AWS CodeBuild controls - AWS Security Hub

AWS CodeBuild controls

These controls are related to CodeBuild resources.

These controls may not be available in all AWS Regions. For more information, see Availability of controls by Region.

[CodeBuild.1] CodeBuild Bitbucket source repository URLs should not contain sensitive credentials

Related requirements: PCI DSS v3.2.1/8.2.1, NIST.800-53.r5 SA-3

Category: Protect > Secure development

Severity: Critical

Resource type: AWS::CodeBuild::Project

AWS Config rule: codebuild-project-source-repo-url-check

Schedule type: Change triggered

Parameters: None

This control checks whether an AWS CodeBuild project Bitbucket source repository URL contains personal access tokens or a user name and password. The control fails if the Bitbucket source repository URL contains personal access tokens or a user name and password.

Note

This control evaluates both the primary source and secondary sources of a CodeBuild build project. For more information about project sources, see Multiple input sources and output artifacts sample in the AWS CodeBuild User Guide.

Sign-in credentials shouldn't be stored or transmitted in clear text or appear in the source repository URL. Instead of personal access tokens or sign-in credentials, you should access your source provider in CodeBuild, and change your source repository URL to contain only the path to the Bitbucket repository location. Using personal access tokens or sign-in credentials could result in unintended data exposure or unauthorized access.

Remediation

You can update your CodeBuild project to use OAuth.

To remove basic authentication / (GitHub) Personal Access Token from CodeBuild project source
  1. Open the CodeBuild console at https://console.aws.amazon.com/codebuild/.

  2. Choose the build project that contains personal access tokens or a user name and password.

  3. From Edit, choose Source.

  4. Choose Disconnect from GitHub / Bitbucket.

  5. Choose Connect using OAuth, then choose Connect to GitHub / Bitbucket.

  6. When prompted, choose authorize as appropriate.

  7. Reconfigure your repository URL and additional configuration settings, as needed.

  8. Choose Update source.

For more information, refer to CodeBuild use case-based samples in the AWS CodeBuild User Guide.

[CodeBuild.2] CodeBuild project environment variables should not contain clear text credentials

Related requirements: PCI DSS v3.2.1/8.2.1, NIST.800-53.r5 IA-5(7), NIST.800-53.r5 SA-3

Category: Protect > Secure development

Severity: Critical

Resource type: AWS::CodeBuild::Project

AWS Config rule: codebuild-project-envvar-awscred-check

Schedule type: Change triggered

Parameters: None

This control checks whether the project contains the environment variables AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID and AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY.

Authentication credentials AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID and AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY should never be stored in clear text, as this could lead to unintended data exposure and unauthorized access.

Remediation

To remove environment variables from a CodeBuild project, see Change a build project's settings in AWS CodeBuild in the AWS CodeBuild User Guide. Ensure nothing is selected for Environment variables.

You can store environment variables with sensitive values in the AWS Systems Manager Parameter Store or AWS Secrets Manager and then retrieve them from your build spec. For instructions, see the box labeled Important in the Environment section in the AWS CodeBuild User Guide.

[CodeBuild.3] CodeBuild S3 logs should be encrypted

Related requirements: NIST.800-53.r5 CA-9(1), NIST.800-53.r5 CM-3(6), NIST.800-53.r5 SC-13, NIST.800-53.r5 SC-28, NIST.800-53.r5 SC-28(1), NIST.800-53.r5 SI-7(6)

Category: Protect > Data protection > Encryption of data-at-rest

Severity: Low

Resource type: AWS::CodeBuild::Project

AWS Config rule: codebuild-project-s3-logs-encrypted

Schedule type: Change triggered

Parameters: None

This control checks if Amazon S3 logs for an AWS CodeBuild project are encrypted. The control fails if encryption is deactivated for S3 logs for a CodeBuild project.

Encryption of data at rest is a recommended best practice to add a layer of access management around your data. Encrypting the logs at rest reduces the risk that a user not authenticated by AWS will access the data stored on disk. It adds another set of access controls to limit the ability of unauthorized users to access the data.

Remediation

To change the encryption settings for CodeBuild project S3 logs, see Change a build project's settings in AWS CodeBuild in the AWS CodeBuild User Guide.

[CodeBuild.4] CodeBuild project environments should have a logging AWS Configuration

Related requirements: NIST.800-53.r5 AC-2(12), NIST.800-53.r5 AC-2(4), NIST.800-53.r5 AC-4(26), NIST.800-53.r5 AC-6(9), NIST.800-53.r5 AU-10, NIST.800-53.r5 AU-12, NIST.800-53.r5 AU-2, NIST.800-53.r5 AU-3, NIST.800-53.r5 AU-6(3), NIST.800-53.r5 AU-6(4), NIST.800-53.r5 AU-9(7), NIST.800-53.r5 CA-7, NIST.800-53.r5 SC-7(9), NIST.800-53.r5 SI-3(8), NIST.800-53.r5 SI-4, NIST.800-53.r5 SI-4(20), NIST.800-53.r5 SI-7(8)

Category: Identify > Logging

Severity: Medium

Resource type: AWS::CodeBuild::Project

AWS Config rule: codebuild-project-logging-enabled

Schedule type: Change triggered

Parameters: None

This control checks whether a CodeBuild project environment has at least one log option, either to S3 or CloudWatch logs enabled. This control fails if a CodeBuild project environment does not have at least one log option enabled.

From a security perspective, logging is an important feature to enable for future forensics efforts in the case of any security incidents. Correlating anomalies in CodeBuild projects with threat detections can increase confidence in the accuracy of those threat detections.

Remediation

For more information on how to configure CodeBuild project log settings, see Create a build project (console) in the CodeBuild User Guide.

[CodeBuild.5] CodeBuild project environments should not have privileged mode enabled

Important

Security Hub retired this control in April 2024. For more information, see Change log for Security Hub controls.

Related requirements: NIST.800-53.r5 AC-2(1), NIST.800-53.r5 AC-3, NIST.800-53.r5 AC-3(15), NIST.800-53.r5 AC-3(7), NIST.800-53.r5 AC-5, NIST.800-53.r5 AC-6, NIST.800-53.r5 AC-6(10), NIST.800-53.r5 AC-6(2)

Category: Protect > Secure Access Management

Severity: High

Resource type: AWS::CodeBuild::Project

AWS Config rule: codebuild-project-environment-privileged-check

Schedule type: Change triggered

Parameters: None

This control checks whether an AWS CodeBuild project environment has privileged mode enabled or disabled. The control fails if an CodeBuild project environment has privileged mode enabled.

By default, Docker containers do not allow access to any devices. Privileged mode grants a build project's Docker container access to all devices. Setting privilegedMode with value true permits the Docker daemon to run inside a Docker container. The Docker daemon listens for Docker API requests and manages Docker objects such as images, containers, networks, and volumes. This parameter should only be set to true if the build project is used to build Docker images. Otherwise, this setting should be disabled to prevent unintended access to Docker APIs as well as the container's underlying hardware. Setting privilegedMode to false helps protect critical resources from tampering and deletion.

Remediation

To configure CodeBuild project environment settings, see Create a build project (console) in the CodeBuild User Guide. In the Environment section, don't select the Privileged setting.