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[ aws . events ]

put-targets

Description

Adds the specified targets to the specified rule, or updates the targets if they are already associated with the rule.

Targets are the resources that are invoked when a rule is triggered.

You can configure the following as targets for Events:

  • API destination
  • Amazon API Gateway REST API endpoints
  • API Gateway
  • Batch job queue
  • CloudWatch Logs group
  • CodeBuild project
  • CodePipeline
  • Amazon EC2 CreateSnapshot API call
  • Amazon EC2 RebootInstances API call
  • Amazon EC2 StopInstances API call
  • Amazon EC2 TerminateInstances API call
  • Amazon ECS tasks
  • Event bus in a different Amazon Web Services account or Region. You can use an event bus in the US East (N. Virginia) us-east-1, US West (Oregon) us-west-2, or Europe (Ireland) eu-west-1 Regions as a target for a rule.
  • Firehose delivery stream (Kinesis Data Firehose)
  • Inspector assessment template (Amazon Inspector)
  • Kinesis stream (Kinesis Data Stream)
  • Lambda function
  • Redshift clusters (Data API statement execution)
  • Amazon SNS topic
  • Amazon SQS queues (includes FIFO queues
  • SSM Automation
  • SSM OpsItem
  • SSM Run Command
  • Step Functions state machines

Creating rules with built-in targets is supported only in the Amazon Web Services Management Console. The built-in targets are EC2 CreateSnapshot API call , EC2 RebootInstances API call , EC2 StopInstances API call , and EC2 TerminateInstances API call .

For some target types, PutTargets provides target-specific parameters. If the target is a Kinesis data stream, you can optionally specify which shard the event goes to by using the KinesisParameters argument. To invoke a command on multiple EC2 instances with one rule, you can use the RunCommandParameters field.

To be able to make API calls against the resources that you own, Amazon EventBridge needs the appropriate permissions. For Lambda and Amazon SNS resources, EventBridge relies on resource-based policies. For EC2 instances, Kinesis Data Streams, Step Functions state machines and API Gateway REST APIs, EventBridge relies on IAM roles that you specify in the RoleARN argument in PutTargets . For more information, see Authentication and Access Control in the Amazon EventBridge User Guide .

If another Amazon Web Services account is in the same region and has granted you permission (using PutPermission ), you can send events to that account. Set that account's event bus as a target of the rules in your account. To send the matched events to the other account, specify that account's event bus as the Arn value when you run PutTargets . If your account sends events to another account, your account is charged for each sent event. Each event sent to another account is charged as a custom event. The account receiving the event is not charged. For more information, see Amazon EventBridge Pricing .

Note

Input , InputPath , and InputTransformer are not available with PutTarget if the target is an event bus of a different Amazon Web Services account.

If you are setting the event bus of another account as the target, and that account granted permission to your account through an organization instead of directly by the account ID, then you must specify a RoleArn with proper permissions in the Target structure. For more information, see Sending and Receiving Events Between Amazon Web Services Accounts in the Amazon EventBridge User Guide .

For more information about enabling cross-account events, see PutPermission .

Input , InputPath , and InputTransformer are mutually exclusive and optional parameters of a target. When a rule is triggered due to a matched event:
  • If none of the following arguments are specified for a target, then the entire event is passed to the target in JSON format (unless the target is Amazon EC2 Run Command or Amazon ECS task, in which case nothing from the event is passed to the target).
  • If Input is specified in the form of valid JSON, then the matched event is overridden with this constant.
  • If InputPath is specified in the form of JSONPath (for example, $.detail ), then only the part of the event specified in the path is passed to the target (for example, only the detail part of the event is passed).
  • If InputTransformer is specified, then one or more specified JSONPaths are extracted from the event and used as values in a template that you specify as the input to the target.

When you specify InputPath or InputTransformer , you must use JSON dot notation, not bracket notation.

When you add targets to a rule and the associated rule triggers soon after, new or updated targets might not be immediately invoked. Allow a short period of time for changes to take effect.

