DynamoDB 테이블 쿼리 - Amazon DynamoDB

DynamoDB 테이블 쿼리

AWS Management Console, AWS CLI 또는 AWS SDK를 사용하여 DynamoDB 테이블에서 쿼리를 수행할 수 있습니다. 쿼리에 대한 자세한 내용은 DynamoDB의 쿼리 작업 섹션을 참조하세요.

AWS SDK를 사용하여 DynamoDB 테이블 쿼리

다음 코드 예제에서는 AWS SDK를 사용하여 DynamoDB 테이블을 쿼리하는 방법을 보여줍니다.

.NET
AWS SDK for .NET
참고

GitHub에 더 많은 내용이 있습니다. AWS 코드 예제 리포지토리에서 전체 예제를 찾고 설정 및 실행하는 방법을 배워보세요.

/// <summary> /// Queries the table for movies released in a particular year and /// then displays the information for the movies returned. /// </summary> /// <param name="client">The initialized DynamoDB client object.</param> /// <param name="tableName">The name of the table to query.</param> /// <param name="year">The release year for which we want to /// view movies.</param> /// <returns>The number of movies that match the query.</returns> public static async Task<int> QueryMoviesAsync(AmazonDynamoDBClient client, string tableName, int year) { var movieTable = Table.LoadTable(client, tableName); var filter = new QueryFilter("year", QueryOperator.Equal, year); Console.WriteLine("\nFind movies released in: {year}:"); var config = new QueryOperationConfig() { Limit = 10, // 10 items per page. Select = SelectValues.SpecificAttributes, AttributesToGet = new List<string> { "title", "year", }, ConsistentRead = true, Filter = filter, }; // Value used to track how many movies match the // supplied criteria. var moviesFound = 0; Search search = movieTable.Query(config); do { var movieList = await search.GetNextSetAsync(); moviesFound += movieList.Count; foreach (var movie in movieList) { DisplayDocument(movie); } } while (!search.IsDone); return moviesFound; }
  • API 세부 정보는 AWS SDK for .NET API 참조Query를 참조하십시오.

Bash
Bash 스크립트와 함께 AWS CLI사용
참고

GitHub에 더 많은 내용이 있습니다. AWS 코드 예제 리포지토리에서 전체 예제를 찾고 설정 및 실행하는 방법을 배워보세요.

############################################################################# # function dynamodb_query # # This function queries a DynamoDB table. # # Parameters: # -n table_name -- The name of the table. # -k key_condition_expression -- The key condition expression. # -a attribute_names -- Path to JSON file containing the attribute names. # -v attribute_values -- Path to JSON file containing the attribute values. # [-p projection_expression] -- Optional projection expression. # # Returns: # The items as json output. # And: # 0 - If successful. # 1 - If it fails. ########################################################################### function dynamodb_query() { local table_name key_condition_expression attribute_names attribute_values projection_expression response local option OPTARG # Required to use getopts command in a function. # ###################################### # Function usage explanation ####################################### function usage() { echo "function dynamodb_query" echo "Query a DynamoDB table." echo " -n table_name -- The name of the table." echo " -k key_condition_expression -- The key condition expression." echo " -a attribute_names -- Path to JSON file containing the attribute names." echo " -v attribute_values -- Path to JSON file containing the attribute values." echo " [-p projection_expression] -- Optional projection expression." echo "" } while getopts "n:k:a:v:p:h" option; do case "${option}" in n) table_name="${OPTARG}" ;; k) key_condition_expression="${OPTARG}" ;; a) attribute_names="${OPTARG}" ;; v) attribute_values="${OPTARG}" ;; p) projection_expression="${OPTARG}" ;; h) usage return 0 ;; \?) echo "Invalid parameter" usage return 1 ;; esac done export OPTIND=1 if [[ -z "$table_name" ]]; then errecho "ERROR: You must provide a table name with the -n parameter." usage return 1 fi if [[ -z "$key_condition_expression" ]]; then errecho "ERROR: You must provide a key condition expression with the -k parameter." usage return 1 fi if [[ -z "$attribute_names" ]]; then errecho "ERROR: You must provide a attribute names with the -a parameter." usage return 1 fi if [[ -z "$attribute_values" ]]; then errecho "ERROR: You must provide a attribute values with the -v parameter." usage return 1 fi if [[ -z "$projection_expression" ]]; then response=$(aws dynamodb query \ --table-name "$table_name" \ --key-condition-expression "$key_condition_expression" \ --expression-attribute-names file://"$attribute_names" \ --expression-attribute-values file://"$attribute_values") else response=$(aws dynamodb query \ --table-name "$table_name" \ --key-condition-expression "$key_condition_expression" \ --expression-attribute-names file://"$attribute_names" \ --expression-attribute-values file://"$attribute_values" \ --projection-expression "$projection_expression") fi local error_code=${?} if [[ $error_code -ne 0 ]]; then aws_cli_error_log $error_code errecho "ERROR: AWS reports query operation failed.$response" return 1 fi echo "$response" return 0 }

