Administración de claves de acceso de IAM con un AWS SDK - AWS Identity and Access Management

Administración de claves de acceso de IAM con un AWS SDK

El siguiente ejemplo de código muestra cómo administrar claves de acceso.

aviso

Para evitar riesgos de seguridad, no utilice a los usuarios de IAM para la autenticación cuando desarrolle software especialmente diseñado o trabaje con datos reales. En cambio, utilice la federación con un proveedor de identidades como AWS IAM Identity Center.

  • Crear y enumerar claves de acceso.

  • Saber cuándo y cómo se utilizó por última vez una clave de acceso.

  • Actualizar y eliminar las claves de acceso.

Python
SDK para Python (Boto3)
nota

Hay más en GitHub. Busque el ejemplo completo y aprenda a configurar y ejecutar en el Repositorio de ejemplos de código de AWS.

Cree funciones que encapsulen las acciones de la clave de acceso de IAM.

import logging import boto3 from botocore.exceptions import ClientError logger = logging.getLogger(__name__) iam = boto3.resource("iam") def list_keys(user_name): """ Lists the keys owned by the specified user. :param user_name: The name of the user. :return: The list of keys owned by the user. """ try: keys = list(iam.User(user_name).access_keys.all()) logger.info("Got %s access keys for %s.", len(keys), user_name) except ClientError: logger.exception("Couldn't get access keys for %s.", user_name) raise else: return keys def create_key(user_name): """ Creates an access key for the specified user. Each user can have a maximum of two keys. :param user_name: The name of the user. :return: The created access key. """ try: key_pair = iam.User(user_name).create_access_key_pair() logger.info( "Created access key pair for %s. Key ID is %s.", key_pair.user_name, key_pair.id, ) except ClientError: logger.exception("Couldn't create access key pair for %s.", user_name) raise else: return key_pair def get_last_use(key_id): """ Gets information about when and how a key was last used. :param key_id: The ID of the key to look up. :return: Information about the key's last use. """ try: response = iam.meta.client.get_access_key_last_used(AccessKeyId=key_id) last_used_date = response["AccessKeyLastUsed"].get("LastUsedDate", None) last_service = response["AccessKeyLastUsed"].get("ServiceName", None) logger.info( "Key %s was last used by %s on %s to access %s.", key_id, response["UserName"], last_used_date, last_service, ) except ClientError: logger.exception("Couldn't get last use of key %s.", key_id) raise else: return response def update_key(user_name, key_id, activate): """ Updates the status of a key. :param user_name: The user that owns the key. :param key_id: The ID of the key to update. :param activate: When True, the key is activated. Otherwise, the key is deactivated. """ try: key = iam.User(user_name).AccessKey(key_id) if activate: key.activate() else: key.deactivate() logger.info("%s key %s.", "Activated" if activate else "Deactivated", key_id) except ClientError: logger.exception( "Couldn't %s key %s.", "Activate" if activate else "Deactivate", key_id ) raise def delete_key(user_name, key_id): """ Deletes a user's access key. :param user_name: The user that owns the key. :param key_id: The ID of the key to delete. """ try: key = iam.AccessKey(user_name, key_id) key.delete() logger.info("Deleted access key %s for %s.", key.id, key.user_name) except ClientError: logger.exception("Couldn't delete key %s for %s", key_id, user_name) raise

Utilice las funciones del contenedor para llevar a cabo acciones de clave de acceso para el usuario actual.

def usage_demo(): """Shows how to create and manage access keys.""" def print_keys(): """Gets and prints the current keys for a user.""" current_keys = list_keys(current_user_name) print("The current user's keys are now:") print(*[f"{key.id}: {key.status}" for key in current_keys], sep="\n") logging.basicConfig(level=logging.INFO, format="%(levelname)s: %(message)s") print("-" * 88) print("Welcome to the AWS Identity and Account Management access key demo.") print("-" * 88) current_user_name = iam.CurrentUser().user_name print( f"This demo creates an access key for the current user " f"({current_user_name}), manipulates the key in a few ways, and then " f"deletes it." ) all_keys = list_keys(current_user_name) if len(all_keys) == 2: print( "The current user already has the maximum of 2 access keys. To run " "this demo, either delete one of the access keys or use a user " "that has only 1 access key." ) else: new_key = create_key(current_user_name) print(f"Created a new key with id {new_key.id} and secret {new_key.secret}.") print_keys() existing_key = next(key for key in all_keys if key != new_key) last_use = get_last_use(existing_key.id)["AccessKeyLastUsed"] print( f"Key {all_keys[0].id} was last used to access {last_use['ServiceName']} " f"on {last_use['LastUsedDate']}" ) update_key(current_user_name, new_key.id, False) print(f"Key {new_key.id} is now deactivated.") print_keys() delete_key(current_user_name, new_key.id) print_keys() print("Thanks for watching!")

Para obtener una lista completa de las guías para desarrolladores del AWS SDK y ejemplos de código, consulte Uso de IAM con un AWS SDK. En este tema también se incluye información sobre cómo comenzar a utilizar el SDK y detalles sobre sus versiones anteriores.