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[ aws . machinelearning ]

create-data-source-from-redshift

Description

Creates a DataSource from a database hosted on an Amazon Redshift cluster. A DataSource references data that can be used to perform either CreateMLModel , CreateEvaluation , or CreateBatchPrediction operations.

CreateDataSourceFromRedshift is an asynchronous operation. In response to CreateDataSourceFromRedshift , Amazon Machine Learning (Amazon ML) immediately returns and sets the DataSource status to PENDING . After the DataSource is created and ready for use, Amazon ML sets the Status parameter to COMPLETED . DataSource in COMPLETED or PENDING states can be used to perform only CreateMLModel , CreateEvaluation , or CreateBatchPrediction operations.

If Amazon ML can't accept the input source, it sets the Status parameter to FAILED and includes an error message in the Message attribute of the GetDataSource operation response.

The observations should be contained in the database hosted on an Amazon Redshift cluster and should be specified by a SelectSqlQuery query. Amazon ML executes an Unload command in Amazon Redshift to transfer the result set of the SelectSqlQuery query to S3StagingLocation .

After the DataSource has been created, it's ready for use in evaluations and batch predictions. If you plan to use the DataSource to train an MLModel , the DataSource also requires a recipe. A recipe describes how each input variable will be used in training an MLModel . Will the variable be included or excluded from training? Will the variable be manipulated; for example, will it be combined with another variable or will it be split apart into word combinations? The recipe provides answers to these questions.

You can't change an existing datasource, but you can copy and modify the settings from an existing Amazon Redshift datasource to create a new datasource. To do so, call GetDataSource for an existing datasource and copy the values to a CreateDataSource call. Change the settings that you want to change and make sure that all required fields have the appropriate values.

See also: AWS API Documentation

See 'aws help' for descriptions of global parameters.

Synopsis

  create-data-source-from-redshift
--data-source-id <value>
[--data-source-name <value>]
--data-spec <value>
--role-arn <value>
[--compute-statistics | --no-compute-statistics]
[--cli-input-json <value>]
[--generate-cli-skeleton <value>]

Options

--data-source-id (string)

A user-supplied ID that uniquely identifies the DataSource .

--data-source-name (string)

A user-supplied name or description of the DataSource .

--data-spec (structure)

The data specification of an Amazon Redshift DataSource :

  • DatabaseInformation -
    • DatabaseName - The name of the Amazon Redshift database.
    • ClusterIdentifier - The unique ID for the Amazon Redshift cluster.
  • DatabaseCredentials - The AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) credentials that are used to connect to the Amazon Redshift database.
  • SelectSqlQuery - The query that is used to retrieve the observation data for the Datasource .
  • S3StagingLocation - The Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) location for staging Amazon Redshift data. The data retrieved from Amazon Redshift using the SelectSqlQuery query is stored in this location.
  • DataSchemaUri - The Amazon S3 location of the DataSchema .
  • DataSchema - A JSON string representing the schema. This is not required if DataSchemaUri is specified.
  • DataRearrangement - A JSON string that represents the splitting and rearrangement requirements for the DataSource . Sample - "{\"splitting\":{\"percentBegin\":10,\"percentEnd\":60}}"

DatabaseInformation -> (structure)

Describes the DatabaseName and ClusterIdentifier for an Amazon Redshift DataSource .

DatabaseName -> (string)

The name of a database hosted on an Amazon Redshift cluster.

ClusterIdentifier -> (string)

The ID of an Amazon Redshift cluster.

SelectSqlQuery -> (string)

Describes the SQL Query to execute on an Amazon Redshift database for an Amazon Redshift DataSource .

DatabaseCredentials -> (structure)

Describes AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) credentials that are used connect to the Amazon Redshift database.

Username -> (string)

A username to be used by Amazon Machine Learning (Amazon ML)to connect to a database on an Amazon Redshift cluster. The username should have sufficient permissions to execute the RedshiftSelectSqlQuery query. The username should be valid for an Amazon Redshift USER .

Password -> (string)

A password to be used by Amazon ML to connect to a database on an Amazon Redshift cluster. The password should have sufficient permissions to execute a RedshiftSelectSqlQuery query. The password should be valid for an Amazon Redshift USER .

S3StagingLocation -> (string)

Describes an Amazon S3 location to store the result set of the SelectSqlQuery query.

DataRearrangement -> (string)

A JSON string that represents the splitting and rearrangement processing to be applied to a DataSource . If the DataRearrangement parameter is not provided, all of the input data is used to create the Datasource .

There are multiple parameters that control what data is used to create a datasource:

  • ``percentBegin`` Use percentBegin to indicate the beginning of the range of the data used to create the Datasource. If you do not include percentBegin and percentEnd , Amazon ML includes all of the data when creating the datasource.
  • ``percentEnd`` Use percentEnd to indicate the end of the range of the data used to create the Datasource. If you do not include percentBegin and percentEnd , Amazon ML includes all of the data when creating the datasource.
  • ``complement`` The complement parameter instructs Amazon ML to use the data that is not included in the range of percentBegin to percentEnd to create a datasource. The complement parameter is useful if you need to create complementary datasources for training and evaluation. To create a complementary datasource, use the same values for percentBegin and percentEnd , along with the complement parameter. For example, the following two datasources do not share any data, and can be used to train and evaluate a model. The first datasource has 25 percent of the data, and the second one has 75 percent of the data. Datasource for evaluation: {"splitting":{"percentBegin":0, "percentEnd":25}} Datasource for training: {"splitting":{"percentBegin":0, "percentEnd":25, "complement":"true"}}
  • ``strategy`` To change how Amazon ML splits the data for a datasource, use the strategy parameter. The default value for the strategy parameter is sequential , meaning that Amazon ML takes all of the data records between the percentBegin and percentEnd parameters for the datasource, in the order that the records appear in the input data. The following two DataRearrangement lines are examples of sequentially ordered training and evaluation datasources: Datasource for evaluation: {"splitting":{"percentBegin":70, "percentEnd":100, "strategy":"sequential"}} Datasource for training: {"splitting":{"percentBegin":70, "percentEnd":100, "strategy":"sequential", "complement":"true"}} To randomly split the input data into the proportions indicated by the percentBegin and percentEnd parameters, set the strategy parameter to random and provide a string that is used as the seed value for the random data splitting (for example, you can use the S3 path to your data as the random seed string). If you choose the random split strategy, Amazon ML assigns each row of data a pseudo-random number between 0 and 100, and then selects the rows that have an assigned number between percentBegin and percentEnd . Pseudo-random numbers are assigned using both the input seed string value and the byte offset as a seed, so changing the data results in a different split. Any existing ordering is preserved. The random splitting strategy ensures that variables in the training and evaluation data are distributed similarly. It is useful in the cases where the input data may have an implicit sort order, which would otherwise result in training and evaluation datasources containing non-similar data records. The following two DataRearrangement lines are examples of non-sequentially ordered training and evaluation datasources: Datasource for evaluation: {"splitting":{"percentBegin":70, "percentEnd":100, "strategy":"random", "randomSeed"="s3://my_s3_path/bucket/file.csv"}} Datasource for training: {"splitting":{"percentBegin":70, "percentEnd":100, "strategy":"random", "randomSeed"="s3://my_s3_path/bucket/file.csv", "complement":"true"}}

DataSchema -> (string)

A JSON string that represents the schema for an Amazon Redshift DataSource . The DataSchema defines the structure of the observation data in the data file(s) referenced in the DataSource .

A DataSchema is not required if you specify a DataSchemaUri .

Define your DataSchema as a series of key-value pairs. attributes and excludedVariableNames have an array of key-value pairs for their value. Use the following format to define your DataSchema .

{ "version": "1.0",

"recordAnnotationFieldName": "F1",

"recordWeightFieldName": "F2",

"targetFieldName": "F3",

"dataFormat": "CSV",

"dataFileContainsHeader": true,

"attributes": [

{ "fieldName": "F1", "fieldType": "TEXT" }, { "fieldName": "F2", "fieldType": "NUMERIC" }, { "fieldName": "F3", "fieldType": "CATEGORICAL" }, { "fieldName": "F4", "fieldType": "NUMERIC" }, { "fieldName": "F5", "fieldType": "CATEGORICAL" }, { "fieldName": "F6", "fieldType": "TEXT" }, { "fieldName": "F7", "fieldType": "WEIGHTED_INT_SEQUENCE" }, { "fieldName": "F8", "fieldType": "WEIGHTED_STRING_SEQUENCE" } ],

"excludedVariableNames": [ "F6" ] }

DataSchemaUri -> (string)

Describes the schema location for an Amazon Redshift DataSource .

Shorthand Syntax:

DatabaseInformation={DatabaseName=string,ClusterIdentifier=string},SelectSqlQuery=string,DatabaseCredentials={Username=string,Password=string},S3StagingLocation=string,DataRearrangement=string,DataSchema=string,DataSchemaUri=string

JSON Syntax:

{
  "DatabaseInformation": {
    "DatabaseName": "string",
    "ClusterIdentifier": "string"
  },
  "SelectSqlQuery": "string",
  "DatabaseCredentials": {
    "Username": "string",
    "Password": "string"
  },
  "S3StagingLocation": "string",
  "DataRearrangement": "string",
  "DataSchema": "string",
  "DataSchemaUri": "string"
}

--role-arn (string)

A fully specified role Amazon Resource Name (ARN). Amazon ML assumes the role on behalf of the user to create the following:

  • A security group to allow Amazon ML to execute the SelectSqlQuery query on an Amazon Redshift cluster
  • An Amazon S3 bucket policy to grant Amazon ML read/write permissions on the S3StagingLocation

--compute-statistics | --no-compute-statistics (boolean)

The compute statistics for a DataSource . The statistics are generated from the observation data referenced by a DataSource . Amazon ML uses the statistics internally during MLModel training. This parameter must be set to true if the DataSource needs to be used for MLModel training.

--cli-input-json (string) Performs service operation based on the JSON string provided. The JSON string follows the format provided by --generate-cli-skeleton. If other arguments are provided on the command line, the CLI values will override the JSON-provided values. It is not possible to pass arbitrary binary values using a JSON-provided value as the string will be taken literally.

--generate-cli-skeleton (string) Prints a JSON skeleton to standard output without sending an API request. If provided with no value or the value input, prints a sample input JSON that can be used as an argument for --cli-input-json. If provided with the value output, it validates the command inputs and returns a sample output JSON for that command.

See 'aws help' for descriptions of global parameters.

Output

DataSourceId -> (string)

A user-supplied ID that uniquely identifies the datasource. This value should be identical to the value of the DataSourceID in the request.