Job Management API Reference - AWS Snowball

Job Management API Reference

The job management API for AWS Snowball is a network protocol based on HTTP (RFC 2616). For more information on this RFC, see HTTP (RFC 2616) on the IETF website. For each call to the job management API, you make an HTTP request to the region-specific job management API endpoint for the AWS Region where you want to manage jobs. The API uses JSON (RFC 4627) documents for HTTP request/response bodies.


API calls made within the US regions for listing jobs or describing addresses return all jobs or addresses within the US for that account.

The job management API for Snowball is an RPC model. In this model, there is a fixed set of operations and the syntax for each operation is known to clients without any previous interaction. Following, you can find a description of each API operation using an abstract RPC notation, with an operation name that does not appear on the wire. For each operation, the topic specifies the mapping to HTTP request elements.

The specific job management operation to which a given request maps is determined by a combination of the request's method (GET, PUT, POST, or DELETE) and which of the various patterns its Request-URI matches. If the operation is PUT or POST, Snowball extracts call arguments from the Request-URI path segment, query parameters, and the JSON object in the request body.

Although the operation name, such as CreateJob, doesn't appear on the wire, these operation names are meaningful in AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) policies. The operation name is also used to name commands in command-line tools and elements of the AWS SDK APIs. For example, the AWS Command Line Interface (AWS CLI) command create-job maps to the CreateJob operation. The operation name also appears in CloudTrail logs for Snowball API calls.

For information on installing and setting up the AWS CLI, including specifying what regions you want to make AWS CLI calls against, see the AWS Command Line Interface User Guide.


The job management API provides a programmatic interface to the same functionality available in the AWS Snowball Management Console, that is to create and manage jobs for Snowball. To transfer data locally with a Snowball appliance, use the Snowball client or the S3 SDK Adapter for Snowball. For more information, see Transferring Data with a Snowball in the AWS Snowball User Guide.

If you use a Snowball Edge, use the Snowball client to unlock the appliance. For more information, see Using the Snowball Client in the AWS Snowball Developer Guide.

API Endpoint

The API endpoint is the Domain Name Service (DNS) name used as a host in the HTTP URI for the API calls. These API endpoints are region-specific and take the following form.

For example, the Snowball API endpoint for the US West (Oregon) Region is the following.

For a list of AWS Regions that Snowball supports (where you can create and manage jobs), see AWS Import/Export in the AWS General Reference.

The region-specific API endpoint defines the scope of the Snowball resources that are accessible when you make an API call. For example, when you call the ListJobs operation using the preceding endpoint, you get a list of jobs in the US West (Oregon) Region that have been created in your account.

API Version

The version of the API being used for a call is identified by the first path segment of the request URI, and its form is an ISO 8601 date. The documentation describes API version 2016-06-30.

API Permission Policy Reference

The following policies are needed for creating jobs with the job management API for Snowball.

Role Trust Policy for Creating Jobs

Using the job management API to create jobs requires the following trust policy.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Sid": "", "Effect": "Allow", "Principal": { "Service": "" }, "Action": "sts:AssumeRole", "Condition": { "StringEquals": { "sts:ExternalId": "AWSIE" } } } ] }

To learn more about trust policies, see Modifying a Role in the IAM User Guide.

Role Policy for Creating Import Jobs

Creating an import job requires the following role policy.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "s3:GetBucketLocation", "s3:ListBucketMultipartUploads" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:s3:::*" }, { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "s3:GetBucketPolicy", "s3:PutObject", "s3:AbortMultipartUpload", "s3:ListMultipartUploadParts", "s3:PutObjectAcl" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:s3:::*" }, { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "snowball:*" ], "Resource": [ "*" ] } ] }

Role Policy for Creating Export Jobs

Creating an export job requires the following role policy.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "s3:GetBucketLocation", "s3:GetObject", "s3:ListBucket" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:s3:::*" }, { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "snowball:*" ], "Resource": [ "*" ] } ] }

Amazon S3 Bucket Policy Principal for Creating Jobs

In some cases, the Amazon S3 buckets that you use with Snowball have bucket policies in place that require listing the role session name of the assumed role. In these cases, you need to specify a principal in those policies that identifies AWSImportExport-Validation. The following Amazon S3 bucket policy example demonstrates how to do so.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": { "Sid": "Allow AWS Snowball To Create Jobs", "Effect": "Deny", "NotPrincipal": { "AWS": [ "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:role/rolename", "arn:aws:sts::111122223333:assumed-role/rolename/AWSImportExport-Validation", "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:root" ] }, "Action": "S3:*", "Resource": ["arn:aws:s3:::examplebucket/*"] } }

In this policy example, we deny access to all principals except the one named in the NotPrincipal element. For more information on how to use NotPrincipal, see NotPrincipal in the IAM User Guide.


For jobs in AWS GovCloud (US), Snowball uses AWSIEJob as the role session name of the assumed role.

Creating an IAM Role for Snowball and Snowball Edge

An IAM role policy must be created with read and write permissions for your Amazon S3 buckets. The IAM role must also have a trust relationship with Snowball. Having a trust relationship means that AWS can write the data in the Snowball and in your Amazon S3 buckets, depending on whether you're importing or exporting data.

When you create a job in the AWS Snow Family Management Console, creating the necessary IAM role occurs in step 4 in the Permission section. This process is automatic. The IAM role that you allow Snowball to assume is only used to write your data to your bucket when the Snowball with your transferred data arrives at AWS. The following procedure outlines that process.

To create the IAM role for your import job
  1. Sign in to the AWS Management Console and open the AWS Snowball console at

  2. Choose Create job.

  3. In the first step, fill out the details for your import job into Amazon S3, and then choose Next.

  4. In the second step, under Permission, choose Create/Select IAM Role.

    The IAM Management Console opens, showing the IAM role that AWS uses to copy objects into your specified Amazon S3 buckets.

  5. Review the details on this page, and then choose Allow.

    You return to the AWS Snow Family Management Console, where Selected IAM role ARN contains the Amazon Resource Name (ARN) for the IAM role that you just created.

  6. Choose Next to finish creating your IAM role.

The preceding procedure creates an IAM role that has write permissions for the Amazon S3 buckets that you plan to import your data into. The IAM role that is created has one of the following structures, depending on whether it's for an import job or export job.

IAM Role for an Import Job

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "s3:GetBucketLocation", "s3:ListBucketMultipartUploads" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:s3:::*" }, { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "s3:GetBucketPolicy", "s3:PutObject", "s3:AbortMultipartUpload", "s3:ListMultipartUploadParts", "s3:PutObjectAcl" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:s3:::*" } ] }

If you use server-side encryption with AWS KMS–managed keys (SSE-KMS) to encrypt the Amazon S3 buckets associated with your import job, you also need to add the following statement to your IAM role.

{ "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "kms:GenerateDataKey" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:s3:::SSEKMSEncryptedBucketName" }

IAM Role for an Export Job

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "s3:GetBucketLocation", "s3:GetBucketPolicy", "s3:GetObject", "s3:ListBucket" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:s3:::*" } ] }

If you use server-side encryption with AWS KMS–managed keys to encrypt the Amazon S3 buckets associated with your export job, you also need to add the following statement to your IAM role.

{ "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ “kms:Decrypt” ], "Resource": "arn:aws:s3:::SSEKMSEncryptedBucketName" }