ReplicateKey - AWS Key Management Service

ReplicateKey

Replicates a multi-Region key into the specified Region. This operation creates a multi-Region replica key based on a multi-Region primary key in a different Region of the same AWS partition. You can create multiple replicas of a primary key, but each must be in a different Region. To create a multi-Region primary key, use the CreateKey operation.

This operation supports multi-Region keys, an AWS KMS feature that lets you create multiple interoperable KMS keys in different AWS Regions. Because these KMS keys have the same key ID, key material, and other metadata, you can use them interchangeably to encrypt data in one AWS Region and decrypt it in a different AWS Region without re-encrypting the data or making a cross-Region call. For more information about multi-Region keys, see Using multi-Region keys in the AWS Key Management Service Developer Guide.

A replica key is a fully-functional KMS key that can be used independently of its primary and peer replica keys. A primary key and its replica keys share properties that make them interoperable. They have the same key ID and key material. They also have the same key spec, key usage, key material origin, and automatic key rotation status. AWS KMS automatically synchronizes these shared properties among related multi-Region keys. All other properties of a replica key can differ, including its key policy, tags, aliases, and key state. AWS KMS pricing and quotas for KMS keys apply to each primary key and replica key.

When this operation completes, the new replica key has a transient key state of Creating. This key state changes to Enabled (or PendingImport) after a few seconds when the process of creating the new replica key is complete. While the key state is Creating, you can manage key, but you cannot yet use it in cryptographic operations. If you are creating and using the replica key programmatically, retry on KMSInvalidStateException or call DescribeKey to check its KeyState value before using it. For details about the Creating key state, see Key state: Effect on your KMS key in the AWS Key Management Service Developer Guide.

The AWS CloudTrail log of a ReplicateKey operation records a ReplicateKey operation in the primary key's Region and a CreateKey operation in the replica key's Region.

If you replicate a multi-Region primary key with imported key material, the replica key is created with no key material. You must import the same key material that you imported into the primary key. For details, see Importing key material into multi-Region keys in the AWS Key Management Service Developer Guide.

To convert a replica key to a primary key, use the UpdatePrimaryRegion operation.

Note

ReplicateKey uses different default values for the KeyPolicy and Tags parameters than those used in the AWS KMS console. For details, see the parameter descriptions.

Cross-account use: No. You cannot use this operation to create a replica key in a different AWS account.

Required permissions:

  • kms:ReplicateKey on the primary key (in the primary key's Region). Include this permission in the primary key's key policy.

  • kms:CreateKey in an IAM policy in the replica Region.

  • To use the Tags parameter, kms:TagResource in an IAM policy in the replica Region.

Related operations

Request Syntax

{ "BypassPolicyLockoutSafetyCheck": boolean, "Description": "string", "KeyId": "string", "Policy": "string", "ReplicaRegion": "string", "Tags": [ { "TagKey": "string", "TagValue": "string" } ] }

Request Parameters

For information about the parameters that are common to all actions, see Common Parameters.

The request accepts the following data in JSON format.

Note

In the following list, the required parameters are described first.

KeyId

Identifies the multi-Region primary key that is being replicated. To determine whether a KMS key is a multi-Region primary key, use the DescribeKey operation to check the value of the MultiRegionKeyType property.

Specify the key ID or key ARN of a multi-Region primary key.

For example:

  • Key ID: mrk-1234abcd12ab34cd56ef1234567890ab

  • Key ARN: arn:aws:kms:us-east-2:111122223333:key/mrk-1234abcd12ab34cd56ef1234567890ab

To get the key ID and key ARN for a KMS key, use ListKeys or DescribeKey .

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 2048.

Required: Yes

ReplicaRegion

The Region ID of the AWS Region for this replica key.

Enter the Region ID, such as us-east-1 or ap-southeast-2. For a list of AWS Regions in which AWS KMS is supported, see AWS KMS service endpoints in the Amazon Web Services General Reference.

The replica must be in a different AWS Region than its primary key and other replicas of that primary key, but in the same AWS partition. AWS KMS must be available in the replica Region. If the Region is not enabled by default, the AWS account must be enabled in the Region.

For information about AWS partitions, see Amazon Resource Names (ARNs) in the Amazon Web Services General Reference. For information about enabling and disabling Regions, see Enabling a Region and Disabling a Region in the Amazon Web Services General Reference.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 32.

Pattern: ^([a-z]+-){2,3}\d+$

Required: Yes

BypassPolicyLockoutSafetyCheck

A flag to indicate whether to bypass the key policy lockout safety check.

Important

Setting this value to true increases the risk that the KMS key becomes unmanageable. Do not set this value to true indiscriminately.

For more information, refer to the scenario in the Default Key Policy section in the AWS Key Management Service Developer Guide.

Use this parameter only when you intend to prevent the principal that is making the request from making a subsequent PutKeyPolicy request on the KMS key.

The default value is false.

Type: Boolean

Required: No

Description

A description of the KMS key. The default value is an empty string (no description).

The description is not a shared property of multi-Region keys. You can specify the same description or a different description for each key in a set of related multi-Region keys. AWS KMS does not synchronize this property.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 0. Maximum length of 8192.

Required: No

Policy

The key policy to attach to the KMS key. This parameter is optional. If you do not provide a key policy, AWS KMS attaches the default key policy to the KMS key.

