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[ aws . ssm ]

create-patch-baseline

Description

Creates a patch baseline.

Note

For information about valid key and value pairs in PatchFilters for each supported operating system type, see PatchFilter .

See also: AWS API Documentation

See 'aws help' for descriptions of global parameters.

Synopsis

  create-patch-baseline
[--operating-system <value>]
--name <value>
[--global-filters <value>]
[--approval-rules <value>]
[--approved-patches <value>]
[--approved-patches-compliance-level <value>]
[--approved-patches-enable-non-security | --no-approved-patches-enable-non-security]
[--rejected-patches <value>]
[--rejected-patches-action <value>]
[--description <value>]
[--sources <value>]
[--client-token <value>]
[--tags <value>]
[--cli-input-json <value>]
[--generate-cli-skeleton <value>]

Options

--operating-system (string)

Defines the operating system the patch baseline applies to. The Default value is WINDOWS.

Possible values:

  • WINDOWS
  • AMAZON_LINUX
  • AMAZON_LINUX_2
  • UBUNTU
  • REDHAT_ENTERPRISE_LINUX
  • SUSE
  • CENTOS
  • ORACLE_LINUX
  • DEBIAN

--name (string)

The name of the patch baseline.

--global-filters (structure)

A set of global filters used to include patches in the baseline.

JSON Syntax:

{
  "PatchFilters": [
    {
      "Key": "PATCH_SET"|"PRODUCT"|"PRODUCT_FAMILY"|"CLASSIFICATION"|"MSRC_SEVERITY"|"PATCH_ID"|"SECTION"|"PRIORITY"|"SEVERITY",
      "Values": ["string", ...]
    }
    ...
  ]
}

--approval-rules (structure)

A set of rules used to include patches in the baseline.

JSON Syntax:

{
  "PatchRules": [
    {
      "PatchFilterGroup": {
        "PatchFilters": [
          {
            "Key": "PATCH_SET"|"PRODUCT"|"PRODUCT_FAMILY"|"CLASSIFICATION"|"MSRC_SEVERITY"|"PATCH_ID"|"SECTION"|"PRIORITY"|"SEVERITY",
            "Values": ["string", ...]
          }
          ...
        ]
      },
      "ComplianceLevel": "CRITICAL"|"HIGH"|"MEDIUM"|"LOW"|"INFORMATIONAL"|"UNSPECIFIED",
      "ApproveAfterDays": integer,
      "ApproveUntilDate": "string",
      "EnableNonSecurity": true|false
    }
    ...
  ]
}

--approved-patches (list)

A list of explicitly approved patches for the baseline.

For information about accepted formats for lists of approved patches and rejected patches, see About package name formats for approved and rejected patch lists in the AWS Systems Manager User Guide .

Syntax:

"string" "string" ...

--approved-patches-compliance-level (string)

Defines the compliance level for approved patches. This means that if an approved patch is reported as missing, this is the severity of the compliance violation. The default value is UNSPECIFIED.

Possible values:

  • CRITICAL
  • HIGH
  • MEDIUM
  • LOW
  • INFORMATIONAL
  • UNSPECIFIED

--approved-patches-enable-non-security | --no-approved-patches-enable-non-security (boolean)

Indicates whether the list of approved patches includes non-security updates that should be applied to the instances. The default value is 'false'. Applies to Linux instances only.

--rejected-patches (list)

A list of explicitly rejected patches for the baseline.

For information about accepted formats for lists of approved patches and rejected patches, see About package name formats for approved and rejected patch lists in the AWS Systems Manager User Guide .

Syntax:

"string" "string" ...

--rejected-patches-action (string)

The action for Patch Manager to take on patches included in the RejectedPackages list.

  • ALLOW_AS_DEPENDENCY : A package in the Rejected patches list is installed only if it is a dependency of another package. It is considered compliant with the patch baseline, and its status is reported as InstalledOther . This is the default action if no option is specified.
  • BLOCK : Packages in the RejectedPatches list, and packages that include them as dependencies, are not installed under any circumstances. If a package was installed before it was added to the Rejected patches list, it is considered non-compliant with the patch baseline, and its status is reported as InstalledRejected .

Possible values:

  • ALLOW_AS_DEPENDENCY
  • BLOCK

--description (string)

A description of the patch baseline.

--sources (list)

Information about the patches to use to update the instances, including target operating systems and source repositories. Applies to Linux instances only.

Shorthand Syntax:

Name=string,Products=string,string,Configuration=string ...

JSON Syntax:

[
  {
    "Name": "string",
    "Products": ["string", ...],
    "Configuration": "string"
  }
  ...
]

--client-token (string)

User-provided idempotency token.

--tags (list)

Optional metadata that you assign to a resource. Tags enable you to categorize a resource in different ways, such as by purpose, owner, or environment. For example, you might want to tag a patch baseline to identify the severity level of patches it specifies and the operating system family it applies to. In this case, you could specify the following key name/value pairs:

  • Key=PatchSeverity,Value=Critical
  • Key=OS,Value=Windows

Note

To add tags to an existing patch baseline, use the AddTagsToResource action.

Shorthand Syntax:

Key=string,Value=string ...

