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[ aws . sqs ]

send-message

Description

Delivers a message to the specified queue.

Warning

A message can include only XML, JSON, and unformatted text. The following Unicode characters are allowed:

#x9 | #xA | #xD | #x20 to #xD7FF | #xE000 to #xFFFD | #x10000 to #x10FFFF

Any characters not included in this list will be rejected. For more information, see the W3C specification for characters .

See also: AWS API Documentation

See 'aws help' for descriptions of global parameters.

Synopsis

  send-message
--queue-url <value>
--message-body <value>
[--delay-seconds <value>]
[--message-attributes <value>]
[--message-deduplication-id <value>]
[--message-group-id <value>]
[--cli-input-json <value>]
[--generate-cli-skeleton <value>]

Options

--queue-url (string)

The URL of the Amazon SQS queue to which a message is sent.

Queue URLs and names are case-sensitive.

--message-body (string)

The message to send. The maximum string size is 256 KB.

Warning

A message can include only XML, JSON, and unformatted text. The following Unicode characters are allowed:

#x9 | #xA | #xD | #x20 to #xD7FF | #xE000 to #xFFFD | #x10000 to #x10FFFF

Any characters not included in this list will be rejected. For more information, see the W3C specification for characters .

--delay-seconds (integer)

The length of time, in seconds, for which to delay a specific message. Valid values: 0 to 900. Maximum: 15 minutes. Messages with a positive DelaySeconds value become available for processing after the delay period is finished. If you don't specify a value, the default value for the queue applies.

Note

When you set FifoQueue , you can't set DelaySeconds per message. You can set this parameter only on a queue level.

--message-attributes (map)

Each message attribute consists of a Name , Type , and Value . For more information, see Amazon SQS Message Attributes in the Amazon Simple Queue Service Developer Guide .

Shorthand Syntax:

KeyName1=StringValue=string,BinaryValue=blob,StringListValues=string,string,BinaryListValues=blob,blob,DataType=string,KeyName2=StringValue=string,BinaryValue=blob,StringListValues=string,string,BinaryListValues=blob,blob,DataType=string

JSON Syntax:

{"string": {
      "StringValue": "string",
      "BinaryValue": blob,
      "StringListValues": ["string", ...],
      "BinaryListValues": [blob, ...],
      "DataType": "string"
    }
  ...}

--message-deduplication-id (string)

This parameter applies only to FIFO (first-in-first-out) queues.

The token used for deduplication of sent messages. If a message with a particular MessageDeduplicationId is sent successfully, any messages sent with the same MessageDeduplicationId are accepted successfully but aren't delivered during the 5-minute deduplication interval. For more information, see Exactly-Once Processing in the Amazon Simple Queue Service Developer Guide .

  • Every message must have a unique MessageDeduplicationId ,
    • You may provide a MessageDeduplicationId explicitly.
    • If you aren't able to provide a MessageDeduplicationId and you enable ContentBasedDeduplication for your queue, Amazon SQS uses a SHA-256 hash to generate the MessageDeduplicationId using the body of the message (but not the attributes of the message).
    • If you don't provide a MessageDeduplicationId and the queue doesn't have ContentBasedDeduplication set, the action fails with an error.
    • If the queue has ContentBasedDeduplication set, your MessageDeduplicationId overrides the generated one.
  • When ContentBasedDeduplication is in effect, messages with identical content sent within the deduplication interval are treated as duplicates and only one copy of the message is delivered.
  • If you send one message with ContentBasedDeduplication enabled and then another message with a MessageDeduplicationId that is the same as the one generated for the first MessageDeduplicationId , the two messages are treated as duplicates and only one copy of the message is delivered.

Note

The MessageDeduplicationId is available to the consumer of the message (this can be useful for troubleshooting delivery issues).

If a message is sent successfully but the acknowledgement is lost and the message is resent with the same MessageDeduplicationId after the deduplication interval, Amazon SQS can't detect duplicate messages.

Amazon SQS continues to keep track of the message deduplication ID even after the message is received and deleted.

