Sign - AWS Key Management Service

Sign

Creates a digital signature for a message or message digest by using the private key in an asymmetric CMK. To verify the signature, use the Verify operation, or use the public key in the same asymmetric CMK outside of AWS KMS. For information about symmetric and asymmetric CMKs, see Using Symmetric and Asymmetric CMKs in the AWS Key Management Service Developer Guide.

Digital signatures are generated and verified by using asymmetric key pair, such as an RSA or ECC pair that is represented by an asymmetric customer master key (CMK). The key owner (or an authorized user) uses their private key to sign a message. Anyone with the public key can verify that the message was signed with that particular private key and that the message hasn't changed since it was signed.

To use the Sign operation, provide the following information:

  • Use the KeyId parameter to identify an asymmetric CMK with a KeyUsage value of SIGN_VERIFY. To get the KeyUsage value of a CMK, use the DescribeKey operation. The caller must have kms:Sign permission on the CMK.

  • Use the Message parameter to specify the message or message digest to sign. You can submit messages of up to 4096 bytes. To sign a larger message, generate a hash digest of the message, and then provide the hash digest in the Message parameter. To indicate whether the message is a full message or a digest, use the MessageType parameter.

  • Choose a signing algorithm that is compatible with the CMK.

Important

When signing a message, be sure to record the CMK and the signing algorithm. This information is required to verify the signature.

To verify the signature that this operation generates, use the Verify operation. Or use the GetPublicKey operation to download the public key and then use the public key to verify the signature outside of AWS KMS.

The CMK that you use for this operation must be in a compatible key state. For details, see How Key State Affects Use of a Customer Master Key in the AWS Key Management Service Developer Guide.

Cross-account use: Yes. To perform this operation with a CMK in a different AWS account, specify the key ARN or alias ARN in the value of the KeyId parameter.

Required permissions: kms:Sign (key policy)

Related operations: Verify

Request Syntax

{ "GrantTokens": [ "string" ], "KeyId": "string", "Message": blob, "MessageType": "string", "SigningAlgorithm": "string" }

Request Parameters

For information about the parameters that are common to all actions, see Common Parameters.

The request accepts the following data in JSON format.

Note

In the following list, the required parameters are described first.

KeyId

Identifies an asymmetric CMK. AWS KMS uses the private key in the asymmetric CMK to sign the message. The KeyUsage type of the CMK must be SIGN_VERIFY. To find the KeyUsage of a CMK, use the DescribeKey operation.

To specify a CMK, use its key ID, Amazon Resource Name (ARN), alias name, or alias ARN. When using an alias name, prefix it with "alias/". To specify a CMK in a different AWS account, you must use the key ARN or alias ARN.

For example:

  • Key ID: 1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab

  • Key ARN: arn:aws:kms:us-east-2:111122223333:key/1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab

  • Alias name: alias/ExampleAlias

  • Alias ARN: arn:aws:kms:us-east-2:111122223333:alias/ExampleAlias

To get the key ID and key ARN for a CMK, use ListKeys or DescribeKey. To get the alias name and alias ARN, use ListAliases.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 2048.

Required: Yes

Message

Specifies the message or message digest to sign. Messages can be 0-4096 bytes. To sign a larger message, provide the message digest.

If you provide a message, AWS KMS generates a hash digest of the message and then signs it.

Type: Base64-encoded binary data object

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 4096.

Required: Yes

SigningAlgorithm

Specifies the signing algorithm to use when signing the message.

Choose an algorithm that is compatible with the type and size of the specified asymmetric CMK.

Type: String

Valid Values: RSASSA_PSS_SHA_256 | RSASSA_PSS_SHA_384 | RSASSA_PSS_SHA_512 | RSASSA_PKCS1_V1_5_SHA_256 | RSASSA_PKCS1_V1_5_SHA_384 | RSASSA_PKCS1_V1_5_SHA_512 | ECDSA_SHA_256 | ECDSA_SHA_384 | ECDSA_SHA_512

Required: Yes

GrantTokens

A list of grant tokens.

For more information, see Grant Tokens in the AWS Key Management Service Developer Guide.

Type: Array of strings

Array Members: Minimum number of 0 items. Maximum number of 10 items.

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 8192.

Required: No

MessageType

Tells AWS KMS whether the value of the Message parameter is a message or message digest. The default value, RAW, indicates a message. To indicate a message digest, enter DIGEST.

Type: String

Valid Values: RAW | DIGEST

Required: No

Response Syntax

{ "KeyId": "string", "Signature": blob, "SigningAlgorithm": "string" }

Response Elements

If the action is successful, the service sends back an HTTP 200 response.

The following data is returned in JSON format by the service.

KeyId

The Amazon Resource Name (key ARN) of the asymmetric CMK that was used to sign the message.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 2048.

Signature

The cryptographic signature that was generated for the message.

  • When used with the supported RSA signing algorithms, the encoding of this value is defined by PKCS #1 in RFC 8017.

  • When used with the ECDSA_SHA_256, ECDSA_SHA_384, or ECDSA_SHA_512 signing algorithms, this value is a DER-encoded object as defined by ANS X9.62–2005 and RFC 3279 Section 2.2.3. This is the most commonly used signature format and is appropriate for most uses.

When you use the HTTP API or the AWS CLI, the value is Base64-encoded. Otherwise, it is not Base64-encoded.

Type: Base64-encoded binary data object

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 6144.

SigningAlgorithm

The signing algorithm that was used to sign the message.

Type: String

Valid Values: RSASSA_PSS_SHA_256 | RSASSA_PSS_SHA_384 | RSASSA_PSS_SHA_512 | RSASSA_PKCS1_V1_5_SHA_256 | RSASSA_PKCS1_V1_5_SHA_384 | RSASSA_PKCS1_V1_5_SHA_512 | ECDSA_SHA_256 | ECDSA_SHA_384 | ECDSA_SHA_512

Errors

For information about the errors that are common to all actions, see Common Errors.

DependencyTimeoutException

The system timed out while trying to fulfill the request. The request can be retried.

HTTP Status Code: 500

DisabledException

The request was rejected because the specified CMK is not enabled.

HTTP Status Code: 400

InvalidGrantTokenException

The request was rejected because the specified grant token is not valid.

HTTP Status Code: 400

InvalidKeyUsageException

The request was rejected for one of the following reasons:

  • The KeyUsage value of the CMK is incompatible with the API operation.

  • The encryption algorithm or signing algorithm specified for the operation is incompatible with the type of key material in the CMK (CustomerMasterKeySpec).

For encrypting, decrypting, re-encrypting, and generating data keys, the KeyUsage must be ENCRYPT_DECRYPT. For signing and verifying, the KeyUsage must be SIGN_VERIFY. To find the KeyUsage of a CMK, use the DescribeKey operation.

To find the encryption or signing algorithms supported for a particular CMK, use the DescribeKey operation.

HTTP Status Code: 400

KeyUnavailableException

The request was rejected because the specified CMK was not available. You can retry the request.

HTTP Status Code: 500

KMSInternalException

The request was rejected because an internal exception occurred. The request can be retried.

HTTP Status Code: 500

KMSInvalidStateException

The request was rejected because the state of the specified resource is not valid for this request.

For more information about how key state affects the use of a CMK, see How Key State Affects Use of a Customer Master Key in the AWS Key Management Service Developer Guide .

HTTP Status Code: 400

NotFoundException

The request was rejected because the specified entity or resource could not be found.

HTTP Status Code: 400

See Also

For more information about using this API in one of the language-specific AWS SDKs, see the following: