Java sample application - Amazon CodeGuru Profiler

Java sample application

This tutorial walks through the complete setup necessary to run Amazon CodeGuru Profiler within two sample applications: one that features issues to generate CodeGuru Profiler recommendations and one that does not. You can then view the resulting CodeGuru Profiler runtime data and recommendations.

To view the sample application, navigate to the CodeGuru Profiler demo application. CodeGuru Profiler runs inside the sample application and collects and reports profiling data about the application, which can be viewed from the CodeGuru Profiler console.

This tutorial’s sample application does some basic image processing, with some CPU-heavy operations alongside some IO-heavy operations. It uses an Amazon Simple Storage Service bucket for cloud storage of images and an Amazon Simple Queue Service queue to order the names of images to be processed. It consists chiefly of two components which run in parallel, the task publisher and the image processor:

TaskPublisher checks the S3 bucket for available images, and submits the name of some of these images to the SQS queue.

ImageProcessor polls SQS for names of images to process. Processing an image involves downloading it from S3, applying some image transforms (e.g. converting to monochrome), and uploading the result back to S3.

When running DemoApplication-WithIssues, you see messages such as Expensive exception and Pointless work being logged. This is expected, and you can see how these issues appear on the CodeGuru Profiler console.

Option 1: Quick demo

The results of this application are available to review within the CodeGuru console. There is no need to run the code if you just want to see the CodeGuru Profiler output.

  1. Sign in to the AWS Management Console, and then open the CodeGuru Profiler console at

  2. In the navigation pane on the left, choose Profiler, and then choose Profiling groups.

  3. On the Profiling groups page, choose {CodeGuru} DemoProfilingGroup-WithIssues and {CodeGuru} DemoProfilingGroup-WithoutIssues to view runtime performance data and recommendations. To better understand the console, see step 4.

          Image: Profiler demo groups.

Option 2: Complete demo


For this tutorial, you will need:

Step 1: Create AWS resources

Set up the required components by running the following AWS commands in your terminal.

  1. Configure the AWS CLI.

    When prompted, specify the AWS access key and AWS secret access key of the IAM user that you will use with CodeGuru Profiler.

    When prompted for the default Region name, specify the Region where you will create the pipeline, such as us-west-2.

    When prompted for the default output format, specify the .json.

    aws configure
  2. Create two profiling groups in CodeGuru Profiler, named DemoApplication-WithIssues and DemoApplication-WithoutIssues.

    aws codeguruprofiler create-profiling-group --profiling-group-name DemoApplication-WithIssues aws codeguruprofiler create-profiling-group --profiling-group-name DemoApplication-WithoutIssues
  3. Create an Amazon SQS queue.

    aws sqs create-queue --queue-name DemoApplicationQueue
  4. Create an Amazon S3 bucket. Replace the YOUR-BUCKET with your desired bucket name.

    aws s3 mb s3://demo-application-test-bucket-YOUR-BUCKET
  5. Provision an IAM user. For information, see Create an IAM user or use one that is associated with your AWS account. Delegate permissions to access Amazon SQS, Amazon S3, and CodeGuru Profiler.

    Grant the IAM user access to AmazonSQSFullAccess, AmazonS3FullAccess, and AmazonCodeGuruProfilerFullAccess Amazon managed policies.

Step 2: Run a sample application

Follow these steps to run one of the sample applications. You select which sample application to run in step 2. To run the other sample application, repeat the following steps, selecting the other sample application in step 2.

  1. Export the Amazon SQS URL, the S3; bucket name, and the target Region.

    Remember to replace YOUR-AWS-REGION, YOUR-ACCOUNT-ID, and YOUR-BUCKET. YOUR-AWS-REGION should be the Region you specified in the AWS CLI configuration. YOUR-ACCOUNT-ID should be your AWS account ID. YOUR-BUCKET should be the bucket name you specified during Amazon S3 bucket creation.

    export DEMO_APP_SQS_URL= export DEMO_APP_BUCKET_NAME=demo-application-test-bucket-1092734-YOUR-BUCKET export AWS_CODEGURU_TARGET_REGION=YOUR-AWS-REGION
  2. Export the CodeGuru Profiler profiling group

    To run the sample application with issues, run the following command.

    export AWS_CODEGURU_PROFILER_GROUP_NAME=DemoApplication-WithIssues

    To run the sample application without issues, run the following command.

    export AWS_CODEGURU_PROFILER_GROUP_NAME=DemoApplication-WithoutIssues
  3. Generate the sample application .jar file.

    1. mvn clean install
  4. Run the demo.

    java -javaagent:codeguru-profiler-java-agent-standalone-1.2.1.jar \ -jar target/DemoApplication-1.0-jar-with-dependencies.jar with-issues
  5. Verify that your profiling group is running.

    Navigate to the CodeGuru Profiler console.

    Choose Profiling groups.

    The DemoApplication-WithIssues profiling group should have the status Pending. You may need to wait a few minutes for this to update. After running the demo for around 15 minutes, the group should have the status Profiling.

    Run the demo for a few hours to generate ample data for recommendations.

Step 3: Understanding the console

The CodeGuru Profiler console is where you can view the data that Profiler has gathered from running the application.

  1. Navigate to the CodeGuru Profiler console.

  2. Choose Profiling groups.

  3. Choose the DemoApplication-WithIssues or the DemoApplication-WithoutIssues profiling group

The following sections are displayed, along with options for other visualizations or a full recommendations report.

  • Profiling group status displays the status of the profiling group and metrics from data collected in the past 12 hours.

  • CPU summary displays the amount of system CPU capacity that the application consumes. You can choose Visualize CPU to view the flame graph.

                Image: CPU visualization of demo application.
  • Latency summary displays the amount of time the application’s threads spend in the Blocked, Waiting, and Timed Waiting thread states.

  • Heap usage displays how much of your application's maximum heap capacity is consumed by the application.

  • Anomalies display any deviations from trends that CodeGuru Profiler detects.

  • Recommendations display suggestions to optimize the application.

The DemoApplication-WithIssues generates recommendations, while the DemoApplication-WithoutIssues does not. These recommendations have to do with the purposefully inefficient lines of code that unnecessarily recreate loggers, SDK service clients, and Jackson Object Mappers. You can choose View report next to the Recommendations section for more details on these inefficiencies, including their location, estimated costs, and suggested resolution steps.

The average heap usage in the DemoApplication-WithIssues is significantly higher, indicating that the application requires significantly more memory.


Upon completion of this tutorial, clean up the resources created.

Delete the profiling groups by following the procedure in Deleting a profiling group.

Delete the Amazon S3 bucket, replacing YOUR-BUCKET with your specified bucket name. Note that all objects stored in the bucket will be deleted as well.

aws s3 rb s3://demo-application-test-bucket-1092734-YOUR-BUCKET --force

Delete the Amazon SQS queue. Note that this will delete the queue itself, not just the messages in the queue.

aws sqs delete-queue