PutBucketReplication - Amazon Simple Storage Service


Creates a replication configuration or replaces an existing one. For more information, see Replication in the Amazon S3 Developer Guide.


To perform this operation, the user or role performing the operation must have the iam:PassRole permission.

Specify the replication configuration in the request body. In the replication configuration, you provide the name of the destination bucket where you want Amazon S3 to replicate objects, the IAM role that Amazon S3 can assume to replicate objects on your behalf, and other relevant information.

A replication configuration must include at least one rule, and can contain a maximum of 1,000. Each rule identifies a subset of objects to replicate by filtering the objects in the source bucket. To choose additional subsets of objects to replicate, add a rule for each subset. All rules must specify the same destination bucket.

To specify a subset of the objects in the source bucket to apply a replication rule to, add the Filter element as a child of the Rule element. You can filter objects based on an object key prefix, one or more object tags, or both. When you add the Filter element in the configuration, you must also add the following elements: DeleteMarkerReplication, Status, and Priority.


The latest version of the replication configuration XML is V2. XML V2 replication configurations are those that contain the Filter element for rules, and rules that specify S3 Replication Time Control (S3 RTC). In XML V2 replication configurations, Amazon S3 doesn't replicate delete markers. Therefore, you must set the DeleteMarkerReplication element to Disabled. For backward compatibility, Amazon S3 continues to support the XML V1 replication configuration.

For information about enabling versioning on a bucket, see Using Versioning.

By default, a resource owner, in this case the AWS account that created the bucket, can perform this operation. The resource owner can also grant others permissions to perform the operation. For more information about permissions, see Specifying Permissions in a Policy and Managing Access Permissions to Your Amazon S3 Resources.

Handling Replication of Encrypted Objects

By default, Amazon S3 doesn't replicate objects that are stored at rest using server-side encryption with CMKs stored in AWS KMS. To replicate AWS KMS-encrypted objects, add the following: SourceSelectionCriteria, SseKmsEncryptedObjects, Status, EncryptionConfiguration, and ReplicaKmsKeyID. For information about replication configuration, see Replicating Objects Created with SSE Using CMKs stored in AWS KMS.

For information on PutBucketReplication errors, see List of replication-related error codes

The following operations are related to PutBucketReplication:

Request Syntax

PUT /?replication HTTP/1.1 Host: Bucket.s3.amazonaws.com Content-MD5: ContentMD5 x-amz-bucket-object-lock-token: Token x-amz-expected-bucket-owner: ExpectedBucketOwner <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <ReplicationConfiguration xmlns="http://s3.amazonaws.com/doc/2006-03-01/"> <Role>string</Role> <Rule> <DeleteMarkerReplication> <Status>string</Status> </DeleteMarkerReplication> <Destination> <AccessControlTranslation> <Owner>string</Owner> </AccessControlTranslation> <Account>string</Account> <Bucket>string</Bucket> <EncryptionConfiguration> <ReplicaKmsKeyID>string</ReplicaKmsKeyID> </EncryptionConfiguration> <Metrics> <EventThreshold> <Minutes>integer</Minutes> </EventThreshold> <Status>string</Status> </Metrics> <ReplicationTime> <Status>string</Status> <Time> <Minutes>integer</Minutes> </Time> </ReplicationTime> <StorageClass>string</StorageClass> </Destination> <ExistingObjectReplication> <Status>string</Status> </ExistingObjectReplication> <Filter> <And> <Prefix>string</Prefix> <Tag> <Key>string</Key> <Value>string</Value> </Tag> ... </And> <Prefix>string</Prefix> <Tag> <Key>string</Key> <Value>string</Value> </Tag> </Filter> <ID>string</ID> <Prefix>string</Prefix> <Priority>integer</Priority> <SourceSelectionCriteria> <SseKmsEncryptedObjects> <Status>string</Status> </SseKmsEncryptedObjects> </SourceSelectionCriteria> <Status>string</Status> </Rule> ... </ReplicationConfiguration>

URI Request Parameters

The request uses the following URI parameters.


The name of the bucket

Required: Yes


This header has been deprecated.

The base64-encoded 128-bit MD5 digest of the data. You must use this header as a message integrity check to verify that the request body was not corrupted in transit. For more information, see RFC 1864.


The account id of the expected bucket owner. If the bucket is owned by a different account, the request will fail with an HTTP 403 (Access Denied) error.

Request Body

The request accepts the following data in XML format.


