Get started with the SDK for Swift - AWS SDK for Swift

Get started with the SDK for Swift

This chapter explores how to use the Swift Package Manager — part of the standard Swift toolchain — to create and build a small project. The project uses the AWS SDK for Swift to output a list of available Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) buckets.

Prerelease documentation

This is prerelease documentation for an SDK in preview release. It might be incomplete and is subject to change.

In addition, versions of the SDK earlier than version 1.0.0 might have flaws, and no guarantee is made about the API's stability. Changes can and will occur that break compatibility during the prerelease stage. These releases are not intended for use in production code!

Create a project using the SDK for Swift

This chapter demonstrates how to create a small program that lists all the Amazon S3 buckets available on the default user account.

Goals for this project:

  • Create a project using Swift Package Manager.

  • Add the AWS SDK for Swift to the project.

  • Configure the project’s Package.swift file to describe the project and its dependencies.

  • Write code that uses Amazon S3 to get a list of the buckets on the default AWS account, then prints them to the screen.

Before we begin, make sure to prepare your development environment as described in Set up. To make sure you're set up properly, use the following command. This makes sure that Swift is available and which version it is.

$ swift --version

On macOS, you should see output that looks like the following (with possibly different version and build numbers):

swift-driver version: 1.87.1 Apple Swift version 5.9 (swiftlang- clang-1500.0.40.1)
Target: x86_64-apple-macosx14.0

On Linux, the output should look something like the following:

Swift version 5.8.1 (swift-5.8.1-RELEASE)
Target: x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu

If Swift is not installed, or is earlier than version 5.7, follow the instructions in Set up to install or reinstall the tools.

Get this example on GitHub

You can fork or download this example from the AWS SDK for Swift code examples repository.

Create the project

With the Swift tools installed, open a terminal session using your favorite terminal application (such as Terminal, iTerm, or the integrated terminal in your editor).

At the terminal prompt, go to the directory where you want to create the project. Then, enter the following series of commands to create an empty Swift project for a standard executable program.

$ mkdir ListBuckets $ cd ListBuckets $ swift package init --type executable $ mv Sources/main.swift Sources/entry.swift

This creates the directory for the example's project, moves into that directory, and initializes that directory with the Swift Package Manager. The result is the basic file system structure for a simple executable program. The Swift source code file main.swift is also renamed to entry.swift to work around a bug in the Swift tools that involves the use of asynchronous code in the main function of a source file named main.swift.

├── Package.swift
└── Sources/
   └── entry.swift

Open your created project in your preferred text editor or IDE. On macOS, you can open the project in Xcode with the following:

$ xed .

As another example, you can open the project in Visual Studio Code with the following:

$ code .

Configure the package

After opening the project in your editor, open the Package.swift file. This is a Swift file that defines an SPM Package object that describes the project, its dependencies, and its build rules.

The first line of every Package.swift file must be a comment specifying the minimum version of the Swift toolchain needed to build the project. This isn't only informational. The version specified here can change the behavior of the tools for compatibility purposes. The AWS SDK for Swift requires at least version 5.4 of the Swift tools. For this example, it's set to 5.5.

// swift-tools-version:5.5

Specify supported platforms

For projects whose target operating systems include any Apple platform, add or update the platforms property to include a list of the supported Apple platforms and minimum required versions. This list only specifies support for Apple platforms and doesn't preclude building for other platforms.

// Let Xcode know the minimum Apple platforms supported. platforms: [ .macOS(.v11), .iOS(.v13) ],

In this excerpt, the supported Apple platforms are macOS (version 11.0 and higher) and iOS/iPadOS (version 13 and higher).

Set up dependencies

The package dependency list needs to include the AWS SDK for Swift. This tells the Swift compiler to fetch the SDK and its dependencies before attempting to build the project.

dependencies: [ // Dependencies declare other packages that this package depends on. .package( url: "", from: "0.32.0" ) ],

Configure the target

Now that the package depends on the AWS SDK for Swift, add a dependency to the executable program's target. Indicate that it relies on Amazon S3, which is offered by the SDK's AWSS3 product.

targets: [ // Targets are the basic building blocks of a package, defining a module or a test suite. // Targets can depend on other targets in this package and products from dependencies. .executableTarget( name: "ListBuckets-Simple", dependencies: [ .product(name: "AWSS3", package: "aws-sdk-swift") ], path: "Sources") ]

Use AWS services from Swift code

The example program's Swift code is found in the Source/main.swift file. This file begins by importing the needed Swift modules, using the import statement.

import Foundation import ClientRuntime import AWSS3
  • Foundation is the standard Apple Foundation package.

  • ClientRuntime is a module providing low-level and support features for the AWS SDK for Swift.

  • AWSS3 is the SDK for Swift module that's used to access Amazon S3.

After you add the SDK for Swift to your project and import the service you want to use into your source code, you can create an instance of the client representing the service and use it to issue AWS service requests.

Create a service client object

Each AWS service is represented by a specific client class in the AWS SDK for Swift. For example, while the Amazon DynamoDB client class is called DynamoDBClient, the class for Amazon Simple Storage Service is S3Client. To use Amazon S3 in this example, first create an S3Client object on which to call the SDK's Amazon S3 functions.

let client = try S3Client(region: "us-east-1")

Issue AWS service requests

To issue a request to an AWS service, call the corresponding function on the service's client object. Each function's inputs are specified using a function-specific input structure as the value of the function's input parameter. For example, when calling S3Client.listBuckets(input:), input is a structure of type ListBucketsInput.

let output = try await client.listBuckets( input: ListBucketsInput() )

Functions defined by the AWS SDK for Swift run asynchronously, so the example uses await to block the program's execution until the result is available. If SDK functions encounter errors, they throw them so your code can handle them using a do-catch statement or by propagating them back to the caller.

Get all bucket names

This example's main program calls getBucketNames() to get an array containing all of the bucket names. That function is defined as follows.

// Return an array containing the names of all available buckets. // // - Returns: An array of strings listing the buckets. func getBucketNames() async throws -> [String] { // Get an S3Client with which to access Amazon S3. let client = try S3Client(region: "us-east-1") let output = try await client.listBuckets( input: ListBucketsInput() ) // Get the bucket names. var bucketNames: [String] = [] guard let buckets = output.buckets else { return bucketNames } for bucket in buckets { bucketNames.append( ?? "<unknown>") } return bucketNames }

This function starts by creating an Amazon S3 client and calling its listBuckets(input:) function to request a list of all of the available buckets. The list is returned asynchronously. After it's returned, the bucket list is fetched from the output structure's buckets property. If it's nil, an empty array is immediately returned to the caller. Otherwise, each bucket name is added to the array of bucket name strings, which is then returned to the caller.

Add the example entry point

To allow the use of asynchronous functions from within main(), use Swift's @main attribute to create an object that contains a static async function called main(). Swift will use this as the program entry point.

/// The program's asynchronous entry point. @main struct Main { static func main() async { do { let names = try await getBucketNames() print("Found \(names.count) buckets:") for name in names { print(" \(name)") } } catch let error as ServiceError { print("An Amazon S3 service error occurred: \(error.message ?? "No details available")") } catch { print("An unknown error occurred: \(dump(error))") } } }

main() calls getBucketNames(), then outputs the returned list of names. Errors thrown by getBucketNames() are caught and handled. Errors of type ServiceError, which represent errors reported by the AWS service, are handled specially.

Add the SDK for Swift to an existing Xcode project

If you have an existing Xcode project, you can add the SDK for Swift to it. Open your project's main configuration pane and choose the Swift Packages tab at the right end of the tab bar. The following image shows how to do this for an Xcode project called "Supergame," which will use Amazon S3 to get game data from a server.

Swift Packages tab in Xcode

The location of the Swift Packages tab in Xcode.

This shows a list of the Swift packages currently in use by your project. If you haven't added any Swift packages, the list will be empty, as shown in the preceding image. To add the AWS SDK for Swift package to your project, choose the + button under the package list.

Find and select packages to import

The package selection dialog box in Xcode.

Next, specify the package or packages to add to your project. You can choose from standard Apple-provided packages or enter the URL of a custom package in the search box at the top of the window. Enter the URL of the AWS SDK for Swift as follows: .

After you enter the SDK URL, you can configure version requirements and other options for the SDK package import.

Configure dependency rules for the SDK for Swift package

The Xcode dependency rule configuration panel during package import.

Configure the dependency rule. Make sure that Add to Project is set to your project — "Supergame" in this case — and choose Add Package. You will see a progress bar while the SDK and all its dependencies are processed and retrieved.

Fetching the AWS SDK for Swift package and its product list

The Xcode Verifying aws-sdk-swift package window.

Next, select specific products from the AWS SDK for Swift package to include in your project. Each product is generally one AWS API or service. Each package is listed by package name, starting with AWS and followed by the shorthand name of the service or toolkit.

For the Supergame project, select AWSS3, AWSDynamoDB, and AWSGameLift. Assign them to the correct target (iOS in this example), and choose Add Package.

Choose package products for specific AWS services and toolkits

The Choose Package Products dialog box in Xcode.

Your project is now configured to import the AWS SDK for Swift package and to include the desired APIs in the build for that target. To see a list of the AWS libraries, open the target's General tab and scroll down to Frameworks, Libraries, and Embedded Content.

AWS SDK for Swift libraries in the Xcode target

The Xcode target's list of libraries, including AWS libraries.

If your project is a multi-platform project, you also need to add the AWS libraries to the other targets in your project. For each platform's target, navigate to the Frameworks, Libraries, and Embedded Content section under the General tab and choose + to open the library picker window.

Then, you can scroll to find and select all of the needed libraries and choose Add to add them all at once. Alternatively, you can search for and select each library, then choose Add to add them to the target one at a time.

Find and add SDK for Swift libraries using the Xcode library picker window

Add SDK for Swift libraries by using the Xcode library picker.

You're now ready to import the libraries and any needed dependencies into individual Swift source code files and start using the AWS services in your project. Build your project by using the Xcode Build option in the Product menu.

Build and run an SPM project

To build and run a Swift Package Manager project from a Linux or macOS terminal prompt, use the following commands.

Build a project

$ swift build

Run a project

$ swift run $ swift run executable-name $ swift run executable-name arg1, ...

If your project builds only one executable file, you can type swift run to build and run it. If your project outputs multiple executables, you can specify the file name of the executable you want to run. If you want to pass arguments to the program when you run it, you must specify the executable name before listing the arguments.

Get the built product output directory

$ swift build --show-bin-path /home/janice/MyProject/.build/x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu/debug

Delete build artifacts

$ swift package clean

Delete build artifacts and all build caches

$ swift package reset

Import SDK for Swift libraries into source files

After the libraries are in place, you can use the Swift import directive to import the individual libraries into each source file that needs them. To use the functions for a given service, import its library from the AWS SDK for Swift package into your source code file. Also import the ClientRuntime library, which contains utility functions and type definitions.

import Foundation import ClientRuntime import AWSS3

The standard Swift library Foundation is also imported because it's used by many features of the AWS SDK for Swift.

Additional information