Linear Traffic Shifting - Amazon SageMaker

Linear Traffic Shifting

Linear traffic shifting enables you to gradually shift traffic from your old fleet (blue fleet) to your new fleet (green fleet). With linear traffic shifting, you can shift traffic in multiple steps, minimizing the chance of a disruption to your endpoint. This blue/green deployment option gives you the most granular control over traffic shifting.

You can choose either the number of instances or the percentage of the green fleet’s capacity to activate during each step. Each linear step should only be between 10-50% of the green fleet's capacity. For each step, there is a baking period during which your pre-specified Amazon CloudWatch alarms monitor metrics on the green fleet. Once the baking period finishes and no alarms trip, the active portion of your green fleet continues receiving traffic and a new step begins. If alarms trip during any of the baking periods, 100% of the endpoint traffic rolls back to the blue fleet.

The following diagram shows how linear traffic shifting routes traffic to the blue and green fleets.

A successful three step linear traffic shift from the old fleet to the new fleet, where each step shifts 33% of traffic.

Once SageMaker provisions the new fleet, the first portion of the green fleet turns on and receives traffic. SageMaker deactivates the same size portion of the blue fleet, and the baking period begins. If any alarms trip, all of the endpoint traffic rolls back to the blue fleet. If the baking period finishes, then the next step begins. Another portion of the green fleet activates and receives traffic, part of the blue fleet deactivates, and another baking period begins. The same process repeats until the blue fleet is fully deactivated and the green fleet is fully active and receiving all traffic. If an alarm goes off at any point, SageMaker terminates the shifting process and 100% of the traffic rolls back to the blue fleet.

Prerequisites

Before setting up a deployment with linear traffic shifting, you must create CloudWatch alarms to monitor metrics from your endpoint. The alarms are active during the baking period, and if any alarms trip, then all endpoint traffic rolls back to the blue fleet. To learn how to set up CloudWatch alarms on an endpoint, see the prerequisite page Auto-Rollback Configuration and Monitoring. To learn more about CloudWatch alarms, see Using Amazon CloudWatch alarms in the Amazon CloudWatch User Guide.

Configure Linear Traffic Shifting

Once you are ready for your deployment and have set up CloudWatch alarms for your endpoint, you can use either the Amazon SageMaker UpdateEndpoint API or the update-endpoint command in the AWS CLI to initiate the deployment.

How to update an endpoint (API)

The following example of the UpdateEndpoint API shows how you can update an endpoint with linear traffic shifting.

import boto3 client = boto3.client("sagemaker") response = client.update_endpoint( EndpointName="<your-endpoint-name>", EndpointConfigName="<your-config-name>", DeploymentConfig={ "BlueGreenUpdatePolicy": { "TrafficRoutingConfiguration": { "Type": "LINEAR", "LinearStepSize": { "Type": "CAPACITY_PERCENT", "Value": 20 }, "WaitIntervalInSeconds": 300 }, "TerminationWaitInSeconds": 300, "MaximumExecutionTimeoutInSeconds": 3600 }, "AutoRollbackConfiguration": { "Alarms": [ { "AlarmName": "<your-cw-alarm>" } ] } } )

To configure the linear traffic shifting option, do the following:

  • For EndpointName, use the name of the existing endpoint you want to update.

  • For EndpointConfigName, use the name of the endpoint configuration you want to use.

  • Under DeploymentConfig and BlueGreenUpdatePolicy, in TrafficRoutingConfiguration, set the Type parameter to LINEAR. This specifies that the deployment uses linear traffic shifting.

  • In the LinearStepSize field, you can change the size of the steps by modifying the Type and Value parameters. For Type, use CAPACITY_PERCENT, meaning the percentage of your green fleet you want to use as the step size, and then set Value to 20. In this example, you turn on 20% of the green fleet’s capacity for each traffic shifting step. Note that when customizing your linear step size, you should only use steps that are 10-50% of the green fleet's capacity.

  • For WaitIntervalInSeconds, use 300. The parameter tells SageMaker to wait for the specified amount of time (in seconds) between each traffic shift. This interval is the duration of the baking period between each linear step. In the preceding example, SageMaker waits for 5 minutes between each traffic shift.

  • For TerminationWaitInSeconds, use 300. This parameter tells SageMaker to wait for the specified amount of time (in seconds) after your green fleet is fully active before terminating the instances in the blue fleet. In this example, SageMaker waits for 5 minutes after the final baking period before terminating the blue fleet.

  • For MaximumExecutionTimeoutInSeconds, use 3600. This parameter sets the maximum amount of time that the deployment can run before it times out. In the preceding example, your deployment has a limit of 1 hour to finish.

  • In AutoRollbackConfiguration, within the Alarms field, you can add your CloudWatch alarms by name. Create one AlarmName: <your-cw-alarm> entry for each alarm you want to use.

How to update an endpoint with an existing blue/green update policy (API)

When you use the CreateEndpoint API to create an endpoint, you can optionally specify a deployment configuration to reuse for future endpoint updates. You can use the same DeploymentConfig options as the previous UpdateEndpoint API example. There are no changes to the CreateEndpoint API behavior. Specifying the deployment configuration does not automatically perform a blue/green update on your endpoint.

The option to use a previous deployment configuration happens when using the UpdateEndpoint API to update your endpoint. When updating your endpoint, you can use the RetainDeploymentConfig option to keep the deployment configuration you specified when you created the endpoint.

When calling the UpdateEndpoint API, set RetainDeploymentConfig to True to keep the DeploymentConfig options from your original endpoint configuration.

response = client.update_endpoint( EndpointName="<your-endpoint-name>", EndpointConfigName="<your-config-name>", RetainDeploymentConfig=True )

How to update an endpoint (CLI)

If you are using the AWS CLI, the following example shows how to start a blue/green linear deployment using the update-endpoint command.

update-endpoint --endpoint-name <your-endpoint-name> --endpoint-config-name <your-config-name> --deployment-config '{"BlueGreenUpdatePolicy": {"TrafficRoutingConfiguration": {"Type": "LINEAR", "LinearStepSize": {"Type": "CAPACITY_PERCENT", "Value": 20}, "WaitIntervalInSeconds": 300}, "TerminationWaitInSeconds": 300, "MaximumExecutionTimeoutInSeconds": 3600}, "AutoRollbackConfiguration": {"Alarms": [{"AlarmName": "<your-alarm>"}]}'

To configure the linear traffic shifting option, do the following:

  • For endpoint-name, use the name of the endpoint you want to update.

  • For endpoint-config-name, use the name of the endpoint configuration you want to use.

  • For deployment-config, use a BlueGreenUpdatePolicy JSON object.

Note

If you would rather save your JSON object in a file, see Generating AWS CLI skeleton and input parameters in the AWS CLI User Guide.