AWS::AutoScaling::AutoScalingGroup - AWS CloudFormation

AWS::AutoScaling::AutoScalingGroup

The AWS::AutoScaling::AutoScalingGroup resource defines an Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling group, which is a collection of Amazon EC2 instances that are treated as a logical grouping for the purposes of automatic scaling and management.

For more information about Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling, see the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Note

Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling configures instances launched as part of an Auto Scaling group using either a launch template or a launch configuration. We strongly recommend that you do not use launch configurations. They do not provide full functionality for Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling or Amazon EC2. For more information, see Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling will no longer add support for new EC2 features to Launch Configurations on the AWS Compute Blog.

Syntax

To declare this entity in your AWS CloudFormation template, use the following syntax:

JSON

{ "Type" : "AWS::AutoScaling::AutoScalingGroup", "Properties" : { "AutoScalingGroupName" : String, "AvailabilityZones" : [ String, ... ], "CapacityRebalance" : Boolean, "Context" : String, "Cooldown" : String, "DefaultInstanceWarmup" : Integer, "DesiredCapacity" : String, "DesiredCapacityType" : String, "HealthCheckGracePeriod" : Integer, "HealthCheckType" : String, "InstanceId" : String, "LaunchConfigurationName" : String, "LaunchTemplate" : LaunchTemplateSpecification, "LifecycleHookSpecificationList" : [ LifecycleHookSpecification, ... ], "LoadBalancerNames" : [ String, ... ], "MaxInstanceLifetime" : Integer, "MaxSize" : String, "MetricsCollection" : [ MetricsCollection, ... ], "MinSize" : String, "MixedInstancesPolicy" : MixedInstancesPolicy, "NewInstancesProtectedFromScaleIn" : Boolean, "NotificationConfigurations" : [ NotificationConfiguration, ... ], "PlacementGroup" : String, "ServiceLinkedRoleARN" : String, "Tags" : [ TagProperty, ... ], "TargetGroupARNs" : [ String, ... ], "TerminationPolicies" : [ String, ... ], "VPCZoneIdentifier" : [ String, ... ] } }

Properties

AutoScalingGroupName

The name of the Auto Scaling group. This name must be unique per Region per account.

Required: No

Type: String

Minimum: 1

Maximum: 255

Pattern: [\u0020-\uD7FF\uE000-\uFFFD\uD800\uDC00-\uDBFF\uDFFF\r\n\t]*

Update requires: Replacement

AvailabilityZones

A list of Availability Zones where instances in the Auto Scaling group can be created. Used for launching into the default VPC subnet in each Availability Zone when not using the VPCZoneIdentifier property, or for attaching a network interface when an existing network interface ID is specified in a launch template.

Required: No

Type: List of String

Update requires: No interruption

CapacityRebalance

Indicates whether Capacity Rebalancing is enabled. Otherwise, Capacity Rebalancing is disabled. When you turn on Capacity Rebalancing, Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling attempts to launch a Spot Instance whenever Amazon EC2 notifies that a Spot Instance is at an elevated risk of interruption. After launching a new instance, it then terminates an old instance. For more information, see Use Capacity Rebalancing to handle Amazon EC2 Spot Interruptions in the in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Required: No

Type: Boolean

Update requires: No interruption

Context

Reserved.

Required: No

Type: String

Update requires: No interruption

Cooldown

Only needed if you use simple scaling policies.

The amount of time, in seconds, between one scaling activity ending and another one starting due to simple scaling policies. For more information, see Scaling cooldowns for Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Default: 300 seconds

Required: No

Type: String

Update requires: No interruption

DefaultInstanceWarmup

Not currently supported by CloudFormation.

Required: No

Type: Integer

Update requires: No interruption

DesiredCapacity

The desired capacity is the initial capacity of the Auto Scaling group at the time of its creation and the capacity it attempts to maintain. It can scale beyond this capacity if you configure automatic scaling.

The number must be greater than or equal to the minimum size of the group and less than or equal to the maximum size of the group. If you do not specify a desired capacity when creating the stack, the default is the minimum size of the group.

CloudFormation marks the Auto Scaling group as successful (by setting its status to CREATE_COMPLETE) when the desired capacity is reached. However, if a maximum Spot price is set in the launch template or launch configuration that you specified, then desired capacity is not used as a criteria for success. Whether your request is fulfilled depends on Spot Instance capacity and your maximum price.

Required: No

Type: String

Update requires: No interruption

DesiredCapacityType

The unit of measurement for the value specified for desired capacity. Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling supports DesiredCapacityType for attribute-based instance type selection only. For more information, see Creating an Auto Scaling group using attribute-based instance type selection in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

By default, Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling specifies units, which translates into number of instances.

Valid values: units | vcpu | memory-mib

Required: No

Type: String

Update requires: No interruption

HealthCheckGracePeriod

The amount of time, in seconds, that Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling waits before checking the health status of an EC2 instance that has come into service and marking it unhealthy due to a failed Elastic Load Balancing or custom health check. This is useful if your instances do not immediately pass these health checks after they enter the InService state. For more information, see Health check grace period in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Default: 0 seconds

Required: No

Type: Integer

Update requires: No interruption

HealthCheckType

The service to use for the health checks. The valid values are EC2 (default) and ELB. If you configure an Auto Scaling group to use load balancer (ELB) health checks, it considers the instance unhealthy if it fails either the EC2 status checks or the load balancer health checks. For more information, see Health checks for Auto Scaling instances in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Required: No

Type: String

Update requires: No interruption

InstanceId

The ID of the instance used to base the launch configuration on. For more information, see Create an Auto Scaling group using an EC2 instance in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

If you specify LaunchTemplate, MixedInstancesPolicy, or LaunchConfigurationName, don't specify InstanceId.

Required: No

Type: String

Update requires: Replacement

LaunchConfigurationName

The name of the launch configuration to use to launch instances.

Required only if you don't specify LaunchTemplate, MixedInstancesPolicy, or InstanceId.

Required: No

Type: String

Update requires: No interruption

LaunchTemplate

Information used to specify the launch template and version to use to launch instances. You can alternatively associate a launch template to the Auto Scaling group by specifying a MixedInstancesPolicy. For more information about creating launch templates, see Create a launch template for an Auto Scaling group in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

If you omit this property, you must specify MixedInstancesPolicy, LaunchConfigurationName, or InstanceId.

Required: No

Type: LaunchTemplateSpecification

Update requires: No interruption

LifecycleHookSpecificationList

One or more lifecycle hooks to add to the Auto Scaling group before instances are launched.

Required: No

Type: List of LifecycleHookSpecification

Update requires: No interruption

LoadBalancerNames

A list of Classic Load Balancers associated with this Auto Scaling group. For Application Load Balancers, Network Load Balancers, and Gateway Load Balancer, specify the TargetGroupARNs property instead.

Required: No

Type: List of String

Update requires: No interruption

MaxInstanceLifetime

The maximum amount of time, in seconds, that an instance can be in service. The default is null. If specified, the value must be either 0 or a number equal to or greater than 86,400 seconds (1 day). For more information, see Replacing Auto Scaling instances based on maximum instance lifetime in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Required: No

Type: Integer

Update requires: No interruption

MaxSize

The maximum size of the group.

Note

With a mixed instances policy that uses instance weighting, Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling may need to go above MaxSize to meet your capacity requirements. In this event, Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling will never go above MaxSize by more than your largest instance weight (weights that define how many units each instance contributes to the desired capacity of the group).

Required: Yes

Type: String

Update requires: No interruption

MetricsCollection

Enables the monitoring of group metrics of an Auto Scaling group. By default, these metrics are disabled.

Required: No

Type: List of MetricsCollection

Update requires: No interruption

MinSize

The minimum size of the group.