Root level tag for the ReplicationConfiguration parameters.

Required: Yes


The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) role that Amazon S3 assumes when replicating objects. For more information, see How to Set Up Replication in the Amazon Simple Storage Service Developer Guide.

Type: String

Required: Yes


A container for one or more replication rules. A replication configuration must have at least one rule and can contain a maximum of 1,000 rules.

Type: Array of ReplicationRule data types

Required: Yes

Response Syntax

HTTP/1.1 200

Response Elements

If the action is successful, the service sends back an HTTP 200 response with an empty HTTP body.


Sample Request: Add a replication configuration

The following is a sample PUT request that creates a replication subresource on the specified bucket and saves the replication configuration in it. The replication configuration specifies a rule to replicate objects to the exampletargetbucket bucket. The rule includes a filter to replicate only the objects created with the key name prefix TaxDocs and that have two specific tags.

After you add a replication configuration to your bucket, Amazon S3 assumes the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) role specified in the configuration to replicate objects on behalf of the bucket owner. The bucket owner is the AWS account that created the bucket.

Filtering using the <Filter> element is supported in the latest XML configuration. If you are using an earlier version of the XML configuration, you can filter only on key prefix. In that case, you add the <Prefix> element as a child of the <Rule>.

For more examples of replication configuration, see Replication Configuration Overview in the Amazon S3 Developer Guide.

PUT /?replication HTTP/1.1 Host: examplebucket.s3.<Region>.amazonaws.com Date: Wed, 11 Feb 2015 02:11:21 GMT Content-MD5: q6yJDlIkcBaGGfb3QLY69A== Authorization: authorization string Content-Length: length <ReplicationConfiguration> <Role>arn:aws:iam::35667example:role/CrossRegionReplicationRoleForS3</Role> <Rule> <ID>rule1</ID> <Status>Enabled</Status> <Priority>1</Priority> <DeleteMarkerReplication> <Status>Disabled</Status> </DeleteMarkerReplication> <Filter> <And> <Prefix>TaxDocs</Prefix> <Tag> <Key>key1</Key> <Value>value1</Value> </Tag> <Tag> <Key>key1</Key> <Value>value1</Value> </Tag> </And> </Filter> <Destination> <Bucket>arn:aws:s3:::exampletargetbucket</Bucket> </Destination> </Rule> </ReplicationConfiguration>

Sample Response

This example illustrates one usage of PutBucketReplication.

HTTP/1.1 200 OK x-amz-id-2: r+qR7+nhXtJDDIJ0JJYcd+1j5nM/rUFiiiZ/fNbDOsd3JUE8NWMLNHXmvPfwMpdc x-amz-request-id: 9E26D08072A8EF9E Date: Wed, 11 Feb 2015 02:11:22 GMT Content-Length: 0 Server: AmazonS3

Sample Request: Add a Replication Configuration with Amazon S3 Replication Time Control Enabled

You can use S3 Replication Time Control (S3 RTC) to replicate your data in the same AWS Region or across different AWS Regions in a predictable time frame. S3 RTC replicates 99.99 percent of new objects stored in Amazon S3 within 15 minutes. For more information, see Replicating Objects Using Replication Time Control.

PUT /?replication HTTP/1.1 Host: examplebucket.s3.<Region>.amazonaws.com Date: Wed, 11 Feb 2015 02:11:21 GMT Content-MD5: q6yJDlIkcBaGGfb3QLY69A== Authorization: authorization string Content-Length: length x-amz-bucket-object-lock-token: Token <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <ReplicationConfiguration> <Role>arn:aws:iam::35667example:role/CrossRegionReplicationRoleForS3</Role> <Rule> <ID>rule1</ID> <Status>Enabled</Status> <Priority>1</Priority> <Filter> <And> <Prefix>TaxDocs</Prefix> <Tag> <Key>key1</Key> <Value>value1</Value> </Tag> <Tag> <Key>key1</Key> <Value>value1</Value> </Tag> </And> </Filter> <Destination> <Bucket>arn:aws:s3:::exampletargetbucket</Bucket> <Metrics> <Status>Enabled</Status> <EventThreshold> <Minutes>15</Minutes> </EventThreshold> </Metrics> <ReplicationTime> <Status>Enabled</Status> <Time> <Minutes>15</Minutes> </Time> </ReplicationTime> </Destination> </Rule> </ReplicationConfiguration>

See Also

For more information about using this API in one of the language-specific AWS SDKs, see the following: