Logging AWS IoT SiteWise API calls with AWS CloudTrail - AWS IoT SiteWise

Logging AWS IoT SiteWise API calls with AWS CloudTrail

AWS IoT SiteWise is integrated with AWS CloudTrail, a service that provides a record of actions taken by a user, role, or an AWS service in AWS IoT SiteWise. CloudTrail captures API calls for AWS IoT SiteWise as events. The calls captured include calls from the AWS IoT SiteWise console and code calls to the AWS IoT SiteWise API operations. If you create a trail, you can activate continuous delivery of CloudTrail events to an Amazon S3 bucket, including events for AWS IoT SiteWise. If you don't configure a trail, you can still view the most recent events in the CloudTrail console in Event history. Using the information collected by CloudTrail, you can determine the request that was made to AWS IoT SiteWise, the IP address from which the request was made, who made the request, when it was made, and additional details.

For more information about CloudTrail, see the AWS CloudTrail User Guide.

AWS IoT SiteWise information in CloudTrail

CloudTrail is activated on your AWS account when you create the account. When supported event activity occurs in AWS IoT SiteWise, that activity is recorded in a CloudTrail event along with other AWS service events in Event history. You can view, search, and download recent events in your AWS account. For more information, see Viewing events with CloudTrail event history.

For an ongoing record of events in your AWS account, including events for AWS IoT SiteWise, create a trail. A trail enables CloudTrail to deliver log files to an Amazon S3 bucket. By default, when you create a trail in the console, the trail applies to all AWS Regions. The trail logs events from all Regions in the AWS partition and delivers the log files to the Amazon S3 bucket that you specify. Additionally, you can configure other AWS services to further analyze and act upon the event data collected in CloudTrail logs. For more information, see the following:

Every event or log entry contains information about who generated the request. The identity information helps you determine the following:

  • Whether the request was made with root or AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) user credentials.

  • Whether the request was made with temporary security credentials for a role or federated user.

  • Whether the request was made by another AWS service.

For more information, see the CloudTrail userIdentity element.

AWS IoT SiteWise data events in CloudTrail

Data events provide information about the resource operations performed on or in a resource (for example, reading or writing to an Amazon S3 object). These are also known as data plane operations. Data events are often high-volume activities. By default, CloudTrail doesn’t log data events. The CloudTrail Event history doesn't record data events.

Additional charges apply for data events. For more information about CloudTrail pricing, see AWS CloudTrail Pricing.

You can log data events for the AWS IoT SiteWise resource types by using the CloudTrail console, AWS CLI, or CloudTrail API operations. The table in this section shows the resource types available for AWS IoT SiteWise.

The following table lists the AWS IoT SiteWise resource types. The Data event type (console) column shows the value to choose from the Data event type list on the CloudTrail console. The resources.type value column shows the resources.type value, which you would specify when configuring advanced event selectors using the AWS CLI or CloudTrail APIs. The Data APIs logged to CloudTrail column shows the API calls logged to CloudTrail for the resource type.

Note

The resources.type logged in the Cloudtrail event depends on the identifier used in the API request. If an asset id is specified in the request then the Asset resources.type is logged, else the TimeSeries resources.type is logged.

*You can configure advanced event selectors to filter on the eventName, readOnly, and resources.ARN fields to log only those events that are important to you. For more information about these fields, see AdvancedFieldSelector.

AWS IoT SiteWise management events in CloudTrail

Management events provide information about management operations that are performed on resources in your AWS account. These are also known as control plane operations. By default, CloudTrail logs management events.

AWS IoT SiteWise logs all AWS IoT SiteWise control plane operations as management events. For a list of the AWS IoT SiteWise control plane operations that AWS IoT SiteWise logs to CloudTrail, see the AWS IoT SiteWise API Reference.

Example: AWS IoT SiteWise log file entries

A trail is a configuration that enables delivery of events as log files to an Amazon S3 bucket that you specify. CloudTrail log files contain one or more log entries. An event represents a single request from any source and includes information about the requested operation, the date and time of the operation, request parameters, and so on. CloudTrail log files aren't an ordered stack trace of the public API calls, so they don't appear in any specific order.

The following example shows a CloudTrail log entry that demonstrates the CreateAsset operation.

{ "eventVersion": "1.05", "userIdentity": { "type": "IAMUser", "principalId": "AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:user/Administrator", "accountId": "123456789012", "accessKeyId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "userName": "Administrator", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": {}, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "mfaAuthenticated": "false", "creationDate": "2020-03-11T17:26:40Z" } }, "invokedBy": "signin.amazonaws.com" }, "eventTime": "2020-03-11T18:01:22Z", "eventSource": "iotsitewise.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "CreateAsset", "awsRegion": "us-east-1", "sourceIPAddress": "203.0.113.0", "userAgent": "signin.amazonaws.com", "requestParameters": { "assetName": "Wind Turbine 1", "assetModelId": "a1b2c3d4-5678-90ab-cdef-11111EXAMPLE", "clientToken": "a1b2c3d4-5678-90ab-cdef-00000EXAMPLE" }, "responseElements": { "assetId": "a1b2c3d4-5678-90ab-cdef-22222EXAMPLE", "assetArn": "arn:aws:iotsitewise:us-east-1:123456789012:asset/a1b2c3d4-5678-90ab-cdef-22222EXAMPLE", "assetStatus": { "state": "CREATING" } }, "requestID": "a1b2c3d4-5678-90ab-cdef-aaaaaEXAMPLE", "eventID": "a1b2c3d4-5678-90ab-cdef-bbbbbEXAMPLE", "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "recipientAccountId": "123456789012" }