Tutorial: Using AWS Lambda with Amazon Simple Queue Service - AWS Lambda

Tutorial: Using AWS Lambda with Amazon Simple Queue Service

In this tutorial, you create a Lambda function to consume messages from an Amazon SQS queue.


This tutorial assumes that you have some knowledge of basic Lambda operations and the Lambda console. If you haven't already, follow the instructions in Getting started with Lambda to create your first Lambda function.

To complete the following steps, you need a command line terminal or shell to run commands. Commands and the expected output are listed in separate blocks:

aws --version

You should see the following output:

aws-cli/2.0.57 Python/3.7.4 Darwin/19.6.0 exe/x86_64

For long commands, an escape character (\) is used to split a command over multiple lines.

On Linux and macOS, use your preferred shell and package manager. On Windows 10, you can install the Windows Subsystem for Linux to get a Windows-integrated version of Ubuntu and Bash.

Create the execution role

Create the execution role that gives your function permission to access AWS resources.

To create an execution role

  1. Open the roles page in the IAM console.

  2. Choose Create role.

  3. Create a role with the following properties.

    • Trusted entityAWS Lambda.

    • PermissionsAWSLambdaSQSQueueExecutionRole.

    • Role namelambda-sqs-role.

The AWSLambdaSQSQueueExecutionRole policy has the permissions that the function needs to read items from Amazon SQS and write logs to CloudWatch Logs.

Create the function

The following example shows how to process each Amazon SQS message in the event input. See Using AWS Lambda with Amazon SQS for an example of an event with multiple messages. In the example, the code writes each message to a log in CloudWatch Logs.


For sample code in other languages, see Sample Amazon SQS function code.

Example index.js

exports.handler = async function(event, context) { event.Records.forEach(record => { const { body } = record; console.log(body); }); return {}; }

To create the function

  1. Copy the sample code into a file named index.js.

  2. Create a deployment package.

    zip function.zip index.js
  3. Create a Lambda function with the create-function command.

    aws lambda create-function --function-name ProcessSQSRecord \ --zip-file fileb://function.zip --handler index.handler --runtime nodejs12.x \ --role arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/lambda-sqs-role

Test the function

Invoke your Lambda function manually using the invoke AWS Lambda CLI command and a sample Amazon Simple Queue Service event.

If the handler returns normally without exceptions, Lambda considers the message processed successfully and begins reading new messages in the queue. Once a message is processed successfully, it is automatically deleted from the queue. If the handler throws an exception, Lambda considers the input of messages as not processed and invokes the function with the same batch of messages.

  1. Copy the following JSON into a file and save it as input.txt.

    { "Records": [ { "messageId": "059f36b4-87a3-44ab-83d2-661975830a7d", "receiptHandle": "AQEBwJnKyrHigUMZj6rYigCgxlaS3SLy0a...", "body": "test", "attributes": { "ApproximateReceiveCount": "1", "SentTimestamp": "1545082649183", "SenderId": "AIDAIENQZJOLO23YVJ4VO", "ApproximateFirstReceiveTimestamp": "1545082649185" }, "messageAttributes": {}, "md5OfBody": "098f6bcd4621d373cade4e832627b4f6", "eventSource": "aws:sqs", "eventSourceARN": "arn:aws:sqs:us-east-2:123456789012:my-queue", "awsRegion": "us-east-2" } ] }
  2. Run the following invoke command.

    aws lambda invoke --function-name ProcessSQSRecord \ --payload file://input.txt outputfile.txt

    If you are using AWS CLI version 2, add the following command parameter:

    --cli-binary-format raw-in-base64-out
  3. Verify the output in the outputfile.txt file.

Create an Amazon SQS queue

Create an Amazon SQS queue that the Lambda function can use as an event source.

To create a queue

  1. Sign in to the AWS Management Console and open the Amazon SQS console at https://console.aws.amazon.com/sqs/.

  2. In the Amazon SQS console, create a queue.

  3. Write down or otherwise record the identifying queue ARN (Amazon Resource Name). You need this in the next step when you associate the queue with your Lambda function.

Create an event source mapping in AWS Lambda. This event source mapping associates the Amazon SQS queue with your Lambda function. After you create this event source mapping, AWS Lambda starts polling the queue.

Test the end-to-end experience. As you perform queue updates, Amazon Simple Queue Service writes messages to the queue. AWS Lambda polls the queue, detects new records and invokes your Lambda function on your behalf by passing events, in this case Amazon SQS messages, to the function.

Configure the event source

To create a mapping between the specified Amazon SQS queue and the Lambda function, run the following AWS CLI create-event-source-mapping command. After the command runs, write down or otherwise record the UUID. You'll need this UUID to refer to the event source mapping in any other commands, for example, if you choose to delete the event source mapping.

aws lambda create-event-source-mapping --function-name ProcessSQSRecord --batch-size 10 \ --event-source-arn arn:aws:sqs:us-east-2:123456789012:my-queue

You can get the list of event source mappings by running the following command.

aws lambda list-event-source-mappings --function-name ProcessSQSRecord \ --event-source-arn arn:aws:sqs:us-east-2:123456789012:my-queue

The list returns all of the event source mappings you created, and for each mapping it shows the LastProcessingResult, among other things. This field is used to provide an informative message if there are any problems. Values such as No records processed (indicates that AWS Lambda has not started polling or that there are no records in the queue) and OK (indicates AWS Lambda successfully read records from the queue and invoked your Lambda function) indicate that there no issues. If there are issues, you receive an error message.

Test the setup

Now you can test the setup as follows:

  1. In the Amazon SQS console, send messages to the queue. Amazon SQS writes records of these actions to the queue.

  2. AWS Lambda polls the queue and when it detects updates, it invokes your Lambda function by passing in the event data it finds in the queue.

  3. Your function runs and creates logs in Amazon CloudWatch. You can verify the logs reported in the Amazon CloudWatch console.

Clean up your resources

You can now delete the resources that you created for this tutorial, unless you want to retain them. By deleting AWS resources that you're no longer using, you prevent unnecessary charges to your AWS account.

To delete the execution role

  1. Open the Roles page of the IAM console.

  2. Select the execution role that you created.

  3. Choose Delete role.

  4. Choose Yes, delete.

To delete the Lambda function

  1. Open the Functions page of the Lambda console.

  2. Select the function that you created.

  3. Choose Actions, Delete.

  4. Choose Delete.

To delete the Amazon SQS queue

  1. Sign in to the AWS Management Console and open the Amazon SQS console at https://console.aws.amazon.com/sqs/.

  2. Select the queue you created.

  3. Choose Delete.

  4. Enter delete in the text box.

  5. Choose Delete.