이 예제에 사용된 유틸리티 함수

############################################################################### # function errecho # # This function outputs everything sent to it to STDERR (standard error output). ############################################################################### function errecho() { printf "%s\n" "$*" 1>&2 } ############################################################################## # function aws_cli_error_log() # # This function is used to log the error messages from the AWS CLI. # # See https://docs.aws.amazon.com/cli/latest/topic/return-codes.html#cli-aws-help-return-codes. # # The function expects the following argument: # $1 - The error code returned by the AWS CLI. # # Returns: # 0: - Success. # ############################################################################## function aws_cli_error_log() { local err_code=$1 errecho "Error code : $err_code" if [ "$err_code" == 1 ]; then errecho " One or more S3 transfers failed." elif [ "$err_code" == 2 ]; then errecho " Command line failed to parse." elif [ "$err_code" == 130 ]; then errecho " Process received SIGINT." elif [ "$err_code" == 252 ]; then errecho " Command syntax invalid." elif [ "$err_code" == 253 ]; then errecho " The system environment or configuration was invalid." elif [ "$err_code" == 254 ]; then errecho " The service returned an error." elif [ "$err_code" == 255 ]; then errecho " 255 is a catch-all error." fi return 0 }
  • API 세부 정보는 AWS CLI 명령 참조Query를 참조하십시오.

C++
SDK for C++
참고

GitHub에 더 많은 내용이 있습니다. AWS 코드 예제 리포지토리에서 전체 예제를 찾고 설정 및 실행하는 방법을 배워보세요.

//! Perform a query on an Amazon DynamoDB Table and retrieve items. /*! \sa queryItem() \param tableName: The table name. \param partitionKey: The partition key. \param partitionValue: The value for the partition key. \param projectionExpression: The projections expression, which is ignored if empty. \param clientConfiguration: AWS client configuration. \return bool: Function succeeded. */ /* * The partition key attribute is searched with the specified value. By default, all fields and values * contained in the item are returned. If an optional projection expression is * specified on the command line, only the specified fields and values are * returned. */ bool AwsDoc::DynamoDB::queryItems(const Aws::String &tableName, const Aws::String &partitionKey, const Aws::String &partitionValue, const Aws::String &projectionExpression, const Aws::Client::ClientConfiguration &clientConfiguration) { Aws::DynamoDB::DynamoDBClient dynamoClient(clientConfiguration); Aws::DynamoDB::Model::QueryRequest request; request.SetTableName(tableName); if (!projectionExpression.empty()) { request.SetProjectionExpression(projectionExpression); } // Set query key condition expression. request.SetKeyConditionExpression(partitionKey + "= :valueToMatch"); // Set Expression AttributeValues. Aws::Map<Aws::String, Aws::DynamoDB::Model::AttributeValue> attributeValues; attributeValues.emplace(":valueToMatch", partitionValue); request.SetExpressionAttributeValues(attributeValues); bool result = true; // "exclusiveStartKey" is used for pagination. Aws::Map<Aws::String, Aws::DynamoDB::Model::AttributeValue> exclusiveStartKey; do { if (!exclusiveStartKey.empty()) { request.SetExclusiveStartKey(exclusiveStartKey); exclusiveStartKey.clear(); } // Perform Query operation. const Aws::DynamoDB::Model::QueryOutcome &outcome = dynamoClient.Query(request); if (outcome.IsSuccess()) { // Reference the retrieved items. const Aws::Vector<Aws::Map<Aws::String, Aws::DynamoDB::Model::AttributeValue>> &items = outcome.GetResult().GetItems(); if (!items.empty()) { std::cout << "Number of items retrieved from Query: " << items.size() << std::endl; // Iterate each item and print. for (const auto &item: items) { std::cout << "******************************************************" << std::endl; // Output each retrieved field and its value. for (const auto &i: item) std::cout << i.first << ": " << i.second.GetS() << std::endl; } } else { std::cout << "No item found in table: " << tableName << std::endl; } exclusiveStartKey = outcome.GetResult().GetLastEvaluatedKey(); } else { std::cerr << "Failed to Query items: " << outcome.GetError().GetMessage(); result = false; break; } } while (!exclusiveStartKey.empty()); return result; }
  • API 세부 정보는 AWS SDK for C++ API 참조Query를 참조하십시오.

CLI
AWS CLI

예 1: 테이블을 쿼리하는 방법

다음 query 예시에서는 MusicCollection 테이블의 항목을 쿼리합니다. 테이블에는 해시 및 범위 프라이머리 키(ArtistSongTitle)가 있지만 이 쿼리는 해시 키 값만 지정합니다. 'No One You Know'라는 아티스트의 노래 제목이 반환됩니다.

aws dynamodb query \ --table-name MusicCollection \ --projection-expression "SongTitle" \ --key-condition-expression "Artist = :v1" \ --expression-attribute-values file://expression-attributes.json \ --return-consumed-capacity TOTAL

expression-attributes.json의 콘텐츠:

{ ":v1": {"S": "No One You Know"} }

출력:

{ "Items": [ { "SongTitle": { "S": "Call Me Today" }, "SongTitle": { "S": "Scared of My Shadow" } } ], "Count": 2, "ScannedCount": 2, "ConsumedCapacity": { "TableName": "MusicCollection", "CapacityUnits": 0.5 } }

자세한 내용은 Amazon DynamoDB 개발자 안내서의 DynamoDB에서 쿼리 작업을 참조하세요.

예 2: 강력히 일관된 읽기를 사용하여 테이블을 쿼리하고 인덱스를 내림차순으로 탐색하는 방법

다음 예시에서는 첫 번째 예와 동일한 쿼리를 수행하지만 결과를 역순으로 반환하고 강력히 일관된 읽기를 사용합니다.

aws dynamodb query \ --table-name MusicCollection \ --projection-expression "SongTitle" \ --key-condition-expression "Artist = :v1" \ --expression-attribute-values file://expression-attributes.json \ --consistent-read \ --no-scan-index-forward \ --return-consumed-capacity TOTAL

expression-attributes.json의 콘텐츠:

{ ":v1": {"S": "No One You Know"} }

출력:

{ "Items": [ { "SongTitle": { "S": "Scared of My Shadow" } }, { "SongTitle": { "S": "Call Me Today" } } ], "Count": 2, "ScannedCount": 2, "ConsumedCapacity": { "TableName": "MusicCollection", "CapacityUnits": 1.0 } }

자세한 내용은 Amazon DynamoDB 개발자 안내서의 DynamoDB에서 쿼리 작업을 참조하세요.

예 3: 특정 결과를 필터링하는 방법

다음 예시에서는 MusicCollection을 쿼리하되 AlbumTitle 속성에 특정 값이 있는 결과를 제외합니다. 항목을 읽은 후에 필터가 적용되므로 ScannedCount 또는 ConsumedCapacity에는 영향을 주지 않는다는 점에 유의하세요.

aws dynamodb query \ --table-name MusicCollection \ --key-condition-expression "#n1 = :v1" \ --filter-expression "NOT (#n2 IN (:v2, :v3))" \ --expression-attribute-names file://names.json \ --expression-attribute-values file://values.json \ --return-consumed-capacity TOTAL

values.json의 콘텐츠:

{ ":v1": {"S": "No One You Know"}, ":v2": {"S": "Blue Sky Blues"}, ":v3": {"S": "Greatest Hits"} }

names.json의 콘텐츠:

{ "#n1": "Artist", "#n2": "AlbumTitle" }

출력:

{ "Items": [ { "AlbumTitle": { "S": "Somewhat Famous" }, "Artist": { "S": "No One You Know" }, "SongTitle": { "S": "Call Me Today" } } ], "Count": 1, "ScannedCount": 2, "ConsumedCapacity": { "TableName": "MusicCollection", "CapacityUnits": 0.5 } }

자세한 내용은 Amazon DynamoDB 개발자 안내서의 DynamoDB에서 쿼리 작업을 참조하세요.

예 4: 항목 수만 검색하는 방법

다음 예시에서는 쿼리와 일치하는 항목 수를 검색하지만 항목 자체는 검색하지 않습니다.

aws dynamodb query \ --table-name MusicCollection \ --select COUNT \ --key-condition-expression "Artist = :v1" \ --expression-attribute-values file://expression-attributes.json

expression-attributes.json의 콘텐츠:

{ ":v1": {"S": "No One You Know"} }

출력:

{ "Count": 2, "ScannedCount": 2, "ConsumedCapacity": null }

자세한 내용은 Amazon DynamoDB 개발자 안내서의 DynamoDB에서 쿼리 작업을 참조하세요.

예 5: 인덱스를 쿼리하는 방법

다음 예시에서는 로컬 보조 인덱스 AlbumTitleIndex를 쿼리합니다. 쿼리는 로컬 보조 인덱스로 프로젝션된 기본 테이블의 모든 속성을 반환합니다. 로컬 보조 인덱스 또는 글로벌 보조 인덱스를 쿼리할 때는 table-name 파라미터를 사용하여 기본 테이블의 이름도 제공해야 한다는 점에 유의하세요.

aws dynamodb query \ --table-name MusicCollection \ --index-name AlbumTitleIndex \ --key-condition-expression "Artist = :v1" \ --expression-attribute-values file://expression-attributes.json \ --select ALL_PROJECTED_ATTRIBUTES \ --return-consumed-capacity INDEXES

expression-attributes.json의 콘텐츠:

{ ":v1": {"S": "No One You Know"} }

출력:

{ "Items": [ { "AlbumTitle": { "S": "Blue Sky Blues" }, "Artist": { "S": "No One You Know" }, "SongTitle": { "S": "Scared of My Shadow" } }, { "AlbumTitle": { "S": "Somewhat Famous" }, "Artist": { "S": "No One You Know" }, "SongTitle": { "S": "Call Me Today" } } ], "Count": 2, "ScannedCount": 2, "ConsumedCapacity": { "TableName": "MusicCollection", "CapacityUnits": 0.5, "Table": { "CapacityUnits": 0.0 }, "LocalSecondaryIndexes": { "AlbumTitleIndex": { "CapacityUnits": 0.5 } } } }

자세한 내용은 Amazon DynamoDB 개발자 안내서의 DynamoDB에서 쿼리 작업을 참조하세요.

  • API 세부 정보는 AWS CLI 명령 참조Query를 참조하십시오.

Go
SDK for Go V2
참고

GitHub에 더 많은 내용이 있습니다. AWS 코드 예제 리포지토리에서 전체 예제를 찾고 설정 및 실행하는 방법을 배워보세요.

// TableBasics encapsulates the Amazon DynamoDB service actions used in the examples. // It contains a DynamoDB service client that is used to act on the specified table. type TableBasics struct { DynamoDbClient *dynamodb.Client TableName string } // Query gets all movies in the DynamoDB table that were released in the specified year. // The function uses the `expression` package to build the key condition expression // that is used in the query. func (basics TableBasics) Query(releaseYear int) ([]Movie, error) { var err error var response *dynamodb.QueryOutput var movies []Movie keyEx := expression.Key("year").Equal(expression.Value(releaseYear)) expr, err := expression.NewBuilder().WithKeyCondition(keyEx).Build() if err != nil { log.Printf("Couldn't build expression for query. Here's why: %v\n", err) } else { queryPaginator := dynamodb.NewQueryPaginator(basics.DynamoDbClient, &dynamodb.QueryInput{ TableName: aws.String(basics.TableName), ExpressionAttributeNames: expr.Names(), ExpressionAttributeValues: expr.Values(), KeyConditionExpression: expr.KeyCondition(), }) for queryPaginator.HasMorePages() { response, err = queryPaginator.NextPage(context.TODO()) if err != nil { log.Printf("Couldn't query for movies released in %v. Here's why: %v\n", releaseYear, err) break } else { var moviePage []Movie err = attributevalue.UnmarshalListOfMaps(response.Items, &moviePage) if err != nil { log.Printf("Couldn't unmarshal query response. Here's why: %v\n", err) break } else { movies = append(movies, moviePage...) } } } } return movies, err } // Movie encapsulates data about a movie. Title and Year are the composite primary key // of the movie in Amazon DynamoDB. Title is the sort key, Year is the partition key, // and Info is additional data. type Movie struct { Title string `dynamodbav:"title"` Year int `dynamodbav:"year"` Info map[string]interface{} `dynamodbav:"info"` } // GetKey returns the composite primary key of the movie in a format that can be // sent to DynamoDB. func (movie Movie) GetKey() map[string]types.AttributeValue { title, err := attributevalue.Marshal(movie.Title) if err != nil { panic(err) } year, err := attributevalue.Marshal(movie.Year) if err != nil { panic(err) } return map[string]types.AttributeValue{"title": title, "year": year} } // String returns the title, year, rating, and plot of a movie, formatted for the example. func (movie Movie) String() string { return fmt.Sprintf("%v\n\tReleased: %v\n\tRating: %v\n\tPlot: %v\n", movie.Title, movie.Year, movie.Info["rating"], movie.Info["plot"]) }
  • API 세부 정보는 AWS SDK for Go API 참조Query를 참조하십시오.

Java
SDK for Java 2.x
참고

GitHub에 더 많은 내용이 있습니다. AWS 코드 예제 리포지토리에서 전체 예제를 찾고 설정 및 실행하는 방법을 배워보세요.

DynamoDbClient를 사용하여 테이블을 쿼리합니다.

import software.amazon.awssdk.regions.Region; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.dynamodb.DynamoDbClient; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.dynamodb.model.AttributeValue; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.dynamodb.model.DynamoDbException; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.dynamodb.model.QueryRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.dynamodb.model.QueryResponse; import java.util.HashMap; /** * Before running this Java V2 code example, set up your development * environment, including your credentials. * * For more information, see the following documentation topic: * * https://docs.aws.amazon.com/sdk-for-java/latest/developer-guide/get-started.html * * To query items from an Amazon DynamoDB table using the AWS SDK for Java V2, * its better practice to use the * Enhanced Client. See the EnhancedQueryRecords example. */ public class Query { public static void main(String[] args) { final String usage = """ Usage: <tableName> <partitionKeyName> <partitionKeyVal> Where: tableName - The Amazon DynamoDB table to put the item in (for example, Music3). partitionKeyName - The partition key name of the Amazon DynamoDB table (for example, Artist). partitionKeyVal - The value of the partition key that should match (for example, Famous Band). """; if (args.length != 3) { System.out.println(usage); System.exit(1); } String tableName = args[0]; String partitionKeyName = args[1]; String partitionKeyVal = args[2]; // For more information about an alias, see: // https://docs.aws.amazon.com/amazondynamodb/latest/developerguide/Expressions.ExpressionAttributeNames.html String partitionAlias = "#a"; System.out.format("Querying %s", tableName); System.out.println(""); Region region = Region.US_EAST_1; DynamoDbClient ddb = DynamoDbClient.builder() .region(region) .build(); int count = queryTable(ddb, tableName, partitionKeyName, partitionKeyVal, partitionAlias); System.out.println("There were " + count + " record(s) returned"); ddb.close(); } public static int queryTable(DynamoDbClient ddb, String tableName, String partitionKeyName, String partitionKeyVal, String partitionAlias) { // Set up an alias for the partition key name in case it's a reserved word. HashMap<String, String> attrNameAlias = new HashMap<String, String>(); attrNameAlias.put(partitionAlias, partitionKeyName); // Set up mapping of the partition name with the value. HashMap<String, AttributeValue> attrValues = new HashMap<>(); attrValues.put(":" + partitionKeyName, AttributeValue.builder() .s(partitionKeyVal) .build()); QueryRequest queryReq = QueryRequest.builder() .tableName(tableName) .keyConditionExpression(partitionAlias + " = :" + partitionKeyName) .expressionAttributeNames(attrNameAlias) .expressionAttributeValues(attrValues) .build(); try { QueryResponse response = ddb.query(queryReq); return response.count(); } catch (DynamoDbException e) { System.err.println(e.getMessage()); System.exit(1); } return -1; } }

DynamoDbClient 및 보조 인덱스를 사용하여 테이블을 쿼리합니다.

import software.amazon.awssdk.regions.Region; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.dynamodb.DynamoDbClient; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.dynamodb.model.AttributeValue; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.dynamodb.model.DynamoDbException; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.dynamodb.model.QueryRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.dynamodb.model.QueryResponse; import java.util.HashMap; import java.util.Map; /** * Before running this Java V2 code example, set up your development * environment, including your credentials. * * For more information, see the following documentation topic: * * https://docs.aws.amazon.com/sdk-for-java/latest/developer-guide/get-started.html * * Create the Movies table by running the Scenario example and loading the Movie * data from the JSON file. Next create a secondary * index for the Movies table that uses only the year column. Name the index * **year-index**. For more information, see: * * https://docs.aws.amazon.com/amazondynamodb/latest/developerguide/GSI.html */ public class QueryItemsUsingIndex { public static void main(String[] args) { String tableName = "Movies"; Region region = Region.US_EAST_1; DynamoDbClient ddb = DynamoDbClient.builder() .region(region) .build(); queryIndex(ddb, tableName); ddb.close(); } public static void queryIndex(DynamoDbClient ddb, String tableName) { try { Map<String, String> expressionAttributesNames = new HashMap<>(); expressionAttributesNames.put("#year", "year"); Map<String, AttributeValue> expressionAttributeValues = new HashMap<>(); expressionAttributeValues.put(":yearValue", AttributeValue.builder().n("2013").build()); QueryRequest request = QueryRequest.builder() .tableName(tableName) .indexName("year-index") .keyConditionExpression("#year = :yearValue") .expressionAttributeNames(expressionAttributesNames) .expressionAttributeValues(expressionAttributeValues) .build(); System.out.println("=== Movie Titles ==="); QueryResponse response = ddb.query(request); response.items() .forEach(movie -> System.out.println(movie.get("title").s())); } catch (DynamoDbException e) { System.err.println(e.getMessage()); System.exit(1); } } }
  • API 세부 정보는 AWS SDK for Java 2.x API 참조Query를 참조하십시오.

JavaScript
SDK for JavaScript (v3)
참고

GitHub에 더 많은 내용이 있습니다. AWS 코드 예제 리포지토리에서 전체 예제를 찾고 설정 및 실행하는 방법을 배워보세요.

이 예제에서는 문서 클라이언트를 사용하여 DynamoDB의 항목 작업을 단순화합니다. API에 대한 세부 정보는 QueryCommand를 참조하십시오.

import { DynamoDBClient } from "@aws-sdk/client-dynamodb"; import { QueryCommand, DynamoDBDocumentClient } from "@aws-sdk/lib-dynamodb"; const client = new DynamoDBClient({}); const docClient = DynamoDBDocumentClient.from(client); export const main = async () => { const command = new QueryCommand({ TableName: "CoffeeCrop", KeyConditionExpression: "OriginCountry = :originCountry AND RoastDate > :roastDate", ExpressionAttributeValues: { ":originCountry": "Ethiopia", ":roastDate": "2023-05-01", }, ConsistentRead: true, }); const response = await docClient.send(command); console.log(response); return response; };
SDK for JavaScript (v2)
참고

GitHub에 더 많은 내용이 있습니다. AWS코드 예제 리포지토리에서 전체 예제를 찾고 설정 및 실행하는 방법을 배워보세요.

// Load the AWS SDK for Node.js var AWS = require("aws-sdk"); // Set the region AWS.config.update({ region: "REGION" }); // Create DynamoDB document client var docClient = new AWS.DynamoDB.DocumentClient({ apiVersion: "2012-08-10" }); var params = { ExpressionAttributeValues: { ":s": 2, ":e": 9, ":topic": "PHRASE", }, KeyConditionExpression: "Season = :s and Episode > :e", FilterExpression: "contains (Subtitle, :topic)", TableName: "EPISODES_TABLE", }; docClient.query(params, function (err, data) { if (err) { console.log("Error", err); } else { console.log("Success", data.Items); } });
Kotlin
SDK for Kotlin
참고

GitHub에 더 많은 내용이 있습니다. AWS 코드 예제 리포지토리에서 전체 예제를 찾고 설정 및 실행하는 방법을 배워보세요.

suspend fun queryDynTable( tableNameVal: String, partitionKeyName: String, partitionKeyVal: String, partitionAlias: String ): Int { val attrNameAlias = mutableMapOf<String, String>() attrNameAlias[partitionAlias] = partitionKeyName // Set up mapping of the partition name with the value. val attrValues = mutableMapOf<String, AttributeValue>() attrValues[":$partitionKeyName"] = AttributeValue.S(partitionKeyVal) val request = QueryRequest { tableName = tableNameVal keyConditionExpression = "$partitionAlias = :$partitionKeyName" expressionAttributeNames = attrNameAlias this.expressionAttributeValues = attrValues } DynamoDbClient { region = "us-east-1" }.use { ddb -> val response = ddb.query(request) return response.count } }
  • API 세부 정보는 AWS SDK for Kotlin API 참조Query를 참조하십시오.

PHP
SDK for PHP
참고

GitHub에 더 많은 내용이 있습니다. AWS 코드 예제 리포지토리에서 전체 예제를 찾고 설정 및 실행하는 방법을 배워보세요.

$birthKey = [ 'Key' => [ 'year' => [ 'N' => "$birthYear", ], ], ]; $result = $service->query($tableName, $birthKey); public function query(string $tableName, $key) { $expressionAttributeValues = []; $expressionAttributeNames = []; $keyConditionExpression = ""; $index = 1; foreach ($key as $name => $value) { $keyConditionExpression .= "#" . array_key_first($value) . " = :v$index,"; $expressionAttributeNames["#" . array_key_first($value)] = array_key_first($value); $hold = array_pop($value); $expressionAttributeValues[":v$index"] = [ array_key_first($hold) => array_pop($hold), ]; } $keyConditionExpression = substr($keyConditionExpression, 0, -1); $query = [ 'ExpressionAttributeValues' => $expressionAttributeValues, 'ExpressionAttributeNames' => $expressionAttributeNames, 'KeyConditionExpression' => $keyConditionExpression, 'TableName' => $tableName, ]; return $this->dynamoDbClient->query($query); }
  • API 세부 정보는 AWS SDK for PHP API 참조Query를 참조하십시오.

PowerShell
PowerShell용 도구

예 1: 지정된 SongTitle 및 Artist와 함께 DynamoDB 항목을 반환하는 쿼리를 간접 호출합니다.

$invokeDDBQuery = @{ TableName = 'Music' KeyConditionExpression = ' SongTitle = :SongTitle and Artist = :Artist' ExpressionAttributeValues = @{ ':SongTitle' = 'Somewhere Down The Road' ':Artist' = 'No One You Know' } | ConvertTo-DDBItem } Invoke-DDBQuery @invokeDDBQuery | ConvertFrom-DDBItem

출력:

Name Value ---- ----- Genre Country Artist No One You Know Price 1.94 CriticRating 9 SongTitle Somewhere Down The Road AlbumTitle Somewhat Famous
  • API 세부 정보는 AWS Tools for PowerShell Cmdlet 참조의 Query를 참조하세요.

Python
SDK for Python (Boto3)
참고

GitHub에 더 많은 내용이 있습니다. AWS 코드 예제 리포지토리에서 전체 예제를 찾고 설정 및 실행하는 방법을 배워보세요.

키 조건 표현식을 사용하여 항목을 쿼리합니다.

class Movies: """Encapsulates an Amazon DynamoDB table of movie data.""" def __init__(self, dyn_resource): """ :param dyn_resource: A Boto3 DynamoDB resource. """ self.dyn_resource = dyn_resource # The table variable is set during the scenario in the call to # 'exists' if the table exists. Otherwise, it is set by 'create_table'. self.table = None def query_movies(self, year): """ Queries for movies that were released in the specified year. :param year: The year to query. :return: The list of movies that were released in the specified year. """ try: response = self.table.query(KeyConditionExpression=Key("year").eq(year)) except ClientError as err: logger.error( "Couldn't query for movies released in %s. Here's why: %s: %s", year, err.response["Error"]["Code"], err.response["Error"]["Message"], ) raise else: return response["Items"]

데이터 하위 집합을 반환하도록 항목을 쿼리하고 프로젝션합니다.

class UpdateQueryWrapper: def __init__(self, table): self.table = table def query_and_project_movies(self, year, title_bounds): """ Query for movies that were released in a specified year and that have titles that start within a range of letters. A projection expression is used to return a subset of data for each movie. :param year: The release year to query. :param title_bounds: The range of starting letters to query. :return: The list of movies. """ try: response = self.table.query( ProjectionExpression="#yr, title, info.genres, info.actors[0]", ExpressionAttributeNames={"#yr": "year"}, KeyConditionExpression=( Key("year").eq(year) & Key("title").between( title_bounds["first"], title_bounds["second"] ) ), ) except ClientError as err: if err.response["Error"]["Code"] == "ValidationException": logger.warning( "There's a validation error. Here's the message: %s: %s", err.response["Error"]["Code"], err.response["Error"]["Message"], ) else: logger.error( "Couldn't query for movies. Here's why: %s: %s", err.response["Error"]["Code"], err.response["Error"]["Message"], ) raise else: return response["Items"]
  • API 세부 정보는 AWSSDK for Python (Boto3) API 참조Query를 참조하십시오.

Ruby
SDK for Ruby
참고

GitHub에 더 많은 내용이 있습니다. AWS 코드 예제 리포지토리에서 전체 예제를 찾고 설정 및 실행하는 방법을 배워보세요.

class DynamoDBBasics attr_reader :dynamo_resource attr_reader :table def initialize(table_name) client = Aws::DynamoDB::Client.new(region: "us-east-1") @dynamo_resource = Aws::DynamoDB::Resource.new(client: client) @table = @dynamo_resource.table(table_name) end # Queries for movies that were released in the specified year. # # @param year [Integer] The year to query. # @return [Array] The list of movies that were released in the specified year. def query_items(year) response = @table.query( key_condition_expression: "#yr = :year", expression_attribute_names: {"#yr" => "year"}, expression_attribute_values: {":year" => year}) rescue Aws::DynamoDB::Errors::ServiceError => e puts("Couldn't query for movies released in #{year}. Here's why:") puts("\t#{e.code}: #{e.message}") raise else response.items end
  • API 세부 정보는 AWS SDK for Ruby API 참조Query를 참조하십시오.

Rust
SDK for Rust
참고

GitHub에 더 많은 내용이 있습니다. AWS코드 예시 리포지토리에서 전체 예시를 찾고 설정 및 실행하는 방법을 배워보세요.

지정된 연도에 제작된 영화를 찾습니다.

pub async fn movies_in_year( client: &Client, table_name: &str, year: u16, ) -> Result<Vec<Movie>, MovieError> { let results = client .query() .table_name(table_name) .key_condition_expression("#yr = :yyyy") .expression_attribute_names("#yr", "year") .expression_attribute_values(":yyyy", AttributeValue::N(year.to_string())) .send() .await?; if let Some(items) = results.items { let movies = items.iter().map(|v| v.into()).collect(); Ok(movies) } else { Ok(vec![]) } }
  • API 세부 정보는 AWS SDK for Rust API 참조Query를 참조하십시오.

SAP ABAP
SDK for SAP ABAP API
참고

GitHub에 더 많은 내용이 있습니다. AWS 코드 예제 리포지토리에서 전체 예제를 찾고 설정 및 실행하는 방법을 배워보세요.

TRY. " Query movies for a given year . DATA(lt_attributelist) = VALUE /aws1/cl_dynattributevalue=>tt_attributevaluelist( ( NEW /aws1/cl_dynattributevalue( iv_n = |{ iv_year }| ) ) ). DATA(lt_key_conditions) = VALUE /aws1/cl_dyncondition=>tt_keyconditions( ( VALUE /aws1/cl_dyncondition=>ts_keyconditions_maprow( key = 'year' value = NEW /aws1/cl_dyncondition( it_attributevaluelist = lt_attributelist iv_comparisonoperator = |EQ| ) ) ) ). oo_result = lo_dyn->query( iv_tablename = iv_table_name it_keyconditions = lt_key_conditions ). DATA(lt_items) = oo_result->get_items( ). "You can loop over the results to get item attributes. LOOP AT lt_items INTO DATA(lt_item). DATA(lo_title) = lt_item[ key = 'title' ]-value. DATA(lo_year) = lt_item[ key = 'year' ]-value. ENDLOOP. DATA(lv_count) = oo_result->get_count( ). MESSAGE 'Item count is: ' && lv_count TYPE 'I'. CATCH /aws1/cx_dynresourcenotfoundex. MESSAGE 'The table or index does not exist' TYPE 'E'. ENDTRY.
  • API 세부 정보는 AWSSDK for SAP ABAP APIQuery을 참조하십시오.

Swift
SDK for Swift
참고

이 사전 릴리스 설명서는 평가판 버전 SDK에 관한 것입니다. 내용은 변경될 수 있습니다.

참고

GitHub에 더 많은 내용이 있습니다. AWS 코드 예제 리포지토리에서 전체 예제를 찾고 설정 및 실행하는 방법을 배워보세요.

/// Get all the movies released in the specified year. /// /// - Parameter year: The release year of the movies to return. /// /// - Returns: An array of `Movie` objects describing each matching movie. /// func getMovies(fromYear year: Int) async throws -> [Movie] { guard let client = self.ddbClient else { throw MoviesError.UninitializedClient } let input = QueryInput( expressionAttributeNames: [ "#y": "year" ], expressionAttributeValues: [ ":y": .n(String(year)) ], keyConditionExpression: "#y = :y", tableName: self.tableName ) let output = try await client.query(input: input) guard let items = output.items else { throw MoviesError.ItemNotFound } // Convert the found movies into `Movie` objects and return an array // of them. var movieList: [Movie] = [] for item in items { let movie = try Movie(withItem: item) movieList.append(movie) } return movieList }
  • API에 대한 세부 정보는 AWS Swift용 SDK API 참조의 Query를 참조하세요.

더 많은 DynamoDB 예제는 AWS SDK를 사용한 DynamoDB용 코드 예제 섹션을 참조하세요.