AWS::ECS::TaskDefinition - AWS CloudFormation

AWS::ECS::TaskDefinition

Registers a new task definition from the supplied family and containerDefinitions. Optionally, you can add data volumes to your containers with the volumes parameter. For more information about task definition parameters and defaults, see Amazon ECS Task Definitions in the Amazon Elastic Container Service Developer Guide.

You can specify a role for your task with the taskRoleArn parameter. When you specify a role for a task, its containers can then use the latest versions of the AWS CLI or SDKs to make API requests to the AWS services that are specified in the policy that's associated with the role. For more information, see IAM Roles for Tasks in the Amazon Elastic Container Service Developer Guide.

You can specify a Docker networking mode for the containers in your task definition with the networkMode parameter. The available network modes correspond to those described in Network settings in the Docker run reference. If you specify the awsvpc network mode, the task is allocated an elastic network interface, and you must specify a NetworkConfiguration when you create a service or run a task with the task definition. For more information, see Task Networking in the Amazon Elastic Container Service Developer Guide.

Syntax

To declare this entity in your AWS CloudFormation template, use the following syntax:

JSON

{ "Type" : "AWS::ECS::TaskDefinition", "Properties" : { "ContainerDefinitions" : [ ContainerDefinition, ... ], "Cpu" : String, "EphemeralStorage" : EphemeralStorage, "ExecutionRoleArn" : String, "Family" : String, "InferenceAccelerators" : [ InferenceAccelerator, ... ], "IpcMode" : String, "Memory" : String, "NetworkMode" : String, "PidMode" : String, "PlacementConstraints" : [ TaskDefinitionPlacementConstraint, ... ], "ProxyConfiguration" : ProxyConfiguration, "RequiresCompatibilities" : [ String, ... ], "RuntimePlatform" : RuntimePlatform, "Tags" : [ Tag, ... ], "TaskRoleArn" : String, "Volumes" : [ Volume, ... ] } }

Properties

ContainerDefinitions

A list of container definitions in JSON format that describe the different containers that make up your task. For more information about container definition parameters and defaults, see Amazon ECS Task Definitions in the Amazon Elastic Container Service Developer Guide.

Required: No

Type: Array of ContainerDefinition

Update requires: Replacement

Cpu

The number of cpu units used by the task. If you use the EC2 launch type, this field is optional. Any value can be used. If you use the Fargate launch type, this field is required. You must use one of the following values. The value that you choose determines your range of valid values for the memory parameter.

The CPU units cannot be less than 1 vCPU when you use Windows containers on Fargate.

  • 256 (.25 vCPU) - Available memory values: 512 (0.5 GB), 1024 (1 GB), 2048 (2 GB)

  • 512 (.5 vCPU) - Available memory values: 1024 (1 GB), 2048 (2 GB), 3072 (3 GB), 4096 (4 GB)

  • 1024 (1 vCPU) - Available memory values: 2048 (2 GB), 3072 (3 GB), 4096 (4 GB), 5120 (5 GB), 6144 (6 GB), 7168 (7 GB), 8192 (8 GB)

  • 2048 (2 vCPU) - Available memory values: 4096 (4 GB) and 16384 (16 GB) in increments of 1024 (1 GB)

  • 4096 (4 vCPU) - Available memory values: 8192 (8 GB) and 30720 (30 GB) in increments of 1024 (1 GB)

  • 8192 (8 vCPU) - Available memory values: 16 GB and 60 GB in 4 GB increments

    This option requires Linux platform 1.4.0 or later.

  • 16384 (16vCPU) - Available memory values: 32GB and 120 GB in 8 GB increments

    This option requires Linux platform 1.4.0 or later.

Required: No

Type: String

Update requires: Replacement

EphemeralStorage

The ephemeral storage settings to use for tasks run with the task definition.

Required: No

Type: EphemeralStorage

Update requires: Replacement

ExecutionRoleArn

The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the task execution role that grants the Amazon ECS container agent permission to make AWS API calls on your behalf. The task execution IAM role is required depending on the requirements of your task. For more information, see Amazon ECS task execution IAM role in the Amazon Elastic Container Service Developer Guide.

Required: No

Type: String

Update requires: Replacement

Family

The name of a family that this task definition is registered to. Up to 255 letters (uppercase and lowercase), numbers, hyphens, and underscores are allowed.

A family groups multiple versions of a task definition. Amazon ECS gives the first task definition that you registered to a family a revision number of 1. Amazon ECS gives sequential revision numbers to each task definition that you add.

Note

To use revision numbers when you update a task definition, specify this property. If you don't specify a value, AWS CloudFormation generates a new task definition each time that you update it.

Required: No

Type: String

Update requires: Replacement

InferenceAccelerators

The Elastic Inference accelerators to use for the containers in the task.

Required: No

Type: Array of InferenceAccelerator

Update requires: Replacement

IpcMode

The IPC resource namespace to use for the containers in the task. The valid values are host, task, or none. If host is specified, then all containers within the tasks that specified the host IPC mode on the same container instance share the same IPC resources with the host Amazon EC2 instance. If task is specified, all containers within the specified task share the same IPC resources. If none is specified, then IPC resources within the containers of a task are private and not shared with other containers in a task or on the container instance. If no value is specified, then the IPC resource namespace sharing depends on the Docker daemon setting on the container instance. For more information, see IPC settings in the Docker run reference.

If the host IPC mode is used, be aware that there is a heightened risk of undesired IPC namespace expose. For more information, see Docker security.

If you are setting namespaced kernel parameters using systemControls for the containers in the task, the following will apply to your IPC resource namespace. For more information, see System Controls in the Amazon Elastic Container Service Developer Guide.

  • For tasks that use the host IPC mode, IPC namespace related systemControls are not supported.

  • For tasks that use the task IPC mode, IPC namespace related systemControls will apply to all containers within a task.

Note

This parameter is not supported for Windows containers or tasks run on AWS Fargate.

Required: No

Type: String

Allowed values: host | task | none

Update requires: Replacement

Memory

The amount (in MiB) of memory used by the task.

If your tasks runs on Amazon EC2 instances, you must specify either a task-level memory value or a container-level memory value. This field is optional and any value can be used. If a task-level memory value is specified, the container-level memory value is optional. For more information regarding container-level memory and memory reservation, see ContainerDefinition.

If your tasks runs on AWS Fargate, this field is required. You must use one of the following values. The value you choose determines your range of valid values for the cpu parameter.

  • 512 (0.5 GB), 1024 (1 GB), 2048 (2 GB) - Available cpu values: 256 (.25 vCPU)

  • 1024 (1 GB), 2048 (2 GB), 3072 (3 GB), 4096 (4 GB) - Available cpu values: 512 (.5 vCPU)

  • 2048 (2 GB), 3072 (3 GB), 4096 (4 GB), 5120 (5 GB), 6144 (6 GB), 7168 (7 GB), 8192 (8 GB) - Available cpu values: 1024 (1 vCPU)

  • Between 4096 (4 GB) and 16384 (16 GB) in increments of 1024 (1 GB) - Available cpu values: 2048 (2 vCPU)

  • Between 8192 (8 GB) and 30720 (30 GB) in increments of 1024 (1 GB) - Available cpu values: 4096 (4 vCPU)

  • Between 16 GB and 60 GB in 4 GB increments - Available cpu values: 8192 (8 vCPU)

    This option requires Linux platform 1.4.0 or later.

  • Between 32GB and 120 GB in 8 GB increments - Available cpu values: 16384 (16 vCPU)

    This option requires Linux platform 1.4.0 or later.

Required: No

Type: String

Update requires: Replacement

NetworkMode

The Docker networking mode to use for the containers in the task. The valid values are none, bridge, awsvpc, and host. If no network mode is specified, the default is bridge.

For Amazon ECS tasks on Fargate, the awsvpc network mode is required. For Amazon ECS tasks on Amazon EC2 Linux instances, any network mode can be used. For Amazon ECS tasks on Amazon EC2 Windows instances, <default> or awsvpc can be used. If the network mode is set to none, you cannot specify port mappings in your container definitions, and the tasks containers do not have external connectivity. The host and awsvpc network modes offer the highest networking performance for containers because they use the EC2 network stack instead of the virtualized network stack provided by the bridge mode.

With the host and awsvpc network modes, exposed container ports are mapped directly to the corresponding host port (for the host network mode) or the attached elastic network interface port (for the awsvpc network mode), so you cannot take advantage of dynamic host port mappings.

