Packages overview - CodeArtifact

Packages overview

A package is a bundle of software and the metadata that is required to resolve dependencies and install the software. In CodeArtifact, a package consists of a package name, an optional namespace such as @types in @types/node, a set of package versions, and package-level metadata such as npm tags.

Supported package formats

AWS CodeArtifact supports npm, PyPI, Maven, and NuGet package formats.

Package publishing

You can publish new versions of any supported package format to a CodeArtifact repository using tools such as npm, twine, Maven, Gradle, nuget, and dotnet.

Publishing permissions

Your AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) user or role must have permissions to publish to the destination repository. The following permissions are required to publish packages.

  1. Maven: codeartifact:PublishPackageVersion and codeartifact:PutPackageMetadata

  2. npm: codeartifact:PublishPackageVersion

  3. NuGet: codeartifact:PublishPackageVersion and codeartifact:ReadFromRepository

  4. Python: codeartifact:PublishPackageVersion

In the list of permissions above, your IAM policy must specify the package resource for the codeartifact:PublishPackageVersion and codeartifact:PutPackageMetadata permissions and it must specify the repository resource for the codeartifact:ReadFromRepository permission.

For more information about permissions in CodeArtifact, see AWS CodeArtifact permissions reference.

Overwriting package assets

You can't republish a package asset that already exists with different content. For example, suppose that you already published a Maven package with a JAR asset mypackage-1.0.jar. You can't publish that asset again unless the checksum of the old and new assets are identical. To republish the same asset with new content, delete the package version using the delete-package-versions command first. Trying to republish the same asset name with different content will result in an HTTP 409 conflict error.

For package formats that support multiple assets (PyPI and Maven), you can add new assets with different names to an existing package version at any time, assuming that you have the required permissions. Because npm only supports a single asset per package version, to modify a published package version in any way, you must first delete it using delete-package-versions.

If you try to republish an asset that already exists (for example, mypackage-1.0.jar), and the content of the published asset and the new asset are identical, the operation will succeed because the operation is idempotent.

Publishing and upstream repositories

CodeArtifact doesn't allow publishing package versions that are present in reachable upstream repositories or public repositories. For example, suppose that you want to publish a Maven package com.mycompany.mypackage:1.0 to a repository myrepo, and myrepo has an upstream repository with an external connection to Maven Central. If com.mycompany.mypackage:1.0 is present in the upstream repository or in Maven Central, CodeArtifact rejects any attempt to publish to it in myrepo with a 409 conflict error. This helps prevent scenarios where you might accidentally publish a package with the same name and version as a package in an upstream repository, which can result in unexpected behavior.

You can still publish different versions of a package name that exists in an upstream repository. For example, if com.mycompany.mypackage:1.0 is present in an upstream repository, but com.mycompany.mypackage:1.1 is not, you can publish com.mycompany.mypackage:1.1 to the downstream repository.

Private packages and public repositories

CodeArtifact does not publish packages stored in CodeArtifact repositories to public repositories such as or Maven Central. CodeArtifact imports packages from public repositories to a CodeArtifact repository, but it never moves packages in the other direction. Packages that you publish to CodeArtifact repositories remain private and are only available to the AWS accounts, roles, and users to which you have granted access.

Publishing patched package versions

Sometimes you might want to publish a modified package version, potentially one that is available in a public repository. For example, you might have found a bug in a critical application dependency called mydep 1.1, and you need to fix it sooner than the package vendor can review and accept the change. As described previously, CodeArtifact prevents you from publishing mydep 1.1 in your CodeArtifact repository if the public repository is reachable from your CodeArtifact repository via upstream repositories and an external connection.

To work around this, publish the package version to a different CodeArtifact repository where the public repository isn't reachable. Then use the copy-package-versions API to copy the patched version of mydep 1.1 to the CodeArtifact repository where you will consume it from.

Package version status

Every package version in CodeArtifact has a status that describes the current state and availability of the package version. You can change the package version status using both the AWS CLI and the console. For more information, see Update package version status.

The following are possible values for package version status:

  • Published: The package version is successfully published and can be requested using a package manager. The package version will be included in the output of the ListPackageVersions API and included in package versions lists returned to package managers, for example, in the output of npm view <package-name> versions. All assets of the package version are available from the repository.

  • Unfinished: The last attempt to publish did not complete. Currently only Maven package versions can have a status of Unfinished. This can occur when the client uploads one or more assets for a package version but does not publish a maven-metadata.xml file for the package that includes that version. When a package version is Unfinished, it will not be included in the default output from the ListPackageVersions API.

  • Unlisted: The package version's assets are available for download from the repository, but it is not included in the default output of the ListPackageVersions API. The package version is also not included in the list of versions returned to package managers. For example, for an npm package, the output of npm view <package-name> versions will not include the package version. This means that npm's dependency resolution logic will not select the package version because the version does not appear in the list of available versions. However, if the Unlisted package version is already referenced in an npm package-lock.json file, it can still be downloaded and installed, for example, when running npm ci.

  • Archived: The package version's assets can no longer be downloaded. The package version will not appear in the default output of the ListPackageVersions API, and will not be included in the list of versions returned to package managers. Because the the assets are not available, consumption of the package version by clients is blocked. If your application build depends on a version that is updated to Archived, the build will break, assuming the package version has not been locally cached. You cannot use a package manager or build tool to re-publish an Archived package version because it is still present in the repository, but you can change the package version's status back to Unlisted or Published with the UpdatePackageVersionsStatus API.

  • Disposed: The package version doesn't appear in listings and the assets cannot be downloaded from the repository. They key difference between Disposed and Archived is that with a status of Disposed, the assets of the package version will be permanently deleted by CodeArtifact. For this reason, you cannot move a package version from Disposed to Archived, Unlisted, or Published. The package version can no longer be used because the assets have been deleted. Once a package version has been marked as Disposed, you will no longer be billed for storage of the package assets.

Apart from the states above, a package version can also be deleted with the DeletePackageVersions API. Once deleted, a package version is no longer in the repository and you can freely re-publish that package version using a package manager or build tool. Once a package version has been deleted, you will no longer be billed for storage of that package version's assets.

Package name, package version, and asset name normalization

CodeArtifact normalizes package names, package versions, and asset names before storing them, which means the names or versions in CodeArtifact may be different than the name or version provided when the package was published. For more information about how names and versions are normalized in CodeArtifact for each package type, see the following documentation.

CodeArtifact does not perform normalization on other package formats.