Simple Windows-based application using the AWS SDK for .NET - AWS SDK for .NET

Simple Windows-based application using the AWS SDK for .NET

This tutorial uses the AWS SDK for .NET on Windows with Visual Studio and .NET Core. The tutorial shows you how to use the SDK to list the Amazon S3 buckets that you own and optionally create a bucket.

You'll perform this tutorial on Windows using Visual Studio and .NET Core. For other ways to configure your development environment, see Install and configure your toolchain.

Required for development on Windows with Visual Studio and .NET Core:

  • Microsoft .NET Core 2.1, 3.1 or later

    This is typically included by default when installing a recent version of Visual Studio.

Note

Before you use these tutorials, you must have first installed your toolchain and configured SDK authentication.

Steps

Create the project

  1. Open Visual Studio and create a new project that uses the C# version of the Console App template; that is, with description: "...for creating a command-line application that can run on .NET...". Name the project S3CreateAndList.

    Note

    Don't choose the .NET Framework version of the console app template, or, if you do, be sure to use .NET Framework 4.7.2 or later.

  2. With the newly created project loaded, choose Tools, NuGet Package Manager, Manage NuGet Packages for Solution.

  3. Browse for the following NuGet packages and install them into the project: AWSSDK.S3, AWSSDK.SecurityToken, AWSSDK.SSO, and AWSSDK.SSOOIDC

    This process installs the NuGet packages from the NuGet package manager. Because we know exactly what NuGet packages we need for this tutorial, we can perform this step now. It's also common that the required packages become known during development. When this happens, follow a similar process to install them at that time.

  4. If you intend to run the application from the command prompt, open a command prompt now and navigate to the folder that will contain the build output. This is typically something like S3CreateAndList\S3CreateAndList\bin\Debug\net6.0, but will depend on your environment.

Create the code

  1. In the S3CreateAndList project, find and open Program.cs in the IDE.

  2. Replace the contents with the following code and save the file.

    using System; using System.Threading.Tasks; // NuGet packages: AWSSDK.S3, AWSSDK.SecurityToken, AWSSDK.SSO, AWSSDK.SSOOIDC using Amazon.Runtime; using Amazon.Runtime.CredentialManagement; using Amazon.S3; using Amazon.S3.Model; using Amazon.SecurityToken; using Amazon.SecurityToken.Model; namespace S3CreateAndList { class Program { // This code is part of the quick tour in the developer guide. // See https://docs.aws.amazon.com/sdk-for-net/v3/developer-guide/quick-start.html // for complete steps. // Requirements: // - An SSO profile in the SSO user's shared config file with sufficient privileges for // STS and S3 buckets. // - An active SSO Token. // If an active SSO token isn't available, the SSO user should do the following: // In a terminal, the SSO user must call "aws sso login". // Class members. static async Task Main(string[] args) { // Get SSO credentials from the information in the shared config file. // For this tutorial, the information is in the [default] profile. var ssoCreds = LoadSsoCredentials("default"); // Display the caller's identity. var ssoProfileClient = new AmazonSecurityTokenServiceClient(ssoCreds); Console.WriteLine($"\nSSO Profile:\n {await ssoProfileClient.GetCallerIdentityArn()}"); // Create the S3 client is by using the SSO credentials obtained earlier. var s3Client = new AmazonS3Client(ssoCreds); // Parse the command line arguments for the bucket name. if (GetBucketName(args, out String bucketName)) { // If a bucket name was supplied, create the bucket. // Call the API method directly try { Console.WriteLine($"\nCreating bucket {bucketName}..."); var createResponse = await s3Client.PutBucketAsync(bucketName); Console.WriteLine($"Result: {createResponse.HttpStatusCode.ToString()}"); } catch (Exception e) { Console.WriteLine("Caught exception when creating a bucket:"); Console.WriteLine(e.Message); } } // Display a list of the account's S3 buckets. Console.WriteLine("\nGetting a list of your buckets..."); var listResponse = await s3Client.ListBucketsAsync(); Console.WriteLine($"Number of buckets: {listResponse.Buckets.Count}"); foreach (S3Bucket b in listResponse.Buckets) { Console.WriteLine(b.BucketName); } Console.WriteLine(); } // // Method to parse the command line. private static Boolean GetBucketName(string[] args, out String bucketName) { Boolean retval = false; bucketName = String.Empty; if (args.Length == 0) { Console.WriteLine("\nNo arguments specified. Will simply list your Amazon S3 buckets." + "\nIf you wish to create a bucket, supply a valid, globally unique bucket name."); bucketName = String.Empty; retval = false; } else if (args.Length == 1) { bucketName = args[0]; retval = true; } else { Console.WriteLine("\nToo many arguments specified." + "\n\ndotnet_tutorials - A utility to list your Amazon S3 buckets and optionally create a new one." + "\n\nUsage: S3CreateAndList [bucket_name]" + "\n - bucket_name: A valid, globally unique bucket name." + "\n - If bucket_name isn't supplied, this utility simply lists your buckets."); Environment.Exit(1); } return retval; } // // Method to get SSO credentials from the information in the shared config file. static AWSCredentials LoadSsoCredentials(string profile) { var chain = new CredentialProfileStoreChain(); if (!chain.TryGetAWSCredentials(profile, out var credentials)) throw new Exception($"Failed to find the {profile} profile"); return credentials; } } // Class to read the caller's identity. public static class Extensions { public static async Task<string> GetCallerIdentityArn(this IAmazonSecurityTokenService stsClient) { var response = await stsClient.GetCallerIdentityAsync(new GetCallerIdentityRequest()); return response.Arn; } } }
  3. Build the application.

    Note

    If you're using an older version of Visual Studio, you might get a build error similar to the following:

    "Feature 'async main' is not available in C# 7.0. Please use language version 7.1 or greater."

    If you get this error, set up your project to use a later version of the language. This is typically done in the project properties, Build, Advanced.

Run the application

  1. Run the application with no command line arguments. Do this either in the command prompt (if you opened one earlier) or from the IDE.

  2. Examine the output to see the number of Amazon S3 buckets that you own, if any, and their names.

  3. Choose a name for a new Amazon S3 bucket. Use "dotnet-quicktour-s3-1-winvs-" as a base and add something unique to it, such as a GUID or your name. Be sure to follow the rules for bucket names, as described in Rules for Bucket Naming in the Amazon S3 User Guide.

  4. Run the application again, this time supplying the bucket name.

    In the command line, replace BUCKET-NAME in the following command with the name of the bucket that you chose.

    S3CreateAndList BUCKET-NAME

    Or, if you are running the application in the IDE, choose Project, S3CreateAndList Properties, Debug and enter the bucket name there.

  5. Examine the output to see the new bucket that was created.

Cleanup

While performing this tutorial, you created some resources that you can choose to clean up at this time.

  • If you don't want to keep the bucket that the application created in an earlier step, delete it by using the Amazon S3 console at https://console.aws.amazon.com/s3/.

  • If you don't want to keep your .NET project, remove the S3CreateAndList folder from your development environment.

Where to go next

Go back to the quick-tour menu or go straight to the end of this quick tour.