Mounting on Amazon EC2 with a DNS name - Amazon Elastic File System

Mounting on Amazon EC2 with a DNS name

  • File system DNS name – Using the file system's DNS name is your simplest mounting option. The file system DNS name automatically resolves to the mount target’s IP address in the Availability Zone of the connecting Amazon EC2 instance. You can get this DNS name from the console, or if you have the file system ID, you can construct it using the following convention.

    file-system-id.efs.aws-region.amazonaws.com
    Note

    DNS resolution for file system DNS names requires that the Amazon EFS file system has a mount target in the same Availability Zone as the client instance.

    • Using the file system DNS name, you can mount a file system on your Amazon EC2 Linux instance with the following command.

      sudo mount -t nfs -o nfsvers=4.1,rsize=1048576,wsize=1048576,hard,timeo=600,retrans=2,noresvport file-system-id.efs.aws-region.amazonaws.com:/ efs-mount-point
    • Using the file system DNS name, you can mount a file system on your Amazon EC2 Mac instance running macOs Big Sur with the following command.

      sudo mount -t nfs -o nfsvers=4.0,rsize=65536,wsize=65536,hard,timeo=600,retrans=2,noresvport,mountport=2049 file-system-id.efs.aws-region.amazonaws.com:/ efs
      Important

      You must use mountport=2049 in order to succesfully connect to the EFS file system when mounting on EC2 Mac instances running macOS Big Sur.

  • Mount target DNS name – In December 2016, we introduced file system DNS names. We continue to provide a DNS name for each Availability Zone mount target for backward compatibility. The generic form of a mount target DNS name is as follows.

    availability-zone.file-system-id.efs.aws-region.amazonaws.com
    Note

    Mount target DNS name resolution across Availability Zones is supported.

    In some cases, you might delete a mount target and then create a new one in the same Availability Zone. In such a case, the DNS name for that new mount target in that Availability Zone is the same as the DNS name for the old mount target.

You can view and copy the exact commands to mount your file system in the Attach dialog box.

To view the mount commands for your file system

  1. In the Amazon EFS console, choose the file system that you want to mount to display its details page.

  2. To display the mount commands to use for this file system, choose Attach in the upper right.

    
              Amazon EFS Attach file system screen showing the exact commands to use when mounting the file system.

    The Attach screen displays the exact commands to use for mounting the file system.

  3. The default Mount via DNS view displays the command to mount the file system using the file system's DNS name when mounting with the EFS mount helper or an NFS client.

For a list of AWS Regions that support Amazon EFS, see Amazon Elastic File System in the AWS General Reference.

To be able to use a DNS name in the mount command, the following must be true:

Note

We recommend that you wait 90 seconds after creating a mount target before you mount your file system. This wait lets the DNS records propagate fully in the AWS Region where the file system is.