This action can partially fail if too many requests are made at the same time. If that happens, FailedEntryCount is non-zero in the response and each entry in FailedEntries provides the ID of the failed target and the error code.

See also: AWS API Documentation

See 'aws help' for descriptions of global parameters.

Synopsis

  put-targets
--rule <value>
[--event-bus-name <value>]
--targets <value>
[--cli-input-json <value>]
[--generate-cli-skeleton <value>]

Options

--rule (string)

The name of the rule.

--event-bus-name (string)

The name or ARN of the event bus associated with the rule. If you omit this, the default event bus is used.

--targets (list)

The targets to update or add to the rule.

(structure)

Targets are the resources to be invoked when a rule is triggered. For a complete list of services and resources that can be set as a target, see PutTargets .

If you are setting the event bus of another account as the target, and that account granted permission to your account through an organization instead of directly by the account ID, then you must specify a RoleArn with proper permissions in the Target structure. For more information, see Sending and Receiving Events Between Amazon Web Services Accounts in the Amazon EventBridge User Guide .

Id -> (string)

The ID of the target. We recommend using a memorable and unique string.

Arn -> (string)

The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the target.

RoleArn -> (string)

The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the IAM role to be used for this target when the rule is triggered. If one rule triggers multiple targets, you can use a different IAM role for each target.

Input -> (string)

Valid JSON text passed to the target. In this case, nothing from the event itself is passed to the target. For more information, see The JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) Data Interchange Format .

InputPath -> (string)

The value of the JSONPath that is used for extracting part of the matched event when passing it to the target. You must use JSON dot notation, not bracket notation. For more information about JSON paths, see JSONPath .

InputTransformer -> (structure)

Settings to enable you to provide custom input to a target based on certain event data. You can extract one or more key-value pairs from the event and then use that data to send customized input to the target.

InputPathsMap -> (map)

Map of JSON paths to be extracted from the event. You can then insert these in the template in InputTemplate to produce the output you want to be sent to the target.

InputPathsMap is an array key-value pairs, where each value is a valid JSON path. You can have as many as 100 key-value pairs. You must use JSON dot notation, not bracket notation.

The keys cannot start with "Amazon Web Services."

key -> (string)

value -> (string)

InputTemplate -> (string)

Input template where you specify placeholders that will be filled with the values of the keys from InputPathsMap to customize the data sent to the target. Enclose each InputPathsMaps value in brackets: <value > The InputTemplate must be valid JSON.

If InputTemplate is a JSON object (surrounded by curly braces), the following restrictions apply:

  • The placeholder cannot be used as an object key.

The following example shows the syntax for using InputPathsMap and InputTemplate .

"InputTransformer":

{

"InputPathsMap": {"instance": "$.detail.instance","status": "$.detail.status"},

"InputTemplate": "<instance> is in state <status>"

}

To have the InputTemplate include quote marks within a JSON string, escape each quote marks with a slash, as in the following example:

"InputTransformer":

{

"InputPathsMap": {"instance": "$.detail.instance","status": "$.detail.status"},

"InputTemplate": "<instance> is in state \"<status>\""

}

The InputTemplate can also be valid JSON with varibles in quotes or out, as in the following example:

"InputTransformer":

{

"InputPathsMap": {"instance": "$.detail.instance","status": "$.detail.status"},

"InputTemplate": '{"myInstance": <instance>,"myStatus": "<instance> is in state \"<status>\""}'

}

KinesisParameters -> (structure)

The custom parameter you can use to control the shard assignment, when the target is a Kinesis data stream. If you do not include this parameter, the default is to use the eventId as the partition key.

PartitionKeyPath -> (string)

The JSON path to be extracted from the event and used as the partition key. For more information, see Amazon Kinesis Streams Key Concepts in the Amazon Kinesis Streams Developer Guide .

RunCommandParameters -> (structure)

Parameters used when you are using the rule to invoke Amazon EC2 Run Command.