Required: Yes

Type: String

Update requires: No interruption

MixedInstancesPolicy

An embedded object that specifies a mixed instances policy.

The policy includes properties that not only define the distribution of On-Demand Instances and Spot Instances, the maximum price to pay for Spot Instances (optional), and how the Auto Scaling group allocates instance types to fulfill On-Demand and Spot capacities, but also the properties that specify the instance configuration information—the launch template and instance types. The policy can also include a weight for each instance type and different launch templates for individual instance types.

For more information, see Auto Scaling groups with multiple instance types and purchase options in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Required: No

Type: MixedInstancesPolicy

Update requires: No interruption

NewInstancesProtectedFromScaleIn

Indicates whether newly launched instances are protected from termination by Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling when scaling in. For more information about preventing instances from terminating on scale in, see Using instance scale-in protection in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Required: No

Type: Boolean

Update requires: No interruption

NotificationConfigurations

Configures an Auto Scaling group to send notifications when specified events take place.

Required: No

Type: List of NotificationConfiguration

Update requires: No interruption

PlacementGroup

The name of the placement group into which to launch your instances. For more information, see Placement groups in the Amazon EC2 User Guide for Linux Instances.

Note

A cluster placement group is a logical grouping of instances within a single Availability Zone. You cannot specify multiple Availability Zones and a cluster placement group.

Required: No

Type: String

Update requires: No interruption

ServiceLinkedRoleARN

The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the service-linked role that the Auto Scaling group uses to call other AWS service on your behalf. By default, Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling uses a service-linked role named AWSServiceRoleForAutoScaling, which it creates if it does not exist. For more information, see Service-linked roles in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Required: No

Type: String

Update requires: No interruption

Tags

One or more tags. You can tag your Auto Scaling group and propagate the tags to the Amazon EC2 instances it launches. Tags are not propagated to Amazon EBS volumes. To add tags to Amazon EBS volumes, specify the tags in a launch template but use caution. If the launch template specifies an instance tag with a key that is also specified for the Auto Scaling group, Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling overrides the value of that instance tag with the value specified by the Auto Scaling group. For more information, see Tag Auto Scaling groups and instances in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Required: No

Type: List of TagProperty

Update requires: No interruption

TargetGroupARNs

The Amazon Resource Names (ARN) of the target groups to associate with the Auto Scaling group. Instances are registered as targets with the target groups. The target groups receive incoming traffic and route requests to one or more registered targets. For more information, see Use Elastic Load Balancing to distribute traffic across the instances in your Auto Scaling group in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Required: No

Type: List of String

Update requires: No interruption

TerminationPolicies

A policy or a list of policies that are used to select the instance to terminate. These policies are executed in the order that you list them. For more information, see Work with Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling termination policies in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Valid values: Default | AllocationStrategy | ClosestToNextInstanceHour | NewestInstance | OldestInstance | OldestLaunchConfiguration | OldestLaunchTemplate | arn:aws:lambda:region:account-id:function:my-function:my-alias

Required: No

Type: List of String

Update requires: No interruption

VPCZoneIdentifier

A list of subnet IDs for a virtual private cloud (VPC) where instances in the Auto Scaling group can be created.

If this resource specifies public subnets and is also in a VPC that is defined in the same stack template, you must use the DependsOn attribute to declare a dependency on the VPC-gateway attachment.

Note

When you update VPCZoneIdentifier, this retains the same Auto Scaling group and replaces old instances with new ones, according to the specified subnets. You can optionally specify how CloudFormation handles these updates by using an UpdatePolicy attribute.

Required to launch instances into a nondefault VPC. If you specify VPCZoneIdentifier with AvailabilityZones, the subnets that you specify for this property must reside in those Availability Zones.

Required: Conditional

Type: List of String

Update requires: Some interruptions

Return values

Ref

When the logical ID of this resource is provided to the Ref intrinsic function, Ref returns the resource name. For example: mystack-myasgroup-NT5EUXTNTXXD.

