教學課程:檢視維護時段的相關資訊 (AWS CLI) - AWS Systems Manager

教學課程:檢視維護時段的相關資訊 (AWS CLI)

此教學中包含的命令可協助您更新或取得維護時段、任務、執行和呼叫的相關資訊。此範例是依命令來示範如何使用命令選項來篩選您要查看的類型的詳細資訊。

當您按照此教學課程中的步驟,使用自己的選項和 ID 來取代斜體紅色文字。例如,使用您所建立之資源 ID 取代維護時段 ID mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE 和執行個體 ID i-02573cafcfEXAMPLE

如需設定和配置 AWS Command Line Interface (AWS CLI) 的相關資訊,請參閱安裝、更新和解除安裝 AWS CLI 以及設定 AWS CLI

'describe-maintenance-windows' 的範例

列出您 AWS 帳戶 中的所有維護時段

執行下列 命令。

aws ssm describe-maintenance-windows

系統會傳回相關資訊,如下所示。

{
   "WindowIdentities":[
      {
         "WindowId":"mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE",
         "Name":"My-First-Maintenance-Window",
         "Enabled":true,
         "Duration":2,
         "Cutoff":0,
         "NextExecutionTime": "2019-05-18T17:01:01.137Z"        
      },
      {
         "WindowId":"mw-9a8b7c6d5eEXAMPLE",
         "Name":"My-Second-Maintenance-Window",
         "Enabled":true,
         "Duration":4,
         "Cutoff":1,
         "NextExecutionTime": "2019-05-30T03:30:00.137Z"        
      },
   ]
}

列出所有啟用的維護時段

執行下列 命令。

aws ssm describe-maintenance-windows --filters "Key=Enabled,Values=true"

系統會傳回相關資訊,如下所示。

{
   "WindowIdentities":[
      {
         "WindowId":"mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE",
         "Name":"My-First-Maintenance-Window",
         "Enabled":true,
         "Duration":2,
         "Cutoff":0,
         "NextExecutionTime": "2019-05-18T17:01:01.137Z"        
      },
      {
         "WindowId":"mw-9a8b7c6d5eEXAMPLE",
         "Name":"My-Second-Maintenance-Window",
         "Enabled":true,
         "Duration":4,
         "Cutoff":1,
         "NextExecutionTime": "2019-05-30T03:30:00.137Z"        
      },
   ]
}

列出所有停用的維護時段

執行下列 命令。

aws ssm describe-maintenance-windows --filters "Key=Enabled,Values=false"

系統會傳回相關資訊,如下所示。

{
    "WindowIdentities": [
        {
            "WindowId": "mw-6e5c9d4b7cEXAMPLE",
            "Name": "My-Disabled-Maintenance-Window",
            "Enabled": false,
            "Duration": 2,
            "Cutoff": 1
        }
    ]
}

列出所有含特定字首開頭名稱的維護時段

執行下列 命令。

aws ssm describe-maintenance-windows --filters "Key=Name,Values=My"

系統會傳回相關資訊,如下所示。

{
    "WindowIdentities": [
        {
            "WindowId": "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE",
            "Name": "My-First-Maintenance-Window",
            "Enabled": true,
            "Duration": 2,
            "Cutoff": 0,
            "NextExecutionTime": "2019-05-18T17:01:01.137Z"
        },
        {
            "WindowId": "mw-9a8b7c6d5eEXAMPLE",
            "Name": "My-Second-Maintenance-Window",
            "Enabled": true,
            "Duration": 4,
            "Cutoff": 1,
            "NextExecutionTime": "2019-05-30T03:30:00.137Z"
        },
        {
            "WindowId": "mw-6e5c9d4b7cEXAMPLE",
            "Name": "My-Disabled-Maintenance-Window",
            "Enabled": false,
            "Duration": 2,
            "Cutoff": 1
        }
    ]
}

'describe-maintenance-window-targets' 的範例

顯示符合特定擁有者資訊值的維護時段目標

執行下列 命令。

Linux & macOS
aws ssm describe-maintenance-window-targets \ --window-id "mw-6e5c9d4b7cEXAMPLE" \ --filters "Key=OwnerInformation,Values=CostCenter1"
Windows
aws ssm describe-maintenance-window-targets ^ --window-id "mw-6e5c9d4b7cEXAMPLE" ^ --filters "Key=OwnerInformation,Values=CostCenter1"
注意

支援的篩選條件索引鍵為 TypeWindowTargetIdOwnerInformation

系統會傳回相關資訊,如下所示。

{
    "Targets": [
        {
            "WindowId": "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE",
            "WindowTargetId": "e32eecb2-646c-4f4b-8ed1-205fbEXAMPLE",
            "ResourceType": "INSTANCE",
            "Targets": [
                {
                    "Key": "tag:Name",
                    "Values": [
                        "Production"
                    ]
                }
            ],
            "OwnerInformation": "CostCenter1",
            "Name": "Target1"
        }
    ]
}

'describe-maintenance-window-tasks' 的範例

顯示所有叫用 SSM 命令文件 AWS-RunPowerShellScript 的註冊任務

執行下列 命令。

Linux & macOS
aws ssm describe-maintenance-window-tasks \ --window-id "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE" \ --filters "Key=TaskArn,Values=AWS-RunPowerShellScript"
Windows
aws ssm describe-maintenance-window-tasks ^ --window-id "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE" ^ --filters "Key=TaskArn,Values=AWS-RunPowerShellScript"

系統會傳回相關資訊,如下所示。

{
   "Tasks":[
      {
         "ServiceRoleArn": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:role/MyMaintenanceWindowServiceRole",
         "MaxErrors":"1",
         "TaskArn":"AWS-RunPowerShellScript",
         "MaxConcurrency":"1",
         "WindowTaskId":"4f7ca192-7e9a-40fe-9192-5cb15EXAMPLE",
         "TaskParameters":{
            "commands":{
               "Values":[
                  "driverquery.exe"
               ]
            }
         },
         "Priority":3,
         "Type":"RUN_COMMAND",
         "Targets":[
            {
               "TaskTargetId":"i-02573cafcfEXAMPLE",
               "TaskTargetType":"INSTANCE"
            }
         ]
      },
      {
         "ServiceRoleArn":"arn:aws:iam::111122223333:role/MyMaintenanceWindowServiceRole",
         "MaxErrors":"1",
         "TaskArn":"AWS-RunPowerShellScript",
         "MaxConcurrency":"1",
         "WindowTaskId":"4f7ca192-7e9a-40fe-9192-5cb15EXAMPLE",
         "TaskParameters":{
            "commands":{
               "Values":[
                  "ipconfig"
               ]
            }
         },
         "Priority":1,
         "Type":"RUN_COMMAND",
         "Targets":[
            {
               "TaskTargetId":"i-02573cafcfEXAMPLE",
               "TaskTargetType":"WINDOW_TARGET"
            }
         ]
      }
   ]
}

顯示所有具有優先順序「3」的註冊任務

執行下列 命令。

Linux & macOS
aws ssm describe-maintenance-window-tasks \ --window-id "mw-9a8b7c6d5eEXAMPLE" \ --filters "Key=Priority,Values=3"
Windows
aws ssm describe-maintenance-window-tasks ^ --window-id "mw-9a8b7c6d5eEXAMPLE" ^ --filters "Key=Priority,Values=3"

系統會傳回相關資訊,如下所示。

{
   "Tasks":[
      {
         "ServiceRoleArn":"arn:aws:iam::111122223333:role/MyMaintenanceWindowServiceRole",
         "MaxErrors":"1",
         "TaskArn":"AWS-RunPowerShellScript",
         "MaxConcurrency":"1",
         "WindowTaskId":"4f7ca192-7e9a-40fe-9192-5cb15EXAMPLE",
         "TaskParameters":{
            "commands":{
               "Values":[
                  "driverquery.exe"
               ]
            }
         },
         "Priority":3,
         "Type":"RUN_COMMAND",
         "Targets":[
            {
               "TaskTargetId":"i-02573cafcfEXAMPLE",
               "TaskTargetType":"INSTANCE"
            }
         ]
      }
   ]
}

顯示所有具有優先順序 "1",並使用 Run Command 的註冊任務

執行下列 命令。

Linux & macOS
aws ssm describe-maintenance-window-tasks \ --window-id "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE" \ --filters "Key=Priority,Values=1" "Key=TaskType,Values=RUN_COMMAND"
Windows
aws ssm describe-maintenance-window-tasks ^ --window-id "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE" ^ --filters "Key=Priority,Values=1" "Key=TaskType,Values=RUN_COMMAND"

系統會傳回相關資訊,如下所示。

{
    "Tasks": [
        {
            "WindowId": "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE",
            "WindowTaskId": "4f7ca192-7e9a-40fe-9192-5cb15EXAMPLE",
            "TaskArn": "AWS-RunShellScript",
            "Type": "RUN_COMMAND",
            "Targets": [
                {
                    "Key": "InstanceIds",
                    "Values": [
                        "i-02573cafcfEXAMPLE"
                    ]
                }
            ],
            "TaskParameters": {},
            "Priority": 1,
            "ServiceRoleArn": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:role/MyMaintenanceWindowServiceRole",
            "MaxConcurrency": "1",
            "MaxErrors": "1"
        },
        {
            "WindowId": "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE",
            "WindowTaskId": "8a5c4629-31b0-4edd-8aea-33698EXAMPLE",
            "TaskArn": "AWS-UpdateSSMAgent",
            "Type": "RUN_COMMAND",
            "Targets": [
                {
                    "Key": "InstanceIds",
                    "Values": [
                        "i-0471e04240EXAMPLE"
                    ]
                }
            ],
            "TaskParameters": {},
            "Priority": 1,
            "ServiceRoleArn": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:role/MyMaintenanceWindowServiceRole",
            "MaxConcurrency": "1",
            "MaxErrors": "1",
            "Name": "My-Run-Command-Task",
            "Description": "My Run Command task to update SSM Agent on an instance"
        }
    ]
}

'describe-maintenance-windows-for-target' 的範例

列出維護時段目標或任務 (與特定節點相關) 的資訊

執行下列 命令。

Linux & macOS
aws ssm describe-maintenance-windows-for-target \ --resource-type INSTANCE \ --targets "Key=InstanceIds,Values=i-02573cafcfEXAMPLE" \ --max-results 10
Windows
aws ssm describe-maintenance-windows-for-target ^ --resource-type INSTANCE ^ --targets "Key=InstanceIds,Values=i-02573cafcfEXAMPLE" ^ --max-results 10

系統會傳回相關資訊,如下所示。

{
    "WindowIdentities": [
        {
            "WindowId": "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE",
            "Name": "My-First-Maintenance-Window"
        },
        {
            "WindowId": "mw-9a8b7c6d5eEXAMPLE",
            "Name": "My-Second-Maintenance-Window"
        }
    ]
}

'describe-maintenance-window-executions' 的範例

列出在特定日期之前執行的所有任務

執行下列 命令。

Linux & macOS
aws ssm describe-maintenance-window-executions \ --window-id "mw-9a8b7c6d5eEXAMPLE" \ --filters "Key=ExecutedBefore,Values=2019-05-12T05:00:00Z"
Windows
aws ssm describe-maintenance-window-executions ^ --window-id "mw-9a8b7c6d5eEXAMPLE" ^ --filters "Key=ExecutedBefore,Values=2019-05-12T05:00:00Z"

系統會傳回相關資訊,如下所示。

{
    "WindowExecutions": [
        {
            "WindowId": "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE",
            "WindowExecutionId": "14bea65d-5ccc-462d-a2f3-e99c8EXAMPLE",
            "Status": "FAILED",
            "StatusDetails": "The following SSM parameters are invalid: LevelUp",
            "StartTime": 1557617747.993,
            "EndTime": 1557617748.101
        },
        {
            "WindowId": "mw-9a8b7c6d5eEXAMPLE",
            "WindowExecutionId": "791b72e0-f0da-4021-8b35-f95dfEXAMPLE",
            "Status": "SUCCESS",
            "StartTime": 1557594085.428,
            "EndTime": 1557594090.978
        },
        {
            "WindowId": "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE",
            "WindowExecutionId": "ecec60fa-6bb0-4d26-98c7-140308EXAMPLE",
            "Status": "SUCCESS",
            "StartTime": 1557593793.483,
            "EndTime": 1557593798.978
        }
    ]
}

列出在特定日期之後執行的所有任務

執行下列 命令。

Linux & macOS
aws ssm describe-maintenance-window-executions \ --window-id "mw-9a8b7c6d5eEXAMPLE" \ --filters "Key=ExecutedAfter,Values=2018-12-31T17:00:00Z"
Windows
aws ssm describe-maintenance-window-executions ^ --window-id "mw-9a8b7c6d5eEXAMPLE" ^ --filters "Key=ExecutedAfter,Values=2018-12-31T17:00:00Z"

系統會傳回相關資訊,如下所示。

{
    "WindowExecutions": [
        {
            "WindowId": "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE",
            "WindowExecutionId": "14bea65d-5ccc-462d-a2f3-e99c8EXAMPLE",
            "Status": "FAILED",
            "StatusDetails": "The following SSM parameters are invalid: LevelUp",
            "StartTime": 1557617747.993,
            "EndTime": 1557617748.101
        },
        {
            "WindowId": "mw-9a8b7c6d5eEXAMPLE",
            "WindowExecutionId": "791b72e0-f0da-4021-8b35-f95dfEXAMPLE",
            "Status": "SUCCESS",
            "StartTime": 1557594085.428,
            "EndTime": 1557594090.978
        },
        {
            "WindowId": "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE",
            "WindowExecutionId": "ecec60fa-6bb0-4d26-98c7-140308EXAMPLE",
            "Status": "SUCCESS",
            "StartTime": 1557593793.483,
            "EndTime": 1557593798.978
        }
    ]
}

'describe-maintenance-window-schedule' 的範例

顯示後續 10 個排程替特定節點執行的維護時段

執行下列 命令。

Linux & macOS
aws ssm describe-maintenance-window-schedule \ --resource-type INSTANCE \ --targets "Key=InstanceIds,Values=i-07782c72faEXAMPLE" \ --max-results 10
Windows
aws ssm describe-maintenance-window-schedule ^ --resource-type INSTANCE ^ --targets "Key=InstanceIds,Values=i-07782c72faEXAMPLE" ^ --max-results 10

系統會傳回相關資訊,如下所示。

{
    "ScheduledWindowExecutions": [
        {
            "WindowId": "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE",
            "Name": "My-First-Maintenance-Window",
            "ExecutionTime": "2019-05-18T23:35:24.902Z"
        },
        {
            "WindowId": "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE",
            "Name": "My-First-Maintenance-Window",
            "ExecutionTime": "2019-05-25T23:35:24.902Z"
        },
        {
            "WindowId": "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE",
            "Name": "My-First-Maintenance-Window",
            "ExecutionTime": "2019-06-01T23:35:24.902Z"
        },
        {
            "WindowId": "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE",
            "Name": "My-First-Maintenance-Window",
            "ExecutionTime": "2019-06-08T23:35:24.902Z"
        },
        {
            "WindowId": "mw-9a8b7c6d5eEXAMPLE",
            "Name": "My-Second-Maintenance-Window",
            "ExecutionTime": "2019-06-15T23:35:24.902Z"
        },
        {
            "WindowId": "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE",
            "Name": "My-First-Maintenance-Window",
            "ExecutionTime": "2019-06-22T23:35:24.902Z"
        },
        {
            "WindowId": "mw-9a8b7c6d5eEXAMPLE",
            "Name": "My-Second-Maintenance-Window",
            "ExecutionTime": "2019-06-29T23:35:24.902Z"
        },
        {
            "WindowId": "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE",
            "Name": "My-First-Maintenance-Window",
            "ExecutionTime": "2019-07-06T23:35:24.902Z"
        },
        {
            "WindowId": "mw-9a8b7c6d5eEXAMPLE",
            "Name": "My-Second-Maintenance-Window",
            "ExecutionTime": "2019-07-13T23:35:24.902Z"
        },
        {
            "WindowId": "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE",
            "Name": "My-First-Maintenance-Window",
            "ExecutionTime": "2019-07-20T23:35:24.902Z"
        }
    ],
    "NextToken": "AAEABUXdceT92FvtKld/dGHELj5Mi+GKW/EXAMPLE"
}

顯示替標記了特定金鑰/值對之節點排程的維護時段

執行下列 命令。

Linux & macOS
aws ssm describe-maintenance-window-schedule \ --resource-type INSTANCE \ --targets "Key=tag:prod,Values=rhel7"
Windows
aws ssm describe-maintenance-window-schedule ^ --resource-type INSTANCE ^ --targets "Key=tag:prod,Values=rhel7"

系統會傳回相關資訊,如下所示。

{
    "ScheduledWindowExecutions": [
        {
            "WindowId": "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE",
            "Name": "DemoRateStartDate",
            "ExecutionTime": "2019-10-20T05:34:56-07:00"
        },
        {
            "WindowId": "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE",
            "Name": "DemoRateStartDate",
            "ExecutionTime": "2019-10-21T05:34:56-07:00"
        },
        {
            "WindowId": "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE",
            "Name": "DemoRateStartDate",
            "ExecutionTime": "2019-10-22T05:34:56-07:00"
        },
        {
            "WindowId": "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE",
            "Name": "DemoRateStartDate",
            "ExecutionTime": "2019-10-23T05:34:56-07:00"
        },
        {
            "WindowId": "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE",
            "Name": "DemoRateStartDate",
            "ExecutionTime": "2019-10-24T05:34:56-07:00"
        }
    ],
    "NextToken": "AAEABccwSXqQRGKiTZ1yzGELR6cxW4W/EXAMPLE"
}

顯示後續四個維護時段的開始時間

執行下列 命令。

Linux & macOS
aws ssm describe-maintenance-window-schedule \ --window-id "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE" \ --max-results "4"
Windows
aws ssm describe-maintenance-window-schedule ^ --window-id "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE" ^ --max-results "4"

系統會傳回相關資訊,如下所示。

{
    "WindowSchedule": [
        {
            "ScheduledWindowExecutions": [
                {
                    "ExecutionTime": "2019-10-04T10:10:10Z",
                    "Name": "My-First-Maintenance-Window",
                    "WindowId": "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE"
                },
                {
                    "ExecutionTime": "2019-10-11T10:10:10Z",
                    "Name": "My-First-Maintenance-Window",
                    "WindowId": "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE"
                },
                {
                    "ExecutionTime": "2019-10-18T10:10:10Z",
                    "Name": "My-First-Maintenance-Window",
                    "WindowId": "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE"
                },
                {
                    "ExecutionTime": "2019-10-25T10:10:10Z",
                    "Name": "My-First-Maintenance-Window",
                    "WindowId": "mw-0c50858d01EXAMPLE"
                }
            ]
        }
    ]
}