Important

When using the host network mode, you should not run containers using the root user (UID 0). It is considered best practice to use a non-root user.

If the network mode is awsvpc, the task is allocated an elastic network interface, and you must specify a NetworkConfiguration value when you create a service or run a task with the task definition. For more information, see Task Networking in the Amazon Elastic Container Service Developer Guide.

If the network mode is host, you cannot run multiple instantiations of the same task on a single container instance when port mappings are used.

For more information, see Network settings in the Docker run reference.

Required: No

Type: String

Allowed values: bridge | host | awsvpc | none

Update requires: Replacement

PidMode

The process namespace to use for the containers in the task. The valid values are host or task. On Fargate for Linux containers, the only valid value is task. For example, monitoring sidecars might need pidMode to access information about other containers running in the same task.

If host is specified, all containers within the tasks that specified the host PID mode on the same container instance share the same process namespace with the host Amazon EC2 instance.

If task is specified, all containers within the specified task share the same process namespace.

If no value is specified, the default is a private namespace for each container. For more information, see PID settings in the Docker run reference.

If the host PID mode is used, there's a heightened risk of undesired process namespace exposure. For more information, see Docker security.

Note

This parameter is not supported for Windows containers.

Note

This parameter is only supported for tasks that are hosted on AWS Fargate if the tasks are using platform version 1.4.0 or later (Linux). This isn't supported for Windows containers on Fargate.

Required: No

Type: String

Allowed values: host | task

Update requires: Replacement

PlacementConstraints

An array of placement constraint objects to use for tasks.

Note

This parameter isn't supported for tasks run on AWS Fargate.

Required: No

Type: Array of TaskDefinitionPlacementConstraint

Update requires: Replacement

ProxyConfiguration

The configuration details for the App Mesh proxy.

Your Amazon ECS container instances require at least version 1.26.0 of the container agent and at least version 1.26.0-1 of the ecs-init package to use a proxy configuration. If your container instances are launched from the Amazon ECS optimized AMI version 20190301 or later, they contain the required versions of the container agent and ecs-init. For more information, see Amazon ECS-optimized Linux AMI in the Amazon Elastic Container Service Developer Guide.

Required: No

Type: ProxyConfiguration

Update requires: Replacement

RequiresCompatibilities

The task launch types the task definition was validated against. The valid values are EC2, FARGATE, and EXTERNAL. For more information, see Amazon ECS launch types in the Amazon Elastic Container Service Developer Guide.

Required: No

Type: Array of String

Update requires: Replacement

RuntimePlatform

The operating system that your tasks definitions run on. A platform family is specified only for tasks using the Fargate launch type.

Required: No

Type: RuntimePlatform

Update requires: Replacement

Tags

The metadata that you apply to the task definition to help you categorize and organize them. Each tag consists of a key and an optional value. You define both of them.

The following basic restrictions apply to tags:

  • Maximum number of tags per resource - 50

  • For each resource, each tag key must be unique, and each tag key can have only one value.

  • Maximum key length - 128 Unicode characters in UTF-8

  • Maximum value length - 256 Unicode characters in UTF-8

  • If your tagging schema is used across multiple services and resources, remember that other services may have restrictions on allowed characters. Generally allowed characters are: letters, numbers, and spaces representable in UTF-8, and the following characters: + - = . _ : / @.

  • Tag keys and values are case-sensitive.

  • Do not use aws:, AWS:, or any upper or lowercase combination of such as a prefix for either keys or values as it is reserved for AWS use. You cannot edit or delete tag keys or values with this prefix. Tags with this prefix do not count against your tags per resource limit.

Required: No

Type: Array of Tag

Minimum: 0

Maximum: 50

Update requires: No interruption

TaskRoleArn

The short name or full Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the AWS Identity and Access Management role that grants containers in the task permission to call AWS APIs on your behalf. For more information, see Amazon ECS Task Role in the Amazon Elastic Container Service Developer Guide.

IAM roles for tasks on Windows require that the -EnableTaskIAMRole option is set when you launch the Amazon ECS-optimized Windows AMI. Your containers must also run some configuration code to use the feature. For more information, see Windows IAM roles for tasks in the Amazon Elastic Container Service Developer Guide.

Required: No

Type: String

Update requires: Replacement

Volumes

The list of data volume definitions for the task. For more information, see Using data volumes in tasks in the Amazon Elastic Container Service Developer Guide.