For more information about using the Ref function, see Ref.

Remarks

When you update the launch template or launch configuration for an Auto Scaling group, this update action does not deploy any change across the running Amazon EC2 instances in the Auto Scaling group. All new instances will get the updated configuration, but existing instances continue to run with the configuration that they were originally launched with. This works the same way as any other Auto Scaling group.

You can add an UpdatePolicy attribute to your stack to perform rolling updates (or replace the group) when a change has been made to the group. You can find a sample update policy for rolling updates in Auto scaling template snippets. Alternatively, you can force a rolling update on your instances at any time after updating the stack by starting an instance refresh. For more information, see Replace Auto Scaling instances based on an instance refresh in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

You can use a CreationPolicy attribute with an Auto Scaling group to prevent its status from reaching create complete until CloudFormation receives a specified number of success signals. For more information, see Use a CreationPolicy to Wait for On-Instance Configurations on the AWS DevOps Blog. For an example template, see Auto scaling template snippets.

Note that Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling provides scaling activities to help you monitor the progress of your Auto Scaling group and to assist in troubleshooting any configuration issues when launching Amazon EC2 instances. For more information, see Verify a scaling activity for an Auto Scaling group in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Examples

The following examples create or make changes to an Auto Scaling group.

For more template snippets, see Auto scaling template snippets and the Examples section in the AWS::EC2::LaunchTemplate resource.

An Auto Scaling group and a launch template with a parameters section

The following example shows an Auto Scaling group. You specify values for the MaxSize, MinSize, and DesiredCapacity properties.

It also shows an AWS::EC2::LaunchTemplate resource that contains the instance configuration information for the group, which uses the LaunchTemplate property to specify the launch template. The Ref intrinsic function gets the ID of the AWS::EC2::LaunchTemplate resource myLaunchTemplate. The GetAtt function gets the latest version number (for example, 1) of the launch template for the Version property.

This example references parameters to specify the ImageId and InstanceType properties for the launch template and the VPCZoneIdentifier property for the group. Parameters are variables that you can specify when you create or update the stack. By default, the ImageId property of the launch template references the latest Amazon Linux 2 AMI from the AWS Systems Manager Parameter Store. For more information, see AWS Systems Manager Parameter Store in the AWS Systems Manager User Guide and the blog post Query for the latest Amazon Linux AMI IDs using AWS Systems Manager Parameter Store on the AWS Compute Blog.

JSON

{ "AWSTemplateFormatVersion": "2010-09-09", "Parameters": { "LatestAmiId": { "Description": "Region specific image from the Parameter Store", "Type": "AWS::SSM::Parameter::Value<AWS::EC2::Image::Id>", "Default": "/aws/service/ami-amazon-linux-latest/amzn2-ami-hvm-x86_64-gp2" }, "InstanceType": { "Description": "Amazon EC2 instance type for the instances", "Type": "String", "AllowedValues": [ "t3.micro", "t3.small", "t3.medium" ], "Default": "t3.micro" }, "Subnets": { "Type": "List<AWS::EC2::Subnet::Id>", "Description": "A list of subnets for the Auto Scaling group" } }, "Resources": { "myLaunchTemplate": { "Type": "AWS::EC2::LaunchTemplate", "Properties": { "LaunchTemplateName": { "Fn::Sub": "${AWS::StackName}-launch-template" }, "LaunchTemplateData": { "ImageId": { "Ref": "LatestAmiId" }, "InstanceType": { "Ref": "InstanceType" } } } }, "myASG": { "Type": "AWS::AutoScaling::AutoScalingGroup", "Properties": { "LaunchTemplate": { "LaunchTemplateId": { "Ref": "myLaunchTemplate" }, "Version": { "Fn::GetAtt": [ "myLaunchTemplate", "LatestVersionNumber" ] } }, "MaxSize": "1", "MinSize": "0", "DesiredCapacity": "1", "VPCZoneIdentifier": { "Ref": "Subnets" } } } } }

