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[ aws . rds ]

describe-db-snapshots

Description

Returns information about DB snapshots. This API action supports pagination.

See also: AWS API Documentation

describe-db-snapshots is a paginated operation. Multiple API calls may be issued in order to retrieve the entire data set of results. You can disable pagination by providing the --no-paginate argument. When using --output text and the --query argument on a paginated response, the --query argument must extract data from the results of the following query expressions: DBSnapshots

Synopsis

  describe-db-snapshots
[--db-instance-identifier <value>]
[--db-snapshot-identifier <value>]
[--snapshot-type <value>]
[--filters <value>]
[--include-shared | --no-include-shared]
[--include-public | --no-include-public]
[--dbi-resource-id <value>]
[--cli-input-json <value>]
[--starting-token <value>]
[--page-size <value>]
[--max-items <value>]
[--generate-cli-skeleton <value>]
[--debug]
[--endpoint-url <value>]
[--no-verify-ssl]
[--no-paginate]
[--output <value>]
[--query <value>]
[--profile <value>]
[--region <value>]
[--version <value>]
[--color <value>]
[--no-sign-request]
[--ca-bundle <value>]
[--cli-read-timeout <value>]
[--cli-connect-timeout <value>]

Options

--db-instance-identifier (string)

The ID of the DB instance to retrieve the list of DB snapshots for. This parameter isn't case-sensitive.

Constraints:

  • If supplied, must match the identifier of an existing DBInstance.

--db-snapshot-identifier (string)

A specific DB snapshot identifier to describe. This value is stored as a lowercase string.

Constraints:

  • If supplied, must match the identifier of an existing DBSnapshot.
  • If this identifier is for an automated snapshot, the SnapshotType parameter must also be specified.

--snapshot-type (string)

The type of snapshots to be returned. You can specify one of the following values:

  • automated - Return all DB snapshots that have been automatically taken by Amazon RDS for my Amazon Web Services account.
  • manual - Return all DB snapshots that have been taken by my Amazon Web Services account.
  • shared - Return all manual DB snapshots that have been shared to my Amazon Web Services account.
  • public - Return all DB snapshots that have been marked as public.
  • awsbackup - Return the DB snapshots managed by the Amazon Web Services Backup service. For information about Amazon Web Services Backup, see the ` Amazon Web Services Backup Developer Guide. https://docs.aws.amazon.com/aws-backup/latest/devguide/whatisbackup.html`__ The awsbackup type does not apply to Aurora.

If you don't specify a SnapshotType value, then both automated and manual snapshots are returned. Shared and public DB snapshots are not included in the returned results by default. You can include shared snapshots with these results by enabling the IncludeShared parameter. You can include public snapshots with these results by enabling the IncludePublic parameter.

The IncludeShared and IncludePublic parameters don't apply for SnapshotType values of manual or automated . The IncludePublic parameter doesn't apply when SnapshotType is set to shared . The IncludeShared parameter doesn't apply when SnapshotType is set to public .

--filters (list)

A filter that specifies one or more DB snapshots to describe.

Supported filters:

  • db-instance-id - Accepts DB instance identifiers and DB instance Amazon Resource Names (ARNs).
  • db-snapshot-id - Accepts DB snapshot identifiers.
  • dbi-resource-id - Accepts identifiers of source DB instances.
  • snapshot-type - Accepts types of DB snapshots.
  • engine - Accepts names of database engines.

(structure)

A filter name and value pair that is used to return a more specific list of results from a describe operation. Filters can be used to match a set of resources by specific criteria, such as IDs. The filters supported by a describe operation are documented with the describe operation.

Note

Currently, wildcards are not supported in filters.

The following actions can be filtered:

  • DescribeDBClusterBacktracks
  • DescribeDBClusterEndpoints
  • DescribeDBClusters
  • DescribeDBInstances
  • DescribePendingMaintenanceActions

Name -> (string)

The name of the filter. Filter names are case-sensitive.

Values -> (list)

One or more filter values. Filter values are case-sensitive.

(string)

Shorthand Syntax:

Name=string,Values=string,string ...

JSON Syntax:

[
  {
    "Name": "string",
    "Values": ["string", ...]
  }
  ...
]

--include-shared | --no-include-shared (boolean)

A value that indicates whether to include shared manual DB cluster snapshots from other Amazon Web Services accounts that this Amazon Web Services account has been given permission to copy or restore. By default, these snapshots are not included.

You can give an Amazon Web Services account permission to restore a manual DB snapshot from another Amazon Web Services account by using the ModifyDBSnapshotAttribute API action.

This setting doesn't apply to RDS Custom.

--include-public | --no-include-public (boolean)

A value that indicates whether to include manual DB cluster snapshots that are public and can be copied or restored by any Amazon Web Services account. By default, the public snapshots are not included.

You can share a manual DB snapshot as public by using the ModifyDBSnapshotAttribute API.

This setting doesn't apply to RDS Custom.

--dbi-resource-id (string)

A specific DB resource ID to describe.

--cli-input-json (string) Performs service operation based on the JSON string provided. The JSON string follows the format provided by --generate-cli-skeleton. If other arguments are provided on the command line, the CLI values will override the JSON-provided values. It is not possible to pass arbitrary binary values using a JSON-provided value as the string will be taken literally.

--starting-token (string)

A token to specify where to start paginating. This is the NextToken from a previously truncated response.

For usage examples, see Pagination in the AWS Command Line Interface User Guide .

--page-size (integer)

The size of each page to get in the AWS service call. This does not affect the number of items returned in the command's output. Setting a smaller page size results in more calls to the AWS service, retrieving fewer items in each call. This can help prevent the AWS service calls from timing out.

For usage examples, see Pagination in the AWS Command Line Interface User Guide .

--max-items (integer)

The total number of items to return in the command's output. If the total number of items available is more than the value specified, a NextToken is provided in the command's output. To resume pagination, provide the NextToken value in the starting-token argument of a subsequent command. Do not use the NextToken response element directly outside of the AWS CLI.

For usage examples, see Pagination in the AWS Command Line Interface User Guide .

--generate-cli-skeleton (string) Prints a JSON skeleton to standard output without sending an API request. If provided with no value or the value input, prints a sample input JSON that can be used as an argument for --cli-input-json. If provided with the value output, it validates the command inputs and returns a sample output JSON for that command.

Global Options

--debug (boolean)

Turn on debug logging.

--endpoint-url (string)

Override command's default URL with the given URL.

--no-verify-ssl (boolean)

By default, the AWS CLI uses SSL when communicating with AWS services. For each SSL connection, the AWS CLI will verify SSL certificates. This option overrides the default behavior of verifying SSL certificates.

--no-paginate (boolean)

Disable automatic pagination.

--output (string)

The formatting style for command output.

  • json
  • text
  • table

--query (string)

A JMESPath query to use in filtering the response data.

--profile (string)

Use a specific profile from your credential file.

--region (string)

The region to use. Overrides config/env settings.

--version (string)

Display the version of this tool.

--color (string)

Turn on/off color output.

  • on
  • off
  • auto

--no-sign-request (boolean)

Do not sign requests. Credentials will not be loaded if this argument is provided.

--ca-bundle (string)

The CA certificate bundle to use when verifying SSL certificates. Overrides config/env settings.

--cli-read-timeout (int)

The maximum socket read time in seconds. If the value is set to 0, the socket read will be blocking and not timeout. The default value is 60 seconds.

--cli-connect-timeout (int)

The maximum socket connect time in seconds. If the value is set to 0, the socket connect will be blocking and not timeout. The default value is 60 seconds.

Examples

Note

To use the following examples, you must have the AWS CLI installed and configured. See the Getting started guide in the AWS CLI User Guide for more information.

Unless otherwise stated, all examples have unix-like quotation rules. These examples will need to be adapted to your terminal's quoting rules. See Using quotation marks with strings in the AWS CLI User Guide .

Example 1: To describe a DB snapshot for a DB instance

The following describe-db-snapshots example retrieves the details of a DB snapshot for a DB instance.

aws rds describe-db-snapshots \
    --db-snapshot-identifier mydbsnapshot

Output:

{
    "DBSnapshots": [
        {
            "DBSnapshotIdentifier": "mydbsnapshot",
            "DBInstanceIdentifier": "mysqldb",
            "SnapshotCreateTime": "2018-02-08T22:28:08.598Z",
            "Engine": "mysql",
            "AllocatedStorage": 20,
            "Status": "available",
            "Port": 3306,
            "AvailabilityZone": "us-east-1f",
            "VpcId": "vpc-6594f31c",
            "InstanceCreateTime": "2018-02-08T22:24:55.973Z",
            "MasterUsername": "mysqladmin",
            "EngineVersion": "5.6.37",
            "LicenseModel": "general-public-license",
            "SnapshotType": "manual",
            "OptionGroupName": "default:mysql-5-6",
            "PercentProgress": 100,
            "StorageType": "gp2",
            "Encrypted": false,
            "DBSnapshotArn": "arn:aws:rds:us-east-1:123456789012:snapshot:mydbsnapshot",
            "IAMDatabaseAuthenticationEnabled": false,
            "ProcessorFeatures": [],
            "DbiResourceId": "db-AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE"
        }
    ]
}

For more information, see Creating a DB Snapshot in the Amazon RDS User Guide.

Example 2: To find the number of manual snapshots taken

The following describe-db-snapshots example uses the length operator in the --query option to return the number of manual snapshots that have been taken in a particular AWS Region.

aws rds describe-db-snapshots \
    --snapshot-type manual \
    --query "length(*[].{DBSnapshots:SnapshotType})" \
    --region eu-central-1

Output:

35

For more information, see Creating a DB Snapshot in the Amazon RDS User Guide.

Output

Marker -> (string)

An optional pagination token provided by a previous request. If this parameter is specified, the response includes only records beyond the marker, up to the value specified by MaxRecords .

DBSnapshots -> (list)

A list of DBSnapshot instances.

(structure)

Contains the details of an Amazon RDS DB snapshot.

This data type is used as a response element in the DescribeDBSnapshots action.

DBSnapshotIdentifier -> (string)

Specifies the identifier for the DB snapshot.

DBInstanceIdentifier -> (string)

Specifies the DB instance identifier of the DB instance this DB snapshot was created from.

SnapshotCreateTime -> (timestamp)

Specifies when the snapshot was taken in Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). Changes for the copy when the snapshot is copied.

Engine -> (string)

Specifies the name of the database engine.

AllocatedStorage -> (integer)

Specifies the allocated storage size in gibibytes (GiB).

Status -> (string)

Specifies the status of this DB snapshot.

Port -> (integer)

Specifies the port that the database engine was listening on at the time of the snapshot.

AvailabilityZone -> (string)

Specifies the name of the Availability Zone the DB instance was located in at the time of the DB snapshot.

VpcId -> (string)

Provides the VPC ID associated with the DB snapshot.

InstanceCreateTime -> (timestamp)

Specifies the time in Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) when the DB instance, from which the snapshot was taken, was created.

MasterUsername -> (string)

Provides the master username for the DB snapshot.

EngineVersion -> (string)

Specifies the version of the database engine.

LicenseModel -> (string)

License model information for the restored DB instance.

SnapshotType -> (string)

Provides the type of the DB snapshot.

Iops -> (integer)

Specifies the Provisioned IOPS (I/O operations per second) value of the DB instance at the time of the snapshot.

OptionGroupName -> (string)

Provides the option group name for the DB snapshot.

PercentProgress -> (integer)

The percentage of the estimated data that has been transferred.

SourceRegion -> (string)

The Amazon Web Services Region that the DB snapshot was created in or copied from.

SourceDBSnapshotIdentifier -> (string)

The DB snapshot Amazon Resource Name (ARN) that the DB snapshot was copied from. It only has a value in the case of a cross-account or cross-Region copy.

StorageType -> (string)

Specifies the storage type associated with DB snapshot.

TdeCredentialArn -> (string)

The ARN from the key store with which to associate the instance for TDE encryption.

Encrypted -> (boolean)

Specifies whether the DB snapshot is encrypted.

KmsKeyId -> (string)

If Encrypted is true, the Amazon Web Services KMS key identifier for the encrypted DB snapshot.

The Amazon Web Services KMS key identifier is the key ARN, key ID, alias ARN, or alias name for the KMS key.

DBSnapshotArn -> (string)

The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) for the DB snapshot.

Timezone -> (string)

The time zone of the DB snapshot. In most cases, the Timezone element is empty. Timezone content appears only for snapshots taken from Microsoft SQL Server DB instances that were created with a time zone specified.

IAMDatabaseAuthenticationEnabled -> (boolean)

True if mapping of Amazon Web Services Identity and Access Management (IAM) accounts to database accounts is enabled, and otherwise false.

ProcessorFeatures -> (list)

The number of CPU cores and the number of threads per core for the DB instance class of the DB instance when the DB snapshot was created.

(structure)

Contains the processor features of a DB instance class.

To specify the number of CPU cores, use the coreCount feature name for the Name parameter. To specify the number of threads per core, use the threadsPerCore feature name for the Name parameter.

You can set the processor features of the DB instance class for a DB instance when you call one of the following actions:

  • CreateDBInstance
  • ModifyDBInstance
  • RestoreDBInstanceFromDBSnapshot
  • RestoreDBInstanceFromS3
  • RestoreDBInstanceToPointInTime

You can view the valid processor values for a particular instance class by calling the DescribeOrderableDBInstanceOptions action and specifying the instance class for the DBInstanceClass parameter.

In addition, you can use the following actions for DB instance class processor information:

  • DescribeDBInstances
  • DescribeDBSnapshots
  • DescribeValidDBInstanceModifications

If you call DescribeDBInstances , ProcessorFeature returns non-null values only if the following conditions are met:

  • You are accessing an Oracle DB instance.
  • Your Oracle DB instance class supports configuring the number of CPU cores and threads per core.
  • The current number CPU cores and threads is set to a non-default value.

For more information, see Configuring the Processor of the DB Instance Class in the Amazon RDS User Guide.

Name -> (string)

The name of the processor feature. Valid names are coreCount and threadsPerCore .

Value -> (string)

The value of a processor feature name.

DbiResourceId -> (string)

The identifier for the source DB instance, which can't be changed and which is unique to an Amazon Web Services Region.

TagList -> (list)

A list of tags. For more information, see Tagging Amazon RDS Resources in the Amazon RDS User Guide.

(structure)

Metadata assigned to an Amazon RDS resource consisting of a key-value pair.

Key -> (string)

A key is the required name of the tag. The string value can be from 1 to 128 Unicode characters in length and can't be prefixed with aws: or rds: . The string can only contain only the set of Unicode letters, digits, white-space, '_', '.', ':', '/', '=', '+', '-', '@' (Java regex: "^([\p{L}\p{Z}\p{N}_.:/=+\-@]*)$").

Value -> (string)

A value is the optional value of the tag. The string value can be from 1 to 256 Unicode characters in length and can't be prefixed with aws: or rds: . The string can only contain only the set of Unicode letters, digits, white-space, '_', '.', ':', '/', '=', '+', '-', '@' (Java regex: "^([\p{L}\p{Z}\p{N}_.:/=+\-@]*)$").

OriginalSnapshotCreateTime -> (timestamp)

Specifies the time of the CreateDBSnapshot operation in Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). Doesn't change when the snapshot is copied.

SnapshotDatabaseTime -> (timestamp)

The timestamp of the most recent transaction applied to the database that you're backing up. Thus, if you restore a snapshot, SnapshotDatabaseTime is the most recent transaction in the restored DB instance. In contrast, originalSnapshotCreateTime specifies the system time that the snapshot completed.

If you back up a read replica, you can determine the replica lag by comparing SnapshotDatabaseTime with originalSnapshotCreateTime. For example, if originalSnapshotCreateTime is two hours later than SnapshotDatabaseTime, then the replica lag is two hours.

SnapshotTarget -> (string)

Specifies where manual snapshots are stored: Amazon Web Services Outposts or the Amazon Web Services Region.

StorageThroughput -> (integer)

Specifies the storage throughput for the DB snapshot.