Note

The host and sourcePath parameters aren't supported for tasks run on AWS Fargate.

Required: No

Type: Array of Volume

Update requires: Replacement

Return values

Ref

When you pass the logical ID of this resource to the intrinsic Ref function, Ref returns the Amazon Resource Name (ARN).

In the following example, the Ref function returns the ARN of the MyTaskDefinition task definition, such as arn:aws:ecs:us-west-2:123456789012:task-definition/TaskDefinitionFamily:1.

{ "Ref": "MyTaskDefinition" }

For more information about using the Ref function, see Ref.

Fn::GetAtt

TaskDefinitionArn

The ARN of the task definition.

Examples

Create an Amazon ECS task definition with 2 containers

The following example defines an Amazon ECS task definition, which includes two container definitions and one volume definition.

JSON

{ "AWSTemplateFormatVersion": "2010-09-09", "Resources": { "taskdefinition": { "Type": "AWS::ECS::TaskDefinition", "Properties": { "ContainerDefinitions": [ { "Name": "AppName", "MountPoints": [ { "SourceVolume": "my-vol", "ContainerPath": "/var/www/my-vol" } ], "Image": "amazon/amazon-ecs-sample", "Cpu": 256, "PortMappings": [ { "ContainerPort": 80, "HostPort": 80, "Protocol": "tcp" } ], "EntryPoint": ["/usr/sbin/apache2", "-D", "FOREGROUND"], "Memory": 512, "Essential": true }, { "Name": "busybox", "Image": "busybox", "Cpu": 256, "EntryPoint": ["sh", "-c"], "Memory": 512, "Command": [ "/bin/sh -c \"while true; do /bin/date > /var/www/my-vol/date; sleep 1; done\"" ], "Essential": false, "VolumesFrom": [ { "SourceContainer": "AppName" } ] } ], "Volumes": [ { "Host": { "SourcePath": "/var/lib/docker/vfs/dir/" }, "Name": "my-vol" } ] } } } }

YAML

AWSTemplateFormatVersion: "2010-09-09" Resources: taskdefinition: Type: AWS::ECS::TaskDefinition Properties: ContainerDefinitions: - Name: AppName MountPoints: - SourceVolume: my-vol ContainerPath: "/var/www/my-vol" Image: amazon/amazon-ecs-sample Cpu: 256 PortMappings: - ContainerPort: 80 HostPort: 80 Protocol: tcp EntryPoint: - "/usr/sbin/apache2" - "-D" - FOREGROUND Memory: 512 Essential: true - Name: busybox Image: busybox Cpu: 256 EntryPoint: - sh - "-c" Memory: 512 Command: - /bin/sh -c "while true; do /bin/date > /var/www/my-vol/date; sleep 1; done" Essential: false VolumesFrom: - SourceContainer: AppName Volumes: - Host: SourcePath: "/var/lib/docker/vfs/dir/" Name: my-vol

Create an Amazon ECS task definition that can be used for both the Fargate and the EC2 launch types

The following is an example task definition using a Linux container that sets up a web server and is tagged with the key environment and the value webserver. This task definition is compatible across both the Fargate and EC2 launch types.

JSON

{ "AWSTemplateFormatVersion": "2010-09-09", "Description": "Create a task definition for a web server.", "Resources": { "ECSTaskDefinition": { "Type": "AWS::ECS::TaskDefinition", "Properties": { "ContainerDefinitions": [ { "Name": "first-run-task", "Image": "httpd:2.4", "Essential": true, "PortMappings": [ { "ContainerPort": 80, "Protocol": "tcp" } ], "EntryPoint": ["sh", "-c"], "Command":[ "/bin/sh -c \"echo '<html> <head> <title>Amazon ECS Sample App</title> <style>body {margin-top: 40px; background-color: #333;} </style> </head><body> <div style=color:white;text-align:center> <h1>Amazon ECS Sample App</h1> <h2>Congratulations!</h2> <p>Your application is now running on a container in Amazon ECS.</p> </div></body></html>' > /usr/local/apache2/htdocs/index.html && httpd-foreground\"" ] } ], "Family": "first-run-task", "Cpu": "1 vCPU", "Memory": "3 GB", "NetworkMode": "awsvpc", "RequiresCompatibilities": ["EC2","FARGATE"], "Tags": [ { "Key": "environment", "Value": "webserver" } ] } } }, "Outputs": { "ECSTaskDefinition": { "Description": "The created Taskdefinition.", "Value": { "Ref": "ECSTaskDefinition" } } } }