JSON Syntax:

[
  {
    "Key": "string",
    "Value": "string"
  }
  ...
]

--cli-input-json (string) Performs service operation based on the JSON string provided. The JSON string follows the format provided by --generate-cli-skeleton. If other arguments are provided on the command line, the CLI values will override the JSON-provided values. It is not possible to pass arbitrary binary values using a JSON-provided value as the string will be taken literally.

--generate-cli-skeleton (string) Prints a JSON skeleton to standard output without sending an API request. If provided with no value or the value input, prints a sample input JSON that can be used as an argument for --cli-input-json. If provided with the value output, it validates the command inputs and returns a sample output JSON for that command.

See 'aws help' for descriptions of global parameters.

Examples

Example 1: To create a patch baseline with auto-approval

The following create-patch-baseline example creates a patch baseline for Windows Server that approves patches for a production environment seven days after they are released by Microsoft.

aws ssm create-patch-baseline \
    --name "Windows-Production-Baseline-AutoApproval" \
    --operating-system "WINDOWS" \
    --approval-rules "PatchRules=[{PatchFilterGroup={PatchFilters=[{Key=MSRC_SEVERITY,Values=[Critical,Important,Moderate]},{Key=CLASSIFICATION,Values=[SecurityUpdates,Updates,UpdateRollups,CriticalUpdates]}]},ApproveAfterDays=7}]" \
    --description "Baseline containing all updates approved for Windows Server production systems"

Output:

{
    "BaselineId": "pb-045f10b4f3EXAMPLE"
}

Example 2: To create a patch baseline with an approval cutoff date

The following create-patch-baseline example creates a patch baseline for Windows Server that approves all patches for a production environment that are released on or before July 7, 2020.

aws ssm create-patch-baseline \
    --name "Windows-Production-Baseline-AutoApproval" \
    --operating-system "WINDOWS" \
    --approval-rules "PatchRules=[{PatchFilterGroup={PatchFilters=[{Key=MSRC_SEVERITY,Values=[Critical,Important,Moderate]},{Key=CLASSIFICATION,Values=[SecurityUpdates,Updates,UpdateRollups,CriticalUpdates]}]},ApproveUntilDate=2020-07-07}]" \
    --description "Baseline containing all updates approved for Windows Server production systems"

Output:

{
    "BaselineId": "pb-045f10b4f3EXAMPLE"
}

Example 3: To create a patch baseline with approval rules stored in a JSON file

The following create-patch-baseline example creates a patch baseline for Amazon Linux 2017.09 that approves patches for a production environment seven days after they are released, specifies approval rules for the patch baseline, and specifies a custom repository for patches.

aws ssm create-patch-baseline \
    --cli-input-json file://my-amazon-linux-approval-rules-and-repo.json

Contents of my-amazon-linux-approval-rules-and-repo.json:

{
    "Name": "Amazon-Linux-2017.09-Production-Baseline",
    "Description": "My approval rules patch baseline for Amazon Linux 2017.09 instances",
    "OperatingSystem": "AMAZON_LINUX",
    "Tags": [
        {
            "Key": "Environment",
            "Value": "Production"
        }
    ],
    "ApprovalRules": {
        "PatchRules": [
            {
                "ApproveAfterDays": 7,
                "EnableNonSecurity": true,
                "PatchFilterGroup": {
                    "PatchFilters": [
                        {
                            "Key": "SEVERITY",
                            "Values": [
                                "Important",
                                "Critical"
                            ]
                        },
                        {
                            "Key": "CLASSIFICATION",
                            "Values": [
                                "Security",
                                "Bugfix"
                            ]
                        },
                        {
                            "Key": "PRODUCT",
                            "Values": [
                                "AmazonLinux2017.09"
                            ]
                        }
                    ]
                }
            }
        ]
    },
    "Sources": [
        {
            "Name": "My-AL2017.09",
            "Products": [
                "AmazonLinux2017.09"
            ],
            "Configuration": "[amzn-main] \nname=amzn-main-Base\nmirrorlist=http://repo./$awsregion./$awsdomain//$releasever/main/mirror.list //nmirrorlist_expire=300//nmetadata_expire=300 \npriority=10 \nfailovermethod=priority \nfastestmirror_enabled=0 \ngpgcheck=1 \ngpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-amazon-ga \nenabled=1 \nretries=3 \ntimeout=5\nreport_instanceid=yes"
        }
    ]
}

Example 4: To create a patch baseline that specifies approved and rejected patches

The following create-patch-baseline example explicitly specifies patches to approve and reject as exception to the default approval rules.

aws ssm create-patch-baseline \
    --name "Amazon-Linux-2017.09-Alpha-Baseline" \
    --description "My custom approve/reject patch baseline for Amazon Linux 2017.09 instances" \
    --operating-system "AMAZON_LINUX" \
    --approved-patches "CVE-2018-1234567,example-pkg-EE-2018*.amzn1.noarch" \
    --approved-patches-compliance-level "HIGH" \
    --approved-patches-enable-non-security \
    --tags "Key=Environment,Value=Alpha"

For more information, see Create a Custom Patch Baseline in the AWS Systems Manager User Guide.

Output

BaselineId -> (string)

The ID of the created patch baseline.