a",
                  "Origin": "CreateRoute",
                  "State": "active",
                  "DestinationIpv6CidrBlock": "::/0"
              }
          ]
      }
  ]
}

Output

RouteTables -> (list)

Information about one or more route tables.

(structure)

Describes a route table.

Associations -> (list)

The associations between the route table and one or more subnets.

(structure)

Describes an association between a route table and a subnet.

Main -> (boolean)

Indicates whether this is the main route table.

RouteTableAssociationId -> (string)

The ID of the association between a route table and a subnet.

RouteTableId -> (string)

The ID of the route table.

SubnetId -> (string)

The ID of the subnet. A subnet ID is not returned for an implicit association.

PropagatingVgws -> (list)

Any virtual private gateway (VGW) propagating routes.

(structure)

Describes a virtual private gateway propagating route.

GatewayId -> (string)

The ID of the virtual private gateway.

RouteTableId -> (string)

The ID of the route table.

Routes -> (list)

The routes in the route table.

(structure)

Describes a route in a route table.

DestinationCidrBlock -> (string)

The IPv4 CIDR block used for the destination match.

DestinationIpv6CidrBlock -> (string)

The IPv6 CIDR block used for the destination match.

DestinationPrefixListId -> (string)

The prefix of the AWS service.

EgressOnlyInternetGatewayId -> (string)

The ID of the egress-only internet gateway.

GatewayId -> (string)

The ID of a gateway attached to your VPC.

InstanceId -> (string)

The ID of a NAT instance in your VPC.

InstanceOwnerId -> (string)

The AWS account ID of the owner of the instance.

NatGatewayId -> (string)

The ID of a NAT gateway.

TransitGatewayId -> (string)

The ID of a transit gateway.

NetworkInterfaceId -> (string)

The ID of the network interface.

Origin -> (string)

Describes how the route was created.

  • CreateRouteTable - The route was automatically created when the route table was created.
  • CreateRoute - The route was manually added to the route table.
  • EnableVgwRoutePropagation - The route was propagated by route propagation.

State -> (string)

The state of the route. The blackhole state indicates that the route's target isn't available (for example, the specified gateway isn't attached to the VPC, or the specified NAT instance has been terminated).

VpcPeeringConnectionId -> (string)

The ID of a VPC peering connection.

Tags -> (list)

Any tags assigned to the route table.

(structure)

Describes a tag.

Key -> (string)

The key of the tag.

Constraints: Tag keys are case-sensitive and accept a maximum of 127 Unicode characters. May not begin with aws: .

Value -> (string)

The value of the tag.

Constraints: Tag values are case-sensitive and accept a maximum of 255 Unicode characters.

VpcId -> (string)

The ID of the VPC.

OwnerId -> (string)

The ID of the AWS account that owns the route table.

NextToken -> (string)

The token to use to retrieve the next page of results. This value is null when there are no more results to return.