Amazon Comprehend and interface VPC endpoints (AWS PrivateLink) - Amazon Comprehend

Amazon Comprehend and interface VPC endpoints (AWS PrivateLink)

You can establish a private connection between your VPC and Amazon Comprehend by creating an interface VPC endpoint. Interface endpoints are powered by AWS PrivateLink, a technology that enables you to privately access Amazon Comprehend APIs without an internet gateway, NAT device, VPN connection, or AWS Direct Connect connection. Instances in your VPC don't need public IP addresses to communicate with Amazon Comprehend APIs. Traffic between your VPC and Amazon Comprehend does not leave the Amazon network.

Each interface endpoint is represented by one or more Elastic Network Interfaces in your subnets.

For more information, see Interface VPC endpoints (AWS PrivateLink) in the Amazon VPC User Guide.

Considerations for Amazon Comprehend VPC endpoints

Before you set up an interface VPC endpoint for Amazon Comprehend, ensure that you review Interface endpoint properties and limitations in the Amazon VPC User Guide.

Amazon Comprehend supports making calls to all of its API actions from your VPC.

Creating an interface VPC endpoint for Amazon Comprehend

You can create a VPC endpoint for the Amazon Comprehend service using either the Amazon VPC console or the AWS Command Line Interface (AWS CLI). For more information, see Creating an interface endpoint in the Amazon VPC User Guide.

Create a VPC endpoint for Amazon Comprehend using the following service name:

  • com.amazonaws.region.comprehend

If you enable private DNS for the endpoint, you can make API requests to Amazon Comprehend using its default DNS name for the Region, for example, comprehend.us-east-1.amazonaws.com.

For more information, see Accessing a service through an interface endpoint in the Amazon VPC User Guide.

Creating a VPC endpoint policy for Amazon Comprehend

You can attach an endpoint policy to your VPC endpoint that controls access to Amazon Comprehend. The policy specifies the following information:

  • The principal that can perform actions.

  • The actions that can be performed.

  • The resources on which actions can be performed.

For more information, see Controlling access to services with VPC endpoints in the Amazon VPC User Guide.

Example: VPC endpoint policy for Amazon Comprehend actions

The following is an example of an endpoint policy for Amazon Comprehend. When attached to an endpoint, this policy grants access to the Amazon Comprehend DetectEntities action for all principals on all resources.

{ "Statement":[ { "Principal":"*", "Effect":"Allow", "Action":[ "comprehend:DetectEntities" ], "Resource":"*" } ] }