Examining IAM policies - AWS Key Management Service

Examining IAM policies

In addition to the key policy and grants, you can also use IAM policies in combination with a KMS key's key policy to allow access to a KMS key. For more information about how IAM policies and key policies work together, see Troubleshooting key access.

To determine which principals currently have access to a KMS key through IAM policies, you can use the browser-based IAM Policy Simulator tool, or you can make requests to the IAM API.

Examining IAM policies with the IAM policy simulator

The IAM Policy Simulator can help you learn which principals have access to a KMS key through an IAM policy.

To use the IAM policy simulator to determine access to a KMS key

  1. Sign in to the AWS Management Console and then open the IAM Policy Simulator at https://policysim.aws.amazon.com/.

  2. In the Users, Groups, and Roles pane, choose the user, group, or role whose policies you want to simulate.

  3. (Optional) Clear the check box next to any policies that you want to omit from the simulation. To simulate all policies, leave all policies selected.

  4. In the Policy Simulator pane, do the following:

    1. For Select service, choose Key Management Service.

    2. To simulate specific AWS KMS actions, for Select actions, choose the actions to simulate. To simulate all AWS KMS actions, choose Select All.

  5. (Optional) The Policy Simulator simulates access to all KMS keys by default. To simulate access to a specific KMS key, choose Simulation Settingsand then type the Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the KMS key to simulate.

  6. Choose Run Simulation.

You can view the results of the simulation in the Results section. Repeat steps 2 through 6 for every IAM user, group, and role in the AWS account.

Examining IAM policies with the IAM API

You can use the IAM API to examine IAM policies programmatically. The following steps provide a general overview of how to do this:

  1. For each AWS account listed as a principal in the key policy (that is, each root account listed in this format: "Principal": {"AWS": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:root"}), use the ListUsers and ListRoles operations in the IAM API to retrieve a list of every IAM user and role in the account.

  2. For each IAM user and role in the list, use the SimulatePrincipalPolicy operation in the IAM API, passing in the following parameters:

    • For PolicySourceArn, specify the Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of a user or role from your list. You can specify only one PolicySourceArn for each SimulatePrincipalPolicy request, so you must call this operation multiple times, once for each IAM user and role in your list.

    • For the ActionNames list, specify every AWS KMS API action to simulate. To simulate all AWS KMS API actions, use kms:*. To test individual AWS KMS API actions, precede each API action with "kms:", for example "kms:ListKeys". For a complete list of all AWS KMS API actions, see Actions in the AWS Key Management Service API Reference.

    • (Optional) To determine whether the IAM users or roles have access to specific KMS keys, use the ResourceArns parameter to specify a list of the Amazon Resource Names (ARNs) of the KMS keys. To determine whether the IAM users or roles have access to any KMS key, do not use the ResourceArns parameter.

IAM responds to each SimulatePrincipalPolicy request with an evaluation decision: allowed, explicitDeny, or implicitDeny. For each response that contains an evaluation decision of allowed, the response includes the name of the specific AWS KMS API operation that is allowed. It also includes the ARN of the KMS key that was used in the evaluation, if any.