The key policy is not a shared property of multi-Region keys. You can specify the same key policy or a different key policy for each key in a set of related multi-Region keys. AWS KMS does not synchronize this property.

If you provide a key policy, it must meet the following criteria:

  • If you don't set BypassPolicyLockoutSafetyCheck to true, the key policy must give the caller kms:PutKeyPolicy permission on the replica key. This reduces the risk that the KMS key becomes unmanageable. For more information, refer to the scenario in the Default Key Policy section of the AWS Key Management Service Developer Guide .

  • Each statement in the key policy must contain one or more principals. The principals in the key policy must exist and be visible to AWS KMS. When you create a new AWS principal (for example, an IAM user or role), you might need to enforce a delay before including the new principal in a key policy because the new principal might not be immediately visible to AWS KMS. For more information, see Changes that I make are not always immediately visible in the AWS Identity and Access Management User Guide .

  • The key policy size quota is 32 kilobytes (32768 bytes).

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 32768.

Pattern: [\u0009\u000A\u000D\u0020-\u00FF]+

Required: No

Tags

Assigns one or more tags to the replica key. Use this parameter to tag the KMS key when it is created. To tag an existing KMS key, use the TagResource operation.

Note

Tagging or untagging a KMS key can allow or deny permission to the KMS key. For details, see Using ABAC in AWS KMS in the AWS Key Management Service Developer Guide.

To use this parameter, you must have kms:TagResource permission in an IAM policy.

Tags are not a shared property of multi-Region keys. You can specify the same tags or different tags for each key in a set of related multi-Region keys. AWS KMS does not synchronize this property.

Each tag consists of a tag key and a tag value. Both the tag key and the tag value are required, but the tag value can be an empty (null) string. You cannot have more than one tag on a KMS key with the same tag key. If you specify an existing tag key with a different tag value, AWS KMS replaces the current tag value with the specified one.

When you add tags to an AWS resource, AWS generates a cost allocation report with usage and costs aggregated by tags. Tags can also be used to control access to a KMS key. For details, see Tagging Keys.

Type: Array of Tag objects

Required: No

Response Syntax

{ "ReplicaKeyMetadata": { "Arn": "string", "AWSAccountId": "string", "CloudHsmClusterId": "string", "CreationDate": number, "CustomerMasterKeySpec": "string", "CustomKeyStoreId": "string", "DeletionDate": number, "Description": "string", "Enabled": boolean, "EncryptionAlgorithms": [ "string" ], "ExpirationModel": "string", "KeyId": "string", "KeyManager": "string", "KeySpec": "string", "KeyState": "string", "KeyUsage": "string", "MultiRegion": boolean, "MultiRegionConfiguration": { "MultiRegionKeyType": "string", "PrimaryKey": { "Arn": "string", "Region": "string" }, "ReplicaKeys": [ { "Arn": "string", "Region": "string" } ] }, "Origin": "string", "PendingDeletionWindowInDays": number, "SigningAlgorithms": [ "string" ], "ValidTo": number }, "ReplicaPolicy": "string", "ReplicaTags": [ { "TagKey": "string", "TagValue": "string" } ] }

Response Elements

If the action is successful, the service sends back an HTTP 200 response.

The following data is returned in JSON format by the service.

ReplicaKeyMetadata

Displays details about the new replica key, including its Amazon Resource Name (key ARN) and key state. It also includes the ARN and AWS Region of its primary key and other replica keys.

Type: KeyMetadata object

ReplicaPolicy

The key policy of the new replica key. The value is a key policy document in JSON format.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 131072.

Pattern: [\u0009\u000A\u000D\u0020-\u00FF]+

ReplicaTags

The tags on the new replica key. The value is a list of tag key and tag value pairs.

Type: Array of Tag objects

Errors

For information about the errors that are common to all actions, see Common Errors.

AlreadyExistsException

The request was rejected because it attempted to create a resource that already exists.

HTTP Status Code: 400

DisabledException

The request was rejected because the specified KMS key is not enabled.

HTTP Status Code: 400

InvalidArnException

The request was rejected because a specified ARN, or an ARN in a key policy, is not valid.

HTTP Status Code: 400

KMSInternalException

The request was rejected because an internal exception occurred. The request can be retried.

HTTP Status Code: 500

KMSInvalidStateException

The request was rejected because the state of the specified resource is not valid for this request.

For more information about how key state affects the use of a KMS key, see Key state: Effect on your KMS key in the AWS Key Management Service Developer Guide .

HTTP Status Code: 400

LimitExceededException

The request was rejected because a quota was exceeded. For more information, see Quotas in the AWS Key Management Service Developer Guide.

HTTP Status Code: 400

MalformedPolicyDocumentException

The request was rejected because the specified policy is not syntactically or semantically correct.

HTTP Status Code: 400

NotFoundException

The request was rejected because the specified entity or resource could not be found.

HTTP Status Code: 400

TagException

The request was rejected because one or more tags are not valid.

HTTP Status Code: 400

UnsupportedOperationException

The request was rejected because a specified parameter is not supported or a specified resource is not valid for this operation.

HTTP Status Code: 400

See Also

For more information about using this API in one of the language-specific AWS SDKs, see the following: