AWS SDK를 사용하여 역할에 IAM 정책 연결 - AWS Identity and Access Management

AWS SDK를 사용하여 역할에 IAM 정책 연결

다음 코드 예제는 IAM 정책을 역할에 연결하는 방법을 보여줍니다.

작업 예시는 대규모 프로그램에서 발췌한 코드이며 컨텍스트에 맞춰 실행해야 합니다. 다음 코드 예제에서는 컨텍스트 내에서 이 작업을 확인할 수 있습니다.

.NET
AWS SDK for .NET
참고

GitHub에 더 많은 내용이 있습니다. AWS 코드 예제 리포지토리에서 전체 예제를 찾고 설정 및 실행하는 방법을 배워보세요.

/// <summary> /// Attach an IAM policy to a role. /// </summary> /// <param name="policyArn">The policy to attach.</param> /// <param name="roleName">The role that the policy will be attached to.</param> /// <returns>A Boolean value indicating the success of the action.</returns> public async Task<bool> AttachRolePolicyAsync(string policyArn, string roleName) { var response = await _IAMService.AttachRolePolicyAsync(new AttachRolePolicyRequest { PolicyArn = policyArn, RoleName = roleName, }); return response.HttpStatusCode == System.Net.HttpStatusCode.OK; }
  • API 세부 정보는 AWS SDK for .NET API 참조AttachRolePolicy를 참조하십시오.

Bash
Bash 스크립트와 함께 AWS CLI사용
참고

GitHub에 더 많은 내용이 있습니다. AWS 코드 예제 리포지토리에서 전체 예제를 찾고 설정 및 실행하는 방법을 배워보세요.

############################################################################### # function errecho # # This function outputs everything sent to it to STDERR (standard error output). ############################################################################### function errecho() { printf "%s\n" "$*" 1>&2 } ############################################################################### # function iam_attach_role_policy # # This function attaches an IAM policy to a tole. # # Parameters: # -n role_name -- The name of the IAM role. # -p policy_ARN -- The IAM policy document ARN.. # # Returns: # 0 - If successful. # 1 - If it fails. ############################################################################### function iam_attach_role_policy() { local role_name policy_arn response local option OPTARG # Required to use getopts command in a function. # bashsupport disable=BP5008 function usage() { echo "function iam_attach_role_policy" echo "Attaches an AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) policy to an IAM role." echo " -n role_name The name of the IAM role." echo " -p policy_ARN -- The IAM policy document ARN." echo "" } # Retrieve the calling parameters. while getopts "n:p:h" option; do case "${option}" in n) role_name="${OPTARG}" ;; p) policy_arn="${OPTARG}" ;; h) usage return 0 ;; \?) echo "Invalid parameter" usage return 1 ;; esac done export OPTIND=1 if [[ -z "$role_name" ]]; then errecho "ERROR: You must provide a role name with the -n parameter." usage return 1 fi if [[ -z "$policy_arn" ]]; then errecho "ERROR: You must provide a policy ARN with the -p parameter." usage return 1 fi response=$(aws iam attach-role-policy \ --role-name "$role_name" \ --policy-arn "$policy_arn") local error_code=${?} if [[ $error_code -ne 0 ]]; then aws_cli_error_log $error_code errecho "ERROR: AWS reports attach-role-policy operation failed.\n$response" return 1 fi echo "$response" return 0 }
  • API 세부 정보는 AWS CLI 명령 참조의 AttachRolePolicy를 참조하십시오.

C++
SDK for C++
참고

GitHub에 더 많은 내용이 있습니다. AWS 코드 예제 리포지토리에서 전체 예제를 찾고 설정 및 실행하는 방법을 배워보세요.

bool AwsDoc::IAM::attachRolePolicy(const Aws::String &roleName, const Aws::String &policyArn, const Aws::Client::ClientConfiguration &clientConfig) { Aws::IAM::IAMClient iam(clientConfig); Aws::IAM::Model::ListAttachedRolePoliciesRequest list_request; list_request.SetRoleName(roleName); bool done = false; while (!done) { auto list_outcome = iam.ListAttachedRolePolicies(list_request); if (!list_outcome.IsSuccess()) { std::cerr << "Failed to list attached policies of role " << roleName << ": " << list_outcome.GetError().GetMessage() << std::endl; return false; } const auto &policies = list_outcome.GetResult().GetAttachedPolicies(); if (std::any_of(policies.cbegin(), policies.cend(), [=](const Aws::IAM::Model::AttachedPolicy &policy) { return policy.GetPolicyArn() == policyArn; })) { std::cout << "Policy " << policyArn << " is already attached to role " << roleName << std::endl; return true; } done = !list_outcome.GetResult().GetIsTruncated(); list_request.SetMarker(list_outcome.GetResult().GetMarker()); } Aws::IAM::Model::AttachRolePolicyRequest request; request.SetRoleName(roleName); request.SetPolicyArn(policyArn); Aws::IAM::Model::AttachRolePolicyOutcome outcome = iam.AttachRolePolicy(request); if (!outcome.IsSuccess()) { std::cerr << "Failed to attach policy " << policyArn << " to role " << roleName << ": " << outcome.GetError().GetMessage() << std::endl; } else { std::cout << "Successfully attached policy " << policyArn << " to role " << roleName << std::endl; } return outcome.IsSuccess(); }
  • API 세부 정보는 AWS SDK for C++ API 참조AttachRolePolicy를 참조하세요.

CLI
AWS CLI

IAM 역할에 관리형 정책 연결

다음 attach-role-policy 명령은 이름이 ReadOnlyRole인 IAM 역할에 이름이 ReadOnlyAccess인 AWS 관리형 정책을 연결합니다.

aws iam attach-role-policy \ --policy-arn arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/ReadOnlyAccess \ --role-name ReadOnlyRole

이 명령은 출력을 생성하지 않습니다.

자세한 내용은 AWS IAM 사용 설명서의 관리형 정책과 인라인 정책을 참조하세요.

  • API 세부 정보는 AWS CLI 명령 참조의 AttachRolePolicy를 참조하세요.

Go
SDK for Go V2
참고

GitHub에 더 많은 내용이 있습니다. AWS 코드 예제 리포지토리에서 전체 예제를 찾고 설정 및 실행하는 방법을 배워보세요.

// RoleWrapper encapsulates AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) role actions // used in the examples. // It contains an IAM service client that is used to perform role actions. type RoleWrapper struct { IamClient *iam.Client } // AttachRolePolicy attaches a policy to a role. func (wrapper RoleWrapper) AttachRolePolicy(policyArn string, roleName string) error { _, err := wrapper.IamClient.AttachRolePolicy(context.TODO(), &iam.AttachRolePolicyInput{ PolicyArn: aws.String(policyArn), RoleName: aws.String(roleName), }) if err != nil { log.Printf("Couldn't attach policy %v to role %v. Here's why: %v\n", policyArn, roleName, err) } return err }
  • API 세부 정보는 AWS SDK for Go API 참조AttachRolePolicy를 참조하십시오.

Java
SDK for Java 2.x
참고

GitHub에 더 많은 내용이 있습니다. AWS 코드 예제 리포지토리에서 전체 예제를 찾고 설정 및 실행하는 방법을 배워보세요.

import software.amazon.awssdk.regions.Region; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.iam.IamClient; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.iam.model.IamException; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.iam.model.AttachRolePolicyRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.iam.model.AttachedPolicy; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.iam.model.ListAttachedRolePoliciesRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.iam.model.ListAttachedRolePoliciesResponse; import java.util.List; /** * Before running this Java V2 code example, set up your development * environment, including your credentials. * * For more information, see the following documentation topic: * * https://docs.aws.amazon.com/sdk-for-java/latest/developer-guide/get-started.html */ public class AttachRolePolicy { public static void main(String[] args) { final String usage = """ Usage: <roleName> <policyArn>\s Where: roleName - A role name that you can obtain from the AWS Management Console.\s policyArn - A policy ARN that you can obtain from the AWS Management Console.\s """; if (args.length != 2) { System.out.println(usage); System.exit(1); } String roleName = args[0]; String policyArn = args[1]; Region region = Region.AWS_GLOBAL; IamClient iam = IamClient.builder() .region(region) .build(); attachIAMRolePolicy(iam, roleName, policyArn); iam.close(); } public static void attachIAMRolePolicy(IamClient iam, String roleName, String policyArn) { try { ListAttachedRolePoliciesRequest request = ListAttachedRolePoliciesRequest.builder() .roleName(roleName) .build(); ListAttachedRolePoliciesResponse response = iam.listAttachedRolePolicies(request); List<AttachedPolicy> attachedPolicies = response.attachedPolicies(); // Ensure that the policy is not attached to this role String polArn = ""; for (AttachedPolicy policy : attachedPolicies) { polArn = policy.policyArn(); if (polArn.compareTo(policyArn) == 0) { System.out.println(roleName + " policy is already attached to this role."); return; } } AttachRolePolicyRequest attachRequest = AttachRolePolicyRequest.builder() .roleName(roleName) .policyArn(policyArn) .build(); iam.attachRolePolicy(attachRequest); System.out.println("Successfully attached policy " + policyArn + " to role " + roleName); } catch (IamException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); } System.out.println("Done"); } }
  • API 세부 정보는 AWS SDK for Java 2.x API 참조AttachRolePolicy를 참조하십시오.

JavaScript
SDK for JavaScript (v3)
참고

GitHub에 더 많은 내용이 있습니다. AWS 코드 예제 리포지토리에서 전체 예제를 찾고 설정 및 실행하는 방법을 배워보세요.

정책을 연결합니다.

import { AttachRolePolicyCommand, IAMClient } from "@aws-sdk/client-iam"; const client = new IAMClient({}); /** * * @param {string} policyArn * @param {string} roleName */ export const attachRolePolicy = (policyArn, roleName) => { const command = new AttachRolePolicyCommand({ PolicyArn: policyArn, RoleName: roleName, }); return client.send(command); };
SDK for JavaScript (v2)
참고

GitHub에 더 많은 내용이 있습니다. AWS 코드 예제 리포지토리에서 전체 예제를 찾고 설정 및 실행하는 방법을 배워보세요.

// Load the AWS SDK for Node.js var AWS = require("aws-sdk"); // Set the region AWS.config.update({ region: "REGION" }); // Create the IAM service object var iam = new AWS.IAM({ apiVersion: "2010-05-08" }); var paramsRoleList = { RoleName: process.argv[2], }; iam.listAttachedRolePolicies(paramsRoleList, function (err, data) { if (err) { console.log("Error", err); } else { var myRolePolicies = data.AttachedPolicies; myRolePolicies.forEach(function (val, index, array) { if (myRolePolicies[index].PolicyName === "AmazonDynamoDBFullAccess") { console.log( "AmazonDynamoDBFullAccess is already attached to this role." ); process.exit(); } }); var params = { PolicyArn: "arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/AmazonDynamoDBFullAccess", RoleName: process.argv[2], }; iam.attachRolePolicy(params, function (err, data) { if (err) { console.log("Unable to attach policy to role", err); } else { console.log("Role attached successfully"); } }); } });
Kotlin
SDK for Kotlin
참고

GitHub에 더 많은 내용이 있습니다. AWS 코드 예제 리포지토리에서 전체 예제를 찾고 설정 및 실행하는 방법을 배워보세요.

suspend fun attachIAMRolePolicy(roleNameVal: String, policyArnVal: String) { val request = ListAttachedRolePoliciesRequest { roleName = roleNameVal } IamClient { region = "AWS_GLOBAL" }.use { iamClient -> val response = iamClient.listAttachedRolePolicies(request) val attachedPolicies = response.attachedPolicies // Ensure that the policy is not attached to this role. val checkStatus: Int if (attachedPolicies != null) { checkStatus = checkList(attachedPolicies, policyArnVal) if (checkStatus == -1) return } val policyRequest = AttachRolePolicyRequest { roleName = roleNameVal policyArn = policyArnVal } iamClient.attachRolePolicy(policyRequest) println("Successfully attached policy $policyArnVal to role $roleNameVal") } } fun checkList(attachedPolicies: List<AttachedPolicy>, policyArnVal: String): Int { for (policy in attachedPolicies) { val polArn = policy.policyArn.toString() if (polArn.compareTo(policyArnVal) == 0) { println("The policy is already attached to this role.") return -1 } } return 0 }
  • API 세부 정보는 AWS SDK for Kotlin API 참조AttachRolePolicy를 참조하십시오.

PHP
SDK for PHP
참고

GitHub에 더 많은 내용이 있습니다. AWS 코드 예제 리포지토리에서 전체 예제를 찾고 설정 및 실행하는 방법을 배워보세요.

$uuid = uniqid(); $service = new IAMService(); $assumeRolePolicyDocument = "{ \"Version\": \"2012-10-17\", \"Statement\": [{ \"Effect\": \"Allow\", \"Principal\": {\"AWS\": \"{$user['Arn']}\"}, \"Action\": \"sts:AssumeRole\" }] }"; $assumeRoleRole = $service->createRole("iam_demo_role_$uuid", $assumeRolePolicyDocument); echo "Created role: {$assumeRoleRole['RoleName']}\n"; $listAllBucketsPolicyDocument = "{ \"Version\": \"2012-10-17\", \"Statement\": [{ \"Effect\": \"Allow\", \"Action\": \"s3:ListAllMyBuckets\", \"Resource\": \"arn:aws:s3:::*\"}] }"; $listAllBucketsPolicy = $service->createPolicy("iam_demo_policy_$uuid", $listAllBucketsPolicyDocument); echo "Created policy: {$listAllBucketsPolicy['PolicyName']}\n"; $service->attachRolePolicy($assumeRoleRole['RoleName'], $listAllBucketsPolicy['Arn']); public function attachRolePolicy($roleName, $policyArn) { return $this->customWaiter(function () use ($roleName, $policyArn) { $this->iamClient->attachRolePolicy([ 'PolicyArn' => $policyArn, 'RoleName' => $roleName, ]); }); }
  • API 세부 정보는 AWS SDK for PHP API 참조AttachRolePolicy를 참조하십시오.

Python
SDK for Python (Boto3)
참고

GitHub에 더 많은 내용이 있습니다. AWS 코드 예제 리포지토리에서 전체 예제를 찾고 설정 및 실행하는 방법을 배워보세요.

Boto3 정책 객체를 사용하여 역할에 정책을 연결합니다.

def attach_to_role(role_name, policy_arn): """ Attaches a policy to a role. :param role_name: The name of the role. **Note** this is the name, not the ARN. :param policy_arn: The ARN of the policy. """ try: iam.Policy(policy_arn).attach_role(RoleName=role_name) logger.info("Attached policy %s to role %s.", policy_arn, role_name) except ClientError: logger.exception("Couldn't attach policy %s to role %s.", policy_arn, role_name) raise

Boto3 역할 객체를 사용하여 역할에 정책을 연결합니다.

def attach_policy(role_name, policy_arn): """ Attaches a policy to a role. :param role_name: The name of the role. **Note** this is the name, not the ARN. :param policy_arn: The ARN of the policy. """ try: iam.Role(role_name).attach_policy(PolicyArn=policy_arn) logger.info("Attached policy %s to role %s.", policy_arn, role_name) except ClientError: logger.exception("Couldn't attach policy %s to role %s.", policy_arn, role_name) raise
  • API 세부 정보는 AWSSDK for Python (Boto3) API 참조AttachRolePolicy를 참조하십시오.

Ruby
SDK for Ruby
참고

GitHub에 더 많은 내용이 있습니다. AWS코드 예시 리포지토리에서 전체 예시를 찾고 설정 및 실행하는 방법을 배워보세요.

이 예시 모듈은 역할 정책을 나열, 생성, 연결 및 분리합니다.

