Working with runbooks - AWS Systems Manager

Working with runbooks

Note

Automation documents are now referred to as runbooks.

An Automation runbook defines the actions that Systems Manager performs on your managed instances and other AWS resources when an automation runs. Automation is a capability of AWS Systems Manager. A runbook contains one or more steps that run in sequential order. Each step is built around a single action. Output from one step can be used as input in a later step.

The process of running these actions and their steps is called the automation.

Action types supported for runbooks let you automate a wide variety of operations in your AWS environment. For example, using the executeScript action type, you can embed a python or PowerShell script directly in your runbook. (When you create a custom runbook, you can add your script inline, or attach it from an S3 bucket or from your local machine.) You can automate management of your AWS CloudFormation resources by using the createStack and deleteStack action types. In addition, using the executeAwsApi action type, a step can run any API operation in any AWS service, including creating or deleting AWS resources, starting other processes, triggering notifications, and many more.

For a list of all 20 supported action types for Automation, see Systems Manager Automation actions reference.

AWS Systems Manager Automation provides several runbooks with pre-defined steps that you can use to perform common tasks like restarting one or more Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instances or creating an Amazon Machine Image (AMI). You can also create your own runbooks and share them with other AWS accounts, or make them public for all Automation users.

Runbooks are written using JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) or YAML. Using the Document Builder in the Systems Manager Automation console, however, you can create a runbook without having to author in native JSON or YAML.

Important

If you run an automation workflow that invokes other services by using an AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) service role, be aware that the service role must be configured with permission to invoke those services. This requirement applies to all AWS Automation runbooks (AWS-* runbooks) such as the AWS-ConfigureS3BucketLogging, AWS-CreateDynamoDBBackup, and AWS-RestartEC2Instance runbooks, to name a few. This requirement also applies to any custom Automation runbooks you create that invoke other AWS services by using actions that call other services. For example, if you use the aws:executeAwsApi, aws:createStack, or aws:copyImage actions, then you must configure the service role with permission to invoke those services. You can enable permissions to other AWS services by adding an IAM inline policy to the role. For more information, see (Optional) Add an Automation inline policy to invoke other AWS services.

For information about the actions that you can specify in a runbook, see Systems Manager Automation actions reference.

For information about the AWS managed runbooks that run scripts, see AWS managed runbooks that run scripts.

For information about using the AWS Toolkit for Visual Studio Code to create runbooks, see Working with Systems Manager Automation documents in the AWS Toolkit for Visual Studio Code User Guide.

For information about using Document Builder to create a custom runbook, see Creating runbooks using Document Builder.

For information about creating custom runbooks that run scripts, see the following topics: