UpdatePrimaryRegion - AWS Key Management Service

UpdatePrimaryRegion

Changes the primary key of a multi-Region key.

This operation changes the replica key in the specified Region to a primary key and changes the former primary key to a replica key. For example, suppose you have a primary key in us-east-1 and a replica key in eu-west-2. If you run UpdatePrimaryRegion with a PrimaryRegion value of eu-west-2, the primary key is now the key in eu-west-2, and the key in us-east-1 becomes a replica key. For details, see Updating the primary Region in the AWS Key Management Service Developer Guide.

This operation supports multi-Region keys, an AWS KMS feature that lets you create multiple interoperable KMS keys in different AWS Regions. Because these KMS keys have the same key ID, key material, and other metadata, you can use them interchangeably to encrypt data in one AWS Region and decrypt it in a different AWS Region without re-encrypting the data or making a cross-Region call. For more information about multi-Region keys, see Using multi-Region keys in the AWS Key Management Service Developer Guide.

The primary key of a multi-Region key is the source for properties that are always shared by primary and replica keys, including the key material, key ID, key spec, key usage, key material origin, and automatic key rotation. It's the only key that can be replicated. You cannot delete the primary key until all replica keys are deleted.

The key ID and primary Region that you specify uniquely identify the replica key that will become the primary key. The primary Region must already have a replica key. This operation does not create a KMS key in the specified Region. To find the replica keys, use the DescribeKey operation on the primary key or any replica key. To create a replica key, use the ReplicateKey operation.

You can run this operation while using the affected multi-Region keys in cryptographic operations. This operation should not delay, interrupt, or cause failures in cryptographic operations.

Even after this operation completes, the process of updating the primary Region might still be in progress for a few more seconds. Operations such as DescribeKey might display both the old and new primary keys as replicas. The old and new primary keys have a transient key state of Updating. The original key state is restored when the update is complete. While the key state is Updating, you can use the keys in cryptographic operations, but you cannot replicate the new primary key or perform certain management operations, such as enabling or disabling these keys. For details about the Updating key state, see Key state: Effect on your KMS key in the AWS Key Management Service Developer Guide.

This operation does not return any output. To verify that primary key is changed, use the DescribeKey operation.

Cross-account use: No. You cannot use this operation in a different AWS account.

Required permissions:

  • kms:UpdatePrimaryRegion on the current primary key (in the primary key's Region). Include this permission primary key's key policy.

  • kms:UpdatePrimaryRegion on the current replica key (in the replica key's Region). Include this permission in the replica key's key policy.

Related operations

Request Syntax

{ "KeyId": "string", "PrimaryRegion": "string" }

Request Parameters

For information about the parameters that are common to all actions, see Common Parameters.

The request accepts the following data in JSON format.

Note

In the following list, the required parameters are described first.

KeyId

Identifies the current primary key. When the operation completes, this KMS key will be a replica key.

Specify the key ID or key ARN of a multi-Region primary key.

For example:

  • Key ID: mrk-1234abcd12ab34cd56ef1234567890ab

  • Key ARN: arn:aws:kms:us-east-2:111122223333:key/mrk-1234abcd12ab34cd56ef1234567890ab

To get the key ID and key ARN for a KMS key, use ListKeys or DescribeKey .

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 2048.

Required: Yes

PrimaryRegion

The AWS Region of the new primary key. Enter the Region ID, such as us-east-1 or ap-southeast-2. There must be an existing replica key in this Region.

When the operation completes, the multi-Region key in this Region will be the primary key.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 32.

Pattern: ^([a-z]+-){2,3}\d+$

Required: Yes

Response Elements

If the action is successful, the service sends back an HTTP 200 response with an empty HTTP body.

Errors

For information about the errors that are common to all actions, see Common Errors.

DisabledException

The request was rejected because the specified KMS key is not enabled.

HTTP Status Code: 400

InvalidArnException

The request was rejected because a specified ARN, or an ARN in a key policy, is not valid.

HTTP Status Code: 400

KMSInternalException

The request was rejected because an internal exception occurred. The request can be retried.

HTTP Status Code: 500

KMSInvalidStateException

The request was rejected because the state of the specified resource is not valid for this request.

For more information about how key state affects the use of a KMS key, see Key state: Effect on your KMS key in the AWS Key Management Service Developer Guide .

HTTP Status Code: 400

NotFoundException

The request was rejected because the specified entity or resource could not be found.

HTTP Status Code: 400

UnsupportedOperationException

The request was rejected because a specified parameter is not supported or a specified resource is not valid for this operation.

HTTP Status Code: 400

See Also

For more information about using this API in one of the language-specific AWS SDKs, see the following: