Using sam local start-api - AWS Serverless Application Model

Using sam local start-api

Use the AWS Serverless Application Model Command Line Interface (AWS SAM CLI) sam local start-api subcommand to run your AWS Lambda functions locally and test through a local HTTP server host. This type of test is helpful for Lambda functions that are invoked by an Amazon API Gateway endpoint.

To use sam local start-api, install the AWS SAM CLI by completing the following:

Before using sam local start-api, we recommend a basic understanding of the following:

Using sam local start-api

When you run sam local start-api, the AWS SAM CLI assumes that your current working directory is your project’s root directory. The AWS SAM CLI will first look for a template.[yaml|yml] file within a .aws-sam subfolder. If not found, the AWS SAM CLI will look for a template.[yaml|yml] file within your current working directory.

To start a local HTTP server
  1. From the root directory of your project, run the following:

    $ sam local start-api <options>
  2. The AWS SAM CLI builds your Lambda functions in a local Docker container. It then outputs the local address of your HTTP server endpoint. The following is an example:

    $ sam local start-api Initializing the lambda functions containers. Local image is up-to-date Using local image: public.ecr.aws/lambda/python:3.9-rapid-x86_64. Mounting /Users/.../sam-app/.aws-sam/build/HelloWorldFunction as /var/task:ro,delegated, inside runtime container Containers Initialization is done. Mounting HelloWorldFunction at http://127.0.0.1:3000/hello [GET] You can now browse to the above endpoints to invoke your functions. You do not need to restart/reload SAM CLI while working on your functions, changes will be reflected instantly/automatically. If you used sam build before running local commands, you will need to re-run sam build for the changes to be picked up. You only need to restart SAM CLI if you update your AWS SAM template 2023-04-12 14:41:05 WARNING: This is a development server. Do not use it in a production deployment. Use a production WSGI server instead. * Running on http://127.0.0.1:3000
  3. You can invoke your Lambda function through the browser or command prompt. The following is an example:

    sam-app$ curl http://127.0.0.1:3000/hello {"message": "Hello world!"}%
  4. When you make changes to your Lambda function code, consider the following to refresh your local HTTP server:

    • If your application doesn’t have a .aws-sam directory and your function uses an interpreted language, the AWS SAM CLI will automatically update your function by creating a new container and hosting it.

    • If your application does have a .aws-sam directory, you need to run sam build to update your function. Then run sam local start-api again to host the function.

    • If your function uses a compiled language or if your project requires complex packaging support, run your own build solution to update your function. Then run sam local start-api again to host the function.

Lambda functions that use Lambda authorizers

Note

This feature is new in AWS SAM CLI version 1.80.0. To upgrade, see Upgrading the AWS SAM CLI.

For Lambda functions that use Lambda authorizers, the AWS SAM CLI will automatically invoke your Lambda authorizer before invoking your Lambda function endpoint.

The following is an example of starting a local HTTP server for a function that uses a Lambda authorizer:

$ sam local start-api 2023-04-17 15:02:13 Attaching import module proxy for analyzing dynamic imports AWS SAM CLI does not guarantee 100% fidelity between authorizers locally and authorizers deployed on AWS. Any application critical behavior should be validated thoroughly before deploying to production. Testing application behaviour against authorizers deployed on AWS can be done using the sam sync command. Mounting HelloWorldFunction at http://127.0.0.1:3000/authorized-request [GET] You can now browse to the above endpoints to invoke your functions. You do not need to restart/reload SAM CLI while working on your functions, changes will be reflected instantly/automatically. If you used sam build before running local commands, you will need to re-run sam build for the changes to be picked up. You only need to restart SAM CLI if you update your AWS SAM template 2023-04-17 15:02:13 WARNING: This is a development server. Do not use it in a production deployment. Use a production WSGI server instead. * Running on http://127.0.0.1:3000 2023-04-17 15:02:13 Press CTRL+C to quit

When you invoke your Lambda function endpoint through the local HTTP server, the AWS SAM CLI first invokes your Lambda authorizer. If authorization is successful, the AWS SAM CLI will invoke your Lambda function endpoint. The following is an example:

$ curl http://127.0.0.1:3000/authorized-request --header "header:my_token" {"message": "from authorizer"}% Invoking app.authorizer_handler (python3.8) Local image is up-to-date Using local image: public.ecr.aws/lambda/python:3.8-rapid-x86_64. Mounting /Users/.../sam-app/... as /var/task:ro,delegated, inside runtime container START RequestId: 38d3b472-a2c8-4ea6-9a77-9b386989bef0 Version: $LATEST END RequestId: 38d3b472-a2c8-4ea6-9a77-9b386989bef0 REPORT RequestId: 38d3b472-a2c8-4ea6-9a77-9b386989bef0 Init Duration: 1.08 ms Duration: 628.26 msBilled Duration: 629 ms Memory Size: 128 MB Max Memory Used: 128 MB Invoking app.request_handler (python3.8) Using local image: public.ecr.aws/lambda/python:3.8-rapid-x86_64. Mounting /Users/.../sam-app/... as /var/task:ro,delegated, inside runtime container START RequestId: fdc12255-79a3-4365-97e9-9459d06446ff Version: $LATEST END RequestId: fdc12255-79a3-4365-97e9-9459d06446ff REPORT RequestId: fdc12255-79a3-4365-97e9-9459d06446ff Init Duration: 0.95 ms Duration: 659.13 msBilled Duration: 660 ms Memory Size: 128 MB Max Memory Used: 128 MB No Content-Type given. Defaulting to 'application/json'. 2023-04-17 15:03:03 127.0.0.1 - - [17/Apr/2023 15:03:03] "GET /authorized-request HTTP/1.1" 200 -

Options

Continuously reuse containers to speed up local function invokes

By default, the AWS SAM CLI creates a new container each time your function is invoked through the local HTTP server. Use the --warm-containers option to automatically reuse your container for function invokes. This speeds up the time it takes for the AWS SAM CLI to prepare your Lambda function for local invocation. You can customize this option further by providing the eager or lazy argument.

  • eager – Containers for all functions are loaded at startup and persist between invocations.

  • lazy – Containers are only loaded when each function is first invoked. They then persist for additional invocations.

The following is an example:

$ sam local start-api --warm-containers eager

When using --warm-containers and modifying your Lambda function code:

  • If your application has a .aws-sam directory, run sam build to update your function code in your application’s build artifacts.

  • When a code change is detected, the AWS SAM CLI automatically shuts down the Lambda function container.

  • When you invoke the function again, the AWS SAM CLI automatically creates a new container.

Specify a container image to use for your Lambda functions

By default, the AWS SAM CLI uses Lambda base images from Amazon Elastic Container Registry (Amazon ECR) to invoke your functions locally. Use the --invoke-image option to reference a custom container image. The following is an example:

$ sam local start-api --invoke-image public.ecr.aws/sam/emu-python3.8

You can specify the function to use with the custom container image. The following is an example:

$ sam local start-api --invoke-image Function1=amazon/aws/sam-cli-emulation-image-python3.8

Specify a template to locally test

To specify a template for the AWS SAM CLI to reference, use the --template option. The AWS SAM CLI will load just that AWS SAM template and the resources it points to. The following is an example:

$ sam local start-api --template myTemplate.yaml

Specify the host development environment of your Lambda function

By default, the sam local start-api subcommand creates an HTTP server using localhost with IP address 127.0.0.1. You can customize these values if your local development environment is isolated from your local machine.

Use the --container-host option to specify a host. The following is an example:

$ sam local start-api --container-host host.docker.internal

Use the --container-host-interface option to specify the IP address of the host network that container ports should bind to. The following is an example:

$ sam local start-api --container-host-interface 0.0.0.0

Best practices

If your application has a .aws-sam directory from running sam build, be sure to run sam build every time you update your function code. Then, run sam local start-api to locally test your updated function code.

Local testing is a great solution for quick development and testing before deploying to the cloud. However, local testing doesn’t validate everything, such as permissions between your resources in the cloud. As much as possible, test your applications in the cloud. We recommend using sam sync to speed up your cloud testing workflows.

Learn more

For a list of all sam local start-api options, see sam local start-api.