# Manages policies in AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) class RolePolicyManager # Initialize with an AWS IAM client # # @param iam_client [Aws::IAM::Client] An initialized IAM client def initialize(iam_client, logger: Logger.new($stdout)) @iam_client = iam_client @logger = logger @logger.progname = "PolicyManager" end # Creates a policy # # @param policy_name [String] The name of the policy # @param policy_document [Hash] The policy document # @return [String] The policy ARN if successful, otherwise nil def create_policy(policy_name, policy_document) response = @iam_client.create_policy( policy_name: policy_name, policy_document: policy_document.to_json ) response.policy.arn rescue Aws::IAM::Errors::ServiceError => e @logger.error("Error creating policy: #{e.message}") nil end # Fetches an IAM policy by its ARN # @param policy_arn [String] the ARN of the IAM policy to retrieve # @return [Aws::IAM::Types::GetPolicyResponse] the policy object if found def get_policy(policy_arn) response = @iam_client.get_policy(policy_arn: policy_arn) policy = response.policy @logger.info("Got policy '#{policy.policy_name}'. Its ID is: #{policy.policy_id}.") policy rescue Aws::IAM::Errors::NoSuchEntity @logger.error("Couldn't get policy '#{policy_arn}'. The policy does not exist.") raise rescue Aws::IAM::Errors::ServiceError => e @logger.error("Couldn't get policy '#{policy_arn}'. Here's why: #{e.code}: #{e.message}") raise end # Attaches a policy to a role # # @param role_name [String] The name of the role # @param policy_arn [String] The policy ARN # @return [Boolean] true if successful, false otherwise def attach_policy_to_role(role_name, policy_arn) @iam_client.attach_role_policy( role_name: role_name, policy_arn: policy_arn ) true rescue Aws::IAM::Errors::ServiceError => e @logger.error("Error attaching policy to role: #{e.message}") false end # Lists policy ARNs attached to a role # # @param role_name [String] The name of the role # @return [Array<String>] List of policy ARNs def list_attached_policy_arns(role_name) response = @iam_client.list_attached_role_policies(role_name: role_name) response.attached_policies.map(&:policy_arn) rescue Aws::IAM::Errors::ServiceError => e @logger.error("Error listing policies attached to role: #{e.message}") [] end # Detaches a policy from a role # # @param role_name [String] The name of the role # @param policy_arn [String] The policy ARN # @return [Boolean] true if successful, false otherwise def detach_policy_from_role(role_name, policy_arn) @iam_client.detach_role_policy( role_name: role_name, policy_arn: policy_arn ) true rescue Aws::IAM::Errors::ServiceError => e @logger.error("Error detaching policy from role: #{e.message}") false end end
  • API 세부 정보는 AWS SDK for Ruby API 참조AttachRolePolicy를 참조하세요.

Rust
SDK for Rust
참고

GitHub에 더 많은 내용이 있습니다. AWS코드 예시 리포지토리에서 전체 예시를 찾고 설정 및 실행하는 방법을 배워보세요.

pub async fn attach_role_policy( client: &iamClient, role: &Role, policy: &Policy, ) -> Result<AttachRolePolicyOutput, SdkError<AttachRolePolicyError>> { client .attach_role_policy() .role_name(role.role_name()) .policy_arn(policy.arn().unwrap_or_default()) .send() .await }
  • API 세부 정보는 AWS SDK for Rust API 참조AttachRolePolicy을 참조하십시오.

Swift
SDK for Swift
참고

이 사전 릴리스 설명서는 평가판 버전 SDK에 관한 것입니다. 변경될 수 있습니다.

참고

GitHub에 더 많은 내용이 있습니다. AWS 코드 예제 리포지토리에서 전체 예제를 찾고 설정 및 실행하는 방법을 배워보세요.

public func attachRolePolicy(role: String, policyArn: String) async throws { let input = AttachRolePolicyInput( policyArn: policyArn, roleName: role ) do { _ = try await client.attachRolePolicy(input: input) } catch { throw error } }
  • API 세부 정보는 Swift용 AWS SDK API 참조AttachRolePolicy를 참조하세요.

AWS SDK 개발자 가이드 및 코드 예제의 전체 목록은 AWS SDK와 함께 IAM 사용을 참조하세요. 이 주제에는 시작하기에 대한 정보와 이전 SDK 버전에 대한 세부 정보도 포함되어 있습니다.