Upload components to deploy to your core devices - AWS IoT Greengrass

Upload components to deploy to your core devices

After you finish a version of a component, you can upload your component to AWS IoT Greengrass in the AWS Cloud. Then you can deploy components to other core devices.

When you upload a component, you do the following:

  1. Upload component artifacts to an S3 bucket.

  2. Add each artifact's Amazon S3 URI to the component recipe.

  3. Create a component version in AWS IoT Greengrass from the component recipe.


Each component version that you upload must be unique. You can't edit a component version after you upload it.

Upload a component (AWS CLI)

Use the following procedure to upload a component with the AWS CLI. You can follow these steps on your development computer or on your AWS IoT Greengrass Core device.

To upload a component (AWS CLI)

  1. If the component uses a version that exists in the AWS IoT Greengrass service, then you must change the version of the component. Open the recipe in a text editor, increment the version, and save the file. Choose a new version that reflects the changes that you made to the component.


    AWS IoT Greengrass uses semantic versions for components. Semantic versions follow a major.minor.patch number system. For example, version 1.0.0 represents the first major release for a component. For more information, see the semantic version specification.

  2. If your component has artifacts, do the following:

    1. Upload the component's artifacts to an S3 bucket in your AWS account.


      We recommend that you include the component name and version in the path to the artifact in the S3 bucket. This naming scheme can help you maintain the artifacts that previous versions of the component use, so you can continue to support previous component versions.

      Run the following command to upload an artifact file to an S3 bucket. Replace DOC-EXAMPLE-BUCKET with the name of the bucket, and replace artifacts/com.example.HelloWorld/1.0.0/artifact.py with the path to the artifact file.

      aws s3 cp artifacts/com.example.HelloWorld/1.0.0/artifact.py s3://DOC-EXAMPLE-BUCKET/artifacts/com.example.HelloWorld/1.0.0/artifact.py

      Core device roles don't allow access to S3 buckets by default. If this is your first time using this S3 bucket, you must add permissions to the role to allow core devices to retrieve component artifacts from this S3 bucket. For more information, see Allow access to S3 buckets for component artifacts.

    2. Add a list named Artifacts to the component recipe if it isn't present. The Artifacts list appears in each manifest, which defines the component's requirements on each platform that it supports (or the component's default requirements for all platforms).

    3. Add each artifact to the list of artifacts, or update the URI of existing artifacts. The Amazon S3 URI is composed of the bucket name and the path to the artifact object in the bucket. Your artifacts' Amazon S3 URIs should look similar to the following example.


    After you complete these steps, your recipe should have an Artifacts list that looks like the following.

    { ... "Manifests": [ { "Lifecycle": { ... } "Artifacts": [ { "URI": "s3://DOC-EXAMPLE-BUCKET/artifacts/MyGreengrassComponent/1.0.0/artifact.py" } ] } ] }

    You can add the "Unarchive": "ZIP" option for a ZIP artifact to configure the AWS IoT Greengrass Core software to unzip the artifact when the component deploys.

    ... Manifests: - Lifecycle: ... Artifacts: - URI: s3://DOC-EXAMPLE-BUCKET/artifacts/MyGreengrassComponent/1.0.0/artifact.py

    You can add the Unarchive: ZIP option for a ZIP artifact to configure the AWS IoT Greengrass Core software to unzip the artifact when the component deploys.

    For more information about recipes, see AWS IoT Greengrass component recipe reference.

  3. Use the AWS IoT Greengrass console to create a component from the recipe file.

    Run the following command to create the component from a recipe file. This command creates the component and publishes it as a private AWS IoT Greengrass component in your AWS account. Replace path/to/recipeFile with the path to the recipe file.

    aws greengrassv2 create-component-version \ --inline-recipe fileb://path/to/recipeFile

    Copy the arn from the response to check the state of the component in the next step.


    AWS IoT Greengrass computes the digest of each artifact when you create the component. This means that you can't modify the artifact files in your S3 bucket after you create a component. If you do, deployments that include this component will fail, because the file digest doesn't match. If you modify an artifact file, you must create a new version of the component.

  4. Each component in the AWS IoT Greengrass service has a state. Run the following command to confirm the state of the component version that you upload in this procedure. Replace com.example.HelloWorld and 1.0.0 with the component version to query. Replace the arn with the ARN from the previous step.

    aws greengrassv2 describe-component \ --arn "arn:aws:greengrass:region:account-id:components:com.example.HelloWorld:versions:1.0.0"

    The operation returns a response that contains the component's metadata. The metadata contains a status object that contains the component state and any errors, if applicable.

    When the component state is DEPLOYABLE, you can deploy the component to devices. For more information, see Deploy AWS IoT Greengrass components to devices.