The length of MessageDeduplicationId is 128 characters. MessageDeduplicationId can contain alphanumeric characters (a-z , A-Z , 0-9 ) and punctuation (!"#$%'()*+,-./:;=?@[\]^_`{|}~ ).

For best practices of using MessageDeduplicationId , see Using the MessageDeduplicationId Property in the Amazon Simple Queue Service Developer Guide .

--message-group-id (string)

This parameter applies only to FIFO (first-in-first-out) queues.

The tag that specifies that a message belongs to a specific message group. Messages that belong to the same message group are processed in a FIFO manner (however, messages in different message groups might be processed out of order). To interleave multiple ordered streams within a single queue, use MessageGroupId values (for example, session data for multiple users). In this scenario, multiple consumers can process the queue, but the session data of each user is processed in a FIFO fashion.

  • You must associate a non-empty MessageGroupId with a message. If you don't provide a MessageGroupId , the action fails.
  • ReceiveMessage might return messages with multiple MessageGroupId values. For each MessageGroupId , the messages are sorted by time sent. The caller can't specify a MessageGroupId .

The length of MessageGroupId is 128 characters. Valid values: alphanumeric characters and punctuation (!"#$%'()*+,-./:;=?@[\]^_`{|}~) .

For best practices of using MessageGroupId , see Using the MessageGroupId Property in the Amazon Simple Queue Service Developer Guide .

Warning

MessageGroupId is required for FIFO queues. You can't use it for Standard queues.

--cli-input-json (string) Performs service operation based on the JSON string provided. The JSON string follows the format provided by --generate-cli-skeleton. If other arguments are provided on the command line, the CLI values will override the JSON-provided values. It is not possible to pass arbitrary binary values using a JSON-provided value as the string will be taken literally.

--generate-cli-skeleton (string) Prints a JSON skeleton to standard output without sending an API request. If provided with no value or the value input, prints a sample input JSON that can be used as an argument for --cli-input-json. If provided with the value output, it validates the command inputs and returns a sample output JSON for that command.

See 'aws help' for descriptions of global parameters.

Examples

To send a message

This example sends a message with the specified message body, delay period, and message attributes, to the specified queue.

Command:

aws sqs send-message --queue-url https://sqs.us-east-1.amazonaws.com/80398EXAMPLE/MyQueue --message-body "Information about the largest city in Any Region." --delay-seconds 10 --message-attributes file://send-message.json

Input file (send-message.json):

{
  "City": {
    "DataType": "String",
    "StringValue": "Any City"
  },
  "Greeting": {
    "DataType": "Binary",
    "BinaryValue": "Hello, World!"
  },
  "Population": {
    "DataType": "Number",
    "StringValue": "1250800"
  }
}

Output:

{
  "MD5OfMessageBody": "51b0a325...39163aa0",
  "MD5OfMessageAttributes": "00484c68...59e48f06",
  "MessageId": "da68f62c-0c07-4bee-bf5f-7e856EXAMPLE"
}

Output

MD5OfMessageBody -> (string)

An MD5 digest of the non-URL-encoded message attribute string. You can use this attribute to verify that Amazon SQS received the message correctly. Amazon SQS URL-decodes the message before creating the MD5 digest. For information about MD5, see RFC1321 .

MD5OfMessageAttributes -> (string)

An MD5 digest of the non-URL-encoded message attribute string. You can use this attribute to verify that Amazon SQS received the message correctly. Amazon SQS URL-decodes the message before creating the MD5 digest. For information about MD5, see RFC1321 .

MessageId -> (string)

An attribute containing the MessageId of the message sent to the queue. For more information, see Queue and Message Identifiers in the Amazon Simple Queue Service Developer Guide .

SequenceNumber -> (string)

This parameter applies only to FIFO (first-in-first-out) queues.

The large, non-consecutive number that Amazon SQS assigns to each message.

The length of SequenceNumber is 128 bits. SequenceNumber continues to increase for a particular MessageGroupId .