YAML

AWSTemplateFormatVersion: '2010-09-09' Parameters: LatestAmiId: Description: Region specific image from the Parameter Store Type: 'AWS::SSM::Parameter::Value<AWS::EC2::Image::Id>' Default: '/aws/service/ami-amazon-linux-latest/amzn2-ami-hvm-x86_64-gp2' InstanceType: Description: Amazon EC2 instance type for the instances Type: String AllowedValues: - t3.micro - t3.small - t3.medium Default: t3.micro Subnets: Type: 'List<AWS::EC2::Subnet::Id>' Description: A list of subnets for the Auto Scaling group Resources: myLaunchTemplate: Type: AWS::EC2::LaunchTemplate Properties: LaunchTemplateName: !Sub ${AWS::StackName}-launch-template LaunchTemplateData: ImageId: !Ref LatestAmiId InstanceType: !Ref InstanceType myASG: Type: AWS::AutoScaling::AutoScalingGroup Properties: LaunchTemplate: LaunchTemplateId: !Ref myLaunchTemplate Version: !GetAtt myLaunchTemplate.LatestVersionNumber MaxSize: '1' MinSize: '0' DesiredCapacity: '1' VPCZoneIdentifier: !Ref Subnets

Auto Scaling group with CloudWatch monitoring enabled and custom tags

The following snippet shows an Auto Scaling group with CloudWatch monitoring enabled and custom tags. The LaunchTemplate property references an AWS::EC2::LaunchTemplate resource with the logical name myLaunchTemplate that is defined elsewhere in your template.

You specify the CloudWatch metrics to monitor using the MetricsCollection property. If you keep the metrics as they are, only GroupMinSize and GroupMaxSize metrics are enabled.

You specify the tag keys and tag key values for the Tags property. If you keep the provided tags, the first tag, Environment=Production, is assigned to the Auto Scaling group and to any EC2 instances launched as part of the Auto Scaling group. The second tag, Purpose=WebServerGroup, is assigned only to the Auto Scaling group itself.

You also specify values for the MaxSize, MinSize, DesiredCapacity, and VPCZoneIdentifier properties.

JSON

{ "Resources": { "myASG": { "Type": "AWS::AutoScaling::AutoScalingGroup", "Properties": { "LaunchTemplate": { "LaunchTemplateId": { "Ref": "myLaunchTemplate" }, "Version": { "Fn::GetAtt": [ "myLaunchTemplate", "LatestVersionNumber" ] } }, "MaxSize": "1", "MinSize": "0", "DesiredCapacity": "1", "VPCZoneIdentifier": [ "subnetIdAz1", "subnetIdAz2", "subnetIdAz3" ], "MetricsCollection": [ { "Granularity": "1Minute", "Metrics": [ "GroupMinSize", "GroupMaxSize" ] } ], "Tags": [ { "Key": "Environment", "Value": "Production", "PropagateAtLaunch": "true" }, { "Key": "Purpose", "Value": "WebServerGroup", "PropagateAtLaunch": "false" } ] } } } }

YAML

--- Resources: myASG: Type: AWS::AutoScaling::AutoScalingGroup Properties: LaunchTemplate: LaunchTemplateId: !Ref myLaunchTemplate Version: !GetAtt myLaunchTemplate.LatestVersionNumber MaxSize: '1' MinSize: '0' DesiredCapacity: '1' VPCZoneIdentifier: - subnetIdAz1 - subnetIdAz2 - subnetIdAz3 MetricsCollection: - Granularity: 1Minute Metrics: - GroupMinSize - GroupMaxSize Tags: - Key: Environment Value: Production PropagateAtLaunch: true - Key: Purpose Value: WebServerGroup PropagateAtLaunch: false

See also