Enabling secret encryption on an existing cluster - Amazon EKS

Enabling secret encryption on an existing cluster

If you enable secrets encryption, the Kubernetes secrets are encrypted using the AWS KMS key that you select. The KMS key must meet the following conditions:

  • Symmetric

  • Can encrypt and decrypt data

  • Created in the same AWS Region as the cluster

  • If the KMS key was created in a different account, the IAM principal must have access to the KMS key.

For more information, see Allowing IAM principals in other accounts to use a KMS key in the AWS Key Management Service Developer Guide.

Warning

You can't disable secrets encryption after enabling it. This action is irreversible.

eksctl

You can enable encryption in two ways:

  • Add encryption to your cluster with a single command.

    To automatically re-encrypt your secrets, run the following command.

    eksctl utils enable-secrets-encryption \ --cluster my-cluster \ --key-arn arn:aws:kms:region-code:account:key/key

    To opt-out of automatically re-encrypting your secrets, run the following command.

    eksctl utils enable-secrets-encryption --cluster my-cluster \ --key-arn arn:aws:kms:region-code:account:key/key \ --encrypt-existing-secrets=false
  • Add encryption to your cluster with a kms-cluster.yaml file.

    apiVersion: eksctl.io/v1alpha5 kind: ClusterConfig metadata: name: my-cluster region: region-code secretsEncryption: keyARN: arn:aws:kms:region-code:account:key/key

    To have your secrets re-encrypt automatically, run the following command.

    eksctl utils enable-secrets-encryption -f kms-cluster.yaml

    To opt out of automatically re-encrypting your secrets, run the following command.

    eksctl utils enable-secrets-encryption -f kms-cluster.yaml --encrypt-existing-secrets=false
AWS Management Console
  1. Open the Amazon EKS console at https://console.aws.amazon.com/eks/home#/clusters.

  2. Choose the cluster that you want to add KMS encryption to.

  3. Choose the Overview tab (this is selected by default).

  4. Scroll down to the Secrets encryption section and choose Enable.

  5. Select a key from the dropdown list and choose the Enable button. If no keys are listed, you must create one first. For more information, see Creating keys

  6. Choose the Confirm button to use the chosen key.

AWS CLI
  1. Associate the secrets encryption configuration with your cluster using the following AWS CLI command. Replace the example values with your own.

    aws eks associate-encryption-config \ --cluster-name my-cluster \ --encryption-config '[{"resources":["secrets"],"provider":{"keyArn":"arn:aws:kms:region-code:account:key/key"}}]'

    An example output is as follows.

    {   "update": {     "id": "3141b835-8103-423a-8e68-12c2521ffa4d",     "status": "InProgress",     "type": "AssociateEncryptionConfig",     "params": [       {         "type": "EncryptionConfig",         "value": "[{\"resources\":[\"secrets\"],\"provider\":{\"keyArn\":\"arn:aws:kms:region-code:account:key/key\"}}]"       }     ],     "createdAt": 1613754188.734,     "errors": []   } }
  2. You can monitor the status of your encryption update with the following command. Use the specific cluster name and update ID that was returned in the previous output. When a Successful status is displayed, the update is complete.

    aws eks describe-update \ --region region-code \ --name my-cluster \ --update-id 3141b835-8103-423a-8e68-12c2521ffa4d

    An example output is as follows.

    {   "update": {     "id": "3141b835-8103-423a-8e68-12c2521ffa4d",     "status": "Successful",     "type": "AssociateEncryptionConfig",     "params": [       {         "type": "EncryptionConfig",         "value": "[{\"resources\":[\"secrets\"],\"provider\":{\"keyArn\":\"arn:aws:kms:region-code:account:key/key\"}}]"       }     ],     "createdAt": 1613754188.734>,     "errors": []   } }
  3. To verify that encryption is enabled in your cluster, run the describe-cluster command. The response contains an EncryptionConfig string.

    aws eks describe-cluster --region region-code --name my-cluster

After you enabled encryption on your cluster, you must encrypt all existing secrets with the new key:

Note

If you use eksctl, running the following command is necessary only if you opt out of re-encrypting your secrets automatically.

kubectl get secrets --all-namespaces -o json | kubectl annotate --overwrite -f - kms-encryption-timestamp="time value"
Warning

If you enable secrets encryption for an existing cluster and the KMS key that you use is ever deleted, then there's no way to recover the cluster. If you delete the KMS key, you permanently put the cluster in a degraded state. For more information, see Deleting AWS KMS keys.

Note

By default, the create-key command creates a symmetric encryption KMS key with a key policy that gives the account root admin access on AWS KMS actions and resources. If you want to scope down the permissions, make sure that the kms:DescribeKey and kms:CreateGrant actions are permitted on the policy for the principal that calls the create-cluster API.

For clusters using KMS Envelope Encryption, kms:CreateGrant permissions are required. The condition kms:GrantIsForAWSResource is not supported for the CreateCluster action, and should not be used in KMS policies to control kms:CreateGrant permissions for users performing CreateCluster.