GenerateDataKeyPairWithoutPlaintext - AWS Key Management Service

GenerateDataKeyPairWithoutPlaintext

Generates a unique asymmetric data key pair. The GenerateDataKeyPairWithoutPlaintext operation returns a plaintext public key and a copy of the private key that is encrypted under the symmetric CMK you specify. Unlike GenerateDataKeyPair, this operation does not return a plaintext private key.

To generate a data key pair, you must specify a symmetric customer master key (CMK) to encrypt the private key in the data key pair. You cannot use an asymmetric CMK or a CMK in a custom key store. To get the type and origin of your CMK, use the KeySpec field in the DescribeKey response.

You can use the public key that GenerateDataKeyPairWithoutPlaintext returns to encrypt data or verify a signature outside of AWS KMS. Then, store the encrypted private key with the data. When you are ready to decrypt data or sign a message, you can use the Decrypt operation to decrypt the encrypted private key.

GenerateDataKeyPairWithoutPlaintext returns a unique data key pair for each request. The bytes in the key are not related to the caller or CMK that is used to encrypt the private key.

You can use the optional encryption context to add additional security to the encryption operation. If you specify an EncryptionContext, you must specify the same encryption context (a case-sensitive exact match) when decrypting the encrypted data key. Otherwise, the request to decrypt fails with an InvalidCiphertextException. For more information, see Encryption Context in the AWS Key Management Service Developer Guide.

The CMK that you use for this operation must be in a compatible key state. For details, see How Key State Affects Use of a Customer Master Key in the AWS Key Management Service Developer Guide.

Required permissions: kms:GenerateDataKeyPairWithoutPlaintext (key policy)

Related operations:

Request Syntax

{ "EncryptionContext": { "string" : "string" }, "GrantTokens": [ "string" ], "KeyId": "string", "KeyPairSpec": "string" }

Request Parameters

For information about the parameters that are common to all actions, see Common Parameters.

The request accepts the following data in JSON format.

Note

In the following list, the required parameters are described first.

KeyId

Specifies the CMK that encrypts the private key in the data key pair. You must specify a symmetric CMK. You cannot use an asymmetric CMK or a CMK in a custom key store. To get the type and origin of your CMK, use the DescribeKey operation.

To specify a CMK, use its key ID, Amazon Resource Name (ARN), alias name, or alias ARN. When using an alias name, prefix it with "alias/".

For example:

  • Key ID: 1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab

  • Key ARN: arn:aws:kms:us-east-2:111122223333:key/1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab

  • Alias name: alias/ExampleAlias

  • Alias ARN: arn:aws:kms:us-east-2:111122223333:alias/ExampleAlias

To get the key ID and key ARN for a CMK, use ListKeys or DescribeKey. To get the alias name and alias ARN, use ListAliases.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 2048.

Required: Yes

KeyPairSpec

Determines the type of data key pair that is generated.

The AWS KMS rule that restricts the use of asymmetric RSA CMKs to encrypt and decrypt or to sign and verify (but not both), and the rule that permits you to use ECC CMKs only to sign and verify, are not effective outside of AWS KMS.

Type: String

Valid Values: RSA_2048 | RSA_3072 | RSA_4096 | ECC_NIST_P256 | ECC_NIST_P384 | ECC_NIST_P521 | ECC_SECG_P256K1

Required: Yes

EncryptionContext

Specifies the encryption context that will be used when encrypting the private key in the data key pair.

An encryption context is a collection of non-secret key-value pairs that represents additional authenticated data. When you use an encryption context to encrypt data, you must specify the same (an exact case-sensitive match) encryption context to decrypt the data. An encryption context is optional when encrypting with a symmetric CMK, but it is highly recommended.

For more information, see Encryption Context in the AWS Key Management Service Developer Guide.

Type: String to string map

Required: No

GrantTokens

A list of grant tokens.

For more information, see Grant Tokens in the AWS Key Management Service Developer Guide.

Type: Array of strings

Array Members: Minimum number of 0 items. Maximum number of 10 items.

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 8192.

Required: No

Response Syntax

{ "KeyId": "string", "KeyPairSpec": "string", "PrivateKeyCiphertextBlob": blob, "PublicKey": blob }

Response Elements

If the action is successful, the service sends back an HTTP 200 response.

The following data is returned in JSON format by the service.

KeyId

The Amazon Resource Name (key ARN) of the CMK that encrypted the private key.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 2048.

KeyPairSpec

The type of data key pair that was generated.

Type: String

Valid Values: RSA_2048 | RSA_3072 | RSA_4096 | ECC_NIST_P256 | ECC_NIST_P384 | ECC_NIST_P521 | ECC_SECG_P256K1

PrivateKeyCiphertextBlob

The encrypted copy of the private key. When you use the HTTP API or the AWS CLI, the value is Base64-encoded. Otherwise, it is not Base64-encoded.

Type: Base64-encoded binary data object

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 6144.

PublicKey

The public key (in plaintext).

Type: Base64-encoded binary data object

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 8192.

Errors

For information about the errors that are common to all actions, see Common Errors.

DependencyTimeoutException

The system timed out while trying to fulfill the request. The request can be retried.

HTTP Status Code: 500

DisabledException

The request was rejected because the specified CMK is not enabled.

HTTP Status Code: 400

InvalidGrantTokenException

The request was rejected because the specified grant token is not valid.

HTTP Status Code: 400

InvalidKeyUsageException

The request was rejected for one of the following reasons:

  • The KeyUsage value of the CMK is incompatible with the API operation.

  • The encryption algorithm or signing algorithm specified for the operation is incompatible with the type of key material in the CMK (CustomerMasterKeySpec).

For encrypting, decrypting, re-encrypting, and generating data keys, the KeyUsage must be ENCRYPT_DECRYPT. For signing and verifying, the KeyUsage must be SIGN_VERIFY. To find the KeyUsage of a CMK, use the DescribeKey operation.

To find the encryption or signing algorithms supported for a particular CMK, use the DescribeKey operation.

HTTP Status Code: 400

KeyUnavailableException

The request was rejected because the specified CMK was not available. You can retry the request.

HTTP Status Code: 500

KMSInternalException

The request was rejected because an internal exception occurred. The request can be retried.

HTTP Status Code: 500

KMSInvalidStateException

The request was rejected because the state of the specified resource is not valid for this request.

For more information about how key state affects the use of a CMK, see How Key State Affects Use of a Customer Master Key in the AWS Key Management Service Developer Guide .

HTTP Status Code: 400

NotFoundException

The request was rejected because the specified entity or resource could not be found.

HTTP Status Code: 400

UnsupportedOperationException

The request was rejected because a specified parameter is not supported or a specified resource is not valid for this operation.

HTTP Status Code: 400

See Also

For more information about using this API in one of the language-specific AWS SDKs, see the following: