Lambda runtimes - AWS Lambda

Lambda runtimes

Lambda supports multiple languages through the use of runtimes. For a function defined as a container image, you choose a runtime and the Linux distribution when you create the container image. To change the runtime, you create a new container image.

When you use a .zip file archive for the deployment package, you choose a runtime when you create the function. To change the runtime, you can update your function's configuration. The runtime is paired with one of the Amazon Linux distributions. The underlying execution environment provides additional libraries and environment variables that you can access from your function code.

Amazon Linux

Amazon Linux 2

  • Image – Custom

  • Linux kernel – 4.14

Lambda invokes your function in an execution environment. The execution environment provides a secure and isolated runtime environment that manages the resources required to run your function. Lambda re-uses the execution environment from a previous invocation if one is available, or it can create a new execution environment.

A runtime can support a single version of a language, multiple versions of a language, or multiple languages. Runtimes specific to a language or framework version are deprecated when the version reaches end of life.

Node.js runtimes
Name Identifier SDK for JavaScript Operating system Architectures

Node.js 16

nodejs16.x

2.1055.0

Amazon Linux 2

x86_64, arm64

Node.js 14

nodejs14.x

2.1055.0

Amazon Linux 2

x86_64, arm64

Node.js 12

nodejs12.x

2.1055.0

Amazon Linux 2

x86_64, arm64

Note

For end of support information about Node.js 10, see Runtime deprecation policy.

Python runtimes
Name Identifier AWS SDK for Python Operating system Architectures

Python 3.9

python3.9

boto3-1.20.32 botocore-1.23.32

Amazon Linux 2

x86_64, arm64

Python 3.8

python3.8

boto3-1.20.32 botocore-1.23.32

Amazon Linux 2

x86_64, arm64

Python 3.7

python3.7

boto3-1.20.32 botocore-1.23.32

Amazon Linux

x86_64

Python 3.6

python3.6

boto3-1.20.32 botocore-1.23.32

Amazon Linux

x86_64

Ruby runtimes
Name Identifier SDK for Ruby Operating system Architectures

Ruby 2.7

ruby2.7

3.0.1

Amazon Linux 2

x86_64, arm64

Note

For end of support information about Ruby 2.5, see Runtime deprecation policy.

Java runtimes
Name Identifier JDK Operating system Architectures

Java 11

java11

amazon-corretto-11

Amazon Linux 2

x86_64, arm64

Java 8

java8.al2

amazon-corretto-8

Amazon Linux 2

x86_64, arm64

Java 8

java8

amazon-corretto-8

Amazon Linux

x86_64

Go runtimes
Name Identifier Operating system Architectures

Go 1.x

go1.x

Amazon Linux

x86_64

Note

Runtimes that use the Amazon Linux operating system, such as Go 1.x, do not support the arm64 architecture. To use arm64 architecture, you can run Go with the provided.al2 runtime.

.NET runtimes
Name Identifier Operating system Architectures

.NET 6

dotnet6

Amazon Linux 2

x86_64, arm64

.NET Core 3.1

dotnetcore3.1

Amazon Linux 2

x86_64, arm64

Note

For end of support information about .NET Core 2.1, see Runtime deprecation policy.

To use other languages in Lambda, you can implement a custom runtime. The Lambda execution environment provides a runtime interface for getting invocation events and sending responses. You can deploy a custom runtime alongside your function code, or in a layer.

Custom runtime
Name Identifier Operating system Architectures

Custom Runtime

provided.al2

Amazon Linux 2

x86_64, arm64

Custom Runtime

provided

Amazon Linux

x86_64

Runtime deprecation policy

Lambda runtimes for .zip file archives are built around a combination of operating system, programming language, and software libraries that are subject to maintenance and security updates. When security updates are no longer available for a component of a runtime, Lambda deprecates the runtime.

Deprecation (end of support) for a runtime occurs in two phases.

Phase 1 - Lambda no longer applies security patches or other updates to the runtime. You can no longer create functions that use the runtime, but you can continue to update existing functions. This includes updating the runtime version, and rolling back to the previous runtime version. Note that functions that use a deprecated runtime are no longer eligible for technical support.

Phase 2 - you can no longer create or update functions that use the runtime. To update a function, you need to migrate it to a supported runtime version. After you migrate the function to a supported runtime version, you cannot rollback the function to the previous runtime. Phase 2 starts at least 30 days after the start of Phase 1.

Lambda does not block invocations of functions that use deprecated runtime versions. Function invocations continue indefinitely after the runtime version reaches end of support. However, AWS strongly recommends that you migrate functions to a supported runtime version so that you continue to receive security patches and remain eligible for technical support.

In the table below, each phase starts at midnight (Pacific time zone) on the specified date. The following runtimes have reached or are scheduled for end of support:

Runtime end of support dates
Name Identifier Operating system Deprecation Phase 1 Deprecation Phase 2

.NET Core 2.1

dotnetcore2.1

Amazon Linux

Jan 5, 2022

Apr 13, 2022

Python 3.6

python3.6

Amazon Linux

July 18, 2022

Aug 17, 2022

Python 2.7

python2.7

Amazon Linux

July 15, 2021

Feb 14, 2022

Ruby 2.5

ruby2.5

Amazon Linux

July 30, 2021

March 31, 2022

Node.js 10.x

nodejs10.x

Amazon Linux 2

July 30, 2021

Feb 14, 2022

Node.js 8.10

nodejs8.10

Amazon Linux

March 6, 2020

Node.js 6.10

nodejs6.10

Amazon Linux

August 12, 2019

Node.js 4.3 edge

nodejs4.3-edge

Amazon Linux

April 30, 2019

Node.js 4.3

nodejs4.3

Amazon Linux

March 6, 2020

Node.js 0.10

nodejs

Amazon Linux

October 31, 2016

.NET Core 2.0

dotnetcore2.0

Amazon Linux

May 30, 2019

.NET Core 1.0

dotnetcore1.0

Amazon Linux

July 30, 2019

In almost all cases, the end-of-life date of a language version or operating system is known well in advance. Lambda notifies you by email if you have functions using a runtime that is scheduled for end of support in the next 60 days. In rare cases, advance notice of support ending might not be possible. For example, security issues that require a backwards-incompatible update, or a runtime component that doesn't provide a long-term support (LTS) schedule.

Language and framework support policies