RunCommandTargets -> (list)

Currently, we support including only one RunCommandTarget block, which specifies either an array of InstanceIds or a tag.

(structure)

Information about the EC2 instances that are to be sent the command, specified as key-value pairs. Each RunCommandTarget block can include only one key, but this key may specify multiple values.

Key -> (string)

Can be either tag: tag-key or InstanceIds .

Values -> (list)

If Key is tag: tag-key , Values is a list of tag values. If Key is InstanceIds , Values is a list of Amazon EC2 instance IDs.

(string)

EcsParameters -> (structure)

Contains the Amazon ECS task definition and task count to be used, if the event target is an Amazon ECS task. For more information about Amazon ECS tasks, see Task Definitions in the Amazon EC2 Container Service Developer Guide .

TaskDefinitionArn -> (string)

The ARN of the task definition to use if the event target is an Amazon ECS task.

TaskCount -> (integer)

The number of tasks to create based on TaskDefinition . The default is 1.

LaunchType -> (string)

Specifies the launch type on which your task is running. The launch type that you specify here must match one of the launch type (compatibilities) of the target task. The FARGATE value is supported only in the Regions where Fargate witt Amazon ECS is supported. For more information, see Fargate on Amazon ECS in the Amazon Elastic Container Service Developer Guide .

NetworkConfiguration -> (structure)

Use this structure if the Amazon ECS task uses the awsvpc network mode. This structure specifies the VPC subnets and security groups associated with the task, and whether a public IP address is to be used. This structure is required if LaunchType is FARGATE because the awsvpc mode is required for Fargate tasks.

If you specify NetworkConfiguration when the target ECS task does not use the awsvpc network mode, the task fails.

awsvpcConfiguration -> (structure)

Use this structure to specify the VPC subnets and security groups for the task, and whether a public IP address is to be used. This structure is relevant only for ECS tasks that use the awsvpc network mode.

Subnets -> (list)

Specifies the subnets associated with the task. These subnets must all be in the same VPC. You can specify as many as 16 subnets.

(string)

SecurityGroups -> (list)

Specifies the security groups associated with the task. These security groups must all be in the same VPC. You can specify as many as five security groups. If you do not specify a security group, the default security group for the VPC is used.

(string)

AssignPublicIp -> (string)

Specifies whether the task's elastic network interface receives a public IP address. You can specify ENABLED only when LaunchType in EcsParameters is set to FARGATE .

PlatformVersion -> (string)

Specifies the platform version for the task. Specify only the numeric portion of the platform version, such as 1.1.0 .

This structure is used only if LaunchType is FARGATE . For more information about valid platform versions, see Fargate Platform Versions in the Amazon Elastic Container Service Developer Guide .

Group -> (string)

Specifies an ECS task group for the task. The maximum length is 255 characters.

CapacityProviderStrategy -> (list)

The capacity provider strategy to use for the task.

If a capacityProviderStrategy is specified, the launchType parameter must be omitted. If no capacityProviderStrategy or launchType is specified, the defaultCapacityProviderStrategy for the cluster is used.

(structure)

The details of a capacity provider strategy. To learn more, see CapacityProviderStrategyItem in the Amazon ECS API Reference.

capacityProvider -> (string)

The short name of the capacity provider.

weight -> (integer)

The weight value designates the relative percentage of the total number of tasks launched that should use the specified capacity provider. The weight value is taken into consideration after the base value, if defined, is satisfied.

base -> (integer)

The base value designates how many tasks, at a minimum, to run on the specified capacity provider. Only one capacity provider in a capacity provider strategy can have a base defined. If no value is specified, the default value of 0 is used.

EnableECSManagedTags -> (boolean)

Specifies whether to enable Amazon ECS managed tags for the task. For more information, see Tagging Your Amazon ECS Resources in the Amazon Elastic Container Service Developer Guide.

EnableExecuteCommand -> (boolean)

Whether or not to enable the execute command functionality for the containers in this task. If true, this enables execute command functionality on all containers in the task.

PlacementConstraints -> (list)

An array of placement constraint objects to use for the task. You can specify up to 10 constraints per task (including constraints in the task definition and those specified at runtime).

(structure)

An object representing a constraint on task placement. To learn more, see Task Placement Constraints in the Amazon Elastic Container Service Developer Guide.

type -> (string)

The type of constraint. Use distinctInstance to ensure that each task in a particular group is running on a different container instance. Use memberOf to restrict the selection to a group of valid candidates.

expression -> (string)

A cluster query language expression to apply to the constraint. You cannot specify an expression if the constraint type is distinctInstance . To learn more, see Cluster Query Language in the Amazon Elastic Container Service Developer Guide.

PlacementStrategy -> (list)

The placement strategy objects to use for the task. You can specify a maximum of five strategy rules per task.

(structure)

The task placement strategy for a task or service. To learn more, see Task Placement Strategies in the Amazon Elastic Container Service Service Developer Guide.

type -> (string)

The type of placement strategy. The random placement strategy randomly places tasks on available candidates. The spread placement strategy spreads placement across available candidates evenly based on the field parameter. The binpack strategy places tasks on available candidates that have the least available amount of the resource that is specified with the field parameter. For example, if you binpack on memory, a task is placed on the instance with the least amount of remaining memory (but still enough to run the task).

field -> (string)

The field to apply the placement strategy against. For the spread placement strategy, valid values are instanceId (or host, which has the same effect), or any platform or custom attribute that is applied to a container instance, such as attribute:ecs.availability-zone. For the binpack placement strategy, valid values are cpu and memory. For the random placement strategy, this field is not used.

PropagateTags -> (string)

Specifies whether to propagate the tags from the task definition to the task. If no value is specified, the tags are not propagated. Tags can only be propagated to the task during task creation. To add tags to a task after task creation, use the TagResource API action.

ReferenceId -> (string)

The reference ID to use for the task.

Tags -> (list)

The metadata that you apply to the task to help you categorize and organize them. Each tag consists of a key and an optional value, both of which you define. To learn more, see RunTask in the Amazon ECS API Reference.

(structure)

A key-value pair associated with an Amazon Web Services resource. In EventBridge, rules and event buses support tagging.

Key -> (string)

A string you can use to assign a value. The combination of tag keys and values can help you organize and categorize your resources.

Value -> (string)

The value for the specified tag key.

BatchParameters -> (structure)

If the event target is an Batch job, this contains the job definition, job name, and other parameters. For more information, see Jobs in the Batch User Guide .

JobDefinition -> (string)

The ARN or name of the job definition to use if the event target is an Batch job. This job definition must already exist.

JobName -> (string)

The name to use for this execution of the job, if the target is an Batch job.

ArrayProperties -> (structure)

The array properties for the submitted job, such as the size of the array. The array size can be between 2 and 10,000. If you specify array properties for a job, it becomes an array job. This parameter is used only if the target is an Batch job.

Size -> (integer)

The size of the array, if this is an array batch job. Valid values are integers between 2 and 10,000.

RetryStrategy -> (structure)

The retry strategy to use for failed jobs, if the target is an Batch job. The retry strategy is the number of times to retry the failed job execution. Valid values are 1–10. When you specify a retry strategy here, it overrides the retry strategy defined in the job definition.

Attempts -> (integer)

The number of times to attempt to retry, if the job fails. Valid values are 1–10.

SqsParameters -> (structure)

Contains the message group ID to use when the target is a FIFO queue.

If you specify an SQS FIFO queue as a target, the queue must have content-based deduplication enabled.

MessageGroupId -> (string)

The FIFO message group ID to use as the target.

HttpParameters -> (structure)

Contains the HTTP parameters to use when the target is a API Gateway REST endpoint or EventBridge ApiDestination.

If you specify an API Gateway REST API or EventBridge ApiDestination as a target, you can use this parameter to specify headers, path parameters, and query string keys/values as part of your target invoking request. If you're using ApiDestinations, the corresponding Connection can also have these values configured. In case of any conflicting keys, values from the Connection take precedence.

PathParameterValues -> (list)

The path parameter values to be used to populate API Gateway REST API or EventBridge ApiDestination path wildcards ("*").

(string)

HeaderParameters -> (map)

The headers that need to be sent as part of request invoking the API Gateway REST API or EventBridge ApiDestination.

key -> (string)

value -> (string)

QueryStringParameters -> (map)

The query string keys/values that need to be sent as part of request invoking the API Gateway REST API or EventBridge ApiDestination.

key -> (string)

value -> (string)

RedshiftDataParameters -> (structure)

Contains the Amazon Redshift Data API parameters to use when the target is a Amazon Redshift cluster.

If you specify a Amazon Redshift Cluster as a Target, you can use this to specify parameters to invoke the Amazon Redshift Data API ExecuteStatement based on EventBridge events.

SecretManagerArn -> (string)

The name or ARN of the secret that enables access to the database. Required when authenticating using Amazon Web Services Secrets Manager.

Database -> (string)

The name of the database. Required when authenticating using temporary credentials.

DbUser -> (string)

The database user name. Required when authenticating using temporary credentials.

Sql -> (string)

The SQL statement text to run.

StatementName -> (string)

The name of the SQL statement. You can name the SQL statement when you create it to identify the query.

WithEvent -> (boolean)

Indicates whether to send an event back to EventBridge after the SQL statement runs.

SageMakerPipelineParameters -> (structure)

Contains the SageMaker Model Building Pipeline parameters to start execution of a SageMaker Model Building Pipeline.

If you specify a SageMaker Model Building Pipeline as a target, you can use this to specify parameters to start a pipeline execution based on EventBridge events.

PipelineParameterList -> (list)

List of Parameter names and values for SageMaker Model Building Pipeline execution.

(structure)

Name/Value pair of a parameter to start execution of a SageMaker Model Building Pipeline.

Name -> (string)

Name of parameter to start execution of a SageMaker Model Building Pipeline.

Value -> (string)

Value of parameter to start execution of a SageMaker Model Building Pipeline.

DeadLetterConfig -> (structure)

The DeadLetterConfig that defines the target queue to send dead-letter queue events to.

Arn -> (string)

The ARN of the SQS queue specified as the target for the dead-letter queue.

RetryPolicy -> (structure)

The RetryPolicy object that contains the retry policy configuration to use for the dead-letter queue.

MaximumRetryAttempts -> (integer)

The maximum number of retry attempts to make before the request fails. Retry attempts continue until either the maximum number of attempts is made or until the duration of the MaximumEventAgeInSeconds is met.

MaximumEventAgeInSeconds -> (integer)

The maximum amount of time, in seconds, to continue to make retry attempts.

JSON Syntax:

[
  {
    "Id": "string",
    "Arn": "string",
    "RoleArn": "string",
    "Input": "string",
    "InputPath": "string",
    "InputTransformer": {
      "InputPathsMap": {"string": "string"
        ...},
      "InputTemplate": "string"
    },
    "KinesisParameters": {
      "PartitionKeyPath": "string"
    },
    "RunCommandParameters": {
      "RunCommandTargets": [
        {
          "Key": "string",
          "Values": ["string", ...]
        }
        ...
      ]
    },
    "EcsParameters": {
      "TaskDefinitionArn": "string",
      "TaskCount": integer,
      "LaunchType": "EC2"|"FARGATE"|"EXTERNAL",
      "NetworkConfiguration": {
        "awsvpcConfiguration": {
          "Subnets": ["string", ...],
          "SecurityGroups": ["string", ...],
          "AssignPublicIp": "ENABLED"|"DISABLED"
        }
      },
      "PlatformVersion": "string",
      "Group": "string",
      "CapacityProviderStrategy": [
        {
          "capacityProvider": "string",
          "weight": integer,
          "base": integer
        }
        ...
      ],
      "EnableECSManagedTags": true|false,
      "EnableExecuteCommand": true|false,
      "PlacementConstraints": [
        {
          "type": "distinctInstance"|"memberOf",
          "expression": "string"
        }
        ...
      ],
      "PlacementStrategy": [
        {
          "type": "random"|"spread"|"binpack",
          "field": "string"
        }
        ...
      ],
      "PropagateTags": "TASK_DEFINITION",
      "ReferenceId": "string",
      "Tags": [
        {
          "Key": "string",
          "Value": "string"
        }
        ...
      ]
    },
    "BatchParameters": {
      "JobDefinition": "string",
      "JobName": "string",
      "ArrayProperties": {
        "Size": integer
      },
      "RetryStrategy": {
        "Attempts": integer
      }
    },
    "SqsParameters": {
      "MessageGroupId": "string"
    },
    "HttpParameters": {
      "PathParameterValues": ["string", ...],
      "HeaderParameters": {"string": "string"
        ...},
      "QueryStringParameters": {"string": "string"
        ...}
    },
    "RedshiftDataParameters": {
      "SecretManagerArn": "string",
      "Database": "string",
      "DbUser": "string",
      "Sql": "string",
      "StatementName": "string",
      "WithEvent": true|false
    },
    "SageMakerPipelineParameters": {
      "PipelineParameterList": [
        {
          "Name": "string",
          "Value": "string"
        }
        ...
      ]
    },
    "DeadLetterConfig": {
      "Arn": "string"
    },
    "RetryPolicy": {
      "MaximumRetryAttempts": integer,
      "MaximumEventAgeInSeconds": integer
    }
  }
  ...
]

--cli-input-json (string) Performs service operation based on the JSON string provided. The JSON string follows the format provided by --generate-cli-skeleton. If other arguments are provided on the command line, the CLI values will override the JSON-provided values. It is not possible to pass arbitrary binary values using a JSON-provided value as the string will be taken literally.

--generate-cli-skeleton (string) Prints a JSON skeleton to standard output without sending an API request. If provided with no value or the value input, prints a sample input JSON that can be used as an argument for --cli-input-json. If provided with the value output, it validates the command inputs and returns a sample output JSON for that command.

See 'aws help' for descriptions of global parameters.

Examples

To add targets for CloudWatch Events rules

This example adds a Lambda function as the target of a rule:

aws events put-targets --rule DailyLambdaFunction --targets "Id"="1","Arn"="arn:aws:lambda:us-east-1:123456789012:function:MyFunctionName"

This example sets an Amazon Kinesis stream as the target, so that events caught by this rule are relayed to the stream:

aws events put-targets --rule EC2InstanceStateChanges --targets "Id"="1","Arn"="arn:aws:kinesis:us-east-1:123456789012:stream/MyStream","RoleArn"="arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/MyRoleForThisRule"

This example sets two Amazon Kinesis streams as targets for one rule:

aws events put-targets --rule DailyLambdaFunction --targets "Id"="Target1","Arn"="arn:aws:kinesis:us-east-1:379642911888:stream/MyStream1","RoleArn"="arn:aws:iam::379642911888:role/ MyRoleToAccessLambda"  "Id"="Target2"," Arn"="arn:aws:kinesis:us-east-1:379642911888:stream/MyStream2","RoleArn"="arn:aws:iam::379642911888:role/MyRoleToAccessLambda"

Output

FailedEntryCount -> (integer)

The number of failed entries.

FailedEntries -> (list)

The failed target entries.

(structure)

Represents a target that failed to be added to a rule.

TargetId -> (string)

The ID of the target.

ErrorCode -> (string)

The error code that indicates why the target addition failed. If the value is ConcurrentModificationException , too many requests were made at the same time.

ErrorMessage -> (string)

The error message that explains why the target addition failed.