Table Of Contents


User Guide

First time using the AWS CLI? See the User Guide for help getting started.

[ aws . rds ]



Creates an RDS event notification subscription. This action requires a topic ARN (Amazon Resource Name) created by either the RDS console, the SNS console, or the SNS API. To obtain an ARN with SNS, you must create a topic in Amazon SNS and subscribe to the topic. The ARN is displayed in the SNS console.

You can specify the type of source (SourceType) you want to be notified of, provide a list of RDS sources (SourceIds) that triggers the events, and provide a list of event categories (EventCategories) for events you want to be notified of. For example, you can specify SourceType = db-instance, SourceIds = mydbinstance1, mydbinstance2 and EventCategories = Availability, Backup.

If you specify both the SourceType and SourceIds, such as SourceType = db-instance and SourceIdentifier = myDBInstance1, you are notified of all the db-instance events for the specified source. If you specify a SourceType but do not specify a SourceIdentifier, you receive notice of the events for that source type for all your RDS sources. If you do not specify either the SourceType nor the SourceIdentifier, you are notified of events generated from all RDS sources belonging to your customer account.

See also: AWS API Documentation

See 'aws help' for descriptions of global parameters.


--subscription-name <value>
--sns-topic-arn <value>
[--source-type <value>]
[--event-categories <value>]
[--source-ids <value>]
[--enabled | --no-enabled]
[--tags <value>]
[--cli-input-json <value>]
[--generate-cli-skeleton <value>]


--subscription-name (string)

The name of the subscription.

Constraints: The name must be less than 255 characters.

--sns-topic-arn (string)

The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the SNS topic created for event notification. The ARN is created by Amazon SNS when you create a topic and subscribe to it.

--source-type (string)

The type of source that is generating the events. For example, if you want to be notified of events generated by a DB instance, you would set this parameter to db-instance. if this value is not specified, all events are returned.

Valid values: db-instance | db-cluster | db-parameter-group | db-security-group | db-snapshot | db-cluster-snapshot

--event-categories (list)

A list of event categories for a SourceType that you want to subscribe to. You can see a list of the categories for a given SourceType in the Events topic in the Amazon RDS User Guide or by using the DescribeEventCategories action.


"string" "string" ...

--source-ids (list)

The list of identifiers of the event sources for which events are returned. If not specified, then all sources are included in the response. An identifier must begin with a letter and must contain only ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens; it can't end with a hyphen or contain two consecutive hyphens.


  • If SourceIds are supplied, SourceType must also be provided.
  • If the source type is a DB instance, then a DBInstanceIdentifier must be supplied.
  • If the source type is a DB security group, a DBSecurityGroupName must be supplied.
  • If the source type is a DB parameter group, a DBParameterGroupName must be supplied.
  • If the source type is a DB snapshot, a DBSnapshotIdentifier must be supplied.


"string" "string" ...

--enabled | --no-enabled (boolean)

A value that indicates whether to activate the subscription. If the event notification subscription is not activated, the subscription is created but not active.

--tags (list)

A list of tags. For more information, see Tagging Amazon RDS Resources in the Amazon RDS User Guide.

Shorthand Syntax:

Key=string,Value=string ...

JSON Syntax:

    "Key": "string",
    "Value": "string"

--cli-input-json (string) Performs service operation based on the JSON string provided. The JSON string follows the format provided by --generate-cli-skeleton. If other arguments are provided on the command line, the CLI values will override the JSON-provided values. It is not possible to pass arbitrary binary values using a JSON-provided value as the string will be taken literally.

--generate-cli-skeleton (string) Prints a JSON skeleton to standard output without sending an API request. If provided with no value or the value input, prints a sample input JSON that can be used as an argument for --cli-input-json. If provided with the value output, it validates the command inputs and returns a sample output JSON for that command.

See 'aws help' for descriptions of global parameters.


To create an event subscription

The following create-event-subscription example creates a subscription for backup and recovery events for DB instances in the current AWS account. Notifications are sent to an Amazon Simple Notification Service topic, specified by --sns-topic-arn.

aws rds create-event-subscription \
    --subscription-name my-instance-events \
    --source-type db-instance \
    --event-categories '["backup","recovery"]' \
    --sns-topic-arn arn:aws:sns:us-east-1:123456789012:interesting-events


    "EventSubscription": {
        "Status": "creating",
        "CustSubscriptionId": "my-instance-events",
        "SubscriptionCreationTime": "Tue Jul 31 23:22:01 UTC 2018",
        "EventCategoriesList": [
        "SnsTopicArn": "arn:aws:sns:us-east-1:123456789012:interesting-events",
        "CustomerAwsId": "123456789012",
        "EventSubscriptionArn": "arn:aws:rds:us-east-1:123456789012:es:my-instance-events",
        "SourceType": "db-instance",
        "Enabled": true


EventSubscription -> (structure)

Contains the results of a successful invocation of the DescribeEventSubscriptions action.

CustomerAwsId -> (string)

The AWS customer account associated with the RDS event notification subscription.

CustSubscriptionId -> (string)

The RDS event notification subscription Id.

SnsTopicArn -> (string)

The topic ARN of the RDS event notification subscription.

Status -> (string)

The status of the RDS event notification subscription.


Can be one of the following: creating | modifying | deleting | active | no-permission | topic-not-exist

The status "no-permission" indicates that RDS no longer has permission to post to the SNS topic. The status "topic-not-exist" indicates that the topic was deleted after the subscription was created.

SubscriptionCreationTime -> (string)

The time the RDS event notification subscription was created.

SourceType -> (string)

The source type for the RDS event notification subscription.

SourceIdsList -> (list)

A list of source IDs for the RDS event notification subscription.


EventCategoriesList -> (list)

A list of event categories for the RDS event notification subscription.


Enabled -> (boolean)

A Boolean value indicating if the subscription is enabled. True indicates the subscription is enabled.

EventSubscriptionArn -> (string)

The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) for the event subscription.