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Class: Aws::KinesisVideoArchivedMedia::Client

Seahorse::Client::Base show all
Defined in:

Instance Attribute Summary

Attributes inherited from Seahorse::Client::Base

#config, #handlers

API Operations collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Methods included from ClientStubs

#api_requests, #stub_data, #stub_responses

Methods inherited from Seahorse::Client::Base

add_plugin, api, clear_plugins, define, new, #operation_names, plugins, remove_plugin, set_api, set_plugins

Methods included from Seahorse::Client::HandlerBuilder

#handle, #handle_request, #handle_response

Constructor Details

#initialize(options) ⇒ Client

Returns a new instance of Client


  • options (Hash)

Options Hash (options):

  • :credentials (required, Aws::CredentialProvider)

    Your AWS credentials. This can be an instance of any one of the following classes:

    • Aws::Credentials - Used for configuring static, non-refreshing credentials.

    • Aws::InstanceProfileCredentials - Used for loading credentials from an EC2 IMDS on an EC2 instance.

    • Aws::SharedCredentials - Used for loading credentials from a shared file, such as ~/.aws/config.

    • Aws::AssumeRoleCredentials - Used when you need to assume a role.

    When :credentials are not configured directly, the following locations will be searched for credentials:

    • Aws.config[:credentials]
    • The :access_key_id, :secret_access_key, and :session_token options.
    • ~/.aws/credentials
    • ~/.aws/config
    • EC2 IMDS instance profile - When used by default, the timeouts are very aggressive. Construct and pass an instance of Aws::InstanceProfileCredentails to enable retries and extended timeouts.
  • :region (required, String)

    The AWS region to connect to. The configured :region is used to determine the service :endpoint. When not passed, a default :region is search for in the following locations:

    • Aws.config[:region]
    • ~/.aws/credentials
    • ~/.aws/config
  • :access_key_id (String)
  • :active_endpoint_cache (Boolean) — default: false

    When set to true, a thread polling for endpoints will be running in the background every 60 secs (default). Defaults to false.

  • :client_side_monitoring (Boolean) — default: false

    When true, client-side metrics will be collected for all API requests from this client.

  • :client_side_monitoring_client_id (String) — default: ""

    Allows you to provide an identifier for this client which will be attached to all generated client side metrics. Defaults to an empty string.

  • :client_side_monitoring_port (Integer) — default: 31000

    Required for publishing client metrics. The port that the client side monitoring agent is running on, where client metrics will be published via UDP.

  • :client_side_monitoring_publisher (Aws::ClientSideMonitoring::Publisher) — default: Aws::ClientSideMonitoring::Publisher

    Allows you to provide a custom client-side monitoring publisher class. By default, will use the Client Side Monitoring Agent Publisher.

  • :convert_params (Boolean) — default: true

    When true, an attempt is made to coerce request parameters into the required types.

  • :disable_host_prefix_injection (Boolean) — default: false

    Set to true to disable SDK automatically adding host prefix to default service endpoint when available.

  • :endpoint (String)

    The client endpoint is normally constructed from the :region option. You should only configure an :endpoint when connecting to test endpoints. This should be avalid HTTP(S) URI.

  • :endpoint_cache_max_entries (Integer) — default: 1000

    Used for the maximum size limit of the LRU cache storing endpoints data for endpoint discovery enabled operations. Defaults to 1000.

  • :endpoint_cache_max_threads (Integer) — default: 10

    Used for the maximum threads in use for polling endpoints to be cached, defaults to 10.

  • :endpoint_cache_poll_interval (Integer) — default: 60

    When :endpoint_discovery and :active_endpoint_cache is enabled, Use this option to config the time interval in seconds for making requests fetching endpoints information. Defaults to 60 sec.

  • :endpoint_discovery (Boolean) — default: false

    When set to true, endpoint discovery will be enabled for operations when available. Defaults to false.

  • :log_formatter (Aws::Log::Formatter) — default: Aws::Log::Formatter.default

    The log formatter.

  • :log_level (Symbol) — default: :info

    The log level to send messages to the :logger at.

  • :logger (Logger)

    The Logger instance to send log messages to. If this option is not set, logging will be disabled.

  • :profile (String) — default: "default"

    Used when loading credentials from the shared credentials file at HOME/.aws/credentials. When not specified, 'default' is used.

  • :retry_base_delay (Float) — default: 0.3

    The base delay in seconds used by the default backoff function.

  • :retry_jitter (Symbol) — default: :none

    A delay randomiser function used by the default backoff function. Some predefined functions can be referenced by name - :none, :equal, :full, otherwise a Proc that takes and returns a number.


  • :retry_limit (Integer) — default: 3

    The maximum number of times to retry failed requests. Only ~ 500 level server errors and certain ~ 400 level client errors are retried. Generally, these are throttling errors, data checksum errors, networking errors, timeout errors and auth errors from expired credentials.

  • :retry_max_delay (Integer) — default: 0

    The maximum number of seconds to delay between retries (0 for no limit) used by the default backoff function.

  • :secret_access_key (String)
  • :session_token (String)
  • :stub_responses (Boolean) — default: false

    Causes the client to return stubbed responses. By default fake responses are generated and returned. You can specify the response data to return or errors to raise by calling ClientStubs#stub_responses. See ClientStubs for more information.

    Please note When response stubbing is enabled, no HTTP requests are made, and retries are disabled.

  • :validate_params (Boolean) — default: true

    When true, request parameters are validated before sending the request.

# File 'gems/aws-sdk-kinesisvideoarchivedmedia/lib/aws-sdk-kinesisvideoarchivedmedia/client.rb', line 202

def initialize(*args)

Instance Method Details

#get_hls_streaming_session_url(params = {}) ⇒ Types::GetHLSStreamingSessionURLOutput

Retrieves an HTTP Live Streaming (HLS) URL for the stream. You can then open the URL in a browser or media player to view the stream contents.

You must specify either the StreamName or the StreamARN.

An Amazon Kinesis video stream has the following requirements for providing data through HLS:

  • The media must contain h.264 encoded video and, optionally, AAC encoded audio. Specifically, the codec id of track 1 should be V_MPEG/ISO/AVC. Optionally, the codec id of track 2 should be A_AAC.

  • Data retention must be greater than 0.

  • The video track of each fragment must contain codec private data in the Advanced Video Coding (AVC) for H.264 format (MPEG-4 specification ISO/IEC 14496-15). For information about adapting stream data to a given format, see NAL Adaptation Flags.

  • The audio track (if present) of each fragment must contain codec private data in the AAC format (AAC specification ISO/IEC 13818-7).

Kinesis Video Streams HLS sessions contain fragments in the fragmented MPEG-4 form (also called fMP4 or CMAF), rather than the MPEG-2 form (also called TS chunks, which the HLS specification also supports). For more information about HLS fragment types, see the HLS specification.

The following procedure shows how to use HLS with Kinesis Video Streams:

  1. Get an endpoint using GetDataEndpoint, specifying GET_HLS_STREAMING_SESSION_URL for the APIName parameter.

  2. Retrieve the HLS URL using GetHLSStreamingSessionURL. Kinesis Video Streams creates an HLS streaming session to be used for accessing content in a stream using the HLS protocol. GetHLSStreamingSessionURL returns an authenticated URL (that includes an encrypted session token) for the session's HLS master playlist (the root resource needed for streaming with HLS).

    Don't share or store this token where an unauthorized entity could access it. The token provides access to the content of the stream. Safeguard the token with the same measures that you would use with your AWS credentials.

    The media that is made available through the playlist consists only of the requested stream, time range, and format. No other media data (such as frames outside the requested window or alternate bitrates) is made available.

  3. Provide the URL (containing the encrypted session token) for the HLS master playlist to a media player that supports the HLS protocol. Kinesis Video Streams makes the HLS media playlist, initialization fragment, and media fragments available through the master playlist URL. The initialization fragment contains the codec private data for the stream, and other data needed to set up the video or audio decoder and renderer. The media fragments contain H.264-encoded video frames or AAC-encoded audio samples.

  4. The media player receives the authenticated URL and requests stream metadata and media data normally. When the media player requests data, it calls the following actions:

    • GetHLSMasterPlaylist: Retrieves an HLS master playlist, which contains a URL for the GetHLSMediaPlaylist action for each track, and additional metadata for the media player, including estimated bitrate and resolution.

    • GetHLSMediaPlaylist: Retrieves an HLS media playlist, which contains a URL to access the MP4 initialization fragment with the GetMP4InitFragment action, and URLs to access the MP4 media fragments with the GetMP4MediaFragment actions. The HLS media playlist also contains metadata about the stream that the player needs to play it, such as whether the PlaybackMode is LIVE or ON_DEMAND. The HLS media playlist is typically static for sessions with a PlaybackType of ON_DEMAND. The HLS media playlist is continually updated with new fragments for sessions with a PlaybackType of LIVE. There is a distinct HLS media playlist for the video track and the audio track (if applicable) that contains MP4 media URLs for the specific track.

    • GetMP4InitFragment: Retrieves the MP4 initialization fragment. The media player typically loads the initialization fragment before loading any media fragments. This fragment contains the "fytp" and "moov" MP4 atoms, and the child atoms that are needed to initialize the media player decoder.

      The initialization fragment does not correspond to a fragment in a Kinesis video stream. It contains only the codec private data for the stream and respective track, which the media player needs to decode the media frames.

    • GetMP4MediaFragment: Retrieves MP4 media fragments. These fragments contain the "moof" and "mdat" MP4 atoms and their child atoms, containing the encoded fragment's media frames and their timestamps.

      After the first media fragment is made available in a streaming session, any fragments that don't contain the same codec private data cause an error to be returned when those different media fragments are loaded. Therefore, the codec private data should not change between fragments in a session. This also means that the session fails if the fragments in a stream change from having only video to having both audio and video.

      Data retrieved with this action is billable. See Pricing for details.

    • GetTSFragment: Retrieves MPEG TS fragments containing both initialization and media data for all tracks in the stream.

      If the ContainerFormat is MPEG_TS, this API is used instead of GetMP4InitFragment and GetMP4MediaFragment to retrieve stream media.

      Data retrieved with this action is billable. For more information, see Kinesis Video Streams pricing.

The following restrictions apply to HLS sessions:

  • A streaming session URL should not be shared between players. The service might throttle a session if multiple media players are sharing it. For connection limits, see Kinesis Video Streams Limits.

  • A Kinesis video stream can have a maximum of five active HLS streaming sessions. If a new session is created when the maximum number of sessions is already active, the oldest (earliest created) session is closed. The number of active GetMedia connections on a Kinesis video stream does not count against this limit, and the number of active HLS sessions does not count against the active GetMedia connection limit.

You can monitor the amount of data that the media player consumes by monitoring the GetMP4MediaFragment.OutgoingBytes Amazon CloudWatch metric. For information about using CloudWatch to monitor Kinesis Video Streams, see Monitoring Kinesis Video Streams. For pricing information, see Amazon Kinesis Video Streams Pricing and AWS Pricing. Charges for both HLS sessions and outgoing AWS data apply.

For more information about HLS, see HTTP Live Streaming on the Apple Developer site.


Request syntax with placeholder values

resp = client.get_hls_streaming_session_url({
  stream_name: "StreamName",
  stream_arn: "ResourceARN",
  playback_mode: "LIVE", # accepts LIVE, ON_DEMAND
  hls_fragment_selector: {
    timestamp_range: {
  container_format: "FRAGMENTED_MP4", # accepts FRAGMENTED_MP4, MPEG_TS
  discontinuity_mode: "ALWAYS", # accepts ALWAYS, NEVER
  display_fragment_timestamp: "ALWAYS", # accepts ALWAYS, NEVER
  expires: 1,
  max_media_playlist_fragment_results: 1,

Response structure

resp.hls_streaming_session_url #=> String


  • params (Hash) (defaults to: {})


Options Hash (params):

  • :stream_name (String)

    The name of the stream for which to retrieve the HLS master playlist URL.

    You must specify either the StreamName or the StreamARN.

  • :stream_arn (String)

    The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the stream for which to retrieve the HLS master playlist URL.

    You must specify either the StreamName or the StreamARN.

  • :playback_mode (String)

    Whether to retrieve live or archived, on-demand data.

    Features of the two types of session include the following:

    • LIVE : For sessions of this type, the HLS media playlist is continually updated with the latest fragments as they become available. We recommend that the media player retrieve a new playlist on a one-second interval. When this type of session is played in a media player, the user interface typically displays a "live" notification, with no scrubber control for choosing the position in the playback window to display.

      In LIVE mode, the newest available fragments are included in an HLS media playlist, even if there is a gap between fragments (that is, if a fragment is missing). A gap like this might cause a media player to halt or cause a jump in playback. In this mode, fragments are not added to the HLS media playlist if they are older than the newest fragment in the playlist. If the missing fragment becomes available after a subsequent fragment is added to the playlist, the older fragment is not added, and the gap is not filled.

    • ON_DEMAND : For sessions of this type, the HLS media playlist contains all the fragments for the session, up to the number that is specified in MaxMediaPlaylistFragmentResults. The playlist must be retrieved only once for each session. When this type of session is played in a media player, the user interface typically displays a scrubber control for choosing the position in the playback window to display.

    In both playback modes, if FragmentSelectorType is PRODUCER_TIMESTAMP, and if there are multiple fragments with the same start timestamp, the fragment that has the larger fragment number (that is, the newer fragment) is included in the HLS media playlist. The other fragments are not included. Fragments that have different timestamps but have overlapping durations are still included in the HLS media playlist. This can lead to unexpected behavior in the media player.

    The default is LIVE.

  • :hls_fragment_selector (Types::HLSFragmentSelector)

    The time range of the requested fragment, and the source of the timestamps.

    This parameter is required if PlaybackMode is ON_DEMAND. This parameter is optional if PlaybackMode is LIVE. If PlaybackMode is LIVE, the FragmentSelectorType can be set, but the TimestampRange should not be set. If PlaybackMode is ON_DEMAND, both FragmentSelectorType and TimestampRange must be set.

  • :container_format (String)

    Specifies which format should be used for packaging the media. Specifying the FRAGMENTED_MP4 container format packages the media into MP4 fragments (fMP4 or CMAF). This is the recommended packaging because there is minimal packaging overhead. The other container format option is MPEG_TS. HLS has supported MPEG TS chunks since it was released and is sometimes the only supported packaging on older HLS players. MPEG TS typically has a 5-25 percent packaging overhead. This means MPEG TS typically requires 5-25 percent more bandwidth and cost than fMP4.

    The default is FRAGMENTED_MP4.

  • :discontinuity_mode (String)

    Specifies when flags marking discontinuities between fragments will be added to the media playlists. The default is ALWAYS when HLSFragmentSelector is SERVER_TIMESTAMP, and NEVER when it is PRODUCER_TIMESTAMP.

    Media players typically build a timeline of media content to play, based on the timestamps of each fragment. This means that if there is any overlap between fragments (as is typical if HLSFragmentSelector is SERVER_TIMESTAMP), the media player timeline has small gaps between fragments in some places, and overwrites frames in other places. When there are discontinuity flags between fragments, the media player is expected to reset the timeline, resulting in the fragment being played immediately after the previous fragment. We recommend that you always have discontinuity flags between fragments if the fragment timestamps are not accurate or if fragments might be missing. You should not place discontinuity flags between fragments for the player timeline to accurately map to the producer timestamps.

  • :display_fragment_timestamp (String)

    Specifies when the fragment start timestamps should be included in the HLS media playlist. Typically, media players report the playhead position as a time relative to the start of the first fragment in the playback session. However, when the start timestamps are included in the HLS media playlist, some media players might report the current playhead as an absolute time based on the fragment timestamps. This can be useful for creating a playback experience that shows viewers the wall-clock time of the media.

    The default is NEVER. When HLSFragmentSelector is SERVER_TIMESTAMP, the timestamps will be the server start timestamps. Similarly, when HLSFragmentSelector is PRODUCER_TIMESTAMP, the timestamps will be the producer start timestamps.

  • :expires (Integer)

    The time in seconds until the requested session expires. This value can be between 300 (5 minutes) and 43200 (12 hours).

    When a session expires, no new calls to GetHLSMasterPlaylist, GetHLSMediaPlaylist, GetMP4InitFragment, or GetMP4MediaFragment can be made for that session.

    The default is 300 (5 minutes).

  • :max_media_playlist_fragment_results (Integer)

    The maximum number of fragments that are returned in the HLS media playlists.

    When the PlaybackMode is LIVE, the most recent fragments are returned up to this value. When the PlaybackMode is ON_DEMAND, the oldest fragments are returned, up to this maximum number.

    When there are a higher number of fragments available in a live HLS media playlist, video players often buffer content before starting playback. Increasing the buffer size increases the playback latency, but it decreases the likelihood that rebuffering will occur during playback. We recommend that a live HLS media playlist have a minimum of 3 fragments and a maximum of 10 fragments.

    The default is 5 fragments if PlaybackMode is LIVE, and 1,000 if PlaybackMode is ON_DEMAND.

    The maximum value of 1,000 fragments corresponds to more than 16 minutes of video on streams with 1-second fragments, and more than 2 1/2 hours of video on streams with 10-second fragments.


See Also:

# File 'gems/aws-sdk-kinesisvideoarchivedmedia/lib/aws-sdk-kinesisvideoarchivedmedia/client.rb', line 556

def get_hls_streaming_session_url(params = {}, options = {})
  req = build_request(:get_hls_streaming_session_url, params)

#get_media_for_fragment_list(params = {}) ⇒ Types::GetMediaForFragmentListOutput

Gets media for a list of fragments (specified by fragment number) from the archived data in an Amazon Kinesis video stream.

You must first call the GetDataEndpoint API to get an endpoint. Then send the GetMediaForFragmentList requests to this endpoint using the --endpoint-url parameter.

The following limits apply when using the GetMediaForFragmentList API:

  • A client can call GetMediaForFragmentList up to five times per second per stream.

  • Kinesis Video Streams sends media data at a rate of up to 25 megabytes per second (or 200 megabits per second) during a GetMediaForFragmentList session.


Request syntax with placeholder values

resp = client.get_media_for_fragment_list({
  stream_name: "StreamName", # required
  fragments: ["FragmentNumberString"], # required

Response structure

resp.content_type #=> String
resp.payload #=> IO


  • params (Hash) (defaults to: {})


Options Hash (params):

  • :stream_name (required, String)

    The name of the stream from which to retrieve fragment media.

  • :fragments (required, Array<String>)

    A list of the numbers of fragments for which to retrieve media. You retrieve these values with ListFragments.


See Also:

# File 'gems/aws-sdk-kinesisvideoarchivedmedia/lib/aws-sdk-kinesisvideoarchivedmedia/client.rb', line 612

def get_media_for_fragment_list(params = {}, options = {}, &block)
  req = build_request(:get_media_for_fragment_list, params)
  req.send_request(options, &block)

#list_fragments(params = {}) ⇒ Types::ListFragmentsOutput

Returns a list of Fragment objects from the specified stream and timestamp range within the archived data.

Listing fragments is eventually consistent. This means that even if the producer receives an acknowledgment that a fragment is persisted, the result might not be returned immediately from a request to ListFragments. However, results are typically available in less than one second.

You must first call the GetDataEndpoint API to get an endpoint. Then send the ListFragments requests to this endpoint using the --endpoint-url parameter.


Request syntax with placeholder values

resp = client.list_fragments({
  stream_name: "StreamName", # required
  max_results: 1,
  next_token: "String",
  fragment_selector: {
    fragment_selector_type: "PRODUCER_TIMESTAMP", # required, accepts PRODUCER_TIMESTAMP, SERVER_TIMESTAMP
    timestamp_range: { # required
      start_timestamp:, # required
      end_timestamp:, # required

Response structure

resp.fragments #=> Array
resp.fragments[0].fragment_number #=> String
resp.fragments[0].fragment_size_in_bytes #=> Integer
resp.fragments[0].producer_timestamp #=> Time
resp.fragments[0].server_timestamp #=> Time
resp.fragments[0].fragment_length_in_milliseconds #=> Integer
resp.next_token #=> String


  • params (Hash) (defaults to: {})


Options Hash (params):

  • :stream_name (required, String)

    The name of the stream from which to retrieve a fragment list.

  • :max_results (Integer)

    The total number of fragments to return. If the total number of fragments available is more than the value specified in max-results, then a ListFragmentsOutput$NextToken is provided in the output that you can use to resume pagination.

  • :next_token (String)

    A token to specify where to start paginating. This is the ListFragmentsOutput$NextToken from a previously truncated response.

  • :fragment_selector (Types::FragmentSelector)

    Describes the timestamp range and timestamp origin for the range of fragments to return.


See Also:

# File 'gems/aws-sdk-kinesisvideoarchivedmedia/lib/aws-sdk-kinesisvideoarchivedmedia/client.rb', line 687

def list_fragments(params = {}, options = {})
  req = build_request(:list_fragments, params)