YAML

AWSTemplateFormatVersion: 2010-09-09 Description: Create a task definition for a web server. Resources: ECSTaskDefinition: Type: 'AWS::ECS::TaskDefinition' Properties: ContainerDefinitions: - Name: first-run-task Image: 'httpd:2.4' Essential: true PortMappings: - ContainerPort: 80 Protocol: tcp EntryPoint: - sh - -c Command: - "/bin/sh -c \"echo '<html> <head> <title>Amazon ECS Sample App</title> <style>body {margin-top: 40px; background-color: #333;} </style> </head><body> <div style=color:white;text-align:center> <h1>Amazon ECS Sample App</h1> <h2>Congratulations!</h2> <p>Your application is now running on a container in Amazon ECS.</p> </div></body></html>' > /usr/local/apache2/htdocs/index.html && httpd-foreground\"" Family: first-run-task Cpu: 1 vCPU Memory: 3 GB NetworkMode: awsvpc RequiresCompatibilities: - EC2 - FARGATE Tags: - Key: environment Value: webserver Outputs: ECSTaskDefinition: Description: The created Taskdefinition. Value: !Ref ECSTaskDefinition

Create an Amazon ECS task definition with an Amazon EFS volume

The following example defines an Amazon ECS task definition that uses an Amazon EFS volume. Replace the ExecutionRoleArn and FileSystemId with your own values. For more information about using Amazon EFS volumes with Amazon ECS, see Use Amazon EFS volumes with Amazon ECS in the Amazon ECS Developer Guide.

JSON

{ "AWSTemplateFormatVersion": "2010-09-09", "Description": "Create a task definition for a web server.", "Resources": { "ECSTaskDefinition": { "Type": "AWS::ECS::TaskDefinition", "Properties": { "ExecutionRoleArn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/ecsTaskExecutionRole", "NetworkMode": "awsvpc", "RequiresCompatibilities": ["FARGATE"], "Family": "my-ecs-task", "Cpu": "256", "Memory": "512", "ContainerDefinitions": [ { "Name": "nginx", "Image": "public.ecr.aws/nginx/nginx:latest", "Essential": true, "PortMappings": [ { "ContainerPort": 80, "Protocol": "tcp" } ], "LinuxParameters": { "InitProcessEnabled": true }, "MountPoints": [ { "SourceVolume": "efs-volume", "ContainerPath": "/usr/share/nginx/html" } ], "LogConfiguration": { "LogDriver": "awslogs", "Options": { "mode": "non-blocking", "max-buffer-size": "25m", "awslogs-group": "LogGroup", "awslogs-region": "us-east-1", "awslogs-create-group": "true", "awslogs-stream-prefix": "efs-task" } } } ], "Volumes": [ { "Name": "efs-volume", "EFSVolumeConfiguration": { "FilesystemId": "fs-1234567890abcdef0", "RootDirectory": "/", "TransitEncryption": "ENABLED" } } ] } } } }

YAML

AWSTemplateFormatVersion: 2010-09-09 Description: Create a task definition for a web server. Resources: ECSTaskDefinition: Type: AWS::ECS::TaskDefinition Properties: ExecutionRoleArn: arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/ecsTaskExecutionRole NetworkMode: awsvpc RequiresCompatibilities: - FARGATE Family: my-ecs-task Cpu: "256" Memory: "512" ContainerDefinitions: - Name: nginx Image: public.ecr.aws/nginx/nginx:latest Essential: true PortMappings: - ContainerPort: 80 Protocol: tcp LinuxParameters: InitProcessEnabled: true MountPoints: - SourceVolume: efs-volume ContainerPath: /usr/share/nginx/html LogConfiguration: LogDriver: awslogs Options: mode: non-blocking max-buffer-size: 25m awslogs-group: LogGroup awslogs-region: us-east-1 awslogs-create-group: "true" awslogs-stream-prefix: efs-task Volumes: - Name: efs-volume EFSVolumeConfiguration: FilesystemId: fs-1234567890abcdef0 RootDirectory: / TransitEncryption: ENABLED