Outpost site requirements - AWS Outposts

Outpost site requirements

An Outpost site is the physical location where your Outpost operates. Before you order an Outpost, consider the following information about the location of your site and its requirements:

  • Outposts come in different form factors, each with separate requirements. Verify that your site meets the requirements for the form factor that you're ordering.

  • Outposts racks are available in select countries and territories. For more information, see the question, In which countries and territories are Outposts racks available?, in AWS Outposts rack FAQs.

  • Outposts servers are available in select countries and territories. For more information, see the question, In which countries and territories are Outposts servers available?, in AWS Outposts servers FAQs.

Site requirements for Outpost racks

These are the facility, networking, power, and rack order fulfillment requirements for Outposts racks.

Facility

These are the facility requirements for racks.

Topics

    • Temperature and humidity – The ambient temperature must be between 41° F (5° C) and 95° F (35° C). The relative humidity must be between 8 percent and 80 percent with no condensation.

    • Airflow – Racks draw cold air from the front aisle and exhaust hot air to the back aisle. The rack position must provide at least 145.8 times the kVA of cubic feet per minute (CFM) airflow.

    • Loading dock – Your loading dock must accommodate a rack crate that is 94 inches (239 cm) high by 54 inches (138 cm) wide by 51 inches (130 cm) deep.

    • Weight support – Weight varies by configuration. You can find the weight for your configuration specified in the order summary at the rack point loads. The location where the rack is installed and the path to that location must support the specified weight. This includes any freight and standard elevators along the path.

    • Clearance – The rack is 80 inches (203 cm) high by 24 inches (61 cm) wide by 48 inches (122 cm) deep. Any doorways, hallways, turns, ramps, and elevators must provide sufficient clearance. At the final resting position, there must be a 24 inch (61 cm) wide by 48 inch (122 cm) deep area for the Outpost, with an additional 48 inches (122 cm) of front clearance and 24 inches (61 cm) of rear clearance. The total minimum area required for the Outpost is 24 inch (61 cm) wide by 10 feet (305 cm) deep.

      The following diagram shows the total minimum area required for the Outpost, including clearance.

      
              Outpost top-level view of required clearance.
    • Seismic bracing – To the extent required by regulation or code, you will install and maintain appropriate seismic anchorage and bracing for the rack while it is in your facility.

    • Bonding point – We recommend that you provide a bonding wire / point at the rack position so that the AWS-certified technician can bond the racks during installation.

    • Facility access – You will not change the facility in a way that negatively affects the ability of AWS to access, service, or remove the Outpost.

    • Elevation – The elevation of the room where the rack is installed must be below 10,005 feet (3,050 meters).

    Networking

    These are the networking requirements for racks.

    • Provide uplinks with speeds of 1 Gbps, 10 Gbps, 40 Gbps, or 100 Gbps.

      Tip

      For bandwidth recommendations for the service link connection, see Bandwidth recommendations.

    • Provide either single-mode fiber (SMF) with Lucent Connector (LC), multimode fiber (MMF), or MMF OM4 with LC.

    • Provide one or two upstream devices, which can be switches or routers. We recommend two devices to provide high availability.

    Network readiness checklist

    Use this checklist when you are gathering the information for your Outpost configuration. This includes the LAN, WAN, and any devices between the Outpost and local traffic destinations, and the destination in the AWS Region.

    Uplink speed and ports

    An Outpost has two Outpost network devices that attach to your local network. The number of uplinks each device can support depends on your bandwidth needs and what your router can support. For more information, see Physical connectivity.

    The following list shows how many uplink ports are supported for each Outpost network device, based on the uplink speed.

    1 Gbps

    1, 2, 4, 6, or 8 uplinks

    10 Gbps

    1, 2, 4, 8, 12, or 16 uplinks

    40 Gbps or 100 Gbps

    1, 2, or 4 uplinks

    Fiber

    The following fiber types are supported:

    • Single-mode fiber (SMF) with Lucent Connector (LC)

    • Multi-mode fiber (MMF) or MMF OM4 with LC

    Depending on the uplink speed and the type of fiber that you choose, the following optical standards are supported.

    Uplink speed Fiber type Optical standard

    1 Gbps

    SMF

    – 1000Base-LX

    1 Gbps

    MMF

    – 1000Base-SX

    10 Gbps

    SMF

    – 10GBASE-IR

    – 10GBASE-LR

    10 Gbps

    MMF

    – 10GBASE-SR

    40 Gbps

    SMF

    – 40GBASE-IR4 (LR4L)

    – 40GBASE-LR4

    40 Gbps

    MMF

    – 40GBASE-ESR4

    – 40GBASE-SR4

    100 Gbps

    SMF

    – 100G PSM4 MSA

    – 100GBASE-CWDM4

    – 100GBASE-LR4

    100 Gbps

    MMF

    – 100GBASE-SR4

    Link aggregation control protocol (LACP) is required between the Outpost and your network. You must use dynamic LAG with LACP.

    The following VLANs are required for each Outpost network device. For more information, see Virtual LANs.

    Outpost network device Service link VLAN Local gateway VLAN

    #1

    Valid values: 1-4094

    Valid values: 1-4094

    #2

    Valid values: 1-4094

    Valid values: 1-4094

    For each Outpost network device, you can choose whether to use the same VLANs or different VLANs for the service link and local gateway. However, we recommend that each Outpost network device have a different VLAN from the other Outpost network device.

    We also recommend redundant layer 2 connectivity. LACP is used for link aggregation and is not used for high availability. LACP between the Outpost network devices is not supported.

    Each of the two Outpost network devices requires a CIDR and IP address for the service link and local gateway VLANs. We recommend allocating a dedicated subnet for each network device with a /30 or /31 CIDR. Specify a subnet and an IP address from the subnet for the Outpost to use. For more information, see Network layer connectivity.

    Outpost network device Service link requirements Local gateway requirements

    #1

    – Service link CIDR (/30 or /31)

    – Service link IP address

    – Local gateway CIDR (/30 or /31)

    – Local gateway IP address

    #2

    – Service link CIDR (/30 or /31)

    – Service link IP address

    – Local gateway CIDR (/30 or /31)

    – Local gateway IP address

    The maximum transmission unit (MTU) of a network connection is the size, in bytes, of the largest permissible packet that can be passed over the connection. AWS Outposts requires a minimum of 1500 bytes across your on-premises network. The Outpost service link supports a maximum packet size of 1300 bytes. For more information about the service link, see Outpost connectivity to AWS Regions.

    The Outpost establishes an external BGP (eBGP) peering session between each Outpost network device and your local network device for service link connectivity over the service link VLAN. For more information, see Service link BGP connectivity.

    Outpost Service link BGP requirements

    Your Outpost

    – Outpost BGP Autonomous System Number (ASN). 2-byte (16-bit) or 4-byte (32-bit). From your private ASN range (64512-65534 or 4200000000-4294967294).

    – Infrastructure CIDR (/26 required, advertised as two contiguous /27s).

    Local network device Service link BGP requirements

    #1

    – Service link BGP peer IP address.

    – Service link BGP peer ASN. 2-byte (16-bit) or 4-byte (32-bit).

    #2

    – Service link BGP peer IP address.

    – Service link BGP peer ASN. 2-byte (16-bit) or 4-byte (32-bit).

    UDP and TCP 443 must be statefully listed in the firewall.

    Protocol Source Port Source Address Destination Port Destination Address

    UDP

    443

    Outpost service link /26

    443

    Outpost Region's public routes

    TCP

    1025-65535

    Outpost service link /26

    443

    Outpost Region's public routes

    You can use an AWS Direct Connect connection or a public internet connection to connect the Outpost back to the AWS Region. For Outpost service link connectivity, you can use NAT or PAT at your firewall or edge router. Service link establishment is always initiated from the Outpost.

    The Outpost establishes an eBGP peering session from each Outpost network device to a local network device for connectivity from your local network to the local gateway. For more information, see Local gateway BGP connectivity.

    Outpost Local gateway BGP requirements

    Your Outpost

    – Outpost BGP Autonomous System Number (ASN). 2-byte (16-bit) or 4-byte (32-bit). From your private ASN range (64512-65534 or 4200000000-4294967294).

    – CoIP CIDR to advertise (public or private, /26 minimum).

    Local network devices Local gateway BGP requirements

    #1

    – Local gateway BGP peer IP address.

    – Local gateway BGP peer ASN. 2-byte (16-bit) or 4-byte (32-bit).

    #2

    – Local gateway BGP peer IP address.

    – Local gateway BGP peer ASN. 2-byte (16-bit) or 4-byte (32-bit).

    Power

    The Outposts power shelf supports three power configurations: 5 kVA, 10 kVA, or 15 kVA. The configuration of the power shelf depends on the total power draw of the Outpost capacity. For example, if your Outpost resource has a maximum power draw of 9.7 kVA, you must provide the power configurations for 10 kVA: 4 x L6-30P or IEC309, 2 drops to S1, and 2 drops to S2 for redundant, single-phase power. The three power configurations are described in the following second table.

    To see the power draw requirements for different Outpost resources, choose Browse catalog in the AWS Outposts console at https://console.aws.amazon.com/outposts/.

    AC line voltage

    Single-phase 208 to 277 VAC (50 or 60 Hz)

    Three-phase 346 to 480 VAC (50 to 60 Hz)

    Power consumption

    5 kVA (4 kW), 10 kVA (9 kW), or 15 kVA (13 kW)

    AC protection (upstream power breakers)

    30 A or 32 A with D-curve circuit breaker

    AC inlet type (receptacle)

    Single-phase 3xL6-30P, P+P+E, 30A or 3xIEC60309 P+N+E, IP67, 32A plugs

    Three-phase, Wye 1xIEC60309, 3P+N+E, IP67, clock position 7, 30A plug or 1xIEC60309, 3P+N+E, IP67, clock position 6, 32A plug

    Three-phase, Delta 1xNon-NEMA twistlock Hubbell CS8365C, 3P+E, center ground, 50A plug

    Note

    The best practice is to mate an IP67 plug with an IP67 receptacle. If that isn't possible, the IP67 plug will mate with an IP44 receptacle. The rating of the combined plug and socket will become the lower rating (IP44).

    Whip length

    10.25 ft (3 m)

    Whip - Rack cabling input

    From above or below the rack

    The power shelf has two inputs, S1 and S2, that can be configured as follows.

    Redundant, single-phase Redundant, three-phase Single-phase Three-phase

    5 kVA

    2 x L6-30P or IEC309, 1 drop to S1 and 1 drop to S2

    2 x AH530P7W or AH532P6W, 1 drop to S1 and 1 drop to S2

    1 x L6-30P or IEC309, 1 drop to S1

    1 x AH530P7W or AH532P6W, 1 drop to S1

    10 kVA

    4 x L6-30P or IEC309, 2 drops to S1 and 2 drops to S2

    2 x L6-30P or IEC309, 2 drops to S1

    15 kVA

    6 x L6-30P or IEC309, 3 drops to S1 and 3 drops to S2

    3 x L6-30P or IEC309, 3 drops to S1

    If the AC whips that AWS provides as previously described must be fitted with an alternate power plug, consider the following:

    • Only a certified customer-provided electrician should modify the AC whip to fit a new plug type.

    • The installation should comply with all applicable national, state, and local safety requirements, and be inspected as required for electrical safety.

    • You, the customer, should notify your AWS representative of modifications to the AC whip plug. Upon request, you will provide information about the modifications to AWS. You'll also include any safety inspection records issued by the authority having jurisdiction. This is a requirement to validate safety of the installation before having AWS employees perform work on the equipment.

    Rack order fulfillment

    To fulfill the order, AWS will schedule a date and time with you. You will also receive a checklist of items to verify or provide before the installation.

    The AWS installation team will arrive at your site at the scheduled date and time. The team will roll the rack to the identified position. You and your electrician are responsible for performing the electrical connection and installation to the rack.

    You must ensure that electrical installations, and any changes to those installations, are performed by a certified electrician in accordance with all applicable laws, codes, and best practices. You must obtain approval from AWS in writing prior to making any changes to the Outpost hardware or the electrical installations. You agree to provide AWS with documentation verifying compliance and the safety of any changes. AWS is not responsible for any risks created by the Outpost electrical installation or facility electrical wiring or any changes. You must not make any other changes to the Outpost hardware.

    The team will establish network connectivity for the rack over the uplink that you provide, and will configure the rack's capacity.

    The installation is complete when you confirm that the Amazon EC2 and Amazon EBS capacity for your Outpost is available from your AWS account.

    Site requirements for Outpost servers

    These are the site requirements for Outpost servers.

    Facility

    These are the facility requirements for servers.

    Topics

      • Temperature, humidity and air quality – The ambient temperature must be between 41° F (5° C) and 95° F (35° C). The relative humidity must be between 8 percent and 80 percent with no condensation. Filtered air using MERV8 (or higher) filter.

      • Airflow – The position of the server must ensure a minimum clearance of 6 inches (15 cm) between the server and walls in front of and behind the server to allow for sufficient airflow clearance.

      • Weight – You must confirm that where you intend to put the server can support the weight of the server.

        To see the weight requirements for different Outpost resources, choose Browse catalog in the AWS Outposts console at https://console.aws.amazon.com/outposts/.

      • Rack Placement – We recommend the use of standard 19-inch EIA-310D racks, with a depth of at least 36 inches (914 mm).

        • Outpost 2U servers require space with the following dimensions: 3.5 inches height (88.9mm), 17.5 inches width (447 mm), 30 inches depth (762 mm)

        • Outpost 1U servers require space with the following dimensions: 1.75 inches height (44.45 mm), 17.5 inches width (447 mm), 24 inches depth (610 mm)

          Note

          Outpost 1U servers are the same width as Outpost 2U servers, but half the height and less depth

        AWS provides a rail kit for rack-mounting the server. For more information, see Step 2: Rack mount.

        If you do not place the server in a rack, you must still meet the other requirements listed in this section.

      • Serviceability – Outposts servers are front-aisle serviceable.

      • Acoustics – rated to be less than 78 dBA sound power at temperatures of 80 ° F (27 ° C) and meets GR-63 CORE NEBS compliance.

      • Seismic bracing – To the extent required by regulation or code, you will install and maintain appropriate seismic anchorage and bracing for the server while it is in your facility.

      • Elevation – The elevation of the room where the rack is installed must be below 10,005 feet (3,050 meters).

      • Cleaning – Wipe surfaces with damp wipes that contain approved antistatic cleaning chemicals.

      Note

      Specifications are for servers under normal operating conditions. For example, acoustics may sound louder during initial installation and then operate at the rated sound power after installation is complete.

      Networking

      Each Outpost server includes non-redundant physical uplink ports. Ports have their own speed and connector requirements as detailed below.

      Port label Speed Connector on the upstream networking device Traffic

      Port 3

      10Gbe

      SFP+

      Both service and LNI link traffic – QSFP+ breakout cable segments traffic. For more information, see Configure QSFP network.

      UDP and TCP 443 must be statefully listed in the firewall.

      Protocol Source Port Source Address Destination Port Destination Address

      UDP

      53

      443

      Cable labeled 2 for service link traffic

      443

      Outpost service link endpoints

      Outpost registration endpoints

      TCP

      443

      Cable labeled 2 for service link traffic

      443

      Outpost service link endpoints

      Outpost registration endpoints

      You can use an AWS Direct Connect connection or a public internet connection to connect the Outpost back to the AWS Region. For Outpost service link connectivity, you can use NAT or PAT at your firewall or edge router. Service link establishment is always initiated from the Outpost.

      The maximum transmission unit (MTU) of a network connection is the size, in bytes, of the largest permissible packet that can be passed over the connection. AWS Outposts requires a minimum of 1500 bytes across your on-premises network. The Outpost service link supports a maximum packet size of 1300 bytes. For more information about the service link, see Outpost connectivity to AWS Regions.

      Power

      These are the power requirements for servers.

      Power support

      • AC power – Servers are rated up to 1600W 90-264 VaC 47/63 Hz AC power.

      • DC power – For information about DC power support, contact AWS.

      Power draw

      To see the power draw requirements for different Outpost resources, choose Browse catalog in the AWS Outposts console at https://console.aws.amazon.com/outposts/.

      Power cabling outside a rack

      The server ships with the cables and connectors for power outlets on a rack. If you're not using the C14 inlet power cable to connect the server to a power supply on the rack, you must provide adapters for the C14 inlets that connect to a power source. The following image shows the connectors on a C14 to C13 power cord.

      
          An image of an IEC C14 to C13 power cord.

      Power redundancy

      Servers include multiple power connections and ship with cables to enable power redundant operation. We recommend power redundancy, but redundancy is not required.

      Servers do not include an Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS).

      Server order fulfillment

      To fulfill the order, AWS will ship Outposts server equipment, including rail mounts and required power and network cables, to the address you provided. Your team or a third-party provider must install the equipment. For more information about server installation, see Outpost server installation.

      The installation is complete when you confirm that the Amazon EC2 capacity for your Outpost is available from your AWS account.