Logging Amazon Fraud Detector API Calls with AWS CloudTrail - Amazon Fraud Detector

Logging Amazon Fraud Detector API Calls with AWS CloudTrail

Amazon Fraud Detector is integrated with AWS CloudTrail, a service that provides a record of actions taken by a user, role, or an AWS service in Amazon Fraud Detector. CloudTrail captures all API calls for Amazon Fraud Detector as events, including calls from the Amazon Fraud Detector console and calls from code to the Amazon Fraud Detector APIs.

If you create a trail, you can enable continuous delivery of CloudTrail events to an Amazon S3 bucket, including events for Amazon Fraud Detector. If you don't configure a trail, you can still view the most recent events in the CloudTrail console in Event history. Using the information collected by CloudTrail, you can determine the request that was made to Amazon Fraud Detector, the IP address that the request was made from, who made the request, when it was made, and additional details.

To learn more about CloudTrail, see the AWS CloudTrail User Guide.

Amazon Fraud Detector Information in CloudTrail

CloudTrail is enabled on your AWS account when you create the account. When activity occurs in Amazon Fraud Detector, that activity is recorded in a CloudTrail event along with other AWS service events in Event history. You can view, search, and download recent events in your AWS account. For more information, see Viewing Events with CloudTrail Event History.

For an ongoing record of events in your AWS account, including events for Amazon Fraud Detector, create a trail. A trail enables CloudTrail to deliver log files to an Amazon S3 bucket. By default, when you create a trail in the console, the trail applies to all AWS Regions. The trail logs events from all Regions in the AWS partition and delivers the log files to the Amazon S3 bucket that you specify. Additionally, you can configure other AWS services to further analyze and act upon the event data that's collected in CloudTrail logs. For more information, see the following:

Amazon Fraud Detector supports logging every action (API operation) as an event in CloudTrail log files. For more information, see Actions.

Every event or log entry contains information about who generated the request. The identity information helps you determine the following:

  • Whether the request was made with root or AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) user credentials.

  • Whether the request was made with temporary security credentials for a role or federated user.

  • Whether the request was made by another AWS service.

For more information, see the CloudTrail userIdentity Element.

Understanding Amazon Fraud Detector Log File Entries

A trail is a configuration that enables delivery of events as log files to an Amazon S3 bucket that you specify. CloudTrail log files contain one or more log entries. An event represents a single request from any source and includes information about the requested operation, the date and time of the operation, request parameters, and so on. CloudTrail log files aren't an ordered stack trace of the public API calls, so they don't appear in any specific order.

The following example shows a CloudTrail log entry that demonstrates the GetDetectors operation.

{ "eventVersion": "1.05", "userIdentity": { "type": "IAMUser", "principalId": "principal-id", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::user-arn", "accountId": "account-id", "accessKeyId": "access-key", "userName": "user-name" }, "eventTime": "2019-11-22T02:18:03Z", "eventSource": "frauddetector.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "GetDetectors", "awsRegion": "us-east-1", "sourceIPAddress": "source-ip-address", "userAgent": "aws-cli/1.11.16 Python/2.7.11 Darwin/15.6.0 botocore/1.4.73", "requestParameters": null, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "request-id", "eventID": "event-id", "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "recipientAccountId": "recipient-account-id" }