Systems Manager Automation actions reference - AWS Systems Manager

Systems Manager Automation actions reference

Note

Automation documents are now referred to as runbooks.

This reference describes the Automation actions that you can specify in an Automation runbook. Automation is a capability of AWS Systems Manager. These actions can't be used in other types of Systems Manager (SSM) documents. For information about plugins for other types of SSM documents, see Systems Manager Command document plugin reference.

Systems Manager Automation runs steps defined in Automation runbooks. Each step is associated with a particular action. The action determines the inputs, behavior, and outputs of the step. Steps are defined in the mainSteps section of your runbook.

Note

The following plugins are supported on EC2 instances for macOS:

  • aws:configurePackage

  • aws:refreshAssociation

  • aws:runShellScript

  • aws:softwareInventory

You don't need to specify the outputs of an action or step. The outputs are predetermined by the action associated with the step. When you specify step inputs in your runbooks, you can reference one or more outputs from an earlier step. For example, you can make the output of aws:runInstances available for a subsequent aws:runCommand action. You can also reference outputs from earlier steps in the Output section of the runbook.

Important

If you run an automation workflow that invokes other services by using an AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) service role, be aware that the service role must be configured with permission to invoke those services. This requirement applies to all AWS Automation runbooks (AWS-* runbooks) such as the AWS-ConfigureS3BucketLogging, AWS-CreateDynamoDBBackup, and AWS-RestartEC2Instance runbooks, to name a few. This requirement also applies to any custom Automation runbooks you create that invoke other AWS services by using actions that call other services. For example, if you use the aws:executeAwsApi, aws:createStack, or aws:copyImage actions, then you must configure the service role with permission to invoke those services. You can enable permissions to other AWS services by adding an IAM inline policy to the role. For more information, see (Optional) Add an Automation inline policy to invoke other AWS services.

Properties shared by all actions

Common properties are parameters or options that are found in all actions. Some options define behavior for a step, such as how long to wait for a step to complete and what to do if the step fails. The following properties are common to all actions.

name

An identifier that must be unique across all step names in the runbook.

Type: String

Required: Yes

action

The name of the action the step is to run. aws:runCommand – Run a command on a managed instance is an example of an action you can specify here. This document provides detailed information about all available actions.

Type: String

Required: Yes

maxAttempts

The number of times the step should be retried in case of failure. If the value is greater than 1, the step isn't considered to have failed until all retry attempts have failed. The default value is 1.

Type: Integer

Required: No

timeoutSeconds

The timeout value for the step. If the timeout is reached and the value of maxAttempts is greater than 1, then the step isn't considered to have timed out until all retries have been attempted.

Type: Integer

Required: No

onFailure

Indicates whether the automation should abort, continue, or go to a different step on failure. The default value for this option is abort.

Type: String

Valid values: Abort | Continue | step:step_name

Required: No

onCancel

Indicates which step the automation should go to in the event that a user cancels the automation. Automation runs the cancellation workflow for a maximum of two minutes.

Type: String

Valid values: Abort | step:step_name

Required: No

The onCancel property doesn't support moving to the following actions:

  • aws:approve

  • aws:copyImage

  • aws:createImage

  • aws:createStack

  • aws:createTags

  • aws:pause

  • aws:runInstances

  • aws:sleep

isEnd

This option stops an automation at the end of a specific step. The automation stops if the step failed or succeeded. The default value is false.

Type: Boolean

Valid values: true | false

Required: No

nextStep

Specifies which step in an automation to process next after successfully completing a step.

Type: String

Required: No

isCritical

Designates a step as critical for the successful completion of the Automation. If a step with this designation fails, then Automation reports the final status of the Automation as Failed. This property is only evaluated if you explicitly define it in your step. If the onFailure property is set to Continue in a step, the value defaults to false. Otherwise, the default value for this option is true.

Type: Boolean

Valid values: true | false

Required: No

inputs

The properties specific to the action.

Type: Map

Required: Yes

Example

--- description: "Custom Automation Example" schemaVersion: '0.3' assumeRole: "{{ AutomationAssumeRole }}" parameters: AutomationAssumeRole: type: String description: "(Required) The ARN of the role that allows Automation to perform the actions on your behalf. If no role is specified, Systems Manager Automation uses your IAM permissions to run this runbook." default: '' InstanceId: type: String description: "(Required) The Instance Id whose root EBS volume you want to restore the latest Snapshot." default: '' mainSteps: - name: getInstanceDetails action: aws:executeAwsApi onFailure: Abort inputs: Service: ec2 Api: DescribeInstances InstanceIds: - "{{ InstanceId }}" outputs: - Name: availabilityZone Selector: "$.Reservations[0].Instances[0].Placement.AvailabilityZone" Type: String - Name: rootDeviceName Selector: "$.Reservations[0].Instances[0].RootDeviceName" Type: String nextStep: getRootVolumeId - name: getRootVolumeId action: aws:executeAwsApi maxAttempts: 3 onFailure: Abort inputs: Service: ec2 Api: DescribeVolumes Filters: - Name: attachment.device Values: ["{{ getInstanceDetails.rootDeviceName }}"] - Name: attachment.instance-id Values: ["{{ InstanceId }}"] outputs: - Name: rootVolumeId Selector: "$.Volumes[0].VolumeId" Type: String nextStep: getSnapshotsByStartTime - name: getSnapshotsByStartTime action: aws:executeScript timeoutSeconds: 45 onFailure: Abort inputs: Runtime: python3.6 Handler: getSnapshotsByStartTime InputPayload: rootVolumeId : "{{ getRootVolumeId.rootVolumeId }}" Script: |- def getSnapshotsByStartTime(events,context): import boto3 #Initialize client ec2 = boto3.client('ec2') rootVolumeId = events['rootVolumeId'] snapshotsQuery = ec2.describe_snapshots( Filters=[ { "Name": "volume-id", "Values": [rootVolumeId] } ] ) if not snapshotsQuery['Snapshots']: noSnapshotFoundString = "NoSnapshotFound" return { 'noSnapshotFound' : noSnapshotFoundString } else: jsonSnapshots = snapshotsQuery['Snapshots'] sortedSnapshots = sorted(jsonSnapshots, key=lambda k: k['StartTime'], reverse=True) latestSortedSnapshotId = sortedSnapshots[0]['SnapshotId'] return { 'latestSnapshotId' : latestSortedSnapshotId } outputs: - Name: Payload Selector: $.Payload Type: StringMap - Name: latestSnapshotId Selector: $.Payload.latestSnapshotId Type: String - Name: noSnapshotFound Selector: $.Payload.noSnapshotFound Type: String nextStep: branchFromResults - name: branchFromResults action: aws:branch onFailure: Abort onCancel: step:startInstance inputs: Choices: - NextStep: createNewRootVolumeFromSnapshot Not: Variable: "{{ getSnapshotsByStartTime.noSnapshotFound }}" StringEquals: "NoSnapshotFound" isEnd: true - name: createNewRootVolumeFromSnapshot action: aws:executeAwsApi onFailure: Abort inputs: Service: ec2 Api: CreateVolume AvailabilityZone: "{{ getInstanceDetails.availabilityZone }}" SnapshotId: "{{ getSnapshotsByStartTime.latestSnapshotId }}" outputs: - Name: newRootVolumeId Selector: "$.VolumeId" Type: String nextStep: stopInstance - name: stopInstance action: aws:executeAwsApi onFailure: Abort inputs: Service: ec2 Api: StopInstances InstanceIds: - "{{ InstanceId }}" nextStep: verifyVolumeAvailability - name: verifyVolumeAvailability action: aws:waitForAwsResourceProperty timeoutSeconds: 120 inputs: Service: ec2 Api: DescribeVolumes VolumeIds: - "{{ createNewRootVolumeFromSnapshot.newRootVolumeId }}" PropertySelector: "$.Volumes[0].State" DesiredValues: - "available" nextStep: verifyInstanceStopped - name: verifyInstanceStopped action: aws:waitForAwsResourceProperty timeoutSeconds: 120 inputs: Service: ec2 Api: DescribeInstances InstanceIds: - "{{ InstanceId }}" PropertySelector: "$.Reservations[0].Instances[0].State.Name" DesiredValues: - "stopped" nextStep: detachRootVolume - name: detachRootVolume action: aws:executeAwsApi onFailure: Abort isCritical: true inputs: Service: ec2 Api: DetachVolume VolumeId: "{{ getRootVolumeId.rootVolumeId }}" nextStep: verifyRootVolumeDetached - name: verifyRootVolumeDetached action: aws:waitForAwsResourceProperty timeoutSeconds: 30 inputs: Service: ec2 Api: DescribeVolumes VolumeIds: - "{{ getRootVolumeId.rootVolumeId }}" PropertySelector: "$.Volumes[0].State" DesiredValues: - "available" nextStep: attachNewRootVolume - name: attachNewRootVolume action: aws:executeAwsApi onFailure: Abort inputs: Service: ec2 Api: AttachVolume Device: "{{ getInstanceDetails.rootDeviceName }}" InstanceId: "{{ InstanceId }}" VolumeId: "{{ createNewRootVolumeFromSnapshot.newRootVolumeId }}" nextStep: verifyNewRootVolumeAttached - name: verifyNewRootVolumeAttached action: aws:waitForAwsResourceProperty timeoutSeconds: 30 inputs: Service: ec2 Api: DescribeVolumes VolumeIds: - "{{ createNewRootVolumeFromSnapshot.newRootVolumeId }}" PropertySelector: "$.Volumes[0].Attachments[0].State" DesiredValues: - "attached" nextStep: startInstance - name: startInstance action: aws:executeAwsApi onFailure: Abort inputs: Service: ec2 Api: StartInstances InstanceIds: - "{{ InstanceId }}"